I am a researcher in Renaissance literature, working on Dr Lieke Stelling's Vidi Project, 'Discovering Europe in the Eearly Modern Period: How Literary Bestsellers Shapes a Diverse Community (1517-1713)'. I focus on the representation of multilingualism in relation to European identity in European bestsellers of the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The remarkable resistance to the problematisation of multilingualism in the popular tradition of chivalric romances forms a counterpoint to thinking about more critical explorations of language and problems of mutual comprehension in works from Pantagruel to Don Quijote