Profile

Umar Ryad is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies. Prior, he was Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies at Leiden University (2008-2014). He earned a BA in Islamic Studies in English from Al-Azhar University in Cairo, followed by an MA in Islamic Studies and a PhD, both from Leiden University. He also taught at the universities of Bern and Oslo; and was a research fellow at the University of Bonn, the Free University of Berlin and Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO) in Berlin. His current research focuses on the dynamics of the networks of Islamic reformist and pan-Islamist movements, Muslim polemics on Christianity, the history of Christian missions in the modern Muslim World, and transnational Islam in interwar Europe. He leads a European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant project on “Muslim Networks in Interwar Europe and European Transcultural History” (2014-2019).

 

Involved in the following study programme(s)
Scientific expertise
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Curriculum vitae

Academic training

2003-2008                      Leiden University

                                       Faculty of Religious Studies - PhD

1999-2001                      Leiden University

                                      Islamic Studies - Master’s degree (cum laude)                        

1993-1998                      Al-Azhar University (Cairo)-Faculty of Languages and Translation

                                     - Islamic Studies in English Bachelor’s Degree                                                                 

Previous Work experience

 

April-May 2015             University of Oslo - Faculty of Humanities

                                       Visiting Senior Lecturer - Islamic Studies

 2008- 2014                    Leiden University - Leiden Institute of Religious Studies

                                      Assistant Professor - Islamic Studies

Oct.-Nov. 2013              University of Oslo - Faculty of Humanities

                                       Visiting Senior Lecturer - Islamic Studies

June-August 2012         University of Bonn, Institut für Orient- und Asienwissenschaften,                                                             Abteilung für Islamwissenschaft

                                     Invited visiting researcher within the BMBF-Project “Europa von                                                            außen gesehen.

Feb. – July 2010          University of Bern - Theologische Fakultät

                                    Visiting lecturer - Islamic Studies

2006-2008                   University of Leiden - Faculty of Theology/ Religious Studies

                                    Lecturer of Islamic Theology

2003 –2006                  University of Leiden - Faculty of Theology

                                     Assistant-in-training (AIO)

2002 – 2003                 University of Leiden - Faculty of Theology

                                     Research assistant 

Membership  

2013-                        Member of he Collegium of the research program "Zukunftsphilologie: Revisting                                  the Canons of Textual Scholarship" - Forum Transregionale Studien - Freie                                            Universität Berlin

2012-2016               Editorial Team, Christian-Muslim Relations, A Bibliographical History 1500-                                        1900, Brill.

2009                       Member of the Examiners’ Committee–Institute of Religious Studies, University of                                Leiden.

2007                       Organising member of the NOSTER International Third Congress, the                                                   Ambivalence of Sainthood and Sin, 24-25 April, 2007.

2006- Member of the Educational Committee, MA, Institute of Religious Studies University of 2003- 2013 Member of the Netherlands Association of Religious Studies (NGG)Leiden.

 

2003-2006 Member of the Institute Committee LISOR, representative of PhD students, Faculty of Theology, University of Leiden.

2002- The Netherlands School for Advanced Studies in Theology and Religion (NOSTER).

 

Scholarships and prizes

2014-2019              ERC Starting Grant

2008-2009              Gratification reward, Leiden Institute for the Study of Religions           

2006-2007             ‘Bewust Belonen’, reward for one of the Best Employees of the Year,                                    Faculty of Religious Studies

2006                      The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research(NWO) grant, two-                                month research in Morocco.

2005                      Leids Universiteit Fonds (LUF), one-month research in Germany

2005                      Certificate of distinction during the summer university course ‘Bookish                                Traditions: Authority and the Book in Scripturalist Religions’, Central                                  European University, Budapest.

2004                      NWO grant, two-month research in Egypt.

1999-2001             The Netherlands Organization for International Cooperation in Higher                                  Education (NUFFIC), MA-fellow (University of Leiden)

 

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Götz Nordbruch and Umar Ryad (eds.), Transnational Islam in Interwar Europe: Muslim Activists and Thinkers, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Documents on the German Arms Trade in the Arabian Peninsula: Readings in the A?rchive of Zeki Kiram (Arabic), Cairo: National Archives of Egypt, Documentary Studies Series, no 2, 2011. 2.

“New Episodes in Moroccan Nationalism in the inter-war period: The Influence of Shakib Arslan in the Light of Unpublished Materials”, Journal of North African Studies, vol. 16/1 (March 2011), pp. 117-142.

Islamic reformism and Great Britain: Rashid Rida’s image as reflected in the journal Al-Manar in Cairo,” Islam and Muslim-Christian Relations, vol. 21/3 (2010), pp. 263-286.

Islamic Reformism and Christianity: a Critical Reading of the Works of Muhammad Rashid Rida and his Associates (1898-1935), Leiden: Brill (The History of Christian Muslim Relations), 2009.

All publications
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2016). A German “Illusive Love” - Rashid Rida’s Perceptions of the First World War in the Muslim World . In Erik-Jan Zürcher (Eds.), Jihad and Islam in World War I - STUDIES ON THE OTTOMAN JIHAD ON THE CENTENARY OF SNOUCK HURGRONJE'S "HOLY WAR MADE IN GERMANY" (pp. 305-328) (23 p.). Leiden: Leiden University press.
Ryad, U. (2016). Eschatology between Reason and Revelation: Death and Resurrection in Modern Islamic Theology. In Sebastian Günther, Todd Lawson & Christian Mauder (Eds.), Roads to Paradise - Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam (pp. 1187) (1221 p.). Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Ryad, U. & Frishman, Judith (2016). Islamic and Jewish Legal Traditions. In Josef Meri (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Muslim-Jewish Relations (pp. 155) (177 p.). Routhledge.
Ryad, U. (2016). On his donkey to the mountain of Arafah: Dr Van der Hoog and his Hajj Journey to Mecca. In Umar Ryad (Eds.), The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire E.J. Brill.
Ryad, U. (2016). The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire. (260 p.). Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Ryad, U. (2016). The Hajj and Europe in the Pre-Colonial and Colonial Age. The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire (pp. 1) (13 p.). E.J. Brill.
  2016 - Other output
U. Ryad (07.04.2016) "Contested knowledge, contested authority: The study of Islamic Theology in the Netherlands", Berlin Forum for Muslim Thinking: Uncertain Times – Muslim Answers to Today’s Challenges
U. Ryad (15.04.2016) "Religion as counter-politics in Post-revolutionary Egypt", The Arab Uprisings Five Years Later
U. Ryad (14.03.2016) Mediators of Religious Modernity: European Converts to Islam in Interwar Europe
U. Ryad (16.03.2016) Muslims in interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective
U. Ryad (17.03.2016) Muslims in Interwar Europe: A Transcultural Historical Perspective,” Urban Studies Talks, Center for Urban Studies & Department of Sociology
U. Ryad (14.04.2016) NWO Internationalisering Project
U. Ryad (17.03.2016) Salafism between ‘Progressive Reformism’ and ‘Regressive Radicalism’,” Public Lecture, Department of Sociology & School of Islamic Studies
U. Ryad (22.01.2016) Van progressief naar conservatief: De wortels van het salafisme en ontwikkelingen in Europa
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2015). Ibn Nujaym al-Misri. In D. Thomas & J. Chesworth (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations - A Bibliographical History : Vol. 7 Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America (1500-1600) (pp. 688-692). Leiden: Brill.
Ryad, U. (2015). Ibn Tulun. In D. Thomas & J. Chesworth (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations - A Bibliographical History : Volume 7: Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America (1500-1600) (pp. 637-639). Brill.
Ryad, U., Sajid, M. & Agai, Bekim (2015). Introduction: - Towards a Trans-Cultural History of Muslims in Interwar Europe. Muslims in Interwar Europe - A Transcultural Historical Perspective (pp. 1) (17 p.). 2015: Brill.
Ryad, U. (2015). Muslim Responses to Missionary Literature in Egypt in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. In Douglas Pratt, Jon Hoover & John Chesworth (Eds.), The Character of Christian-Muslim Encounter - Essays in Honour of David Thomas (pp. 288-308). Leiden: Brill.
Sajid, Mehdi, Ryad, Amr & Agai, Bekim (2015). Muslims in Interwar Europe - A transcultural historical perspective. (200 p.). Leiden : Brill.
Ryad, U. (2015). Salafiyya, Ahmadiyya and European Converts to Islam in the Interwar Period. In Agai Bekim, Ryad Umar & Sajid Mehdi (Eds.), Muslims in interwar Europe - A Trans-cultural Historical Perspective (pp. 47-87). Leiden: Brill.
  2015 - Professional publications
Ryad, U. (2015). ‘Heilige Oorlog made in Germany’ - Duitse jihadpropaganda tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. ZemZem, Tijdschrift over het Midden-Oosten, Noord-Afrika en de islam (1), (pp. 8) (13 p.).
  2015 - Other output
U. Ryad (08.05.2015) A Reformist ‘Lighthouse’ in Cairo: Al-Manar’s Early Years and Readership
U. Ryad (01.12.2015) De eerste moskee in Nederland bestaat al 60 jaar
U. Ryad (02.01.2015) Dutch Converts to Islam and the Construction of Mosques in the Interwar Netherlands (read by Mehdi Sajid)
U. Ryad (16.11.2015) Seminar: Muslims in Europe in the Interwar Years
U. Ryad (02.02.2015) Shakib Arslan and Moroccan Nationalism in the interwar Period
U. Ryad (11.03.2015) The Great War and its Legacy in Central Europe and the Middle East: (Re-)Drawing and Contesting Borders, Nations, Identities, and Spaces
U. Ryad (26.02.2015) Zeki Hishmat Bey Kiram: Osmaanse Officier van Sinai front naar Duitsland
  2014 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2014). A Salafi Student, Orientalist Scholarship, and Radio Berlin in Nazi Germany: Taqi al-Din al-Hilali and His Experiences in the West. In U. Ryad & G. Nordbruch (Eds.), Transnational Islam in Interwar Europe: - Muslim Activists and Thinkers (pp. 107-155) (49 p.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ryad, U. (2014). Anti-Imperialism and the Pan-Islamic Movement. In David Motadel (Eds.), Islam and the European Empires (pp. 131-149). Oxford: Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Ryad, U. & Nordbruch, Götz (04.06.2014). Introduction: Toward a Transnational History of Islam and Muslims in Interwar Europe. Transnational Islam in Interwar Europe - Muslim Activists and Thinkers (pp. 1-12) (12 p.). Palgrave Macmillan.
Ryad, U. & Nordbruch, Götz (2014). Transnational Islam in Interwar Europe: Muslim Activists and Thinkers. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  2014 - Popularising publications
Ryad, Umar (2014). ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????. Al-Hilal, (pp. 78-87) (9 p.).
  2014 - Other output
U. Ryad (20.08.2014) "Towards a Trans-Cultural History of Muslim Networks in Interwar Europe," Panel: Neither visitors, nor colonial victims: the history of Muslims in interwar Europe Sponsored by European Research Council (ERC Starting Grant)
U. Ryad (04.09.2014) “Muslims in European interwar history,” Panel: History of Islam – Islamic History – History of the Islamic World?,
U. Ryad (20.08.2014) Discussant: "Linking the Middle East with world history: W.S.Blunt (1840-1922) and his networks revisited" Organized by: Yoshiko Kurita Sponsored by: International Association of Middle Eastern Studies, IAMES
U. Ryad (15.05.2014) Friends or Foes: Rashid Rida and his Christian interlocutors
U. Ryad (04.06.2014) International Conference: Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Philological Encounters Joint International Conference of the research program ZUKUNFTSPHILOLOGIE, the LEIDEN UNIVERSITY CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF ISLAM AND SOCIETY (LUCIS) and the CNRS Paris, in cooperation with LEIDEN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN and the University of Utrecht Convened by Islam Dayeh (Zukunftsphilologie/Freie Universität Berlin) Umar Ryad (University of Utrecht) Pascale Rabault-Feuerhahn (CNRS Paris)
U. Ryad (04.09.2014) Panel: History of Islam – Islamic History – History of the Islamic World? Co-organizer with Albrecht Fuess (Marburg) and Sevket Küçükhüseyin (Erlangen)
U. Ryad (20.08.2014) Panel: Neither visitors, nor colonial victims: the history of Muslims in interwar Europe Sponsored by European Research Council (ERC Starting Grant)
U. Ryad (16.06.2014) Salafiyya, Ahmadiyya and European converts to Islam in the interwar period
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2013). Te gast in Den Haag - discussies moskeebouw in Nederland vóór de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Tijdschrift voor religie, recht en beleid, 4 (2), (pp. 59-78) (20 p.).
  2013 - Other output
U. Ryad (17.05.2013) Arabic, Orientalism and Western diplomacy: Early Orientalist contributions to the Royal Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo
U. Ryad (28.09.2013) Neither Visitors, nor colonial victims: Muslim Political Activities in Interwar Europe
U. Ryad (14.05.2013) On his donkey to the mountain of Arafah: Dr Van der Hoog and his Hajj Journey to Mecca
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, Amr (2012). "??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???": - ????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????? 1898-1935. Al-Mawaqif: Revue académique des études et des recherches sur la société et l'histoire, 7, (pp. 81) (108 p.).
Ryad, U. (2012). Among the believers in the land of the colonizer: Mohammed Ali van Beetem’s role among the Indonesian community in The Netherlands in the interwar period. Journal of Religion in Europe, 5 (2), (pp. 273-310) (38 p.).
  2012 - Popularising publications
Ryad, U. (2012). Absent Conditions: The Dream of Re-establishing the Caliphate facing the Dilemma of Modernity (in Arabic). International Politics
  2012 - Other output
U. Ryad (19.07.2012) A Muslim reformist imagination of Germany before the Nazi period: Rashid Rida and his sources of information as a case study
U. Ryad (14.06.2012) A Salafi Student in Orientalist Philology in Nazi Germany: Taqi al-Din al-Hilali and His Academic Experience in Germany 1930-40
U. Ryad (05.10.2012) Muslim presence and networks in Europe in the interwar and during war period: Questions for further research
U. Ryad (01.09.2012) Putting the Oral Word of Muslim Reform into Print: Al-Manar’s Religious and Political Sermons
U. Ryad (12.12.2012) Salafiyya, Ahmadiyya and European Converts to Islam in the Interwar Period: the Reception of the Conversion of Europeans in Al-Fath magazine in Cairo
U. Ryad (15.11.2012) The forms of Islamic State in the Salafi Islamic Thought after the Arabic Spring
U. Ryad (19.12.2012) The ideological shifts in the thinking of the Muslim Brotherhood
  2011 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2011). Documents on the German Arms Trade in the Arabian Peninsula: Readings in the A?rchive of Zeki Kiram (in Arabic). Cairo: National Archives of Egypt.
Ryad, U. (2011). New Episodes in Moroccan Nationalism in the inter-war period: The Influence of Shakib Arslan in the Light of Unpublished Materials. Journal of North African Studies, 16 (1), (pp. 117-142) (26 p.).
  2011 - Other output
U. Ryad (02.10.2011) A bridge between old and new: the contributions of early Muslim modernists/reformists to the education at al-Azhar in Egypt
U. Ryad (25.01.2011) Among the believers in the land of the colonizer: Mohammed Ali van Beetem’s role among the Indonesian community in the interwar Netherlands
U. Ryad (20.01.2011) Building up an Islamic reformist readership community in South East Asia: Rashid Rida’s influence and Networks in Indonesia
U. Ryad (02.12.2011) The Roots of Pan-Islamist Reformist Admiration towards Germany in the Interwar Period: Rashid Rida and Al-Manar (1898-1935) as a Case Study
  2010 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2010). Heather J. Sharkey’s American Evangelicals in Egypt. Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire. Church History and Religious Culture, 90, (pp. 729-730) (2 p.).
Ryad, U. (2010). Islamic reformism and Great Britain: Rashid Rida’s image as reflected in the journal Al-Manar in Cairo. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 21 (3), (pp. 263-286) (24 p.).
  2010 - Professional publications
Ryad, U. (2010). Vijand en voorbeeld: zending in het Britse protectoraat Egypte. ZemZem, Tijdschrift over het Midden-Oosten, Noord-Afrika en de islam, 6 (2), (pp. 35-43) (9 p.).
  2010 - Other output
U. Ryad (06.05.2010) A Moroccan Salafi Globetrotter in Nazi Germany: The Intellectual and Political Role of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali during World War II
U. Ryad (19.11.2010) A New Light on Islamic Reformism in interwar Holland
U. Ryad (13.12.2010) Fragments of a Global Biography: The Puzzle of the Biography and Network of Zeki Hishmat-Bey Kiram between Berlin, Cairo, and San'aa
U. Ryad (20.07.2010) Mapping Transnational Islam in interwar Europe: Preliminary Research questions
U. Ryad (27.02.2010) New Light on Rashid Rida’s Sources of Knowledge on the West: with a Special Reference to Christianity
U. Ryad (18.12.2010) Private Archives and their Role in the study of Muslim Political Movements in interwar Europe: The Case of Zeki Hishmat-Bey Kiram in Berlin
  2009 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2009). A Prelude to Fiqh al-Aqalliyyât: Rashîd Ridâ’s Fatwâs to Muslims under non-Muslim Rule. In Christiane Timmerman, Johan Leman, Barbara Segaert & H. Roos (Eds.), In-Between Spaces Christian and Muslim Minorities in Transition in Europe and the Middle East (pp. 239-270) (32 p.). Bruxelles: Peter Lang Verlag.
Ryad, U. (2009). Islamic Reformism and Christianity: a Critical Reading of the Works of Muhammad Rashid Rida and his Associates (1898- 1935). Leiden: Brill.
  2009 - Professional publications
  2009 - Other output
U. Ryad (28.05.2009) A Godfather of a Generation: Shakib Arslan’s Influence on Moroccan Nationalism in the light of unpublished materials
U. Ryad (18.04.2009) Islamic Reformism and Great Britain: Rashid Rida’s Images as reflected in Al-Manar Journal in Cairo
  2008 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2008). Aussi éphémère que l’abricot.’ La réponse d’un converti égyptien au christianisme à la publication de l’Evangile de St Barnabé en arabe. In Laure Guirguis (Eds.), Conversions religieuses et mutations politiques. Tares et avatars du communautarisme égyptien (pp. 97-110) (14 p.). Paris: Editions Non Lieu.
Ryad, U. (2008). The Dismissal of A. J. Wensinck from the Royal Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo. In Willem B. Drees & Pieter Sjoerd van Koningsveld (Eds.), The Academic Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe: Religious and Academic Freedom (pp. 91-134) (44 p.). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  2007 - Professional publications
Ryad, U. (2007). De Koran van: Marcoush, Azough en Karacaer. ZemZem, Tijdschrift over het Midden-Oosten, Noord-Afrika en de islam, 3 (2).
Ryad, U. (2007). Van officier in het Ottomaanse leger tot islamitische publicist en wapenhandelaar in Berlijn: Zeki Hishmat Kirâm (1886-1946). ZemZem, Tijdschrift over het Midden-Oosten, Noord-Afrika en de islam, 3 (1), (pp. 74-83) (10 p.).
  2007 - Other output
U. Ryad (06.12.2007) Rashid Rida’s fatwas to Muslims under non-Muslim Role
U. Ryad (27.02.2007) The Dismissal of A.J. Wensinck from the Royal Academy of Arabic in Cairo
  2006 - Scholarly publications
Ryad, U. (2006). Muslim Response to Missionary Activities in Egypt: With a Special Reference to the Al-Azhar High Corps of Ulama. In Heleen Murre-Van den Berg (Eds.), New Faith in Ancient Lands: Western Missions in the Middle East in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (pp. 281-307) (27 p.). Leiden: Brill.
  2006 - Other output
U. Ryad (13.03.2006) An Islamic ‘Lighthouse’ versus Evangelism: Rashid Rida’s Perceptions of Social and Theological Aspects of Mission’
U. Ryad (04.10.2006) Islamic Perspectives on Interreligious Dialogue
  2005 - Other output
U. Ryad (03.12.2005) A printed Muslim ‘Lighthouse’ in Cairo
U. Ryad (28.01.2005) Muslim Response to Missionary Activities in Egypt: With a Special Reference to Al-Azhar High Corps of Ulama
  2003 - Other output
U. Ryad (29.08.2003) Muslim Reactions to Missionary Activities to Missionary literature in Egypt: Variety of Muslim Apologetics during the Late Nineteenth and Early twentieth Centuries
  2002 - Scholarly publications
  0 - Other output
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Recently Ryad has received an ERC Starting Grant (2014–2019) for the project: Neither visitors, nor colonial victims: Muslims in Interwar Europe and European Trans-cultural History. Within this project, a reserach team will study the political, religious and intellectual activities of Muslims as engaged actors in the European and international space. The project team shall hypothesize that histoire croisée (entangled history) is the most appropriate approach to study the encounters and experiences of Muslim actors in interwar Europe from within. By exploring the complex relationship between the historical data and the social, political, theological and cultural patterns of Muslims as a new social structure in interwar Europe, the project will represent a step towards a systematic global approach of Muslim connections in interwar Europe. More historical reflection on Islam in Europe can put the present “fear” for the Islamization of the West into perspective.

Project:
Neither visitors, nor colonial victims: Muslims in Interwar Europe and European Trans-cultural History
01.05.2014 to 01.05.2019
General project description 

No comprehensive attempt has yet been made to cover the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Historians of the modern Middle East underestimate the role of interwar Muslim actors in writing a history of Islam, whereas historians of Europe underestimate their role in intra-European developments. Existing works focus either on the nineteenth-century Muslim travelers, diplomats, students and residents or on the later post-World War II influx of Muslim immigrant workers.


The time span 1918-1945 has been carefully chosen. World War I is chosen as a point of departure, as it was the catalyst in encouraging the migration of Muslims to Europe because of the demands of the war. These Muslim activities and networks ceased by the end of World War II, and re-emerged with the arrival of guest workers in the early 1960s.


Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, this ERC Starting Grant project analyses the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe, broadly defined. How did Muslims in interwar Europe act and interact among each other; and within the European socio-political and cultural context? The project answers this question by studying the intellectual and religio-political roles played by Muslim “intellectual agents” during the interwar years and up until the rest of World War II (1918-1946).


This ERC Starting Grant research argues that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Since such Muslim actors were active in Europe, having intensive contacts with peers across colonial lines, the focus on their activities and networks challenges the long standing historiographical assumptions that ignored their significance for the history of Europe.


We hypothesize that histoire croisée (entangled history) is the most appropriate approach to study the encounters and experiences of Muslim actors in interwar Europe from within. By exploring the complex relationship between the historical data and the social, political, theological and cultural patterns of Muslims as a new social structure in interwar Europe, the study represents a step towards a systematic global approach of Muslim connections in interwar Europe.



The project contributes to our historical conceptualization of Europe itself as much as to our understanding of the contemporary scene of Islam in Europe and the world today, without resorting to a neatly tailored hypothesis. Many Muslim groups in the West nowadays still trace their heritage to the ideas of the great reformers of the early twentieth century. More historical reflection on Islam in Europe can put the present “fear” for the Islamization of the West into perspective.

Role Project Leader & Supervisor
Individual project description

No comprehensive attempt has yet been made to cover the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. Historians of the modern Middle East underestimate the role of interwar Muslim actors in writing a history of Islam, whereas historians of Europe underestimate their role in intra-European developments. Existing works focus either on the nineteenth-century Muslim travelers, diplomats, students and residents or on the later post-World War II influx of Muslim immigrant workers.


The time span 1918-1945 has been carefully chosen. World War I is chosen as a point of departure, as it was the catalyst in encouraging the migration of Muslims to Europe because of the demands of the war. These Muslim activities and networks ceased by the end of World War II, and re-emerged with the arrival of guest workers in the early 1960s.


Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, this ERC Starting Grant project analyses the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe, broadly defined. How did Muslims in interwar Europe act and interact among each other; and within the European socio-political and cultural context? The project answers this question by studying the intellectual and religio-political roles played by Muslim “intellectual agents” during the interwar years and up until the rest of World War II (1918-1946).


This ERC Starting Grant research argues that Muslims in interwar Europe were neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Since such Muslim actors were active in Europe, having intensive contacts with peers across colonial lines, the focus on their activities and networks challenges the long standing historiographical assumptions that ignored their significance for the history of Europe.


As PI I will supervise a reserach team that  will hypothesize that histoire croisée (entangled history) is the most appropriate approach to study the encounters and experiences of Muslim actors in interwar Europe from within. By exploring the complex relationship between the historical data and the social, political, theological and cultural patterns of Muslims as a new social structure in interwar Europe, the study represents a step towards a systematic global approach of Muslim connections in interwar Europe.



The project contributes to our historical conceptualization of Europe itself as much as to our understanding of the contemporary scene of Islam in Europe and the world today, without resorting to a neatly tailored hypothesis. Many Muslim groups in the West nowadays still trace their heritage to the ideas of the great reformers of the early twentieth century. More historical reflection on Islam in Europe can put the present “fear” for the Islamization of the West into perspective.

Funding
EU grant: ERC Starting Grant
Project members UU

Gegenereerd op 2017-09-26 12:59:53
Additional functions and activities

None

Gegenereerd op 2017-09-26 12:59:53
Full name
dr. U. Ryad Contact details
Janskerkhof 13

Janskerkhof 13A
Room 1.15
3512 BL  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 1849
Janskerkhof 2

Janskerkhof 2
Room 1.10
3512 BK  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (department) +31 30 253 3900
E-mail
U.Ryad@uu.nl
Gegenereerd op 2017-09-26 12:59:53
Last updated 13.06.2016