The Mathematical Institute is characterized, on one hand, by foundational contributions to the understanding of mathematics at a level on par with the best institutes worldwide, and on the other, by strong interdisciplinary collaborations to advance science and address pressing problems facing society, such as climate change, spread of disease, and sustainable economics. Of particular importance, we stress an integrated approach to research and education, in which researchers provide students direct access to the most recent scientific developments, and students contribute where possible to ongoing research.