Dr. Miroslava (Mira) Scholten MSc, LLM
m.scholten@uu.nl
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Profile

Dr. Miroslava (Mira) Scholten is an Associate Professor of EU law and a member of the Utrecht Centre for Regulation and Enforcement in Europe (Renforce). She teaches bachelor and master courses and gives occassionally guest lectures on different aspects of EU (institutional) law and politics.

In her research, she focuses on EU institutional and comparative constitutional and administrative law, including EU agencies, accountability and the new trend of enhancing EU direct enforcement power.

Mira received a prestigious Veni grant of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in 2016 to execute research project 'Shared enforcement but separated controls in the EU - how to make it work for democracy and the rule of law?' Together with Prof. Dr. Michiel Luchtman, she coordinates the Renforce project on accountability of EU law enforcement entities, in which academics and practitioners of different nationalities cooperate. Mira is also a co-promoter in two PhD projects and is a member of the scientific board of Osservatorio AIR, an Italian research-policy centre funded by Italian national independent agencies.

Blogs:

http://eulawenforcement.com/

http://blog.renforce.eu/index.php/nl/

https://eulawenforcementstudent.wordpress.com/ 

Strategic themes / Focus areas
Scientific expertise
EU
independent agencies
regulation
legitimacy
public accountability
delegation and accountability

Presentation of the book 'Law Enforcement By EU Authorities', European Parliament, Brussels

http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/law-enforcement-by-eu-authorities
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Curriculum vitae

Dr. Miroslava (Mira) Scholten is an Associate Professor of EU law and a member of the Utrecht Centre for Regulation and Enforcement in Europe. She teaches bachelor and master courses and gives occassionally guest lectures on EU (institutional) law and politics. Her research topics include EU agencies, legitimacy, accountability, regulation and enforcement in the EU. Her PhD dissertation on the political accountability of EU agencies has been published by Brill (http://www.brill.com/products/book/political-accountability-eu-and-us-independent-regulatory-agencies ) and her first academic article on accountability and independence of regulatory agencies in the EU and US (http://www.uitgeverijparis.nl/reader/5036/4550 ) was awarded 2012 Europe Award by the Montesquieu Institute.

Before her current position, she worked as a postdoc at Universiteit Utrecht, as a PhD researcher at Maastricht University, and as a civil servant at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Russia. She has done a number of internships: at the City Administration of Saint-Petersburg, at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg and at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ in The Hague.

She holds a 'specialist degree' in International Relations from the North-West Academy of Public Administration in Saint-Petersburg (2005, with distinction), MSc in International and European Relations and Management from Amsterdam School of International Relations, the University of Amsterdam (2006, with distinction) and LLM in International and European Law from Amsterdam Law School, the University of Amsterdam (2008). Also, she participated in the ‘EU studies’ programme organised by the Aarhus Business School (September - December 2003) sponsored by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and took the summer course in American Law (2009) offered by the Amsterdam-Leyden-Columbia summer school.

Awards and grants

2016 Veni grant for the research project 'Shared enforcement but separated controls in the EU: how to  make it work for democracy and the rule of law?' (by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO))

2012 Europe Award for the best scientific article (by the Montesquieu Institute)

2009 Hans Smit Award for the best participant in the Columbia summer program on American Law

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2018

M. Scholten, Mind the Trend! Enforcement of EU law has been moving to 'Brussels', in: E. Thomann and F. Sager (eds), Innovative Approaches to EU Multilevel Implementation Moving Beyond Legal Compliance (Routledge: 2018).

T. Binder, A. Karagianni and M. Scholten, ‘Emergency! But what about legal protection in the EU?’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, forthcoming in March 2018.

2017

Scholten M. & Luchtman M. (eds) Law Enforcement by EU Authorities. Political and judicial accountability in shared enforcement, Edward Elgar, 2017: http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/law-enforcement-by-eu-authorities .

Scholten M., Luchtman M. and Schmidt E., The proliferation of EU enforcement authorities: a new development in law enforcement in the EU, in M. Scholten and M. Luchtman (eds), Law Enforcement by EU Authorities. Implications for Political and Judicial Accountability (Edward Elgar).

Scholten M., Magetti M. and Versluis E., Political and judicial accountability in shared enforcement in the EU, in M. Scholten and M. Luchtman (eds), Law Enforcement by EU Authorities. Implications for Political and Judicial Accountability (Edward Elgar).

Scholten M., 'Mind the Trend! Enforcement of EU law has been moving to 'Brussels'', Journal of European Public Policy: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13501763.2017.1314538

Luchtman, M.J.J.P., Vervaele, J.A.E., Graat, J.J.M., Scholten, M., Simonato, Michele, Alldridge, Peter, Ligeti, Katalin, Allegrezza, Silvia, Tricot, Juliette, Robinson, Gavin, Blachucki, Mateusz, Böse, Martin, Schneider, Anne & Nowak, Celina (02.05.2017). Investigatory powers and procedural safeguards - Improving OLAF’s legislative framework through a comparison with other EU law enforcement authorities (ECN/ESMA/ECB). Utrecht: Utrecht University.

Lalikova L. and Scholten M. (17.10.2017) ‘EU Agencies’ label: to what extent should we treat them all as ‘one’? (blog post).

Scholten M., Book review of 'EU Agencies: Legal and Political Limits to the Transformation of the EU Administration', by Merijn Chamon. European Law Review, 42, (pp. 139-142).

2016

Scholten, M. and Scholten, D. (2016) 'From Regulation to Enforcement in the EU Policy Cycle: A New Type of Functional Spillover?'. Journal of Common Market Studies: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcms.12508/abstract (Volume 55 (4), pp. 925-942, July 2017 in print).  

Scholten, M. (30.09.2016) Mind the trend! Direct enforcement of EU law and policies is moving to ‘Brussels’. (blog post)

Scholten, M. (30.05.2016). (R)evolution in the EU System of Political Accountability: Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny mechanism. (blog post)

van Rijsbergen, M.P.M. and Scholten, M. (2016). ESMA Inspecting: The Implications for Judicial Control under Shared Enforcement. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 7 (3), (pp. 569-579).

2015

van den Brink, A., Luchtman, M.J.J.P. and Scholten, M. (2015). Sovereignty in the shared legal order of the EU - Core values of regulation and enforcement. (336 p.). Antwerp: Intersentia. http://intersentia.com/en/shop/professioneel/sovereignty-in-the-shared-legal-order-of-the-eu.html

Gerbrandy, A. and Scholten, M. (2015). Core values: tensions and balances in the EU shared legal order. In Ton van den Brink, Michiel Luchtman and Miroslava Scholten (Eds.), Sovereignty in the shared legal order of the EU - Core values of regulation and enforcement (pp. 9-30) (22 p.). Antwerp: Intersentia.

van den Brink, A., Luchtman, M.J.J.P. and Scholten, M. (2015). Shaping sovereignty in the EU legal order - The role of core values. In Ton Van den Brink, Michiel Luchtman and Miroslava Scholten (Eds.),Sovereignty in the shared legal order of the EU - Core values of regulation and enforcement (pp. 325-334) (9 p.). Antwerp: Intersentia.

Luchtman, M.J.J.P., van den Brink, A. and Scholten, M. (2015). Sovereignty in shared legal order - On the core values of regulation and enforcement in the EU. In Ton Van den Brink, Michiel Luchtman and Miroslava Scholten (Eds.), Sovereignty in the shared legal order of the EU - Core values of regulation and enforcement (pp. 1-8) (8 p.). Antwerp: Intersentia.

M. Scholten, ‘Mind the Trend! The enforcement of EU law is moving to “Brussels”’, Paper presented at the International Conference on Public Policy (ICPP) in Milan, 2 July 2015. Available at: http://www.icpublicpolicy.org/conference/file/reponse/1434098876.pdf .

Scholten, M. Democratic Input Legitimacy of IRAs: Proposing an Assessment Framework, Utrecht Law Review 11 (2), 64-77, June 2015: https://www.utrechtlawreview.org/index.php/ulr/article/view/318  

Scholten, M. Research notes. EU Agencies in contemporary academic research, The Observatory on Impact Assessment (IA) (Osservatorio AIR), University of Tuscio, Italy: http://www.osservatorioair.it/research-note-eu-agencies-in-contemporary-academic-research/ 

2014

Scholten, M. The Political Accountability of EU and US Independent Regulatory Agencies, Brill, Nijhoff Studies in European Union Law: http://www.brill.com/products/book/political-accountability-eu-and-us-independent-regulatory-agencies . 493 p.

Scholten, M. The Political Accountability of EU agencies: Learning from the US Experience, Universitaire Pers Maastricht, 2014 (dissertation). 401 p.

Scholten, D. and Scholten, M. Towards a European Division of Labour: Do Europe's Crises Highlight Structural Challenges to Sustainable Economic Growth in the Euro Zone?, European Review, 22 (3), 382-387: http://journals.cambridge.org/repo_A9233aBJ

Scholten, M. and Ottow, A. Institutional Design of Enforcement in the EU: the Case of Financial Markets’, Utrecht Law Review, 10 (5), 80-91, December 2014: http://www.utrechtlawreview.org/index.php/ulr/article/view/302  

Scholten, M. and van Rijsbergen, M. The Limits of Agencification in the European Union, German Law Journal, 15, 1223-1256: http://www.germanlawjournal.com/index.php?pageID=11&artID=1661 

Scholten, M. and van Rijsbergen, M. The ESMA-short selling case: Erecting a new delegation doctrine in the EU upon the Meroni-Romano remnants, Legal Issues of Economic Integration, 41 (4): 389–406.

Scholten, M. De nieuwe Europese financiële toezichthouders: onafhankelijk én accountable, RegelMaat, 3, 155-171: http://www.bjutijdschriften.nl/tijdschrift/regelmaat/2014/3.  

Scholten, M. Research notes. The Political Accountability of EU and US Independent Regulatory Agencies, The Observatory on Impact Assessment (IA) (Osservatorio AIR), University of Tuscio, Italy: http://www.osservatorioair.it/research-notes-miroslava-scholten-the-political-accountability-of-eu-and-us-independent-regulatory-agencies/ .

van Rijsbergen, M. en Scholten, M. Zaak C-270/12 (ESMA-short selling) als opvolger van de Meroni- en Romano-non-delegatiedoctrine’ in Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 2/3, 82-88

Scholten, M. and Scholten, D. The sense and nonsense of EU integration debate, European Review, 22 (2), 274-282: http://journals.cambridge.org/repo_A92BOgVp  

Scholten, M. Independence vs. Accountability: Proving the negative correlation, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 21 (1), 197-204

2013

Scholten, M. and Scholten, D. De zin en onzin van het EU integratie debat, Internationale Spectator, mei 2013.

Scholten, M. Book Review: Market Integration through ‘Network Governance’: The Role of European Agencies and Network of Regulators, by Marco Zinzani, Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, 14 (2), 208-211. 

2012

Scholten, M. The Newly Released ‘Common Approach’ on EU Agencies: Going Forward or Standing Still?, Colum. J. Eur. L.F. 1, 19: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2236240 .  

2011

 Scholten, M. Independent, hence unaccountable? The need for a broader debate on accountability of the executive, Review of European Administrative Law, 4 (1), 5-44:   http://www.uitgeverijparis.nl/reader/5036/4550 

2010

Scholten, M. Independence vs. Accountability: Dilemma or Misperception? Conference Paper presented at the NIG Annual Conference, 26 November 2010. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1718584

Scholten, M. What If the European Parliament Says ‘No’?: The Strength of European Parliament’s Discharge Power, Working Paper Series, 2010. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1909450

2008

Scholten, M. Critical review of the book “Ruslands Erfdeel” (2008 Uitgeverij Aspekt) for the Internationale Spectator (in Dutch). Available at: http://www.internationalespectator.nl/signalementen/20080600_is_boekbesprekingen.pdf

Scholten, M. Co-author in the Clingendael Contribution on ‘The Netherlands position in the EU’ for the ‘EU-25/27 Watch’ no.6 (Institut für Europäische Politik (Ed.)). Available at: http://www.clingendael.nl/cesp/publications/?id=6982&&type=summary

Scholten, M. Signalement (brief book review in Dutch) about ‘Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2006’ (T.M.C. Asser) in the Internationale Spectator (February 2008). Available at: http://www.internationalespectator.nl/signalementen/20080200_is_signalementen.pdf

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Dr. Scholten is a member of the Utrecht School of Regulation and Enforcement in Europe (RENFORCE).

In July 2016, the Dutch Scientific Organisation (NWO) has awarded her a veni grant to conduct a research project 'Shared enforcement but separated controls in the EU: how to make it work for democracy and the rule of law'. The 3,5 year project has started in September 2016.

Together with Prof. Michiel Luchtman, she is coordinating a research project on the verticalisation of enforcement in the EU  and is a co-editor of a discussion platform: http://eulawenforcement.com/ .

In 2013-2015, she has been one of the coordinators of the Renforce project on core values in the shared legal order of the EU, resulted in an edited volume 'Sovereignty in the Shared Legal Order of the EU'.

In 2016-2018, Mira participated in two projects funded by the EU Commission (hercule scheme), more details below.

She has been co-promotor of:

Marloes van Rijsbergen (2013-2017): legitimacy and effectiveness of soft law (EU agencies, the case study on ESMA), together with Prof. Linda Senden and Prof. Annetje Ottow;

Argyro Karagianni (2016-2020): supervision of financial markets and protecting fundamental rights in a transnational law enforcement sphere (the cases of ECB and ESMA), together Prof. Michiel Luchtman and Prof. Rob Widdershoven. The project is part of the vidi research project of Prof. Michiel Luchtman;

Laurens van Kreij (2018-2022): enforcement strategies in the EU, together with Prof. Judith van Erp.

Completed projects

Project:
Exchange of information with EU and national enforcement authorities: Improving OLAF's legislative framework through a comparison with other EU authorities 02.01.2017 to 28.02.2018
General project description

The project aims to analyse the OLAF’s legislative framework for the exchange of information in the pre-investigative and investigative phase; to identify legal obstacles to realise OLAF’s mandate; and to elaborate possible solutions. It makes a comparison with other EU bodies with comparable tasks (European Competition Network/ECN, the European Central Bank/ECB, and the European Securities and Markets Authority/ESMA). By analysing and comparing the interaction between EU law and national law for these authorities in six Member States (the Netherlands, Germany, UK, Italy, Hungary, and Luxembourg), it will answer the question of whether there is a need to recalibrate the OLAF legislative framework, and it will define various models for that purpose.

 
Role Researcher Funding
EU grant
Project members UU
External project members:
  • prof. Martin Böse - University of Bonn
  • dr. Anne Schneider - University of Bonn
  • prof. Peter Alldridge - Queen Mary - University of London
  • prof. Silvia Allegrezza - University of Luxembourg
  • Prof. Katalin Ligeti - University of Luxembourg
  • Dr Valentina Covolo - University of Luxembourg
  • Dr Andras Csuri - University of Vienna
Project:
Investigatory powers and procedural safeguards: Improving OLAF’s legislative framework through a comparison with other EU law enforcement authorities 08.03.2016 to 31.03.2017
General project description

This project aims to analyse and improve OLAF’s legislative framework for the gathering of information and evidence (investigative stage). It makes a comparison with other EU bodies with comparable tasks (European Competition Network/ECN, the European Central Bank/ECB, and the European Securities and Markets Authority/ESMA). By analysing and comparing the interaction between EU law and national law in six Member States (the Netherlands, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Poland), it will answer the question of whether there is a need to recalibrate the OLAF legislative framework, including the incorporation of procedural safeguards. 

 
Role Researcher Funding
EU grant: European Commission/OLAF
Project members UU
External project members:
  • prof. Martin Böse - University of Bonn
  • dr. Anne Schneider - University of Bonn
  • prof. Peter Alldridge - Queen Mary - University of London
  • prof. Juliette Tricot - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - Paris
  • prof. Silvia Allegrezza - University of Luxembourg
  • dr. Celina Nowak - Kozminski University - Warsaw
  • Prof. Katalin Ligeti - University of Luxembourg
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- Inleiding EU recht (1 year bachelor course)

- European Law (3 year bachelor course)

- Captia selecta course 'Enforcement by EU agencies' (EU law master course, course coordinator, supported by blog)

- Research Thesis Track (EU law master course, course coordinator)

- Designing Institutions (EU governance master course)

- Summer school on EU law (course coordinator)

in the past:

- comparative constitutional law (1 and 3 year bachelor courses)

- International and EU institutional law (UCU course level 2)

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Additional functions and activities

Dr. Scholten is a member of the scientific board of Osservatorio AIR, an Italian research-policy centre funded by Italian national independent agencies.

She is a member of an ‘advisory board’ for a research project ‘the Role of Administrative Networks in European Union Implementation’ (managed by Prof. Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen and prof. Ellen Mastenbroek), funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research in Social Sciences (2017-2021). The research project aims to analyze the establishment, functioning, interaction and impact of European Administrative Networks with tasks in the realm of the implementation and enforcement of EU policies.

She has been included on the list of legal experts of D-G for Parliamentary Research Services, European Parliament, for the independent external research requests.

She reviews submissions to scientific journals in the field of public administration, political science and law.

Mira has been selected as a member of the Utrecht Young Academy.

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Full name
Dr. M. Scholten MSc, LLM Contact details
Newtonlaan

Newtonlaan 201
Room 3A.47
3584 BH  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 8403
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Last updated 23.03.2018