|Human Nature: Medical and Philosophical Perspectives in the Work of Galen of Pergamum|
The doctor and philosopher Galen of Pergamum (129-c.213 CE) may count as the father of western medicine, whose influence dominated European medical history until well into the 19th century. This project aims to explore Galen’s theory of human nature from a variety of relevant aspects: physiological, psychological, moral, philosophical and religious.
Appreciation of Spinoza’s philosophy has always been determined in part by his reputation and stories about his life. This project explores that link and develops tools to provide access to all of the information about Spinoza’s life, works and networks, both for research purposes and for the general public.
|Thinking Classified – Structuring the World of Ideas around 1800|
We classify philosophy and sciences by using big labels, such as ‘realism’, ‘idealism’ or ‘empiricism’. These concepts emerged in the period around 1800, primarily in discussion with German Idealism. This project provides insight into how these concepts developed and how their significance has changed since then.
|Philosophy as Science: The Project of the School of Brentano|
"The true method of philosophy is none other than that of the natural sciences.” Franz Brentano’s aim was to reinvigorate philosophy as a science. What role did this project play in the School of Brentano and what significance does this have for the relationship between the natural sciences and the humanities?
|Biblical Criticism and Secularisation in the Seventeenth Century|
In the course of the 17th century, the status of the Bible changed from God’s word to a collection of documents passed on by the Jewish people. This project investigates what role philology played in this process and how it interacted with other factors, such as the scientific revolution and new philosophy.