The Netherlands has to dramatically reduce nitrogen emissions to meet nature conservation obligations or face the consequences. But how to do it effectively and fairly has become a pain point in Dutch politics, sparking massive protests by farmers and raising difficult questions over how to transition to sustainable food systems.

Researchers at Utrecht University study the nitrogen crisis in connection with the agricultural sector’s broader challenges of water quality, clean air, climate, circularity and animal welfare – offering a new perspective for the future of agriculture. 

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