History of Philosophy

The History of How We Think

How did Greek philosophers think about God and the world? Or about the role of humanity, about happiness and what constitutes a good life? What ideas were considered to be radical and dangerous in the 17th century? Where does our concept of knowledge or science actually come from?

Since ancient times, philosophers have been debating the great ideas and problems of society, science and knowledge and culture. In our analysis of these discussions, we examine the links between philosophy and other disciplines, such as the natural sciences, ancient medicine or theology and use historical and philological methods to understand and contextualise texts; we study the changes in important ideas, but also forge links between different schools of philosophy.

Where does our concept of science and knowledge come from?

Themes and topics

The research focuses on several key areas:

  • the Ancient World (Aristotle, stoicism, Hellenistic philosophy)
  • early-modern philosophy (especially Spinoza and his age)
  • German Idealism
  • nineteenth-century philosophy (Kant, Schelling, Hegel, philosophy and sciences around 1900)

Our research is part of the focus area History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities; after all, philosophy forms the basis of our thinking about science and is in constant interaction with other sciences.