prof. dr. Jack Middelburg
Research Institute Director
Earth Sciences
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-24 00:05:25

Date of appointment 01.09.2009
Inaugural lecture date 12.01.2006


I have a very wide scientific interest; it may perhaps be problematic for my efficiency: so be it.

•  from inorganic geochemistry via biogeochemistry to ecology

•  from elemental-cycles oriented to organisms-oriented studies

•  from weathering of rocks to deep-sea pore-waters

•  from laboratory studies and field observations to numerical modeling

•  from global scale down to nanometer scale, including use of NanoSIMS@Utrecht

•  and through the use of reductionistic as well as holistic and explorative approaches.



•  2002 PIONIER Award from Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

•  2008 Elected to Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)

•  2008 EUR-OCEANS  Roland Wollast Award for contribution to Oceanography 

•  2016 Outstanding Editor Award, EGU

•  2016 ASLO G. Evelyn Hutchinson award

•  2017 EGU Vernadsky medal



•  Associate editor of Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta (2002-)

•  Associate editor of Science Advances  (2014-)

•  Associate editor of Biogeosciences (2004-)

•  Associate editor of Limnology & Oceanography (1999-2009)

•  Associate editor of Limnology & Oceanography Letters (2016-)


Scientific expertise

Hutchinson Award ceremony at Ocean Sciences 2016

Vernadsky award 2017

Laudatio for awarding honorary degree

Jack as master student at Framvaren Fjord workshop, his first scientific meeting

Filtrations, filtrations and filtrations
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-24 00:05:25
Curriculum vitae Download PDF
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-24 00:05:25
All publications
  2018 - Scholarly publications
Dean, Joshua F., Middelburg, Jack J., Röckmann, Thomas, Aerts, Rien, Blauw, Luke G., Egger, Matthias, Jetten, Mike S.M., de Jong, Anniek E.E., Meisel, Ove H., Rasigraf, Olivia, Slomp, Caroline P., in't Zandt, Michiel H. & Dolman, A. J. (2018). Methane Feedbacks to the Global Climate System in a Warmer World. Reviews of Geophysics, 56 (1), (pp. 207-250) (44 p.).
Frieling, Joost, Reichart, Gert-Jan, Middelburg, Jack J., Röhl, Ursula, Westerhold, Thomas, Bohaty, Steven M. & Sluijs, Appy (15.01.2018). Tropical Atlantic climate and ecosystem regime shifts during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Climate of the Past, 14 (1), (pp. 39-55).
Kocken, I.J., Cramwinckel, M.J., Zeebe, R., Middelburg, J.B.M. & Sluijs, A. (26.04.2018). The 405 kyr and 2.4 Myr eccentricity components in Cenozoic carbon isotope records. Climate of the Past, online first (21 p.).
Lessin, Gennadi, Artioli, Yuri, Almroth-Rosell, Elin, Blackford, Jerry C., Dale, Andrew W., Glud, Ronnie N., Middelburg, Jack J., Pastres, Robert, Queirós, Ana M., Rabouille, Christophe, Regnier, Pierre, Soetaert, Karline, Solidoro, Cosimo & Yakushev, Evgeniy (02.02.2018). Modelling marine sediment biogeochemistry - current knowledge gaps, challenges and some methodological advice for advancement. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 (8 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (16.04.2018) Invited speaker SponGES project meeting Porto (16.04.2018 - 20.04.2018) Presentation and co-chairing a session on food web analysis in deep sea sponge grounds at the annual SponGES project meeting
Middelburg, J.B.M. (12.04.2018) Invited speaker Laar en Berg college, Laren Presentation on water quality and ecology science for female high school students for “girls day” (an event to promote beta to young girls)
Middelburg, Jack J. (19.01.2018). Review and syntheses - to the bottom of carbon processing at the seafloor. Biogeosciences, 15 (2), (pp. 413-427).
Su, Y., Hu, E., Liu, Z., Jeppesen, E. & Middelburg, J.J. (13.07.2018). Assimilation of ancient organic carbon by zoöplankton in Tibetan Plateau lakes is depending on watershed characteristics. Limnology and Oceanography, online first, (pp. 1-13) (13 p.).
Sulu-Gambari, Fatimah, Hagens, Mathilde, Behrends, Thilo, Seitaj, Dorina, Meysman, Filip J.R., Middelburg, Jack & Slomp, Caroline P. (2018). Phosphorus Cycling and Burial in Sediments of a Seasonally Hypoxic Marine Basin. Estuaries and Coasts, 41 (4), (pp. 921-939) (19 p.).
van Bree, L.G.J., Peterse, F., van der Meer, M.T.J., Middelburg, J.J., Negash, A.M.D., De Crop, W., Cocquyt, Christine, Wieringa, J.J., Verschuren, Dirk & Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (15.07.2018). Seasonal variability in the abundance and stable carbon-isotopic composition of lipid biomarkers in suspended particulate matter from a stratified equatorial lake (Lake Chala, Kenya/Tanzania) - Implications for the sedimentary record. Quaternary Science Reviews, 192, (pp. 208-224) (17 p.).
van der Ploeg, Robin, Selby, David, Cramwinckel, Margot J., Li, Yang, Bohaty, Steven M., Middelburg, Jack J. & Sluijs, Appy (01.12.2018). Middle Eocene greenhouse warming facilitated by diminished weathering feedback. Nature Communications, 9 (1) (10 p.).
van Oevelen, Dick, Mueller, C.E., Lundälv, Tomas, van Duyl, Fleur C., de Goeij, Jasper M. & Middelburg, Jack J. (26.03.2018). Niche overlap between a cold-water coral and an associated sponge for isotopically-enriched particulate food sources. PLoS One, 13 (3).
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Christianen, M.J.A., Middelburg, Jack J., Holthuijsen, S.J., Jouta, J., Compton, T.J., van der Heide, T., Piersma, T., Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S., van der Veer, H.W., Schouten, Stefan & Olff, H. (2017). Benthic primary producers are key to sustain the Wadden Sea food web - stable carbon isotope analysis at landscape scale. Ecology, 98 (6), (pp. 1498-1512) (15 p.).
Frieling, Joost, Gebhardt, Holger, Huber, Matthew, Adekeye, Olabisi A., Akande, Samuel O., Reichart, Gert-Jan, Middelburg, Jack J., Schouten, Stefan, Sluijs, Appy & Reichart, Gert-Jan (03.03.2017). Extreme warmth and heat-stressed plankton in the tropics during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Science advances, 3 (3) (10 p.).
Holding, Johna M., Duarte, Carlos M., Delgado-Huertas, Antonio, Soetaert, K., Vonk, Jorien E., Agusti, Susana, Wassmann, Paul & Middelburg, Jack J. (2017). Autochthonous and allochthonous contributions of organic carbon to microbial food webs in Svalbard fjords. Limnology and Oceanography, 62 (3), (pp. 1307-1323) (17 p.).
Jickells, T.D., Buitenhuis, E., Altieri, K., Baker, A.R., Capone, D., Duce, R.A., Dentener, Frank, Fennel, F., Kanakidou, M., LaRoche, J., Lee, K., Liss, P., Middelburg, Jack J., Moore, J.K., Okin, G., Oschlies, A., Sarin, M., Seitzinger, S., Sharples, J., Singh, A., Suntharalingam, P., Uematsu, M. & Zamora, L.M. (2017). A reevaluation of the magnitude and impacts of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen inputs on the ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31 (2), (pp. 289-305) (17 p.).
Lammers, J.M., Reichart, G.-J. & Middelburg, J.J. (2017). Seasonal variability in phytoplankton stable carbon isotope ratios and bacterial carbon sources in a shallow Dutch lake. Limnology and Oceanography, 62 (6), (pp. 2773-2787) (16 p.).
Lammers, J.M., Schubert, C.J., Middelburg, J.J. & Reichart, G.J. (2017). Microbial carbon processing in oligotrophic Lake Lucerne (Switzerland) - results of in situ 13C-labelling studies. Biogeochemistry, 136 (2), (pp. 131-149).
Le Guitton, M., Soetaert, Karline, Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. & Middelburg, J.J. (15.03.2017). A seasonal study of particulate organic matter composition and quality along an offshore transect in the Southern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 188, (pp. 1-11) (11 p.).
Maugendre, L., J.-P., Gattuso, de Kluijver, A., Soetaert, K., van Oevelen, Dick, Middelburg, J.J. & Gazeau, F. (15.02.2017). Carbon-13 labelling shows no effect of ocean acidification on carbon transfer in Mediterranean plankton communities. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 186 (Part A), (pp. 100-111) (12 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (01.09.2017) Invited speaker Universite d'Angers Angers University. Invited talk, September 1, 2017: Towards a consistent view of carbon processing on the seafloor.
Morales, Chloé, Rogov, Mikhail, Wierzbowski, Hubert, Ershova, Victoria, Suan, Guillaume, Adatte, Thierry, Föllmi, Karl B., Tegelaar, Erik, Reichart, Gert-Jan, de Lange, Gert J., Middelburg, Jack J. & van de Schootbrugge, Bas (2017). Glendonites track methane seepage in Mesozoic polar seas. Geology, 45 (6), (pp. 503-506) (4 p.).
Sharples, Jonathan, Middelburg, Jack J., Fennel, Katja & Jickells, Timothy (2017). What proportion of riverine nutrients reaches the open ocean?. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31 (1), (pp. 39-58) (20 p.).
Su, Yaling, Lammers, Marieke, Zhang, Yongdong, van Bree, Loes, Liu, Zhengwen, Reichart, Gert-Jan & Middelburg, Jack J. (2017). Sources of organic matter for bacteria in sediments of Lake Rotsee, Switzerland. Journal of Paleolimnology, 58 (3), (pp. 391-402).
  2017 - Professional publications
de Blok, Jan-Willem, Middelburg, Jack J. & Drury, Martyn R. (2017). Self-assessment of Research, Mid-term Review 2017 - Department of Earth Sciences 2014-2016, internal report. (130 p.). Utrecht: UU Dept. of Earth Sciences.
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Bale, Nicole J., Hopmans, Ellen C., Schoon, Petra L., de Kluijver, Anna, Downing, John A., Middelburg, Jack J., Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S. & Schouten, Stefan (26.03.2016). Impact of trophic state on the distribution of intact polar lipids in surface waters of lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 61 (3), (pp. 1065-1077) (13 p.).
Beusen, Arthur, Bouwman, Alexander, van Beek, L.P.H., Mogollon, José & Middelburg, Jack J. (27.04.2016). Global riverine N and P transport to ocean increased during the 20th century despite increased retention along the aquatic continuum. Biogeosciences, 13 (8), (pp. 2441-2451) (11 p.).
Brouwer, G.M., Duijnstee, Ivo, Hazeleger, J.H., Rossi, F., Lourens, L.J., Middelburg, J.J. & Wolthers, M. (05.03.2016). Diet shifts and population dynamics of estuarine foraminifera during ecosystem recovery after experimentally induced hypoxia crises. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 170, (pp. 20-33) (14 p.).
Eyre, Bradley D., Oakes, Joanne M. & Middelburg, Jack (2016). Fate of microphytobenthos nitrogen in subtropical subtidal sediments - A 15N pulse-chase study. Limnology and Oceanography, 61 (6), (pp. 2108-2121) (14 p.).
Hagens, M. & Middelburg, J.B.M. (15.08.2016). Generalised expressions for the response of pH to changes in ocean chemistry. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 187, (pp. 334-349).
Hagens, M. & Middelburg, J.J. (28.12.2016). Attributing seasonal pH variability in surface ocean waters to governing factors. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (24), (pp. 12528-12537).
Lammers, J.M., Schubert, C.J., Middelburg, J.J. & Reichart, Gert-Jan (2016). Carbon flows in eutrophic Lake Rotsee - a ¹³C-labelling experiment. Biogeochemistry, 131 (1), (pp. 147-162) (16 p.).
Luo, Yiming, Boudreau, Bernard P., Dickens, Gerald R., Sluijs, Appy & Middelburg, Jack J. (01.11.2016). An alternative model for CaCO3 over-shooting during the PETM - Biological carbonate compensation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 453, (pp. 223-233) (11 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2016 2018) Chair ASLO (External organisation) Alfred Redfield Award Committee ASLO
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2016) Member European Association Geochemistry (External organisation) Science Innovation Award Committee
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2016) Member Franklin Institute (External organisation) Bowen Award and Price for Achievement in Science - Franklin Institute, USA<br/><br/>Member for the 2016 Theme: Perturbations of Natural Systems in the Anthropocene
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2016) Editorial board member Limnology and Oceanography Letters (Journal)
Rix, Laura, de Goeij, Jasper M., Mueller, Christina E., Struck, Ulrich, Middelburg, Jack J., van Duyl, Fleur C., Al-Horani, Fuad a., Wild, Christian, Naumann, Malik S. & van Oevelen, Dick (07.01.2016). Coral mucus fuels the sponge loop in warm- and cold-water coral reef ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 6 (11 p.).
Svensson, Elisabeth, Schouten, Stefan, Hopmans, Ellen C., Middelburg, Jack J. & Sinninghe Damste, Jaap (05.01.2016). Factors controlling the stable nitrogen isotopic composition (δ15N) of lipids in marine animals. PLoS One, 11 (1) (12 p.).
Tadonléké, Rémy D., Pollet, Thomas, van Rijswijk, Pieter, Leberre, Brigitte & Middelburg, Jack J. (2016). Effects of oxygen loss on carbon processing and heterotrophic prokaryotes from an estuarine ecosystem: Results from stable isotope probing and cytometry analyses. Estuaries and Coasts, 39 (4), (pp. 992-1005) (14 p.).
van Oevelen, Dick, Mueller, Christina E., Lundälv, Tomas & Middelburg, Jack J. (21.10.2016). Food selectivity and processing by the cold-water Coral Lophelia pertusa. Biogeosciences, 13 (20), (pp. 5789-5798) (10 p.).
Walraven, N., Bakker, Martine, van Os, Bertil, Klaver, Gerard, Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, Gareth (17.02.2016). Pollution and Oral Bioaccessibility of Pb in Soils of Villages and Cities with a Long Habitation History. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13 (23 p.).
Woulds, Clare, Bouillon, Steven, Cowie, Gregory L., Drake, Emily, Middelburg, Jack & Witte, Ursula (04.08.2016). Patterns of carbon processing at the seafloor - the role of faunal and microbial communities in moderating carbon flows. Biogeosciences, 13 (15), (pp. 4343-4357) (14 p.).
  2016 - Popularising publications
Middelburg, J.B.M. (25.01.2016) Invited speaker Summer School Concepcion (25.01.2016 - 29.01.2016) Impact of coastal hypoxia and anoxia on marine sediments. (Summer School, ASI, Concepcion, Chile).
Middelburg, J.B.M. () Invited speaker Goldschmidt 2016 Yokohama (27.06.2016 - 01.07.2016) Organic matter burial and processing in time of hypoxia. Invited Lecture at Goldschmidt 2016, Yokohama.
Middelburg, J.B.M. (01.04.2016) Invited speaker Council Earth and Life Sciences Amsterdam (01.04.2016) To the bottom of seafloor ecosystem functioning. (Council Earth and Life Sciences, KNAW, Amsterdam)
Middelburg, J.B.M. (21.02.2016) Invited speaker The ASLO G. Evelyn Hutchinson Plenary Award Lecture. Ocean Sciences meeting 2016 New Orleans (21.02.2016 - 26.02.2016) To the bottom of seafloor ecosystems. (The ASLO G. Evelyn Hutchinson Plenary Award Lecture).
  2016 - Other output
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Beusen, A.H.W., van Beek, L.P.H., Bouwman, Lex, Mogollon, J.M. & Middelburg, J.B.M. (21.12.2015). Coupling global models for hydrology and nutrient loading to simulate nitrogen and phosphorus retention in surface water – description of IMAGE–GNM and analysis of performance. Geoscientific Model Development, 8 (12), (pp. 4045-4067).
Boudreau, B.P., Luo, Yiming, Meysman, Filip J R, Middelburg, J.J. & Dickens, G.R. (16.11.2015). Gas hydrate dissociation prolongs acidification of the Anthropocene oceans. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (21), (pp. 9337-9344) (8 p.).
Braeckman, Ulrike, Provoost, Pieter, Sabbe, Koen, Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J., Vincx, Magda & Vanaverbeke, Jan (2015). Temporal dynamics in a shallow coastal benthic food web - Insights from fatty acid biomarkers and their stable isotopes. Marine Environmental Research, 108, (pp. 55) (68 p.).
Brouwer, Margreet G.M., Wolthers, Mariëtte, Hazeleger, Johan H., Rossi, Francesca, Lourens, Lucas J., Middelburg, Jack J. & Duijnstee, Ivo A.P. (2015). Differential response of intertidal foraminifera to community recovery following experimentally induced hypoxia. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 45 (3), (pp. 220-234).
de Kluijver, A., Ning, J., Liu, Z., Jeppesen, E., Gulati, R.D. & Middelburg, J.J. (2015). Macrophytes and periphyton carbon subsidies to bacterioplankton and zooplankton in a shallow eutrophic lake in tropical China. Limnology and Oceanography, 60 (2), (pp. 375-385) (11 p.).
Hagens, Mathilde, Slomp, Caroline, Meysman, Filip, Seitaj, Dorina, Harlay, Jerome, Borges, Alberto & Middelburg, Jack (2015). Biogeochemical processes and buffering capacity concurrently affect acidification in a seasonally hypoxic coastal marine basin. Biogeosciences, 12, (pp. 1561-1583).
Kim, J.-H., Schouten, Stefan, Rodrigo-Gámiz, Marta, Rampen, Sebastiaan, Marino, Gianluca, Huguet, Carme, Helmke, Peer, Buscail, Roselyne, Hopmans, Ellen C., Pross, J., Sangiorgi, Francesca, Middelburg, Jack B.M. & Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S. (01.02.2015). Influence of deep-water derived isoprenoid tetraether lipids on the TEXH86 paleothermometer in the Mediterranean Sea. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 150, (pp. 125-141) (17 p.).
le Guitton, M., Soetaert, K., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. & Middelburg, J.J. (05.11.2015). Biogeochemical consequences of vertical and lateral transport of particulate organic matter in the southern North Sea: A multiproxy approach. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 165, (pp. 117-127).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2015 2016) Member Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen (External organisation) KNAW: Commissie promoveren
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2015 2017) Member Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen (External organisation) KNAW: Domeinjury voor nieuwe leden
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2015 2016) Member Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen (External organisation) KNAW Commissie: RAL - Raad voor Aard- en Levenswetenschappen
Middelburg, Jack J., Mueller, Christine E., Veuger, Bart, Larsson, Ann I., Form, Armin & van Oevelen, Dick (08.12.2015). Discovery of symbiotic nitrogen fixation and chemoautotrophy in cold-water corals. Scientific Reports, 5 (9 p.).
Ruvalcaba, I., van Helmond, N.A.G.M., Tsandev, I., Middelburg, J. J. & Slomp, C.P. (23.07.2015). The nitrogen isotope composition of sediments from the proto-North Atlantic during Oceanic Anoxic Event 2. Paleoceanography, 30 (7), (pp. 923-937) (15 p.).
Svensson, Elizabeth, Schouten, Stefan, Stam, Axel, Middelburg, Jack J. & Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S. (15.12.2015). Compound-specific stable isotope analysis of nitrogen-containing intact polar lipids. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 29 (23), (pp. 2263-2271) (9 p.).
Vasquez-Cardenas, Diana, van de Vossenberg, Jack, Polerecky, Lubos, Malkin, Sairah Y., Schauer, Regina, Hidalgo-Martinez, Silvia, Confurius, Veronique, Middelburg, Jack J., Meysman, Filip J R & Boschker, Henricus T S (2015). Microbial carbon metabolism associated with electrogenic sulphur oxidation in coastal sediments. ISME Journal, 9 (9), (pp. 1966-1978).
Walraven, Nikolaj, Bakker, M., van Os, B.J.H., Klaver, G.Th., Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, G.R. (2015). Factors controlling the oral bioaccessibility of anthropogenic Pb in polluted soils. Science of the Total Environment, 506-507, (pp. 149-163).
  2015 - Popularising publications
Middelburg, J.B.M. (21.09.2015) Invited speaker Microenergy 2015 Sonderberg (21.09.2015 - 25.09.2015) Organic matter buried is still reactive. (Microenergy workshop, Sonderberg, Denmark)
Middelburg, J.B.M. (16.08.2015) Invited speaker Goldschmidt 25th Anniversary Praque (16.08.2015 - 21.08.2015) Quantifying pH dynamics in a changing ocean. (Goldschmidt 25th Anniversary, Prague).
Middelburg, J.B.M. () Invited speaker ETH Zurich Shifting paradigms in biogeochemistry at the land-ocean interface. (ETH-Zurich, September 2015)
Middelburg, J.B.M. (16.08.2015) Invited speaker Goldschmidt 25th Anniversary Prague (16.08.2015 - 21.08.2015) Shifting paradigms in biogeochemistry at the land-ocean interface. (Goldschmidt 25th Anniversary, Prague).
  2014 - Scholarly publications
de Kluijver, Anna, Schoon, Petra, Downing, J.A., Schouten, Stefan & Middelburg, J.J. (2014). Stable carbon isotope biogeochemistry of lakes along a trophic gradient. Biogeosciences, 11, (pp. 6265-6276).
Gazeau, F., van Rijswijk, P., Pozzato, L. & Middelburg, J.J. (2014). Impacts of ocean acidification on sediment processes in shallow waters of the Arctic Ocean. PLoS One, 9 (4), (pp. 1-11) (11 p.).
Hagens, M., Hunter, K.A., Liss, P.S. & Middelburg, J.J. (2014). Biogeochemical context impacts seawater pH changes resulting from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (3), (pp. 935-941) (7 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2017) Member Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen (External organisation) KNAW: Voorzitter Ecologieprijs
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2016) Editorial board member Science advances (Journal) Associate editor
Middelburg, J.J. (2014). Stable isotopes dissect aquatic food webs from the top to the bottom. Biogeosciences, 11 (8), (pp. 2357-2371) (15 p.).
Moneta, A., Veuger, B., van Rijswijk, P., Meysman, F., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2014). Dissolved inorganic and organic nitrogen uptake in the coastal North Sea: A seasonal study. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 147, (pp. 78-86) (9 p.).
Mueller, C., Larsson, A.I., Veuger, B., Middelburg, J.J. & van Oevelen, D. (2014). Opportunistic feeding on various organic food sources by the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa. Biogeosciences, 11, (pp. 123-133) (11 p.).
Svensson, E., Freitas, V., Schouten, S., Middelburg, J.J., van der Veer, H.W. & Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (2014). Comparison of the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of gill and white muscle tissue of fish. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 457, (pp. 173-179) (7 p.).
Walraven, N., van Os, B.J.H., Klaver, G.Th., Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, G.R. (2014). Reconstruction of historical atmospheric Pb using Dutch urban lake sediments: A Pb isotope study. Science of the Total Environment, 484, (pp. 185-195) (11 p.).
Walraven, N., van Os, B.J.H., Klaver, G.Th., Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, G.R. (2014). The lead (Pb) isotope signature, behaviour and fate of traffic-related lead pollution in roadside soils in The Netherlands. Science of the Total Environment, 472, (pp. 888-900) (13 p.).
Woulds, C., Middelburg, J.J. & Cowie, G.L. (2014). Alteration of organic matter during infaunal polychaete gut passage and links to sediment organic geochemistry. Part II: Fatty acids and aldoses. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 136, (pp. 38-59) (22 p.).
  2014 - Professional publications
de Blok, Jan Willem, Trampert, Jeannot & Middelburg, Jack (2014). Quality Assessment of Research: Self-assessment 2008-2013 - Institute for Earth Sciences Utrecht (IVAU). (113 p.). Utrecht: UU Dept. of Earth Sciences, Institute for Earth Sciences Utrecht (IVAU).
  2014 - Popularising publications
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2016) Member HFZ-Oceans GEOMAR (External organisation) Member Scientific Committee of HFZ-Oceans GEOMAR, Kiel<br/><br/>Member Scientific Committee of HFZ-Oceans GEOMAR, Kiel
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2016) Member KAUST (External organisation) Member Scientific Committee of KAUST Red Sea Center<br/><br/>Member Scientific Committee of KAUST Red Sea Center
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2016) Member Marum (External organisation) Member Scientific Committee of MARUM<br/><br/>Member of Scientific Committee of MARUM
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014) Member Max-Planck-Institut fur marine Mikrobiologie (External organisation) Member Scientific Committee of MPI-Marine Microbiology, Bremen<br/><br/>Department of Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology (MPI Bremen)
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2018) Member Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research - NIOZ (External organisation) Member Governing Board NIOZ<br/><br/>Member Governing Board NIOZ
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2014 2016) Member Wadden Academy (External organisation) Member Scientific Committee of Wadden Academy, Leeuwarden<br/><br/>Member Scientific Committee of Wadden Academy, Leeuwarden
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Arndt, S., Jørgensen, B.B., LaRowe, D.E., Middelburg, J.J., Pancost, R.D. & Regnier, P. (2013). Quantifying the degradation of organic matter in marine sediments: A review and synthesis. Earth-Science Reviews, 123, (pp. 53-86) (34 p.).
Bouwman, A.F., Bierkens, M.F.P., Griffioen, J., Hefting, M.M., Middelburg, J.J., Middelkoop, H. & Slomp, C.P. (2013). Nutrient dynamics, transfer and retention along the aquatic continuum from land to ocean: towards integration of ecological and biogeochemical models. Biogeosciences, 10 (1), (pp. 1-23) (23 p.). Paper first online in Biogeosciences Discussions; niet dubbel opnemen..
de Goeij, J.M., van Oevelen, D., Vermeij, M.J.A., Osinga, R., Middelburg, J.J., de Goei, A.F.P.M. & Admiraal, W. (2013). Surviving in a marine desert: the sponge loop retains resources within coral reefs. Science, 342 (6154), (pp. 108-110) (3 p.).
de Kluijver, A., Soetaert, K., Czerny, J., Schulz, K.G., Boxhammer, T., Riebesell, U. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). A 13C labelling study on carbon fluxes in Arctic plankton communities under elevated CO2 levels. Biogeosciences, 10 (3), (pp. 1425-1440) (16 p.).
Koho, K.A., Nierop, K.G.J., Moodley, L., Middelburg, J.J., Pozzato, L., Soetaert, K. & Reichart, G.-J. (2013). Microbial bioavailability regulates organic matter preservation in marine sediments. Biogeosciences, 10 (2), (pp. 1131-1141) (11 p.). Discussion paper, waiting for publication in BG.
Krumins, J.A., van Oevelen, D., Bezemer, T.M., De Deyn, G.B., Hol, W.H.G., van Donk, E., de Boer, W., de Ruiter, P.C., Middelburg, J.J., Monroy, F., Soetaert, K., Thébault, E., van de Koppel, J., van Veen, J.A., Viketoft, M. & van der Putten, W.H. (2013). Soil and freshwater and marine sediment food webs: their structure and function. BioScience, 63 (1), (pp. 35-42) (8 p.).
Kürten, B., Frutos, I., Struck, U., Painting, S.J., Polunin, N.V.C. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Trophodynamics and functional feeding groups of North Sea fauna: a combined stable isotope and fatty acid approach. Biogeochemistry, 113 (1-3), (pp. 189-212) (24 p.).
Kürten, B., Painting, S.J., Struck, U., Polunin, N.V.C. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Tracking seasonal changes in North Sea zooplankton trophic dynamics using stable isotopes. Biogeochemistry, 113 (1-3), (pp. 167-187) (21 p.).
Morris, E.P., Peralta, G., Van Engeland, T., Bouma, T.J., Brun, F.G., Lara, M., Hendriks, I.E., Benavente, J., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J. & Perez-Llorens, J.L. (2013). The role of hydrodynamics in structuring in situ ammonium uptake within a submerged macrophyte community. Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, 3, (pp. 210-224) (15 p.).
Mueller, C.E., Lundälv, T., Middelburg, J.J. & van Oevelen, D. (2013). The symbiosis between Lophelia pertusa and Eunice norvegica stimulates coral calcification and worm assimilation. PLoS One, 8 (3), (pp. art. e58660) (1 p.).
Pozzato, L., van Oevelen, D., Moodley, L., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Carbon processing at the deep-sea floor of the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone: A tracer approach. Journal of Sea Research, 78, (pp. 45-58) (14 p.).
Pozzato, L., van Oevelen, D., Moodley, L., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Sink or link? The bacterial role in benthic carbon cycling in the Arabian Sea’s oxygen minimum zone. Biogeosciences, 10, (pp. 6879-6891) (13 p.).
Provoost, P., Braeckman, U., Van Gansbeke, D., Moodley, L., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J. & Vanaverbeke, J. (2013). Modelling benthic oxygen consumption and benthic-pelagic coupling at a shallow station in the southern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 120, (pp. 1-11) (11 p.).
Riebesell, U., Gattuso, J.-P., Thingstad, T.F. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Arctic ocean acidification: pelagic ecosystem and biogeochemical responses during a mesocosm study. Biogeosciences, 10, (pp. 5619-5626) (8 p.).
Rossi, F., Gribsholt, B., Gazeau, F., Di Santo, V. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Complex effects of ecosystem engineer loss on benthic ecosystem response to detrital macroalgae. PLoS One, 8 (6), (pp. e66650) (1 p.).
Schoon, P.L., de Kluijver, A., Middelburg, J.J., Downing, J.A., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. & Schouten, S. (2013). Influence of lake water pH and alkalinity on the distribution of core and intact polar branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) in lakes. Organic Geochemistry, 60, (pp. 72-82) (11 p.).
van Duinen, G.A., Vermonden, K., Bodelier, P.L.E., Hendriks, A.J., Leuven, R.S.E.W., Middelburg, J.J., van der Velde, G. & Verberk, W.C.E.P. (2013). Methane as a carbon source for the food web in raised bog pools. Freshwater Science, 32 (4), (pp. 1260-1272) (13 p.).
Van Engeland, T., Bouma, T.J., Morris, E.P., Brun, F.G., Peralta, G., Lara, M., Hendriks, I.E., van Rijswijk, P., Veuger, B., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Dissolved organic matter uptake in a temperate seagrass ecosystem. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 478, (pp. 87-100) (14 p.).
Veuger, B., Pitcher, A., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. & Middelburg, J.J. (2013). Nitrification and growth of autotrophic nitrifying bacteria and Thaumarchaeota in the coastal North Sea. Biogeosciences, 10 (3), (pp. 1775-1785) (11 p.). online first in Biogeosciences Discussions.
Voss, M., Bange, H.W., Dippner, J.W., Middelburg, J.J., Montoya, J.P. & Ward, B. (2013). The marine nitrogen cycle: recent discoveries, uncertainties and the potential relevance of climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1621), (pp. 20130121) (1 p.).
Walraven, N., van Gaans, P.F.M., van der Veer, G., van Os, B.J.H., Klaver, G.T., Vriend, S.P., Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, G.R. (2013). Lithologically inherited variation in Pb isotope ratios in sedimentary soils in The Netherlands. Applied Geochemistry, 37, (pp. 228-241) (14 p.).
Walraven, N., van Gaans, P.F.M., van der Veer, G., van Os, B.J.H., Klaver, G.T., Vriend, S.P., Middelburg, J.J. & Davies, G.R. (2013). Tracing diffuse anthropogenic Pb sources in rural soils by means of Pb isotope analysis. Applied Geochemistry, 37, (pp. 242-257) (16 p.).
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Braeckman, U., Provoost, P., Sabbe, K., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J., Vincx, M. & Vanaverbeke, J. (2012). Temporal dynamics in the diet of two marine polychaetes as inferred from fatty acid biomarkers. Journal of Sea Research, 68, (pp. 6-19) (14 p.).
Dähnke, K., Moneta, A., Veuger, B., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2012). Balance of assimilative and dissimilative nitrogen processes in a diatom-rich tidal flat sediment. Biogeosciences, 9, (pp. 4059-4070) (12 p.).
de Kluijver, A., Yu, J., Houtekamer, M., Middelburg, J.J. & Liu, Z. (2012). Cyanobacteria as a carbon source for zooplankton in eutrophic Lake Taihu, China, measured by 13C labeling and fatty acid biomarkers. Limnology and Oceanography, 57 (4), (pp. 1245-1254) (10 p.).
Downing, J.A., Cole, J.J., Duarte, C.M., Middelburg, J.J., Melack, J.M., Prairie, Y.T., Kortelainen, P., Striegl, R.G., McDowell, W.H. & Tranvik, L.J. (2012). Global abundance and size distribution of streams and rivers. Inland Waters, 2, (pp. 229-236) (8 p.).
Evrard, V., Huettel, M., Cook, P.L.M., Soetaert, K., Heip, C.H.R. & Middelburg, J.J. (2012). Importance of phytodetritus and microphytobenthos for heterotrophs in a shallow subtidal sandy sediment. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 455, (pp. 13-31) (19 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2012) Visiting researcher Junior College Utrecht Aarde in Evolutie : een module voor 5/6vwo
Oakes, J.M., Eyre, B.D. & Middelburg, J.J. (2012). Transformation and fate of microphytobenthos carbon in subtropical shallow subtidal sands: A 13C-labeling study. Limnology and Oceanography, 57 (6), (pp. 1846-1856) (11 p.).
Pedrotti, M.L., Fiorini, S., Kerros, M.-E., Middelburg, J.J. & Gattuso, J.-P. (2012). Variable production of transparent exopolymeric particles by haploid and diploid life stages of coccolithophores grown under different CO2 concentrations. Journal of Plankton Research, 34 (5), (pp. 388-398) (11 p.).
Van Colen, C., Rossi, F., Montserrat, F., Andersson, M.G.I., Gribsholt, B., Herman, P.M.J., Degraer, S., Vincx, M., Ysebaert, T. & Middelburg, J.J. (2012). Organism-sediment interactions govern post-hypoxia recovery of ecosystem functioning. PLoS One, 7 (11), (pp. e49795) (1 p.).
Veuger, B., van Oevelen, D. & Middelburg, J.J. (2012). Fate of microbial nitrogen, carbon, hydrolysable amino acids, monosaccharides, and fatty acids in sediment. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 83, (pp. 217-233) (17 p.).
Woulds, C., Middelburg, J.J. & Cowie, G.L. (2012). Alteration of organic matter during infaunal polychaete gut passage and links to sediment organic geochemistry. Part I: Amino acids. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 77, (pp. 396-414) (19 p.).
  2012 - Professional publications
Reichart, G.-J., Lammers, M., Slomp, C.P., Wessels, W., Middelburg, J.B.M., Brinkhuis, H., Reumer, J.W.F., Kloosterboer, M. & van der Valk, A.E. (2012). Aarde in Evolutie : lerarenhandleiding. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrecht, Junior College Utrecht.
  2011 - Scholarly publications
Braeckman, U., Provoost, P., Moens, T., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J., Vincx, M. & Vanaverbeke, J. (2011). Biological vs. physical mixing effects on benthic food web dynamics. PLoS One, 6 (3), (pp. e18078) (1 p.).
Danovaro, R., Corinaldesi, C., Dell'Anno, A., Fuhrman, J.A., Middelburg, J.J., Noble, R.T. & Suttle, C.A. (2011). Marine viruses and global climate change. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 35 (6), (pp. 993-1034) (42 p.).
Fiorini, S., Middelburg, J.J. & Gattuso, J.-P. (2011). Effects of elevated CO2 partial pressure and temperature on the coccolithophore Syracosphaera pulchra. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 64 (3), (pp. 221-232) (12 p.).
Fiorini, S., Middelburg, J.J. & Gattuso, J.-P. (2011). Testing the effects of elevated pCO2 on coccolithophores (Prymnesiophyceae): comparison between haploid and diploid life stages. Journal of Phycology, 47, (pp. 1281-1291) (11 p.).
Gazeau, F., Gattuso, J.-P., Greaves, M., Elderfield, H., Peene, J., Heip, C.H.R. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Effect of carbonate chemistry alteration on the early embryonic development of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas). PLoS One, 6 (8), (pp. e23010) (1 p.).
Koopmans, M., van Rijswijk, P., Martens, D., Egorova-Zachernyuk, T.A., Middelburg, J.J. & Wijffels, R.H. (2011). Carbon conversion and metabolic rate in two marine sponges. Marine Biology, 158 (1), (pp. 9-20) (12 p.).
Laane, R.W.P.M. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Biogeochemistry, An Introduction. In E. Wolanski, D. McLusky, R.W.P.M. Laane & J.J. Middelburg (Eds.), Biogeochemistry (pp. 1-5) (5 p.). Waltham, Massachusetts: Academic Press.
Meysman, F.J.R., Boudreau, B.P. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). When and why does bioturbation lead to diffusive mixing?. Journal of Marine Research, 68 (6), (pp. 881-920) (40 p.).
Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Chemoautotrophy in the ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, (pp. L24604-1-L24604-4) (4 p.).
Moodley, L., Nigam, R., Ingole, B., Prakash Babu, C., Panchang, R., Nanajkar, M., Sivadas, S., van Breugel, P., van IJzerloo, L., Rutgers, R., Heip, C.H.R., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Oxygen minimum seafloor ecological (mal) functioning. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 398 (1-2), (pp. 91-100) (10 p.).
Rossi, F. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Intraspecific diet shift of Macoma balthica during community reassembly in an estuarine intertidal flat. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 92 (3), (pp. 496-501) (6 p.).
Van den Meersche, K., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Plankton dynamics in an estuarine plume: a mesocosm 13C and 15N tracer study. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 429, (pp. 29-43) (15 p.).
van Duyl, F.C., Moodley, L., Nieuwland, G., van IJzerloo, L., van Soest, R.W.M., Houtekamer, M., Meesters, E.H. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Coral cavity sponges depend on reef-derived food resources: stable isotope and fatty acid constraints. Marine Biology, 158 (7), (pp. 1653-1666) (14 p.).
Van Engeland, T., Bouma, T.J., Morris, E.P., Brun, F.G., Peralta, G., Lara, M., Hendriks, I.E., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Potential uptake of dissolved organic matter by seagrasses and macroalgae. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 427, (pp. 71-81) (11 p.).
Voss, M., Baker, A., Bange, H.W., Conley, D., Cornell, S., Deutsch, B., Engel, A., Ganeshram, R., Garnier, J., Heiskanen, A.S., Jickells, T., Lancelot, C., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Middelburg, J.J., Schiedek, D. & Slomp, C.P. (2011). Nitrogen processes in coastal and marine ecosystems. ENA European Nitrogen Assessment. In M.A. Sutton, C.M. Howard, J.W. Erisman, G. Billen, A. Bleeker, P. Grennfeldt, H. van Grinsven & B. Grizzetti (Eds.), The European Nitrogen Assessment. Sources, effects and policy perspectives (pp. 147-176) (664 p.). Cambridge University Press.
  2011 - Professional publications
Heip, C.H.R., Middelburg, J.J. & Philippart, C.J.M. (2011). Functioning of Ecosystems at the Land–Ocean Interface. (3 p.). UK: Academic Press / Elsevier.
Laane, R.W.P.M. & Middelburg, J.J. (2011). Biogeochemistry - A introduction. Waltham, Massachusetts: Academic Press.
  2010 - Scholarly publications
Bahlmann, E., Bernasconi, S.M., Bouillon, S., Houtekamer, M., Korntheuer, M., Langenberg, F., Mayr, C., Metzke, M., Middelburg, J.J., Nagel, B., Struck, U., Voß, M. & Emeis, K.C. (2010). Performance evaluation of nitrogen isotope ratio determination in marine and lacustrine sediments: An inter-laboratory comparison. Organic Geochemistry, 41 (1), (pp. 3-12, doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2009.05.008) (2 p.).
Boudreau, B.P., Middelburg, J.J. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2010). Carbonate compensation dynamics. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, (pp. L03603-doi:10.1029/2009GL041847) (38245 p.).
Boudreau, B.P., Middelburg, J.J., Hofmann, A.F. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2010). Ongoing transients in carbonate compensation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, (pp. GB4010, doi: 10.1029/2009GB003654) (2 p.).
Braeckman, U., Provoost, P., Gribsholt, B., Van Gansbeke, D., Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert, K., Vincx, M. & Vanaverbeke, J. (2010). Role of macrofauna functional traits and density in biogeochemical fluxes and bioturbation. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 399, (pp. 173-186) (14 p.).
de Kluijver, A., Soetaert, K., Schulz, K.G., Riebesell, U., Bellerby, R.G.J. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Phytoplankton-bacteria coupling under elevated CO2 levels: a stable isotope labelling study. Biogeosciences, 7, (pp. 3783-3797, doi:10.5194/bg-7-3783-2010) (2005 p.).
De Laender, F., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Inferring chemical effects on carbon flows in aquatic food webs: Methodology and case study. Environmental Pollution, 158, (pp. 1775-1782) (8 p.).
De Laender, F., Soetaert, K., De Schamphelaere, K.A.C., Middelburg, J.J. & Janssen, Colin R. (2010). Ecological significance of hazardous concentrations in a planktonic food web. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73 (3), (pp. 247-253) (7 p.).
De Laender, F., van Oevelen, D., Frantzen, S., Middelburg, J.J. & Soetaert, K. (2010). Seasonal PCB bioaccumulation in an arctic marine ecosystem: A model analysis incorporating lipid dynamics, food-web productivity and migration. Environmental Science & Technology, 44 (1), (pp. 356-361) (6 p.).
De Laender, F., van Oevelen, D., Middelburg, J.J. & Soetaert, K. (2010). Uncertainties in ecological, chemical and physiological parameters of a bioaccumulation model: Implications for internal concentrations and tissue based risk quotients. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 73, (pp. 240-246) (7 p.).
De Laender, F., van Oevelen, D., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Carbon transfer in herbivore- and microbial loop-dominated pelagic food webs in the southern Barents Sea during spring and summer. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 398, (pp. 93-107, doi: 10.3354/meps08335) (2 p.).
Evrard, V., Soetaert, K., Heip, C.H.R., Huettel, M., Xenopoulos, M.A. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Carbon and nitrogen flows through the benthic food web of a photic subtidal sandy sediment. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 416, (pp. 1-16) (16 p.).
Fiorini, S., Gattuso, J.-P., van Rijswijk, P. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Coccolithophores lipid and carbon isotope composition and their variability related to changes in seawater carbonate chemistry. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 394, (pp. 74-85) (12 p.).
Gazeau, F., Gattuso, J.-P., Dawber, C., Pronker, A.E., Peene, F., Peene, J., Heip, C.H.R. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Effect of ocean acidification on the early life stages of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Biogeosciences, 7 (7), (pp. 2051-2060) (10 p.).
Guilini, K., van Oevelen, D., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J. & Vanreusel, A. (2010). Nutritional importance of benthic bacteria for deep-sea nematodes from the Arctic ice margin: Results of an isotope tracer experiment. Limnology and Oceanography, 55 (5), (pp. 1977-1989) (13 p.).
Hofmann, A.F., Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert, K., Wolf-Gladrow, D.A. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2010). Proton cycling, buffering, and reaction stoichiometry in natural waters. Marine Chemistry, 121, (pp. 246-255) (10 p.).
Hofmann, A.F., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2010). AquaEnv: An Aquatic Acid–Base Modelling Environment in R. Aquatic Geochemistry, 16 (4), (pp. 507-546, doi: 10.1007/s10498-009-9084-1) (9 p.).
Kennedy, H., Beggins, J., Duarte, C.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Holmer, M., Marba, N. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Seagrass sediments as a global carbon sink: Isotopic constraints. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, (pp. GB4026, doi:10.1029/2010GB003848) (2 p.).
Meysman, F.J.R., Galaktionov, O.S., Glud, R.N. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Oxygen penetration around burrows and roots in aquatic sediments. Journal of Marine Research, 68 (2), (pp. 309-336) (28 p.).
Nisumaa, A.-M., Pesant, S., Bellerby, R.G.J., Delille, B., Middelburg, J.J., Orr, J.C., Riebesell, U., Tyrrell, T., Wolf-Gladrow, D. & Gattuso, J.-P. (2010). EPOCA/EUR-OCEANS data compilation on the biological and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification. Earth System Science Data, 2, (pp. 167-175) (9 p.).
Oakes, J.M., Eyre, B.D., Middelburg, J.J. & Boschker, H.T.S. (2010). Composition, production, and loss of carbohydrates in subtropical shallow subtidal sandy sediments: Rapid processing and long-term retention revealed by 13C-labeling. Limnology and Oceanography, 55 (5), (pp. 2126-2138) (13 p.).
Provoost, P., van Heuven, S., Soetaert, K., Laane, R.W.P.M. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Seasonal and long-term changes in pH in the Dutch coastal zone. Biogeosciences, 7, (pp. 3869-3878) (10 p.).
Schouten, S., Middelburg, J.J., Hopmans, E.C. & Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (2010). Fossilization and degradation of intact polar lipids in deep subsurface sediments: A theoretical approach. Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, (pp. 3806-3814) (9 p.).
Sweetman, A.K., Middelburg, J.J., Berle, A.M., Bernardino, A.F., Schander, C., Demopoulos, A.W.J. & Smith, C.R. (2010). Impacts of exotic mangrove forests and mangrove deforestation on carbon remineralization and ecosystem functioning in marine sediments. Biogeosciences, 7 (7), (pp. 2129-2145, doi: 10.5194/bg-7-2129-2010) (2005 p.).
Van Engeland, T., Soetaert, K., Knuijt, A., Laane, R.W.P.M. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Dissolved organic nitrogen dynamics in the North Sea: A time series analysis (1995 - 2005). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89, (pp. 31-42) (12 p.).
Van Frausum, J., Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert, K. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2010). Different proxies for the reactivity of aquatic sediments towards oxygen: A model assessment. Ecological Modelling, 221, (pp. 2054-2067) (14 p.).
van Oevelen, D., Van den Meersche, K., Meysman, F.J.R., Soetaert, K., Middelburg, J.J. & Vézina, A.F. (2010). Quantifying food web flows using linear inverse models. Ecosystems, 13 (1), (pp. 32-45) (14 p.).
Woulds, C., Cowie, G. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). A method for the quantitative detection of 13C labelled amino acids and aldoses in marine sediments and fauna. Organic Geochemistry, 41 (1), (pp. 13-21) (9 p.).
Zhang, J., Gilbert, D., Gooday, A.J., Levin, L., Naqvi, S.W.A., Middelburg, J.J., Scranton, M., Ekau, W., Peña, A.S., Dewitte, B., Oguz, T., Monteiro, P.M.S., Urban, E., Rabalais, N.N., Ittekkot, V., Kemp, W.M., Ulloa, O., Elmgren, R., Escobar-Briones, E. & Van der Plas, A.K. (2010). Natural and human-induced hypoxia and consequences for coastal areas: synthesis and future development. Biogeosciences, 7 (5), (pp. 1443-1467) (25 p.).
Zhang, L., Li, K., Liu, Z. & Middelburg, J.J. (2010). Sedimented cyanobacterial detritus as a source of nutrient for submerged macrophytes (Vallisneria spiralis and Elodea nuttallii): An isotope labeling experiment using 15N. Limnology and Oceanography, 55 (5), (pp. 1912-1917) (6 p.).
Zonneveld, K.A.F., Versteegh, G.J.M., Kasten, S., Eglinton, T.I., Emeis, K.-C., Huguet, C., Koch, B.P., de Lange, G.J., de Leeuw, J.W., Middelburg, J.J., Mollenhauer, G., Prahl, F.G., Rethemeyer, J. & Wakeham, S.G. (2010). Selective preservation of organic matter in marine environments; processes and impact on the sedimentary record. Biogeosciences, 7 (2), (pp. 483-511) (29 p.).
  2009 - Scholarly publications
Bouillon, S., Abril, G., Borges, A.V., Dehairs, F., Govers, G., Hughes, H.J., Mercks, R., Meysman, F.J.R., Nyunja, J., Osburn, C. & Middelburg, J.B.M. (2009). Distribution, origin and cycling of carbon in the Tana River (Kenya): a dry season basin-scale survey from headwaters to the delta. Biogeosciences, 6, (pp. 2475-2493) (19 p.).
Cook, P.L.M., van Oevelen, D., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2009). Carbon and nitrogen cycling on intertidal mudflats of a temperate Australian estuary. IV. Inverse model analysis and synthesis. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 394, (pp. 35-48) (14 p.).
Cox, T.J.S., Maris, T., Soetaert, K., Conley, D.J., van Damme, S., Meire, P., Middelburg, J.J., Vos, M. & Struyf, E. (2009). A macro-tidal freshwater ecosystem recovering from hypereutrophication: the Schelde case study. Biogeosciences, 6, (pp. 2935-2948) (14 p.).
Dijkman, N.A., Boschker, H.T.S., Middelburg, J.J. & Kromkamp, J.C. (2009). Group-specific primary production based on stable-isotope labeling of phospholipid-derived fatty acids. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 7, (pp. 612-625) (14 p.).
Gooday, A.J., Jorissen, F., Levin, L.A., Middelburg, J.J., Naqvi, S.W.A., Rabalais, N.N., Scranton, M. & Zhang, J. (2009). Historical records of coastal eutrophication-induced hypoxia. Biogeosciences, 6, (pp. 1707-1745) (39 p.).
Hofmann, A.F., Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert, K. & Meysman, F.J.R. (2009). pH modelling in aquatic systems with time-variable acid-base dissociation constants applied to the turbid, tidal Scheldt estuary. Biogeosciences, 6, (pp. 1539-1561) (23 p.).
Levin, L.A., Ekau, W., Gooday, A., Jorrisen, F., Middelburg, J.J., Naqvi, W., Neira, C., Rabalais, N. & Zhang, J. (2009). Effects of natural and human-induced hypoxia on coastal benthos. Biogeosciences, 6 (10), (pp. 2063-2098) (36 p.).
Middelburg, J.J. & Levin, L.A. (2009). Coastal hypoxia and sediment biogeochemistry. Biogeosciences, 6, (pp. 1273-1293) (21 p.).
Vandewiele, S., Cowie, G., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2009). Amino acid biogeochemistry and organic matter degradation state accross the Pakistan Margin Oxygen minimum zone. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56 (6-7), (pp. 376-392) (17 p.).
Woulds, C., Andersson, J.H., Cowie, G.L., Middelburg, J.J. & Levin, L.A. (2009). 13C tracer studies on the short-term fate of organic carbon in marine sediments: comparing the Pakistan margin to other regions. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56 (6-7), (pp. 393-402) (10 p.). accepted AGU Fall Meeting 2007.
  2008 - Scholarly publications
Andersson, J.H., Woulds, C., Schwarz, M., Cowie, G.L., Levin, L.A., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2008). Short-term fate of phytodetritus in sediments across the Arabian Sea Oxygen Minimum Zone. Biogeosciences, 5 (1), (pp. 43-53) (11 p.).
Brion, N., Andersson, M.G.I., Elskens, M., Diaconu, C., Baeyens, W., Dehairs, F. & Middelburg, J.J. (2008). Nitrogen cycling, retention and export in a eutrophic temperate macrotidal estuary. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 357, (pp. 87-99) (13 p.).
Evrard, V., Cook, P.M.L., Veuger, B., Huettel, M. & Middelburg, J.J. (2008). Tracing incorporation and pathways of carbon and nitrogen in the microbial community of a photic subtidal sand. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 53, (pp. 257-269) (13 p.).
Hofmann, A., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2008). Present nitrogen and carbon dynamics in the Scheldt estuary using a novel1-D model. Biogeosciences, 5 (4), (pp. 981-1006) (26 p.).
Hofmann, A.F., Meysman, F.J.R., Soetaert, K. & Middelburg, J.J. (2008). A step-by-step procedure for pH model construction in aquatic systems. Biogeosciences, 5 (1), (pp. 227-251) (25 p.).
Huguet, C., de Lange, G.J., Gustafsson, O., Middelburg, J.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. & Schouten, S. (2008). Selective preservation of soil organic matter in oxidized marine sediments (Madeira Abyssal Plain). Geochmica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, (pp. 6061-6068) (8 p.).
  2007 - Scholarly publications
Soetaert, K., Hoffman, A., Middelburg, J.J., Meysman, F.J.R. & Greenwood, J. (2007). The effect of biogeochemical processes on pH. Marine Chemistry, 105, (pp. 30-51) (22 p.).
Veuger, B. & Middelburg, J.J. (2007). Incorporation of nitrogen and carbon from urea and amino acids by bacteria and algae in intertidal sediment. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 48, (pp. 35-46) (12 p.).
Veuger, B., Middelburg, J.J., Boschker, H.T.S. & Houtekamer, M. (2007). Update of "Analysis of 15N incorporation in D-alanine: a new method for tracing bacteria N uptake" (Veuger et al. 2005, Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 3: 230-240). Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 5, (pp. 192-194) (3 p.).
Woulds, C., Cowie, G.L., Levin, L.A., Andersson, J.H., Middelburg, J.J., Vandewiele, S., Lamont, P.A., Larkin, K., Gooday, A., Schumacher, S., Whitcraft, C., Jeffreys, R. & Schwartz, M. (2007). Oxygen as a control on sea floor faunal communities and their roles in sedimentary organic matter cycling. Limnology and Oceanography, 52 (4), (pp. 1698-1709) (12 p.).
  2006 - Scholarly publications
Andersson, J.H., Middelburg, J.J. & Soetaert, K. (2006). Identifiability and uncertainty analysis of bio-irrigation. Journal of Marine Research, 64 (3), (pp. 407-429) (23 p.).
Andersson, M.G.I., Brion, N. & Middelburg, J.J. (2006). Comparison of nitrifier activity versus growth in turbid, tidal estuary (Scheldt estuary in northern Europe). Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 42, (pp. 149-158) (10 p.).
Andersson, M.G.I., Van Rijswijk, P. & Middelburg, J.J. (2006). Uptake of dissolved inorganic nitrogen, urea and amino acids in the Scheldt estuary: a comparison of C and N uptake. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 44, (pp. 303-315) (13 p.).
Gribsholt, B., Struyf, E., Tramper, A., Andersson, M., Brion, N., De Brabandere, L., van Damme, S., Meire, P., Middelburg, J.J., Dehairs, F. & Boschker, H.T.S. (2006). Ammonium transformation in a Belgian tidal freshwater marsh: an in situ 15N labelling study. Biogeochemistry, 80, (pp. 289-298) (10 p.).
Veuger, B., van Oevelen, D., Middelburg, J.J. & Boschker, H.T.S. (2006). Fate of peptidoglycan in an intertidal sediment: an in situ 13C-labeling study. Limnology and Oceanography, 51 (4), (pp. 1572-1580) (9 p.).
  2006 - Other output
Middelburg, J.J. (13.01.2006). Tussen Aarde en leven. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrecht.
  2005 - Scholarly publications
Evrard, V., Bouma, T.J. & Middelburg, J.J. (2005). Nutrient dynamics of seagrass systems: on the importance of particulate organic matter and root systems. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 295, (pp. 49-55) (7 p.).
Gribsholt, B., Boschker, H.T.S., Struyf, E., Andersson, M., Tramper, A., De Brabandere, L., van Damme, S., Brion, N., Meire, P., Dehairs, F., Middelburg, J.J. & Heip, C.H.R. (2005). Nitrogen processing in a tidal freshwater marsh: A whole ecosystem 15N labeling study. Limnology and Oceanography, 50 (6), (pp. 1945-1959) (15 p.).
Moodley, L., Middelburg, J.J., Herman, P.M.J., Soetaert, K. & de Lange, G.J. (2005). Oxygenation and organic-matter preservation in marine sediments: Direct experimental evidence from ancient organic carbon-rich deposits. Geology, 33 (11), (pp. 889-892) (4 p.).
Veuger, B., Middelburg, J.J., Boschker, H.T.S. & Houtekamer, M. (2005). Analysis of 15N incorporation in D-alanine: a new method for tracing bacteria N uptake. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 3, (pp. 230-240) (11 p.).
  2004 - Scholarly publications
Andersson, J.H., Wijsman, J.W.M., Herman, P.M.J., Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert, K. & Heip, C.H.R. (2004). Respiration patterns in the deep ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 31 (1 p.).
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2004 2016) Editorial board member Biogeosciences (Journal)
Veuger, B., Middelburg, J.J., Boschker, H.T.S., Nieuwenhuize, J., van Rijswijk, P., Rochelle-Newall, E. & Navarro, N. (2004). Microbial uptake of dissolved organic and inorganic nitrogen in Randers fjord, Denmark. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 61, (pp. 507-515) (9 p.).
  2002 - Scholarly publications
Middelburg, J.B.M. (2002 2016) Editorial board member Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (Journal) Associate editor
  1999 - Scholarly publications
Middelburg, J.B.M. (1999 2009) Editorial board member Limnology and Oceanography (Journal) Associate editor
  0 - Other output
Middelburg, J.B.M. Recipient G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award ASLO
Middelburg, J.B.M. 2008 Recipient selected member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts & Sciences (KNAW) Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen
Middelburg, J.B.M. Recipient Vernadsky Medal European Geosciences Union (EGU)
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Ongoing and recently completed work


  1. Exploring new proxies. In the context of NESSC, the Netherlands Earth System Science Center, we (i.e. together with my PhD students Anne Roepert and Shaun Akse and UU colleague Lubos Polerecky) explore coccolith and diatom skeleton chemistry for novel proxies using the nanoSIMS facility at Utrecht.
  2. Exploit modern biogeochemical knowledge to better read the paleorecord, largely supported by NESSC. Together with UU colleague Appy Sluijs and his team we aim to better understand PETM and MECO phenomena. Cooperations with Bernie Boudreau and Jerry Dickens have been initiated to study methane hydrate dynamics during these periods. A new project with PhD student Matthias Kuderer aims to advance understanding of bioturbation and its consequences for the paleorecord (with Andy Ridgwell).
  3. Develop global biogeochemical-river models. Together with colleague Lex Bouwman, associate scientists Jose Mogollon and Arthur Beusen and PhD students Joep Langeveld and Wim-Joost van Hoek, we are developing global scale river biogeochemistry models.
  4. High-school teacher Nicole Geerlings is performing PhD research on the impact of cable bacteria on mineral formation under guidance of Filip Meysman and me.
  5. My former PhD student Mathilde Hagens has developed novel, generic theory to deal with ocean acidification issues.
  6. Coral reefs and sponges are biogeochemical hotspots. Postdoc Anna de Kluijver studies deep-sea sponges within the project SponGES.
  7. Carbon flows in lakes (Netherlands, China, USA, Switzerland) have been studied using stable isotope as deliberate tracers by former PhD students Anna de Kluijver and Marieke Lammers and post-doc Regina Flores.



Past research


  1. Introduction of reactive continuum concept to organic matter decomposition in marine systems. The concept and model were presented in Middelburg (1989) and in subsequent organic geochemical work I have developed a quantitative continuous measure of organic matter ‘quality’ (Dauwe and Middelburg, 1998; Dauwe et al., 1999). This concept is covered in multiple textbooks (Sarmiento & Gruber, Burdige, Hedges & Emerson), has been adopted by oceanographers, limnologist, engineers and deep biosphere scientists and its implications are still being discussed (article, new and views, comment and rebuttal in Science, 2007).
    • Middelburg, J.J. (1989). A simple rate model for organic matter decomposition in marine sediments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 53, 1577-1581.
    • Dauwe, B. and Middelburg J.J. (1998) Amino acids and hexosamines as indicators of organic matter degradation state in North Sea sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr. 43: 782-798.
    • Dauwe, B. Middelburg, J.J., Herman, P.M.J., Heip, C.H.R. (1999) Particulate organic matter degradation in the ocean: changes in biochemical composition and reactivity are linked. Limnol. Oceanogr. 44: 1809-1814.
    • Middelburg, J.J. and F.J.R. Meysman (2007). Burial at sea. Science 317: 1294-1295


  1. Pioneered the development of generic sediment biogeochemical models that accurate reproduce observations, that allow global estimates of benthic processes to be made and that can be linked to water-column biogeochemical models (Soetaert et al., 1996). We have made the first global marine assessment of sediment denitrification and how it depends on bottom-water composition and carbon fluxes (Middelburg et al., 1996). These generic sediment biogeochemical models are now common tools in many labs.
    • Middelburg, J.J., Soetaert K., Herman P.M.J. and Heip C.H.R. (1996) Marine sedimentary denitrification: a model study. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10, 661-673.
    • Soetaert, K, Herman P.M.J. and  Middelburg, J.J. (1996).  A model of early diagenetic processes from the shelf to abyssal depths. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta  60: 1019-1040.
    • Soetaert, K, Herman P.M.J. and  Middelburg J.J., (1996). Dynamic response of deep-sea sediments to seasonal variation: a model. Limnol. Ocean. 41(8): 1651-1668.


  1. Elucidation of the role of benthic animals in sediment biogeochemistry. We have developed and explored new approaches to quantitatively describe animal induced mixing processes (Meysman et al., 2003, 2005, 2008). In Meysman et al. (2006) we identified benthic animals as ecosystem engineers andhave linked the Cambrian explosion of metazoan life to the ecosystem engineering activities of benthic fauna.
    • Meysman FJR, Boudreau BP and Middelburg JJ (2003) Relations between local,  non-local, discrete and continous models of bioturbation. J. Mar. Res. 61, 391-410.
    • Meysman FJR, Boudreau BP and Middelburg JJ (2005) Modeling reactive transport in sediment subject to bioturbation and compaction. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 69: 3601-3617.
    • Meysman FJR, Middelburg JJ, Heip CHR (2006)  New insights into Darwin’s last idea: bioturbation. Trends Ecol. Evol 21, 688-695.
    • Meysman FJR, Malyuga VS, Boudreau BP, Middelburg JJ (2008) A generalized stochastic approach to particle dispersal in soils and sediments Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72, 3460-3478.


  1. Pioneered the use of stable isotopes as deliberate tracer in combination with compound specific isotope analysis of biomarkers to study carbon and/or nitrogen flows through entire food webs and ecosystems and to link activity and identity of microbes.  Middelburg et al. (2000) first used this approach and elucidated the pivotal role of benthic microalgae in moderating carbon flows in estuarine systems. This approach has since been used by many scientists and in many ecosystems (lakes, tidal marshes, mangroves, intertidal flats, continental shelf sediments, slope, margin and deep-sea sediments, tropical and cold-water corals) and stable isotopes addition experiments are now common tools within ecology. Using this approach we discovered the sponge loop in coral reef ecosystems (de Goeij et al., 2013), identified bacteria as sinks rather than links in benthic food webs (van Oevelen et al., 2006), elucidated the prominent role of benthic foraminifera in deep-sea and low-oxygen sediments (Moodley et al., 2002; Woulds et al., 2007), advanced understanding on the competition between benthic animals and bacteria (van Nugteren et al., 2009) and studied the role of external subsidies in lakes (Pace et al., 2007).
    • Middelburg, J.J., Barranguet, C, Boschker H.T.S., Herman, P.M.J., Moens, T. and Heip C.H.R. (2000) The fate of intertidal microphytobenthos carbon: an in situ 13C labelling study. Limnol. Oceanogr. 45: 1224-1234.
    • Moodley, L., Middelburg, J.J., Boschker, H.T.S., G.C.A Duineveld, Pel R., Herman, P.M.J., Heip, C.H.R. (2002) Bacteria and Foraminifera: key players in a short-term deep-sea benthic response to phytodetritus. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 236:23-29
    • van Oevelen, D, , Middelburg JJ, Soetaert K, Moodley, LM (2006) The fate of bacterial carbon in an intertidal sediment: Modeling an in situ isotope tracer experiment. Limnol. Oceanogr. 51(3) 1302-1314.
    • Woulds, C.  Cowie GL, Levin LA, Andersson H.,  Middelburg J.J., Vandewiele S., Lamont PA, Larkin K, Gooday A, Schumacher S, Whitcraft C., Jeffreys R.,  Schwartz M. (2007) Oxygen as a control on sea floor faunal communities and their roles in sedimentary organic matter cycling. Limnol. Oceanogr. 52: 1698-1709.
    • van Nugteren P, Herman PMJ, Moodley  L,Middelburg JJ,  Vos M,  Heip CHR (2009) Spatial distribution of detrital resources determines the outcome of competition between bacteria and a facultative detritivorous worm. Limnol. Ocean 54:1413-1419
    • Pace M.L., Carpenter S.R., Cole J.J., Coloso J., Kitchell J.F., Hodgson J.R., Middelburg J.J., Preston N.D., Solomon C. and B. Weidel (2007) Does terrestrial  carbon subsidize plankton in a clear-water lake Limnol. Oceanogr. 52: 2177-2189.
    • de Goeij, J.M., van Oevelen, D., Vermeij, M.J.A., Osinga, R., Middelburg, J.J., de Goeij, A.F.P.M. & Admiraal, W. (2013). Surviving in a marine desert: the sponge loop retains resources within coral reefs. Science, 342(6154), 108-110.


  1. Studied biogeochemical cycling in coastal ecosystems with an emphasis on tidal estuaries, vegetated ecosystems and the effects of hypoxia and ocean acidification. We found that tidal estuaries are heterotrophic, hot spots of biogeochemistry processing large quantities of carbon and nutrients (Heip et al., 1995; Middelburg and Herman, 2007). We identified the role of vegetated coastal ecosystems in carbon burial (this has led to the concept of blue carbon, Duarte et al., 2005; Bouillon et al., 2008), the role of tidal marshes in silicon cycling (Struyf et al., 2006) and quantified in detail freshwater tidal marsh nitrogen transformations (Gribsholt et al., 2005). More recently, I studied the effect of hypoxia on sediment biogeochemistry and benthic ecology (Middelburg and Levin, 2009) and the effect of ocean acidification on bivalves, coccoliths and marine ecosystems (Gazeau et al., 2007; Soetaert et al., 2007);
    • Heip, C.H.R., Goosen N.K., Herman, P.M.J. Kromkamp J., Middelburg, J.J. and Soetaert, K. (1995) Production and consumption of biological particles in temperate tidal estuaries. Oceanogr.Mar. Biol. Ann. Reviews 33, 1-150.
    • Middelburg JJ, Herman PMJ (2007) Organic matter processing in tidal estuaries. Mar. Chem. 106: 127-147
    • Struyf E, Dausee A, Van Damme S, Bal K, Gribsholt B, Boschker HTS, Middelburg J.J. Meire P (2006). Tidal marshes and biogenic silica recycling at the land-sea interface Limnol. Oceanogr. 51: 838-846.
    • Duarte CM, Middelburg JJ and Caraco N (2005) Major role of marine vegetation on the oceanic carbon cycle. Biogeosciences 1: 173-180.
    • Bouillon S., Borges, AV, Diele K,  Dittmar T,  Duke N.C., Kristensen, E., Lee S.Y., Marchand C.,  Middelburg J.J., Rivera-Monroy V.H.,  Smith T.J., and Twilley R.R. (2008) Mangrove production and fate: a revision of budget estimates. Glob. Biogeoch. Cycles doi10.1029/2007GB003052
    • Gribsholt B, Boschker HTS, Struyf E, Andersson M, Tramper A, De Brabandere L, van Damme S, Brion N,  Meire P, Dehairs F, Middelburg JJ and Heip C (2005) Nitrogen processing in a tidal freshwater marsh: A whole ecosystem 15N labeling study. Limnology & Oceanography 50: 1945-1959.
    • Gazeau F., Quiblier, J. Jansen, J.P. Gattuso, J.J. Middelburg and C. Heip (2007) Impact of elevated CO2 on shellfish calcification Geophysical Research Letters. Doi10.1029/2006GL028554
    • Soetaert, K, A. Hoffman, Middelburg, JJ, Meysman FJR, Greenwood J. (2007). The effect of biogeochemical processes on pH. Mar. Chem. 105: 30-51.


  1. I have also contributed to larger team efforts that resulted in papers that recognized the role of freshwater systems in the global carbon cycle (Cole et al., 2007; Downing et al., 2006) and elucidated new pathways in the global nitrogen cycling, including the identification of Archaea as ammonia oxidizers in the ocean (Wuchter et al., 2006) and the importance of anthropogenic atmospheric nitrogen for open ocean, pelagic ecosystem functioning (Duce et al., 2008). 
    • Cole, J., Prairie, Y., Caraco, N, McDowell, W.,Tranvik, L., Striegl R.,Duarte C.M., Kortelainen P., Downing J., Middelburg, J.J.  and Melack, J.M. (2007)  Plumbing the global carbon cycle: Integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget Ecosystems 10: 171-184.
    • J.A. Downing, Y.T. Prairie, J.J. Cole,C.M. Duarte, L.J. Tranvik, R.G. Striegl, W.H. McDowell, P. Kortelainen, N.F. Caraco , J.M. Melack, J.J. Middelburg (2006) The global abundance and size distribution of lakes, ponds, and impoundments Limnol. Oceanogr. 51 (5) 2388-2397.
    • Wuchter, C, Abbas, B, Coolen M.J.L., Herfort L., Van Bleijswijk J, Timmers P., Strous M., Teira E.,  Herndl G.J., Middelburg, J.J., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, JS (2006) Archael nitrification in the ocean. Proceeding National Academy Sciences 103: 12317-12322.
    • Duce R.A., J. LaRoche, K. Altieri, K.R. Arrigo, A.R. Baker, D.G. Capone, S. Cornell, F. Dentener, J. Galloway, R.S. Ganeshram, R.Geider, T. Jickells, M.M. Kuypers, R. Langlois, P. S. Liss, S. M. Liu, J.J. Middelburg, C.M. Moore, S. Nickovic, A. Oschlies, T. Pedersen, J. Prospero, R. Schlitzer, S. Seitzinger, L.L. Sorensen, M. Uematsu, O. Ulloa, M. Voss, B. Ward, L. Zamora (2008) Impacts of Atmospheric Anthropogenic Nitrogen on the Open Ocean. Science 320, 893-897


  1. Finally, in the early stages of my career I published geochemical papers on the distribution of oxyanions V, As and Sb in the ocean (Middelburg et al., 1988), mobilization of radiocesium in lake sediments (Comans et al., 1989), weathering of granitic rocks (Middelburg et al., 1988) and on non-steady state diagenesis (sulfidize down and burn-down concepts; Middelburg, 1991; Passier et al., 1996; de Lange et al., 1989) that have had substantial impact.
    • Middelburg, J.J., Van der Weijden, C.H. and Woittiez, J.R.W. (1988). Chemical processes affecting the mobility of major, minor and trace elements during weathering of granitic rocks. Chem. Geol., 68,  253-273.
    • Middelburg, J.J., Hoede, D., Van der Sloot, H.A., Wijkstra, J. and Van der Weijden, C.H. (1988). Arsenic, antimony and vanadium in the North Atlantic. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 52, 2871-2878.
    • De Lange, G.J., Middelburg, J.J. and Pruysers, P.A. (1989). Middle and Late Quaternary depositional sequences and cycles in the eastern Mediterranean. Sedimentol.,  36, 151-158.
    • Comans, R.N.J., Middelburg, J.J., Zonderhuis, J., Woittiez, J.R.W., De Lange G.J., Das H.A. and Van der Weijden C.H. (1989). Mobilization of radiocaesium in pore water of lake sediments. Nature, 339, 367-369.
    • Middelburg, J.J. (1991) Organic carbon, sulphur and iron in recent semi-euxinic sediments of Kau Bay. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 55, 815-828.
    • Passier, H.F., Middelburg, J.J., van Os, B.J.H. and de Lange, G.J. (1996) Diagenetic pyritisation under Eastern Mediterranean sapropels caused by downward sulphide diffusion. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 60: 751-763.
SponGES: Deep-sea Sponge Grounds Ecosystems of the North Atlantic
01.03.2016 to 28.02.2020
General project description 

SponGES is a research and innovation project funded under H2020. Its overarching goal is to develop an integrated ecosystem-based approach to preserve and sustainably use deep-sea sponge ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The  focus on one of the most diverse, ecologically and biologically important and vulnerable marine ecosystems of the deep-sea – sponge grounds – that have received very little research and conservation attention to date. See for more information. 



Role Researcher Funding
EU grant
Project members UU

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Chemistry of System Earth

Chemistry of the Earth


Microbes and Biogeochemistry

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Additional functions and activities

Scientific committees/boards

•  Member Governing Board NIOZ, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research

•  Scientific Director Darwin Center for Biogeosciences

•  Member Scientific Committee of MARUM, Bremen

•  Member Scientific Committee of MPI-Marine Microbiology, Bremen

•  Member Scientific Committee of NIOZ, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research

•  Member Scientific Committee of HFZ-Oceans GEOMAR, Kiel

•  Member Scientific Committee of KAUST Red Sea Center

•  Member Scientific Committee of Wadden Academy


•  Associate editor of Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta (2002-)

•  Associate editor of Science Advances  (2014-)

•  Editor of Biogeosciences (2004-)

•  Associate editor of Limnology & Oceanography (1999-2009)



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Full name
prof. dr. J.B.M. Middelburg Contact details
Vening Meineszgebouw A

Princetonlaan 8a
Room 340
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6220
Phone number (department) +31 30 253 7973
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Last updated 03.09.2018