There is strong consensus among scientists, industry and governmental bodies that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has a pervasive and profound impact on society. One particular area of AI that will considerably change the way people organise and experience their lives is the advancement of artificial autonomous systems. These “smart” systems can learn to understand, predict, and respond to our internal states (thoughts, feelings, and goals) and, in real-time, recommend or even take actions to foster health and well-being, especially within the emerging technological landscape of the Internet of things (IoT). Accordingly, people are increasingly confronted with a reduced sense of autonomy as a result of being monitored and guided in their actions by complex and autonomous technologies they do not understand or control.
Utrecht University, Eindhoven University of Technology and the University Medical Center Utrecht have initiated the alliance programme “HUMAN autonomy perspective of Artificial Intelligence” (HUMAN-AI) that aims to harness technological advances to enhance rather than threaten human autonomy, while enabling human performance and interaction with physical and social environments. The project is led by professors Henk Aarts (UU) and Panos Markopoulos (TU/e).