2016 - Scholarly publications
2015 - Scholarly publications
Carmichael, Sarah, Dilli, Selin & Rijpma, Auke (2015). Women in Global Economic History. A History of the Global Economy: From 1500 to the Present Cambridge: University Press.
2014 - Scholarly publications
Carmichael, Sarah, Dilli, Selin & Rijpma, Auke (02.10.2014). Gender Inequality since 1820
. In Auke Rijpma, Jan Luiten van Zanden, Marcel Timmer, Joerg Baten, Marco Mira d'Ercole & Conal Smith (Eds.), How Was Life? Global Well-being since 1820
(pp. 217-248). OECD Publishing.
2014 - Other output
Carmichael, Sarah, Rijpma, Auke & van der Vleuten, Lotte (2014). Child Quantity versus Quality: - Household structure, number of siblings, and educational attainment in the long nineteenth century.
2013 - Other output
Carmichael, S.G., Rijpma, A. & Dilli, S.D. (30.09.2013). Development Versus Legacy: The Relative Role of Development and Historical Legacies in Achieving Gender Equality. CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4411.
2011 - Scholarly publications
Carmichael, S.G., De Moor, T. & van Zanden, J.L. (2011). Introduction
. History of the Family
, 16 (4), (pp. 309-311) (3 p.).
Carmichael, Sarah (2011). Marriage and power: - Age at first marriage and spousal age gap in lesser developed countries. History of the Family, 16 (4).
2011 - Professional publications
Carmichael, S.G., De Moor, T. & van Zanden, J.L. (2011). "When the heart is baked, don't try to knead it." Huwelijksleeftijd en leeftijdsverschil tussen partners als maatstaf van 'agency' van vrouwen. In Th. Engelen, O. Boonstra & A. Janssens (Eds.), Levenslopen in Transformatie; liber amicorum bij het afscheid van prof. dr. Paul M.M. Klep (pp. 208-221) (14 p.). Nijmegen: Valkhof.
0 - Other output
S.G. Carmichael (0). Marriage Patterns, Household Formation and Economic Development. Conference 'Marriage Patterns, Household Formation and Economic Development'.
S.G. Carmichael (0). Since the groundbreaking work of North (1990), institutions are seen as important drivers of economic development. More recently, Acemoglu et al. (2002, 2005) empirically demonstrated the importance of inclusive institutions to explain diverging patterns of global development. Economic history has also taken up this research agenda and consequently institutions now have a key role in the study of development in the very long term. However, much of the research focuses on macro-level, formal institutions (e.g., economic and political institutions that ensure the protection of individual economic freedoms such as property rights). A crucial, but underexplored factor remains: the role of persistent, informal institutions that operate at the micro-level, which have recently be shown to matter for development outcomes (Nunn 2012; Alesina et al. 2013).
A prime example of one such institution is the family, where key economic decisions are made. One strand of literature argues that family plays a role in transmission of norms, beliefs, and values, which matter for economic, political and social outcomes. Another strand of literature, invoking the famous “quantity–quality tradeoff” argument, highlights the link between household structure, namely the number of children and human capital formation (Diebolt and Perrin 2013).
Both the work of Amartya Sen (2001) and the World Bank (2012) highlights women’s agency, the capacity of individuals to make meaningful decisions about their lives, as a key contributor to the development process. Creating equal opportunities for women is important for three reasons: firstly the misallocation of women’s skills has a high economic cost; secondly the control women have over their own lives and resources shapes the next generation in terms of their children’s health, education and nutrition; and lastly because increasing agency of women both at the individual and at the collective level can produce superior institutions and policy outcomes.
The following call for papers is for a two-day conference to take place in Utrecht on 18–20 December 2014. We invite proposals on the long-term relation between development and informal institutions, with a particular focus on family organisation and the decision making power of women, both at the micro and the macro level. Though we focus on the past two centuries, we welcome proposals on all periods. Abstracts should be no longer than 500. The abstracts should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org by 30th of June. a
This conference is by invitation only and is made possible by NWO project,” Agency, Gender, and Economic Development in the World Economy, 1850-2000”. Funding for transport and accommodation is available. Deep Causes of Economic Development Conference.
S.G. Carmichael (0). The History of the Family.