Sustainable European land use change pathways for the bio-based economy and agriculture

Sustainable European land use change pathways for the bio-based economy and agriculture
Aerial view of rice fields in summer, near Mediterranean sea, Camargue, France. © Michel Gunther / WWF

The environmental sustainability of bioenergy from energy crops highly depends on the amount of land available for biomass feedstock production that does not cause adverse effects on other land uses. Adverse effects include increased GHG emissions, water pollution and the loss of biodiversity. Intensification of food crop and livestock production could prevent adverse effects, but intensified systems could potentially also increase overall environmental burdens. This project develops and applies a modelling framework integrating existing models on land use change and environmental impacts.

The project is carried out by: Ingeborg Kluts MSc. in collaboration with Dr. Birka Wicke, Prof. dr. André Faaij and Dr. Rik Leemans; and is funded by Climate-KIC.