Profile

Iva Vukusic was born in 1981, in Zagreb, Croatia (then part of Yugoslavia) and has worked as a journalist before focusing her interest on war crimes prosecution and human rights. She has been living in The Hague since 2009, where she worked at Sense, a news agency that specializes in covering trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Before moving to The Netherlands, Iva worked in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina for three years, as an analyst at the Special War Crimes Department of the State Prosecutor’s office and as a project manager at the Research and Documentation Centre. She holds a masters degree in journalism from Zagreb University and a masters in human rights (cum laude) from the University of Bologna, Italy and the University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Iva worked on the project 'Pictures of Peace and Justice: Documentation, Evidence and Impact of Visual Material in International War Crimes Prosecution' at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, UK as well as with other institutions researching judicial responses to mass violence and their impact on post-conflict societies. She participated in numerous conferences and panel discussions in Europe, the United States and Rwanda, speaking on war crimes prosecution in the former Yugoslavia, transitional justice and, more broadly, post-conflict human rights related topics. In the last few years, she became increasingly interested in issues of accountability for atrocities in Syria. She is frequently asked to speak to students and answer questions on developments in international criminal justice and the institutions in The Hague and elsewhere. She publishes articles, chapters and blogs and briefs journalists, providing commentary on developments in the courts.

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Key publications

Vukusic, I. (27.10.2016). Book Review: Genocide on the Drina River. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 10 (2), (pp. 138-140) (3 p.).

Vukusic, I. (2015). Successes and Failures of Transitional Justice in BiH: The Case of the ICTY. In Soeren Keil & Valery Perry (Eds.), State-Building and Democratization in Bosnia and Herzegovina (pp. 151-171) (21 p.). Ashgate.

Vukusic, I. (2014). Judging their hero: perceptions of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in Croatia. Prosecuting War Crimes - Lessons and legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (pp. 151-181) (30 p.). Routledge.

Vukusic, I. (2013). The Archives of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. History, 98 (4), (pp. 623-635) (12 p.).

Vukusic, I. & Kurze, Arnaud (2013). Afraid to Cry Wolf: Human Rights Activists' Struggle of Transnational Accountability Efforts in the Balkans. Transitional Justice and Civil Society in the Balkans (pp. 201-215) (14 p.). Springer.

All publications
  2017 - Other output
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Vukusic, I. (27.10.2016). Book Review: Genocide on the Drina River. Genocide Studies and Prevention, 10 (2), (pp. 138-140) (3 p.).
  2016 - Other output
I. Vukusic (24.10.2016) From Nuremberg to Syria: Developments in International Criminal Justice
I. Vukusic (09.09.2016) The ICTY, an evaluation
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Vukusic, I. (2015). Successes and Failures of Transitional Justice in BiH: The Case of the ICTY. In Soeren Keil & Valery Perry (Eds.), State-Building and Democratization in Bosnia and Herzegovina (pp. 151-171) (21 p.). Ashgate.
  2015 - Other output
Vukusic, I. (2015). Humanitarian release in the spotlight at the ICTY.
Vukusic, I. (2015). Taking Politics to the Courtroom: The Croatia v Serbia Genocide Case.
Vukusic, I. (2015). Wrapping Things Up: The Last Days of the ICTY.
  2014 - Scholarly publications
Vukusic, I. (2014). Judging their hero: perceptions of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in Croatia. Prosecuting War Crimes - Lessons and legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (pp. 151-181) (30 p.). Routledge.
  2014 - Other output
Vukusic, I. (2014). A Futile Endeavour: Croatia v. Serbia at the ICJ.
Vukusic, I. (2014). Justice in Syria: If not the ICC, then What?.
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Vukusic, I. & Kurze, Arnaud (2013). Afraid to Cry Wolf: Human Rights Activists' Struggle of Transnational Accountability Efforts in the Balkans. Transitional Justice and Civil Society in the Balkans (pp. 201-215) (14 p.). Springer.
  2013 - Professional publications
Vukusic, I. (2013). The Archives of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. History, 98 (4), (pp. 623-635) (12 p.).
  2013 - Other output
  2012 - Other output
  2011 - Other output
  2010 - Other output
  0 - Other output
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Since February 2015, Iva Vukusic has been a PhD Candidate within the NWO-funded VIDI project titled 'Paramilitarism, Organized Crime and the State', led by Dr. Ugur Ümit Üngör (PI). This particular part of the project focuses on Serbia and Serb-controlled areas during the war of the 1990s in the former Yugoslavia.

The aim of the project is to follow the path of several paramilitaries (e.g. Serbian Volunteer Guard, Special Operations Unit, the volunteers of the Serbian Radical Party and Chetnik Movement; Knindze and others) and their connections to the regime in Belgrade and organized crime. It explores formal ties the paramilitaries had with institutions (e.g. police, military, state security) as well as personal connections between paramilitary leaders and political elites. The main question the research will answer is to what extent these groups were created and supported by the security apparatus in Belgrade with the purpose of outsourcing violence and creating plausible deniability, or if they may have been just a consequence of the lawlessness of war.

The project will begin with the study of the emergence of select paramilitary groups, before analyzing their functioning and the interplay with the state and organized crime. It will start in the 1980s and the use of numerous known criminals for political assassinations abroad by the Yugoslav security sector. It will then follow the groups during the 1990s, from Croatia, through Bosnia and Herzegovina to Kosovo and ask questions about how these groups functioned and what changed in their behavior through time. We know the ties between various groups and the regime in Belgrade existed. What we do not seem to know is the nature of those ties and how these groups functioned. How much were these groups under central command and control from Belgrade?   

After the war, many of the men involved (and they were largely men) settled in Serbia. Some groups were dissolved, some members retired, some transferred to other units within the security apparatus, some went into business, politics or (/and) organized crime and some faded into obscurity and anonymity. Researchers have claimed that the wartime connections between the state and crime persist after the changes of the early 2000s and continuously undermine public trust in the rule of law. 

This research is even more relevant in light of the developments in the Stanisic and Simatovic case at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which has been sent back to the judges for a retrial. The questions discussed in that trial about the ties between the regime and mass violence demand an answer. 

 

 

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Full name
I. Vukusic MA Contact details
Drift 6

Drift 6
Room 2.03
3512 BS  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 64 205 0945
Phone number (department) +31 30 253 3001
Postal address
Drift 6
3512 BS    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
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Last updated 14.05.2017