dr. Walter Immerzeel
Gegenereerd op 2017-05-28 18:32:50


Dr. W.W. (Walter) Immerzeel has seventeen years’ experience in geo-informatics, water resource management and climate change and is skilled in hydro-meteorological monitoring, the use of remote sensing, simulation models and spatial analysis and he has been doing research on Himalayan hydrology since 2002.

He holds a PhD degree in physical geography from Utrecht University and his research focused on the interface of mountain hydrology, climate change and agriculture. He also has extensive experience in the application of remote sensing and modelling in mountain areas for systematically assessing and monitoring climate change, flooding, droughts and food security.

He has worked in the Netherlands as well as in numerous developing countries and he has a large international network. From December 2002 until June 2004 he was attached to the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Nepal as associate expert GIS and natural resource management. Since 2005 he has been working for the research and consulting firm FutureWater in Wageningen and he has been responsible for various applied research projects across the globe. Since 2008 he combines this position with research at Utrecht University and he was awarded several research grants including the NWO-VENI grant in 2011 to support his research on the impacts of climate change on the hydrology of the Himalayas and Karakoram mountain ranges.

He works as an associate professor at Utrecht University and he leads the mountain hydrology group and he is responsible for several course in the Ba and Ma programme of the Faculty of Geosciences. Late 2015 he was awarded a prestigious ERC Starting Grant and an NWO VIDI grant, which he will use to investigate the interaction between climate change, atmospheric dynamics, hydrology and glaciology.

For more information see www.mountainhydrology.org


Documentary on his Himalayan research:

Strategic themes / Focus areas
Gegenereerd op 2017-05-28 18:32:50
Curriculum vitae Download PDF
Gegenereerd op 2017-05-28 18:32:50
All publications
Brun, Fanny, Buri, Pascal, Miles, Evan S., Wagnon, Patrick, Steiner, J.F., Berthier, Etienne, Ragettli, S., Kraaijenbrink, P.D.A., Immerzeel, W.W. & Pellicciotti, Francesca (2016). Quantifying volume loss from ice cliffs on debris-covered glaciers using high-resolution terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry. Journal of Glaciology, 62 (234), (pp. 684-695).
Buri, Pascal, Miles, Evan S., Steiner, J.F., Immerzeel, W.W., Wagnon, Patrick & Pellicciotti, Francesca (2016). A physically based 3-D model of ice cliff evolution over debris-covered glaciers. Journal of geophysical research. Earth surface, 121 (12), (pp. 2471-2493).
Buri, Pascal, Pellicciotti, Francesca, Steiner, Jakob F, Miles, Evan S. & Immerzeel, Wouter W (2016). A grid-based model of backwasting of supraglacial ice cliffs over debris-covered glaciers. Annals of Glaciology, 57 (71), (pp. 199-211) (13 p.).
Heynen, Martin, Miles, Evan, Ragettli, Silvan, Buri, Pascal, Immerzeel, Walter W. & Pellicciotti, Francesca (2016). Air temperature variability in a high-elevation Himalayan catchment. Annals of Glaciology, 57 (71), (pp. 212-222) (11 p.).
Kargel, J. S., Leonard, G. J., Shugar, D. H., Haritashya, U. K., Bevington, A., Fielding, E. J., Fujita, K., Geertsema, M., Miles, E. S., Steiner, J., Anderson, E., Bajracharya, S., Bawden, G. W., Breashears, D. F., Byers, A., Collins, B., Dhital, M. R., Donnellan, A., Evans, T. L., Geai, M. L., Glasscoe, M. T., Green, D., Gurung, D. R., Heijenk, R., Hilborn, A., Hudnut, K., Huyck, C., Immerzeel, W. W., Liming, Jiang, Jibson, R., Kääb, A., Khanal, N. R., Kirschbaum, D., Kraaijenbrink, P. D A, Lamsal, D., Shiyin, Liu, Mingyang, Lv, McKinney, D., Nahirnick, N. K., Zhuotong, Nan, Ojha, S., Olsenholler, J., Painter, T. H., Pleasants, M., Pratima, K. C., Yuan, Q. I., Raup, B. H., Regmi, D., Rounce, D. R., Sakai, A., Donghui, Shangguan, Shea, J. M., Shrestha, A. B., Shukla, A., Stumm, D., van der Kooij, M., Voss, K., Xin, Wang, Weihs, B., Wolfe, D., Lizong, Wu, Xiaojun, Yao, Yoder, M. R. & Young, N. (08.01.2016). Geomorphic and geologic controls of geohazards induced by Nepal's 2015 Gorkha earthquake. Science, 351 (6269), (pp. aac8353).
Kraaijenbrink, P.D.A., Shea, J.M., Pellicciotti, F., de Jong, S.M. & Immerzeel, W.W. (01.12.2016). Object-based analysis of unmanned aerial vehicle imagery to map and characterise surface features on a debris-covered glacier. Remote Sensing of Environment, 186, (pp. 581) (595 p.).
Kraaijenbrink, Philip, Meijer, Sander W., Shea, Joseph M., Pellicciotti, Francesca, De Jong, Steven M. & Immerzeel, Walter W. (2016). Seasonal surface velocities of a Himalayan glacier derived by automated correlation of unmanned aerial vehicle imagery. Annals of Glaciology, 57 (71), (pp. 103-113) (11 p.).
Lutz, A., Immerzeel, W.W., Kraaijenbrink, P.D.A., Shresta, A.B. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (09.11.2016). Climate Change Impacts on the Upper Indus Hydrology: Sources, Shifts and Extremes. PLoS One, 11 (11), (pp. 1-33).
Lutz, Arthur F., ter Maat, Herbert W., Biemans, Hester, Shrestha, Arun B., Wester, Philippus & Immerzeel, Walter W. (2016). Selecting representative climate models for climate change impact studies - An advanced envelope-based selection approach. International Journal of Climatology
Ragettli, Silvan, Immerzeel, Walter W. & Pellicciotti, Francesca (16.08.2016). Contrasting climate change impact on river flows from high-altitude catchments in the Himalayan and Andes Mountains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113 (33), (pp. 9222-9227) (6 p.).
Shea, Joseph M. & Immerzeel, Walter W. (2016). An assessment of basin-scale glaciological and hydrological sensitivities in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya. Annals of Glaciology, 57 (71), (pp. 308-318) (11 p.).
Vincent, Christian, Wagnon, Patrick, Shea, Joseph M., Immerzeel, W.W., Kraaijenbrink, P.D.A., Shrestha, Dibas, Soruco, Alvaro, Arnaud, Yves, Brun, Fanny, Berthier, E. & Sherpa, Sonam Futi (22.08.2016). Reduced melt on debris-covered glaciers: investigations from Changri Nup Glacier, Nepal. Cryosphere, 10, (pp. 1845-1858).
Bajracharya, Samjwal Ratna, Maharjan, Sudan Bikash, Shrestha, Finu, Guo, Wanqin, Liu, Shiyin, Immerzeel, Walter & Shrestha, Basanta (03.04.2015). The glaciers of the Hindu Kush Himalayas - current status and observed changes from the 1980s to 2010. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 31 (2), (pp. 161-173) (13 p.).
Collier, E., Maussion, F., Nicholson, L. I., Mölg, T., Immerzeel, W. W. & Bush, A. B G (20.08.2015). Impact of debris cover on glacier ablation and atmosphere-glacier feedbacks in the Karakoram. Cryosphere, 9 (4), (pp. 1617-1632) (16 p.).
Collier, Emily & Immerzeel, Walter W. (16.10.2015). High-resolution modeling of atmospheric dynamics in the Nepalese Himalaya. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120 (19), (pp. 9882-9896) (15 p.).
Immerzeel, W. W., Wanders, N., Lutz, Arthur, Shea, J. M. & Bierkens, M. F. P. (2015). Reconciling high-altitude precipitation in the upper Indus basin with glacier mass balances and runoff. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19 (11), (pp. 4673-4687).
Mark, Bryan G., Baraer, Michel, Fernandez, Alfonso, Immerzeel, Walter, Moore, R. Dan & Weingartner, Rolf (01.01.2015). Glaciers as water resources. The High-Mountain Cryosphere: Environmental Changes and Human Risks (pp. 184-203) (20 p.). Cambridge University Press [etc.].
Pellicciotti, Francesca, Stephan, Christa, Miles, Evan, Herreid, Sam, Immerzeel, Walter W. & Bolch, Tobias (01.05.2015). Mass-balance changes of the debris-covered glaciers in the Langtang Himal, Nepal, from 1974 to 1999. Journal of Glaciology, 61 (226), (pp. 373-386) (14 p.).
Ragettli, S., Pellicciotti, F., Immerzeel, W. W., Miles, E. S., Petersen, L., Heynen, M., Shea, J. M., Stumm, D., Joshi, S. & Shrestha, A. (01.04.2015). Unraveling the hydrology of a Himalayan catchment through integration of high resolution in situ data and remote sensing with an advanced simulation model. Advances in Water Resources, 78, (pp. 94-111) (18 p.).
Shea, J. M., Immerzeel, W. W., Wagnon, P., Vincent, C. & Bajracharya, S. (27.05.2015). Modelling glacier change in the Everest region, Nepal Himalaya. Cryosphere, 9 (3), (pp. 1105-1128) (24 p.).
Shea, J. M., Wagnon, P., Immerzeel, W. W., Biron, R., Brun, F. & Pellicciotti, F. (03.04.2015). A comparative high-altitude meteorological analysis from three catchments in the Nepalese Himalaya. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 31 (2), (pp. 174-200) (27 p.).
Simons, G. W H (Gijs), Bastiaanssen, W. G M (Wim) & Immerzeel, W. W (Walter) (01.03.2015). Water reuse in river basins with multiple users - A literature review. Journal of Hydrology, 522, (pp. 558-571) (14 p.).
Steiner, Jakob F, Pellicciotti, Francesca, Buri, Pascal, Miles, Evan S., Immerzeel, Wouter W & Reid, Tim D (2015). Modeling ice cliff backwasting on a debris covered glacier in the Nepalese Himalayas. Journal of Glaciology
Steiner, Jakob F., Pellicciotti, Francesca, Buri, Pascal, Miles, Evan S., Immerzeel, Walter W. & Reid, Tim D. (01.11.2015). Modelling ice-cliff backwasting on a debris-covered glacier in the Nepalese Himalaya. Journal of Glaciology, 61 (229), (pp. 889-907) (19 p.).
Terink, W., Lutz, A. F., Simons, G. W H, Immerzeel, W. W. & Droogers, P. (08.07.2015). SPHY v2.0 - Spatial Processes in HYdrology. Geoscientific Model Development, 8 (7), (pp. 2009-2034) (26 p.).
Baral, Prashant, Kayastha, Rijan B., Immerzeel, Walter W., Pradhananga, Niraj S., Bhattarai, Bikas C., Shahi, Sonika, Galos, Stephan, Springer, Claudia, Joshi, Sharad P. & Mool, Pradeep K. (01.01.2014). Preliminary results of mass-balance observations of Yala Glacier and analysis of temperature and precipitation gradients in Langtang Valley, Nepal. Annals of Glaciology, 55 (66), (pp. 9-14) (6 p.).
Cheema, M. J M, Immerzeel, W. W. & Bastiaanssen, W. G M (01.01.2014). Spatial quantification of groundwater abstraction in the irrigated indus basin. Ground Water, 52 (1), (pp. 25-36) (12 p.).
Goosen, H., de Groot-Reichwein, M. A M, Masselink, L., Koekoek, A., Swart, R., Bessembinder, J., Witte, J. M P, Stuyt, L., Blom-Zandstra, G. & Immerzeel, W. (2014). Climate Adaptation Services for the Netherlands - An operational approach to support spatial adaptation planning. Regional Environmental Change, 14 (3), (pp. 1035-1048) (14 p.).
Hunink, J. E., Immerzeel, W. W. & Droogers, P. (2014). A High-resolution Precipitation 2-step mapping Procedure (HiP2P) - Development and application to a tropical mountainous area. Remote Sensing of Environment, 140, (pp. 179-188) (10 p.).
Immerzeel, W. W., Kraaijenbrink, P. D A, Shea, J. M., Shrestha, A. B., Pellicciotti, F., Bierkens, M. F P & De Jong, S. M. (01.01.2014). High-resolution monitoring of Himalayan glacier dynamics using unmanned aerial vehicles. Remote Sensing of Environment, 150, (pp. 93-103) (11 p.).
Immerzeel, W. W., Petersen, L., Ragettli, S. & Pellicciotti, F. (01.01.2014). The importance of observed gradients of air temperature and precipitation for modeling runoff from a glacierized watershed in the Nepalese Himalayas. Water Resources Research, 50 (3), (pp. 2212-2226) (15 p.).
Lutz, A. F., Immerzeel, W. W., Shrestha, A. B. & Bierkens, M. F P (2014). Consistent increase in High Asia's runoff due to increasing glacier melt and precipitation. Nature Climate Change, 4 (7), (pp. 587-592) (6 p.).
Hellegers, P., Immerzeel, W.W. & Droogers, P. (2013). Economic concepts to address future water supply-demand imbalances in Iran, Morocco and Saudi Arabia. Journal of Hydrology, 502, (pp. 62-67) (6 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Pelliciotti, F. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2013). Rising river flows throughout the twenty-first century in two Himalayan glacierized watersheds. Nature Geoscience, 6, (pp. 742-745) (4 p.).
Lutz, A., Immerzeel, W.W., Gobiet, A., Pellicciotti, F. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2013). Comparison of climate change signals in CMIP3 and CMIP5 multi-model ensembles and implications for Central Asian glaciers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, (pp. 3661-3677) (17 p.).
Nyeko, M., D’Urso, G. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2013). Adaptive simulation of the impact of changes in land use on water resources in the lower Aswa basin. Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 43 (4), (pp. 159-164) (6 p.).
Ragettli, S., Pellicciotti, F., Bordoy, R. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2013). Sources of uncertainty in modeling the glaciohydrological response of a Karakoram watershed to climate change. Water Resources Research, 49 (9), (pp. 1-19) (19 p.).
Terink, W., Immerzeel, W.W. & Droogers, P. (2013). Climate change projections of precipitation and reference evapotranspiration for the Middle East and Northern Africa until 2050. International Journal of Climatology, 33, (pp. 3055-3072) (18 p.).
Bastiaansen, W.G.M., Cheema, M.J.M., Immerzeel, W.W., Miltenburg, I. & Pelgrum, H. (2012). Surface energy balance and actual evapotranspiration of the transboundary Indus Basin estimated from satellite measurements and the ETLook model. Water Resources Research, 48 (11), (pp. W11512) (1 p.).
Droogers, P., Immerzeel, W.W., Terink, W., Hoogeveen, J., Bierkens, M.F.P., van Beek, L.P.H. & Debele, B. (2012). Water resources trends in Middle East and North Africa towards 2050. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16 (9), (pp. 3101-3114) (14 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012). Asia's water balance. Nature Geoscience, 5 (12), (pp. 841-842) (2 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Droogers, P., Bastiaansen, W.G.M. & Zwart, S.J. (2012). Submitted: Calibrating hydrological models using remotely sensed evapotranspiration: the importance of scale. Water Resources Research
Immerzeel, W.W., Gobiet, A., Suklitsch, M., Pellicciotti, F. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012). Uncertain future for the water resources of high mountain Asia. Eos, GC51D-1232. invited, poster.
Immerzeel, W.W., Pellicciotti, F. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012). The importance of observed gradients of air temperature and precipitation for modelling water supply projections of a glacierised watershed in the Nepalese Himalayas. Eos, GC52B-03.
Immerzeel, W.W., Pellicciotti, F. & Shrestha, A.B. (2012). Glaciers as a proxy to quantify the spatial distribution of precipitation in the Hunza basin. Mountain Research and Development, 32, (pp. 30-38) (9 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., van Beek, L.P.H., Konz, M., Shrestha, A. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012). Hydrological response to climate change in a glaciated catchment in the Himalayas. Climatic Change, 110, (pp. 721-736) (16 p.).
Lutz, A., Immerzeel, W.W., Gobiet, A., Pellicciotti, F. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2012). New climate change scenarios reveal uncertain future for Central Asian glaciers. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 9 (11), (pp. 12691-12727) (37 p.).
Miller, J.D., Immerzeel, W.W. & Rees, G. (2012). Climate Change Impacts on Glacier Hydrology and River Discharge in the Hindu Kush – Himalayas A Synthesis of the Scientific Basis. Mountain Research and Development, 32 (4), (pp. 461-467) (7 p.).
Pellicciotti, F., Konz, M., Immerzeel, W.W. & Shresta, A.B. (2012). Challenges and uncertainties in hydrological modelling of remote Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) basins: suggestions for calibration strategies. Mountain Research and Development, 32, (pp. 39-50) (12 p.).
Ragettli, M., Pellicciotti, F. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2012). Modeling the glacio-hydrological response of a Himalayan watershed to climate change using a physically-oriented distributed model: sources of model uncertainty. Eos
Wilson, A.M., Williams, M.W., Racoviteanu, A., Pellicciotti, F., Juszak, I., Immerzeel, W.W., Balestrini, R. & Kayastha, R. (2012). Using geochemical and isotopic chemistry to evaluate source water contributions to the hydrology of two high-elevation basins in the Himalayas of Nepal. Eos
Bouma, J., Droogers, P., Sonneveld, M.P.W., Ritsema, C.J., Hunink, J.E., Immerzeel, W.W. & Kauffman, S. (2011). Hydropedological insights when considering catchment classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, (pp. 1909-1919) (11 p.).
Gain, A.K., Immerzeel, W.W., Sperna Weiland, F.C. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2011). Impact of climate change on the stream flow of the lower Brahmaputra: Trends in high and low flows based on discharge-weighted ensemble modeling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15 (5), (pp. 1537-1545) (9 p.).
Quiroz, R.A., Yarlequé, C., Posadas, A., Mares, V. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2011). Improving Daily Rainfall Estimation from NDVI Using Wavelet Transform. Environmental Modelling and Software, 26 (2), (pp. 201-209) (9 p.).
Droogers, P. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2010). Wat is het beste model?. H2O, 4, (pp. 38-41) (4 p.).
Droogers, P., Immerzeel, W.W. & Lorite, I.J. (2010). Estimating Actual Irrigation Application by Remotely Sensed Evapotranspiration Observations. Agricultural Water Management, 97, (pp. 1351-1359) (9 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2010). Seasonal prediction of monsoon rainfall in Asian river basins: the importance of snow cover on the Tibetan plateau. International Journal of Climatology, 30, (pp. 1835-1842) (8 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Droogers, P., de Jong, S.M. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2010). Satellite Derived Snow and Runoff Dynamics in the Upper Indus River Basin. Grazer Schriften der Geographie und Raumforschung, 45, (pp. 303-312) (10 p.). Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on High Mountain Remote Sensing Cartography, 01-09-2010.
Immerzeel, W.W., van Beek, L.P.H. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2010). Smelten gletsjers bedreigt 67 miljoen mensen in Zuidoost-Azie. Geografie, 19 (7), (pp. 6-9) (4 p.).
Immerzeel, Walter W., Van Beek, Ludovicus P. H. & Bierkens, Marc F. P. (11.06.2010). Climate change will affect the asian water towers. Science, 328 (5984), (pp. 1382-1385) (4 p.).
Konz, M., Finger, D., Bürgi, C., Normand, S., Immerzeel, W.W., Merz, J., Amarnath, G. & Burlando, P. (2010). Calibration of a distributed hydrological model for simulations of remote glacierized Himalayan catchments using MODIS snow cover data. Hydrological Sciences Journal, IAHAS pub. (340), (pp. 465-473) (9 p.).
Bhagat, R.M., Singh, S., Sood, C., Rana, R.S., Kalia, V., Pradhan, S., Immerzeel, W.W. & Shrestha, B. (2009). Land Suitability Analysis for Cereal Production in Himachal Pradesh (India) using Geographical Information System. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 37 (2), (pp. 233-240) (8 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Droogers, P., de Jong, S.M. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (2009). Large-scale monitoring of snow cover and runoff simulation in Himalayan river basins using remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 113 (1), (pp. 40-49) (10 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Heerwaarden, C.C. & Droogers, P. (2009). Modelling climate change in a Dutch polder system using the FutureViewR modelling suite. Computers and Geosciences, 35 (446-458), (pp. 446-458) (13 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Rutten, M.M. & Droogers, P. (2009). Spatial downscaling of TRMM precipitation using vegetative response on the Iberian Peninsula. Remote Sensing of Environment, 113, (pp. 362-370) (9 p.).
Droogers, P., van Loon, A. & Immerzeel, W.W. (2008). Quantifying the impact of model inaccuracy in climate change impact studies using an agro-hydrological model. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12, (pp. 669-678) (10 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W. (2008). Historical trends and future predictions of climate variability in the Brahmaputra basin. International Journal of Climatology, 28, (pp. 243-254) (12 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W. & Droogers, P. (2008). Calibration of a distributed hydrological model based on satellite evapotranspiration. Journal of Hydrology, 349, (pp. 411-424) (14 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Droogers, P., de Jong, S.M. & Bierkens, M.F.P. (08.09.2008). Satellite derived snow and runoff dynamics in the upper Indus river basin. In Sulzer, W (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on High Mountain Remote Sensing Cartography. (HMRSC X) Kathmandu, Nepal, The 10th International Symposium on High Mountain Remote Sensing Cartography. (HMRSC X).
Immerzeel, W.W., Gaur, A. & Zwart, S.J. (2008). Integrating remote sensing and a process-based hydrological model to evaluate water use and productivity in a south Indian catchment. Agricultural Water Management, 95, (pp. 11-24) (14 p.).
Immerzeel, W.W., Stoorvogel, J. & Antle, J. (2008). Can payments for ecosystem services save the water tower of Tibet?. Agricultural Systems, 96, (pp. 52-63) (12 p.).
Bouma, J., Stoorvogel, J. J., Quiroz, R., Staal, S., Herrero, M., Immerzeel, W., Roetter, R. P., van den Bosch, H., Sterk, G., Rabbinge, R. & Chater, S. (2007). Ecoregional research for development. In DL Sparks (Eds.), ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 93 (pp. 257-+) (62 p.). SAN DIEGO: Elsevier Academic press.
Immerzeel, W. W., Quiroz, R. A. & de Jong, S. M. (01.06.2005). Understanding precipitation patterns and land use interaction in Tibet using harmonic analysis of SPOT VGT-S10 NDVI time series. International Joural of Remote Sensing, 26 (11), (pp. 2281-2296).
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Gegenereerd op 2017-05-28 18:32:50
Full name
dr. W.W. Immerzeel Contact details
Willem C. van Unnikgebouw

Heidelberglaan 2
Room ZON123
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6865
Phone number (department) +31 30 253 2749
Gegenereerd op 2017-05-28 18:32:50
Last updated 09.05.2017