Embodied, Embedded and Extended Cognition (E3C) marks the recent turn in Epistemology, the philosophy of knowledge. The three adjectives indicate that our knowledge and capacities are not located in our skulls, but extend to, and are distributed over: (i) our bodies, which are always embedded in their environment they interact with; and (ii) the artefacts we use, varying from paper notebooks to computers. E3C holds that practical knowledge is primary: subject S knows how to perform an action, and that the other kind of knowledge, propositional knowledge, derives from it phylogenetically and ontogenetically — subject S knows that p. The mediation of knowledge acquisition by ICT is becoming so dominant and ubiquitous (smartphone, tablet, laptop, computer, world-wide-web) that Epistemology must take, after the E3C turn, a further, digital turn.
We concentrate on the following epistemological questions that obtrude: How to make sense of mathematical knowledge after the turn in epistemology to E3C, given its abstract character? Does the digital turn affect the genesis and essence of mathematical knowledge? When practical knowledge is primary and propositional knowledge is derivative (E3C), how does this ‘derivation’ work in a digital environment?
To answer these pressing philosophical questions, an empirical case study in epistemology will be performed of the acquisition of mathematical knowledge and capacities in a controlled ICT-embedded environment — also because the acquisition of these sorts of knowledge and capacities are exact and testable. Moreover, the flexible ICT–tool that this Project develops will also be of great service in mathematics education at secondary schools.
- Prof.dr. F.A. Muller, Faculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam
- Prof. dr. ir. J.M. Broersen, Faculty of Humanities, Utrecht University
- dr. A. Bakker, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University,
- Daan Dronkers MA, PhD student, Faculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam, supervised by prof. dr. F.A. Muller,
- Alexandra Kuncová MA, PhD student, Faculty of Humanities, Utrecht University, supervised by dr. J.M. Broersen
- Rosa Alberto MSc, PhD student, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, supervised by prof. dr. P. Drijvers and dr. A. Bakker
- Prof. dr. P. Drijvers, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University
- P. Boon, project leader of the Numworx Digital Mathematics Environment
Partner from industry:
- Noordhoff Uitgevers
Project leader: dr. Arthur Bakker
Project duration: February 1, 2017 until March 1, 2021
See also: https://www.nwo.nl/en/research-and-results/research-projects/i/30/26830.html and project website https://digtep.sites.uu.nl/