Prof. dr. E.M.H. (Helena) Houvenaghel

Modern and Contemporary Literature

The Fenix Network ( concentrates on women's migratory movements to and from Spain and Latin America throughout the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. Established in 2015 by Eugenia Helena Houvenaghel, the network's coordinator, FENIX is an international and interdisciplinary research network. Its inception aligned with the year of Europe's refugee and migrant crisis. 

FENIX facilitates the collaboration of researchers across different fields to exchange their perspectives on the experiences of women exiles and migrants. The network connects scholars specializing in Literary Studies, History, Art History, and Gender Studies focusing its efforts on three key areas:

1. Literary and artistic Perspective: The network concentrates on the artistic and literary creations of migrant women. These creations serve as testimonials of their journeys of displacement, experiences as newcomers, and the dynamics of transnational networking and identity development.  

2.Historical Exploration: The Fenix Network delves into women migrants' experiences during the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries, offering insights into various time periods and changing circumstnaces. This examination sheds light on how these individuals navigated the challenges posed by displacement, providing a comprehensive understanding of the historical evolution of coping mechanisms across different eras.

3.Gender Emphasis: Women exiles and migrants play a pivotal role not only in the trajectory of displacement but also in subsequent integration processes within the host country and the preservation of the culture and language of their country of origin. Despite their crucial role, narratives from women about the journey of displacement, adaptation, and identity development are often eclipsed, resulting in the prevailing portrayal of the refugee experience being shaped predominantly by a male perspective. 

The Fenix Network aspires to reshape the studies of women's exile and migration to and from Spain by leveraging the collective strenghts, innovative thinking and expertise of all its members. It provides a diverse array of research activities, including an annual congress and smaller thematic seminars, along with the publication of two joint thematic works each year. By means of collaboration and shared exploration of insights, the network aims at showing the female face of 19th, 20th, and 21st-century exile an migration to and from Spain and Latin America. 

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Spanish Women in Exile, 80 years after: Agency and Transnationalism (2019)

CROS Research Group - Crossing the border between Spanish and English

Italian and Spanish Migrants in Argentina - 2018

CROS 2019 Hispanic Migrants in the US

Migrants Negotiating Transnational Identities - 2018

The impact of Transit Countries on the Identity Construction of migrants and refugees - 2017

History Rewriting: The Mexican Crack Generation and European History. 2017.

Second Generation of Spanish Refugees.2018

Transnational Identities and Agency - Female Spanish Refugees in Mexico - 2016

Transnation Identities - The Second Generation of Spanish Exiles in Mexico- 2015

Cultural identity between three cultures. Second Generation of Spanish Refugees. 2015

Transnational Identity - Second Generation Spanish Refugees - 2013

Migration Argentina. 2018.

Divided Identity.

Divided Identity

Transatlantic Transformations


Rewriting History. Ethics of rewriting.

Crack - Héctor Jaimes. North Carolina State University.

Rewriting History. Ethics of rewriting

NEPANTLA. Second Generation of Refugees

Migrants Negotiating Transnational Identities

CROS 2018 Code-Switching and Cultural Identity between Spanish and English

Ethics of Rewriting. Suzanne Hartwig, Universität Passau

InGenArte Gender Research


Gender. Vilches de Frutos y Nieva de la Paz

Cros. Castilleja. Free University of Brussels

CROS. R. ENGHELS Ghent University

LyS. C. Viñals. Université Lille 3

LyS LILLE 2014



Rewriting History. The Mexican Crack reconstructs Nazi-history. 2019.
Spanish Language and Culture