Laurien Crump is Assistant Professor in the History of International Relations. She is specialised in multilateral diplomacy and European security during the Cold War from both a Western and an Eastern European perspective. During her Phd she researched the multilateralisation of the Warsaw Pact, which resulted inter alia in a monograph, published by Routledge: The Warsaw Pact Reconsidered. International Relations in Eastern Europe, 1955-1969. Her book was recently awarded the international 'George Blazyca Prize' for 'the best book on Eastern Europe'. She also wrote numerous articles and book chapters on international relations in and with Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

Laurien has been awarded a VENI-grant (250.000 Euro's) by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in July 2017 for her project 'The Multilateralization of European Security: Conducting the Cold War through the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), 1972-1990'. Laurien is as such working on the Pan-European security dialogue during the second half of the Cold War. She does not only contribute to the scholarly debate on this topic, but also to the public debate, e.g. through newspaper articles and radio interviews on European security, relations with Russia and the 'New Cold War'.

Laurien is also actively involved in teaching at all levels. She has numerous coordinating and managerial duties, also on departmental and faculty level, and she is inter alia responsible for the coaching of all new lectures within the department of History and Art History and for the revision of the Basic Teaching Qualification (BKO). She is also one of the co-founders of the new 'Leergang Universitair Onderwijs' (Teacher Training Trajectory), which the Humanities Faculty initiated in September 2017. She is a member of the 'core team' of the History of International Relations section with a special responsibility for teaching.


Involved in the following study programme(s)
Scientific expertise
Warsaw Pact
Multilateral diplomacy
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Foundation of the Warsaw Pact, Warsaw, May 1955
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Curriculum vitae Download PDF

Laurien Crump (1978) graduated with distinction in both Classics at the University of Cambridge (2000) and Comparative History at the University of Utrecht (2009). After a decade as a teacher of Classics, History and Critical Thinking, she became a university lecturer and researcher in the History of International Relations at the University of Utrecht in September 2010. She is the winner of Utrecht University's prestigious Teaching Talent Prize.

She has finished her doctoral thesis on the multilateralisation of the Warsaw Pact in September 2013, and has been appointed as Assistant Professor. She obtained her doctorate 'Cum Laude' (with distinction) in January 2014. Her thesis is based on extensive archival research in inter alia Bucharest, Berlin and Rome, and has been published by Routledge (London/New York) in February 2015, under the title The Warsaw Pact Reconsidered: International Relations in Eastern Europe, 1955-1969. Her book has been awarded the international 'Basees Blazyca Prize' for the best book on Eastern Europe in April 2017.

Laurien has conducted part of her research as Senior Associate Member at St. Antony's College, Oxford, and she spent extensive time in Romania, Germany, Italy and Russia. She has presented her research at a large number of international conferences, varying from the London School of Economics and the George Washington University to Prague, Paris and Padua. Her command of nine European langauges enables her to conduct archival research in a wide range of archives. This has resulted in numerous book chapters and articles in international peer reviewed volumes and journals.

Laurien has now embarked on a new research angle, which explores how the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (1972-90) contributed to a peaceful conduct of the Cold War and its conclusion through Pan-European, multilateral diplomacy. Since such an all-embracing dialogue is currently lacking, this can also teach us how to meet present challenges on European security. Laurien therefore also actively contributes to the public debate, as well as the academic debate.

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Key publications

Crump - Gabreëls, Laurien (15.02.2015). The Warsaw Pact Reconsidered - International Relations in Eastern Europe, 1955-69. (322 p.). Routledge.

All publications
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Crump, L.C. (2017). The Balkan Challenge to the Warsaw Pact (1961-1964). In Svetozar Rajak, Konstantina Botsiou, Evanthis Hatzivassiliou & Eirini Karamouzi (Eds.), The Balkans in the Cold War (pp. 151-71) (21 p.). London/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Crump, L.C. (2016). Institutionalisation and multilateralisation in the Warsaw Pact. East European Journal of Diplomatic History, 2015 (2), (pp. 11-30) (20 p.).
Crump - Gabreëls, Laurien (2016). Non-Proliferation under Pressure - The Nuclear Debate in the Warsaw Pact, 1965-68. In Roland Popp, Liviu Horovitz & Andreas Wenger (Eds.), Negotiating the Nuclear Non-Prolifertation Treaty - Origins of the Nuclear Order (pp. 97-115) (19 p.). London: Routledge.
Crump, L.C. (2016). Review of 'Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979: The Second Enlargement' (2014) by Eirini Karamouzi. Journal of Contemporary History, 51 (3), (pp. 710-712) (3 p.).
Crump, L.C. (2016). The Multilateralisation of Soviet Bloc Security - The Hungarian Revolution from an Eastern European Perspective. Corvinus Journal of International Affairs, 1 (3), (pp. 13-27) (15 p.).
  2016 - Professional publications
Crump, L.C. (2016). Ontluikend multilateralisme in Oost-Europa - Een nieuw licht op de Sovjetinvasie in Hongarije. Atlantisch Perspectief, 38 (6), (pp. 24-28) (5 p.).
  2016 - Popularising publications
Crump, L.C. (20.06.2016). Hou op met Rusland te vernederen. NRC Handelsblad (1 p.).
Crump, L.C. (13.12.2016). Praat met die man om erger te voorkomen. NRC Handelsblad (1 p.).
  2016 - Other output
L.C. Crump (11.10.2016) A Common European Home: The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe as a Paradigm for Peace
L.C. Crump (09.11.2016) A Pan-European Perspective on European Security and Cooperation: The Conference for Security and Cooperation beyond the Cold War
L.C. Crump (07.07.2016) A Russian view on the NATO summit: NOS radio 'Met het oog op morgen'
L.C. Crump (08.03.2016) Moderator at the policy-workshop on 'Europe's position in the Western Balkans', organised by the Utrecht Centre for International Studies, the European Council on Foreign Relations and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs
L.C. Crump (24.10.2016) Speaker in the main panel of the diplomatic roundtable
L.C. Crump (29.09.2016) The Hungarian Revolution in the context of international relations within Eastern Europe: Decision-making in the Warsaw Pact
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Crump - Gabreëls, Laurien (15.02.2015). The Warsaw Pact Reconsidered - International Relations in Eastern Europe, 1955-69. (322 p.). Routledge.
  2015 - Professional publications
Crump, L.C. (2015). Nederland en het Warschaupact. In Jacco Pekelder, Remco Raben & Mathieu Segers (Eds.), De wereld volgens Nederland - Nederlandse buitenlandse politiek in historisch perspectief (pp. 107-127) (21 p.). Boom.
  2015 - Other output
L.C. Crump (15.09.2015) Een nieuwe visie op het Warschaupact. Internationale Betrekkingen in Oost-Europa, 1955-1969.
L.C. Crump (06.11.2015) Non-proliferation in the Warsaw Pact
L.C. Crump (15.10.2015) Seminar series on International Organisations
L.C. Crump (19.11.2015) The Warsaw Pact: Empty Shell or International Organisation?
  2014 - Scholarly publications
Crump - Gabreëls, Laurien (2014). Een nieuwe Koude Oorlog? Lessen van het Warschaupact voor de relatie met Oost-Europa. Atlantisch Perspectief (6).
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Crump, L.C. (2012). Het Warschaupact in wording (1961-1965). Van ‘cardboard castle’ tot bondgenootschap. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 125 (1), (pp. 48-63) (16 p.).
Crump, L.C. (2012). The Warsaw Pact Under Pressure. An Analysis of the Dynamic Power in an Alliance in Crisis. In G. Liveti & et al. (Eds.), Romanian and European Diplomacy. From Cabinet Diplomacy to the 21st Century Challenges (pp. 395-411) (17 p.). Iasi/Trieste.
  2011 - Other output

Other publications:

‘A contemporary subject for contemporary Europe: the much-disputed role and relevance of Latin at Dutch gymnasia’ in: B. Lister (ed.), Meeting the Challenge: International Perspectives on the Teaching of Latin (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2008) 31-43.

‘”Kritisch thuis, conformistisch in den vreemde”. Frits Bolkestein over het multiculturalisme’ (‘”Critical at home, conformist abroad”. Frits Bolkestein about multiculturalism’), Liberaal Reveil (2008) 4-49.

Author of several articles in the distinguished Dutch newspaper Trouw (from July 2005).
Writer of numerous book reviews for JACT Review, a renowned Classics periodical in Great Britain (2003-2005).

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The project below is funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) as part of the VENI-scheme (1 October 2017 - 30 September 2021).

The multilateralization of European Security

Conducting the Cold War through the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (1972-90) 

In the wake of the crisis in Ukraine and the Russian annexation of Crimea ‘the question of war and peace has returned to our continent’, as several foreign ministers recently emphasized. With a ‘new Cold War’ seemingly in the offing, they appealed to salvage European security through multilateral, Pan-European diplomacy. This idea is far from new. During the second half of the Cold War there was a diplomatic process of all European countries, the US and Canada, which served exactly that purpose. This project aims to examine how the so-called ‘Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe’ (CSCE) contributed to a peaceful conduct of the Cold War and its conclusion. Researching archives on bothsides of the former Iron Curtain, I will trace the role of the CSCE in establishing a multilateral and continuous political dialogue, and thus bridging the Cold War divide throughout its existence (1972-90).

As a cooperative process between rivalling parties, rather than an organization of likeminded countries, the CSCE is a fascinating case of multilateral diplomacy. The joint effort of thirty-five countries to explore common notions of European security and cooperation during two decades of international tensions is unique. My investigation is based on the working hypothesis that the CSCE thus led to the ‘multilateralization of European security’, as I call it, and as such transcended the East-West antagonism. Through a comparative historical analysis of the practices of the participating countries, I will analyze how the ‘multilateralization of European security’ contributed to overcoming the Cold War divide. A further investigation into this process from a long-term, Pan-European, and pericentric perspective serves both scholarship and society. My findings will not only shed a new light on the CSCE as a historical process. They can also teach us how to resolve international tensions through multilateralizing European security today. 

The Warsaw Pact Reconsidered: Inquiries into the Evolution of an Underestimated Alliance (1960-1969)

NB: This was the topic of my PhD research, which I completed in late 2013. I received my doctorate with distinction (cum laude) in January 2014.

Empirical evidence suggests that the widely held assumption within historiography of the Warsaw Pact (WP) as a mere Soviet instrument is a misconception. Faced with several crises in the early sixties, such as the Sino-Soviet Split and the second Berlin-Crisis, the WP evolved into a body of multilateral consultation, in which the non-Soviet Warsaw Pact (NSWP) members not only obtained increasing leeway, but also managed to exercise leverage over the Soviet Union, which served the WP’s consolidation into a genuine alliance. I therefore question to what extent the WP inadvertently developed a new dynamics in the sixties, which caused the multilateralisation of the alliance at large and the emancipation of some NSWP countries.

The hiatus in historiography that I intend to address is both empirical, since (multi-archival) primary research on the WP is conspicuous in its absence, and conceptual, since the alliance tends to be analysed from the perspective of the Soviet Union, or, at most, at a bilateral level, instead of the multilateral NSWP angle. In empirical terms, most of the research on the WP itself dates from the early eighties and has become obsolete after the collapse of the Soviet bloc, since it was based on little, if any, primary evidence. Its emphasis on Soviet hegemony and the WP as the Soviet Union’s ‘transmission belt’ has nevertheless prevailed in current historiography. In conceptual terms, I aim to straddle the current divide in historiography between the monographs which focus on the development of the Cold War or the Soviet bloc, but fail to pay any explicit attention to the WP, and the books (mostly collections of articles) on the WP, which tend to treat its existence in isolation, while separating it from the broader context of the Cold War. This new angle is particularly overdue, since there is a sharp asymmetry between the scant study of the role of the SU’s Eastern-European allies in the WP and the amount of recent research on the influence of America’s Western-European allies in NATO. This thesis therefore also serves to shed a new light on the dynamics of alliances in general, which is particularly relevant at a time when alliances such as NATO face internal challenges.

My findings are based on extensive multi-archival research. I have chosen to focus on the archives in Bucharest and Berlin, in which I have already done extensive archival research, since they represent two extreme ends of the NSWP-spectrum. Moreover, both party leaderships had a particularly great stake in the dynamics of the WP in the sixties (recognition of the GDR and the assertion of Romanian ‘independence’ respectively). in addition I shall also conduct archival research in the Fondazione Gramsci of the Italian Communist Party in Rome, in order to provide an intra-communist, but extra-WP perspective, which is thus more objective.

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Currently dr. Laurien Crump-Gabreëls teaches the following course(s):
GE2V17002 Ges-Schrijfcursus (IB) V 2 7.5
GE2V17001 Ges-Schrijfcursus (Geschiedenis) V 2 7.5

So far as teaching is concerned, Laurien coordinates and teaches the first year 'Introduction to Contemporary History' and the second year specialisation on 'Europe: Integration and Desintegration'. She is also responsible for the coaching of all new lecturers in the department of History and Art History, for the teaching and the teaching distribution within the History of International Relations section, and for the review of the Basic Teaching Qualification (BKO). Furthermore, she teaches and coordinates subjects at alll levels of the BA, the MA and the Research MA and she supervises BA and (R)MA theses and internships.


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Additional functions and activities

Member of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) committee for Doctoral Scholarships for Teachers.

Member of the editorial board of the 'East European Journal of Diplomatic History'.

Member of the new committee of the Humanities Faculty at Utrecht University on the professionalisation in university teaching.

Member of the BKO-committee (Basic Teaching Qualification) of the Faculty of Humanities, Utrecht University.

Reviewer of the journal Cold War History and the Journal on Diplomacy and Statecraft.

One of the eleven members world-wide on the 'Parallel History Project on Cooperative Security'.

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Full name
dr. L.C. Crump-Gabreëls Contact details
Drift 6

Drift 6
Room 1.04
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 2263
Postal address
Drift 6
3512 BS    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
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Last updated 10.10.2017