The History of International Relations section offers teaching programmes and conducts research into the developments in the international political systems from the early modern period until the present day.

The overarching research questions are how Europeanisation and globalisation have changed over time, how they affected democracy and the rule of law; how the position of the Netherlands in the world adapted to these changes; and how conflict, war, terrorism and violence determine the international (interstate) system, its security and institutions.

Areas of expertise: international relations | European integration | institutions | law | human rights | globalisation | global governance | conflicts and war | terrorism | security | intelligence