Lake Ohrid is the oldest lake in Europe. An international science team has now revealed that the lake first established 1.36 million years ago and existed continuously since then. Through a deep drilling campaign the team was able to reconstruct climate over the entire history of the lake in exquisite detail. These results will help refine future climate scenarios for the Mediterranean region. The team, including palaeoecologists Dr Timme Donders and Prof Friederike Wagner-Cremer from Utrecht University, published the results in the online edition of Nature today.
Located at the border between Albania and North Macedonia, Lake Ohrid is famous for its exceptional biodiversity. It is home to more than 300 unique (endemic) animal and plant species that are found nowhere else in the world. The scientific project in which the scientists from Utrecht University participated, aimed to obtain new information about the age and origin of the lake, the climate history of the northern Mediterranean region, and the reasons for the high degree of endemism and biodiversity.