Jessica Dijkman
Assistant Professor

Gegenereerd op 2017-11-23 02:45:59


Jessica Dijkman (1960) is a postdoc researcher Jessica Dijkman (1960) is a postdoc researcher in economic history. Her research focuses on the medieval and early modern era. Currently she studies the way societies in late medieval and early modern Europe coped with food crises and famines. In earlier research projects she investigated commodity market institutions in medieval Holland and compared the organization of labour, particularly craftsmanship, in the Middle Ages in Europe and the Islamic world.

Personal webpage

Strategic themes / Focus areas
Involved in the following study programme(s)
Scientific expertise
markets before 1800
famines and food crises
Islamic world
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All publications
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2017). Bread for the poor - Poor relief and the mitigation of the food crises of the 1590s and the 1690s in Berkel, Holland. In Dominik Collet (Eds.), Famines in the premodern world (1300-1800) Springer.
Curtis, Daniel, Dijkman, Jessica, Vanhaute, Eric & Lambrecht, Thijs (2017). Famines in the Low Countries, fourteenth to nineteeth centuries. In Guido Alfani & Cormac Ó Gráda (Eds.), Premodern famine in Europe, fourteenth to nineteenth centuries Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2017). Review of Dennis Romano, Markets and Marketplaces in Medieval Italy, c. 1100 to c. 1400. Enterprise & Society, 18 (3).
  2016 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (30.03.2016) European Social Science History Conference
Dijkman, J.E.C. (30.03.2016). Managing food crises in early modern Holland.
J.E.C. Dijkman (27.05.2016) Organiser of session 'Disease and its impact on the economy'
Dijkman, J.E.C. & Curtis, Daniel (20.09.2016). The escape from famine in the Dutch Republic - A reconsideration using the 1690s harvest failures and a broader Low Countries perspective.
J.E.C. Dijkman (01.09.2016) Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis
J.E.C. Dijkman (04.11.2016) Together with dr. Bas van Leeuwen, IISG
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2015). Het dagelijks brood - Omgaan met voedseltekorten op het platteland van Holland, 1500-1700. Historisch Tijdschrift Holland, 47 (3), (pp. 101-110) (10 p.).
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2015). Review of Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean: The Geniza Merchants and their Business World, by Jessica L. Goldberg. Business History Review, 89 (3), (pp. 583) (586 p.).
  2015 - Other output
Dijkman, J.E.C. (19.02.2015). Death and poor relief in Berkel (Holland) at the end of the sixteenth century.
J.E.C. Dijkman (08.05.2015) Discussant
Dijkman, J.E.C. (03.08.2015). Grain markets and dearth policy - Market regulation in three regions in northwestern Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
J.E.C. Dijkman (16.10.2015) Lezing: Het dagelijks brood: omgaan met voedselcrises in Holland
J.E.C. Dijkman (11.06.2015) Organiser of session 'Vulnerability and resilience'; discussant in this session
J.E.C. Dijkman (19.02.2015) Presentation of paper 'Dearth and poor relief in Berkel (Holland) at the end of the sixteenth century'
J.E.C. Dijkman (03.08.2015) Presentation of paper 'Grain markets and dearth policy: market regulation in three in northwestern Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
J.E.C. Dijkman (26.03.2015) Presentation of paper 'The poor and the Holy Spirit': Poor relief and the mitigation of food crises in the countryside of Holland, 16th-17th centuries'
Dijkman, J.E.C. (26.03.2015). The poor and the Holy Spirit - Poor relief and the mitigation of food crises in the countryside of Holland, 16th-17th centuries.
  2014 - Scholarly publications
van Bavel, B.J.P., Campopiano, M. & Dijkman, J.E.C. (2014). Factor markets in early Islamic Iraq, c. 600-1100 AD. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 57 (2), (pp. 262-289) (28 p.).
  2014 - Other output
Dijkman, Jessica (13.11.2014). An early escape from hunger? Famines in the late medieval and early modern northern Low Countries.
Dijkman, Jessica & Curtis, Daniel (09.05.2014). Famine in the pre-industrial Low Countries.
Prak, Maarten & Dijkman, Jessica (24.04.2014). How to become a master craftsman? Guild regulation of professional training and qualification in early modern Europe and the Near East.
Prak, Maarten, Dijkman, Jessica & Moll-Murata, Christine (07.09.2014). How to become a master craftsman? Guild regulation of professional training in late medieval and early modern Europe and the Near East.
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2013). Jeroen F. Benders, Een economische geschiedenis van Groningen. Stad en Lande, 1200-1575. Bijdragen en Mededelingen Betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 128.
  2013 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (21.11.2013) How to become a master craftsman? Guild regulation of professional training in late medieval and early modern Europe and the Near East
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2012). Bookreview Medieval market morality. Life, law and ethics in the English marketplace, 1200-1500. The Medieval Review
van Bavel, B.J.P., Dijkman, J.E.C., Kuijpers, H.M.E.P., Zuijderduijn, C.J. & van der A, D. (2012). The organisation of markets as a key factor in the rise of Holland from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century: a test case for an institutional approach. Continuity and Change, 27 (3), (pp. 347-378) (32 p.).
  2012 - Other output
  2011 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2011). Boekbespreking Praktiken des Handels. Geschäfte und soziale Beziehungen europäischer Kaufleute in Mittelalter und früher Neuzeit. Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, 8, (pp. 113-115) (3 p.).
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2011). Debt Litigation in Medieval Holland, 1200-1350. In J.L. van Zanden & D. Ma (Eds.), Law and Long-Term Economic Change: A Eurasian Perspective (pp. 221-243) (23 p.). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2011). Shaping Medieval Markets. The Organisation of Commodity Markets in Holland, c. 1200 – c. 1450. (447 p.). Leiden: Brill.
  2011 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (11.07.2011) “Mine!” Fish auctioning in late medieval Holland
van Bavel, B.J.P., Dijkman, J.E.C. & Campopiano, M. (19.05.2011). Land, lease and labour in Iraq, 600-1100. Some preliminary thoughts on factor Markets, their Context and Effects. KNAW Colloquium 'The Efficiency of Markets in Pre-industrial Societies: the Case of Babylonia (c. 400-60 BC) in Comparative Perspective.
  2010 - Scholarly publications
  2010 - Other output
  2009 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (03.08.2009) XVth World Economic History Congress
  2008 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (03.10.2008) Dorpswagen in noordelijk Holland’
  2007 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (20.09.2007) Debt Litigation in Holland, c. 1200 - c. 1350
J.E.C. Dijkman (03.05.2007) Village scales and beach markets. The rise of rural trade venues in medieval Holland, c. 1350 - c. 1440
  2006 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (20.04.2006) Markets and power; medieval market institutions in charters of urban liberties in Holland, c. 1200 - c. 1350
J.E.C. Dijkman (11.11.2006) Markten in middeleeuws Holland; een institutionele benadering
J.E.C. Dijkman (12.05.2006) Weighing cheese; rural dairy trade in the north of Holland, c. 1400
  2005 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman (10.04.2005) Medieval fairs in Holland
  2003 - Scholarly publications
Dijkman, J.E.C. (2003). De dorpsschrijver in Romeins Egypte. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 116 (1), (pp. 5-30) (26 p.).
  0 - Other output
J.E.C. Dijkman () Editor of a special issue on Oscar Gelderblom: Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650 (with Jeroen Puttevils and Wouter Ryckbosch)
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Completed projects

Coping with Hunger 29.01.2014 to 31.12.2016
General project description

Pre-modern Europe was as familiar with food crises as the developing world is today. However, some societies were better at preventing such crises from growing into catastrophic famines than others. The aim of this project is to discover why. Nowadays, famines are seen as distribution problems, rather than the result of aggregate shortages. Therefore, the project focuses on the impact of two sets of institutions: on the one hand market regulations that determined exchange entitlements, such as bread price regulation, export prohibitions or attempts to control speculation, and on the other non-market mechanisms governing the distribution of scarce food supplies, such as charity organizations and informal networks of patronage. The contribution of these two institutional arrangements is contrasted with the impact of international market integration as an important non-institutional factor.

Institutional arrangements are the result of historical processes, shaped by social and political forces in society. That is why the project’s methodology concentrates on long-term processes and a comparative perspective. The project studies developments in three regions in the period 1300-1800: Holland, eastern England and north-western France. For each of these regions the project includes a reconstruction of the occurrence of famines, an assessment of the development of international grain market integration, and an analysis of the evolution of mechanisms for market regulation and non-market distribution based on case studies in an urban and a rural context. The main hypothesis to be tested is that success in warding off famine was not achieved until both institutional and non-institutional conditions had been fulfilled: the opportunity to select, from this range, the best strategies increased flexibility and thus the ability to cope with food crises.

Role Researcher Funding
NWO grant
Project members UU
Geschiedenis BNG 01.12.2010 to 01.06.2013
General project description
In opdracht van de Raad van Bestuur van BNG (de Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten) verricht de afdeling Contractonderzoek van het OGC een studie naar de geschiedenis van deze bijzondere bank, die in 2014 precies 100 jaar bestaat. De studie is gestart in december 2010 en zal in 2013 worden afgerond. BNG is een bank van en voor overheden en instellingen voor het maatschappelijk belang. De aandelen zijn geheel in handen van de publieke sector. Om die redenen is BNG een bijzondere bank, een bank met een maatschappelijke functie. Maar al staat winstmaximalisatie niet voorop, BNG is ook een speler op een competitieve markt. De positie in het spanningsveld tussen publieke sector en markt heeft BNG gemaakt tot de bank die het nu is. Het is dan ook deze bijzondere positie die in de studie centraal staat. De veranderingen die zich in de loop van de tijd in deze positie voltrokken hebben worden in de studie geanalyseerd aan de hand van vier deelthema’s, te weten de relaties van BNG met de gemeenten, met een diversiteit aan andere klanten, met het Rijk en met de kapitaalmarkt.  
Role Project Leader Funding
External funding
Project members UU
Economic growth and stagnation in the pre-industrial era: Iraq, Italy and the Low Countries, 600-1700 01.06.2007 to 01.06.2012
General project description
The pre-industrial era was characterized by sharp differences in economic growth, both spatially and chronologically. This research project aims to clarify some of the underlying causes of such differences by focusing on the institutional organization of the exchange of land, labour, capital and goods, since this critically influences the allocation of scarce resources and thus the potential for economic growth. In order to better understand why these institutions acquired their specific and often highly distinct nature, their development will be studied in the context of the socio-political organization of the area. It is hypothesized that the emergence of a favourable institutional organization requires a power balance between social organizations and actors, creating dynamism and flexibility. If, however, this balance becomes disrupted, with one social group becoming dominant, the existing institutional organization of exchange, which apparently serves the interests of this dominant group, becomes locked-in, leading to the stagnation of the area. This hypothesis will be tested for the most notable pre-industrial cases of economic growth in western Eurasia, which are also exemplary of different types of socio-political systems, namely: Iraq in the early Middle Ages, Italy in the high Middle Ages and the Low Countries in the late Middle Ages/early modern period. The project will investigate how in these three areas such social organizations as the state, foundations, guilds and households shaped and applied the rules of exchange, and how the often diverging arrangements and their functioning were influenced by the relative power of the actors and interest groups involved. The rise and relative decline of these areas, which successively operated at the cutting-edge of economic growth, form excellent cases with which to test the hypothesis by means of a comparative analysis, enabling us to make an innovative contribution to the debate about the causes of geographical differences in wealth and poverty. 
Role Researcher Funding
NWO grant
Project members UU
“Power, Markets and Economic Development: The Rise, Organization, and Institutional Framework of Markets in Holland, 11th - 16th Centuries” 01.09.2001 to 01.05.2008
General project description

The research has reconstructed, analyzed and to a large extent explained the organization and development of markets in Holland. The development of markets was a slow and intermittent process, over many centuries, taking its shape under the interaction of various social groups and organizations, often clashing in pursuit of their own interests. This analysis for the land and capital markets also revealed the strong links that existed between the two. One of the most crucial results of this analysis is the insight gained in the role of authorities in the development of this institutional framework, and in economic development in general. This role can be negative, as often argued for France and many other parts of Europe, but in Holland it turns out to have been mostly positive. This applies particularly to the role of authorities on the local level of the village and the city, the latter often dominated by merchants, but also on a regional or central level.

            The explanation for this exceptional situation appears to lie in the balance between different parties involved in political decision-making, both political bodies and organizations, and social groups, precluding dominance by way of power and necessitating these parties to co-operate or at least to arrive at a rational compromise. In its turn, this situation appears to be rooted in the period of occupation of Holland, i.e. the high Middle Ages, as Holland was colonized by free peasants under a territorial lord, creating a situation of exceptional freedom and a near-absence of non-economic force, with the nobility gaining only a weak position, in contrast to most other parts of Western Europe.

            This situation evolved at a regional level, and the regional analysis forms one of the innovative aspects of the research. It highlights the regional aspect in social and institutional organization, and thus also in its effects on economic growth, and it analyses the formation of this regional constellation, thus offering a counterweight to the emphasis usually put on national entitities. Innovative is also the interdisciplinary approach, linking insights from fields usually separated by sharp academic boundaries, such as the history of law and religion, antropology, and political, social and economic history.

            There is also innovation in the methodology employed, in particular in the empirical tests designed to analyze the link between institutional change, the rise of markets and economic growth in the later Middle Ages, to be further elaborated in the remaining part of the research period. The analysis undertaken up to now show that already in the late Middle Ages Holland possessed a favourable institutional organization of markets, even compared to advanced regions sich as Flanders and England, allowing for a strong rise of markets, low interest rates and a high mobility of land, all stimulating economic growth. Lastly, by linking this organization to the constellation emerging during the occupation of Holland in the high Middle Ages, the research offers an empirical analysis of path-dependency, and a contribution to the theory in this field.

Role Researcher Funding
NWO grant: NWO Vernieuwingsimpuls/VIDI grant 016.024.004
Project members UU
External project members:
  • dr Erika Kuijpers
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Currently Jessica Dijkman teaches the following course(s):
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Full name
J.E.C. Dijkman Contact details
Drift 6

Drift 6
Room 1.16
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6460
Drift 6

Drift 6
Room 1.15
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6460
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-23 02:46:00
Last updated 01.07.2015