Profile


Dr. R. Strootman is associate professor of history at the University of Utrecht. His research and teaching focus on empire, cultural encounters and globalization in premodern Afro-Eurasia, particularly (but not exclusively) during the Hellenistic period. His research interests further include the history and topography of Istanbul, European identity, and the image of the Orient in Western culture.

Rolf Strootman graduated in history and archaeology at Leiden University, and in cultural heritage and museology at the Amsterdam School of the Arts. In 2007 he received his PhD from the University of Utrecht for a study of the social, ritual, and political dimensions royal courts in the Hellenistic empires. He is the author of After the Achaemenids: Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires, c. 330-64 BCE (2014) and The Birdcage of the Muses: Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305-222 BCE (2016). He is currently based in Los Angeles as a Getty Scholar, examining the role of Iranian elites in the Hellenistic period.

 

Research Interests

World History and premodern Globalization
Eurasian empires in comparative perspective
Court culture and the rituals of royalty
Cultural encounters in the Hellenistic World
History of Alexander the Great and the Seleucid Empire
The cultural history of European warfare
The history and topography of Istanbul

Involved in the following study programme(s)
Scientific expertise
The Persian Empire
Hellenism in the East
The Seleucid Empire
Istanbul
empire
court culture
Alexander the Great
Cleopatra
The Silk Road
Orientalism
Salome
Mythology
The Ottoman Empire
Constantinople
Palmyra, Hatra, Petra

Courts and Elites
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Curriculum vitae

 

2007-present  Associate Professor, University of Utrecht

2011                    Visiting Professor, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

2002-2007       Assistant Professor, University of Utrecht

2001-2002        Assistant Professor, Leiden University

1997-2001         PhD Researcher, Leiden University

1994-1996         Management Assistant, Voorzieningsfonds voor Kunstenaars, The Hague

 

Education

1990-1993      History and Archaeology, Leiden University

1989-1990      Cultural Management, Amsterdam School of the Arts

1986-1989      Museology (Cultural Heritage), Reinwardt Academy, Leiden

 

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Key publications

Strootman, R. (2017). The Birdcage of the Muses - Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305–222 BCE. (179 p.). Leuven: Peeters.

Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). Persianism in Antiquity. (557 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Strootman, R. (2014). Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires: The Near East After the Achaemenids, 330-30 BCE. (344 p.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Strootman, R. (2014). Hellenistic imperialism and the ideal of world unity. In H. Drake & C. Rapp (Eds.), The City in the Classical and Post-Classical World - Changing Contexts of Power and Identity (pp. 38-61) (24 p.). Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Strootman, R. (2011). Kings and cities in the Hellenistic Age. In R. Alston, O. M. van Nijf & C. Williamson (Eds.), Political Culture in the Greek City After the Classical Age (pp. 141-153) (13 p.). Leuven: Peeters.

All publications
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). From Culture to Concept: The Reception and Appropriation of Persia in Antiquity. In M. J. Versluys & R. Strootman (Eds.), Persianism in Antiquity (pp. 7-30) (24 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (2017). Imperial Persianism - Seleukids, Arsakids and Fratarakā. In R. Strootman & M. J. Versluys (Eds.), Persianism in Antiquity (pp. 169-192) (24 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). Persianism in Antiquity. (557 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (2017). The Birdcage of the Muses - Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305–222 BCE. (179 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2016). "The Heroic Company of my Forebears" - The Ancestor Galleries of Antiochos I of Kommagene at Nemrut Dağı and the Role of Royal Women in the Transmission of Hellenistic Kingship. In A. Coşkun & A. McAuley (Eds.), Seleukid Royal Women - Creation, Representation and Distortion of Hellenistic Queenship in the Seleukid Empire (pp. 209-229) (20 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
  2016 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (03.06.2016). Review of P. V. Wheatley and E. Baynham eds., East and West in the World Empire of Alexander (OUP 2015). Bryn Mawr Classical Review, June 2016 (3).
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R., Drijvers, J. W. & Mols, S. T. (2015). Oudheid en Politiek. (110 p.). Hilversum: Uitgeverij Verloren.
Strootman, Rolf (25.03.2015). Seleucid Era. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica (Online) Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16.04.2015). Seleucus I Nicator. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16.04.2015). Seleucus II Callinicus. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16.04.2015). Seleucus III Soter. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16.04.2015). Seleucus IV Philopator. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16.04.2015). The Seleucid Empire. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
  2014 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2014). “Men to whose rapacity neither sea nor mountain sets a limit” - The aims of the Diadochs. In H Hauben & A. Meeus (Eds.), The Age of the Successors and the Creation of the Hellenistic Kingdoms (323–276 B.C) (pp. 307-322) (16 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
Strootman, R. (2014). Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires: The Near East After the Achaemenids, 330-30 BCE. (344 p.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Strootman, R. (2014). Hellenistic imperialism and the ideal of world unity. In H. Drake & C. Rapp (Eds.), The City in the Classical and Post-Classical World - Changing Contexts of Power and Identity (pp. 38-61) (24 p.). Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Strootman, R. (2014). The dawning of a Golden Age: Images of peace and abundance in Alexandrian court poetry in the context of Ptolemaic imperial ideology. In G. Wakker, M.A. Harder & R. Regtuit (Eds.), Hellenistic Poetry in Context. Tenth International Workshop on Hellenistic Poetry, Groningen 25th-27th August 2010 (pp. 325-341) (17 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
Strootman, Rolf (2014). The Serpent Column - The persistent meanings of a pagan relic in Christian and Islamic Constantinople. Material Religion, 10 (4), (pp. 432-451) (19 p.).
Strootman, R. (2014). Van de Hellespont tot India: Cleopatra VII en de “Donaties van Alexandrië”. Lampas, 47 (2), (pp. 120-137) (28 p.).
Strootman, R. (2014). Wedloop tussen oost en west - Bespreking van Ian Morris, Why the West Rules - For Now (2012). Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 127, (pp. 319-321) (3 p.).
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2013). Alexander de Grote en het oosterse koningschap. In D. Burgersdijk, W. F. M. Henkelman & W. Waal (Eds.), Alexander en Darius. De Macedoniër in de spiegel van het Nabije Oosten (pp. 101-114) (14 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). Babylonian, Macedonian, King of the World: The Antiochos Cylinder from Borsippa and Seleukid imperial integration. In E. Stavrianopoulou (Eds.), Shifting Social Imaginaries in the Hellenistic Period: Narrations, Practices, and Images (pp. 67-97) (31 p.). Leiden and Boston: Brill.
Strootman, R. (2013). Bookreview The Ephemeral and the Eternal: The Pavilion of Ptolemy Philadelphos in the Court of Alexandria. BABESCH (Bulletin Antieke Beschaving), 88, (pp. 282-283) (2 p.).
Strootman, R. & Campopiano, M. (2013). De klassieke oudheid in de islamitische wereld. (80 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). Dynastic courts of the Hellenistic Empires. In H. Beck (Eds.), A Companion to Ancient Greek Government (pp. 38-53) (16 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2013). Literature and the kings. In J. Clauss & M. Cuypers (Eds.), A Companion to Hellenistic Literature (2nd edn) (pp. 30-45) (16 p.). Malden and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2013). Mehmet Caesar - De doorwerking van Grieks-Romeinse heerserideologie in het Osmaanse Rijk. In R. Strootman & M. Campopiano (Eds.), De klassieke oudheid in de islamitische wereld (pp. 317-331) (15 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. & van den Eijnde, F. (2013). Odysseus variaties: Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now en de klassieke mythologie. Lampas, 46 (4), (pp. 366-381) (16 p.).
Strootman, R. (2013). Polyphemus in Anatolië - Klassieke en islamitische cultuur in de middeleeuwen. In R. Strootman & M. Campopiano (Eds.), De klassieke oudheid in de Islamitische Wereld (pp. 244-255) (12 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). The Seleukid Empire between Orientalism and Hellenocentrism: Writing the history of Iran in the Third and Second Centuries BCE. Iranian Studies, 11 (1-2), (pp. 17-35) (19 p.).
  2013 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2013). De klassieke wereld in Afrika en Afghanistan. Hermeneus, 85 (1), (pp. 56-61) (6 p.).
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2012). Alexander's Thessalian cavalry. Talanta, 42/43, (pp. 51-67) (17 p.).
Strootman, R. (2012). Bookreview Ancient Empires: from Mesopotamia to the Rise of Islam. Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 55.
  2012 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2012). Achaios. In R. Bagnall, A. Erskine, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 41-42) (2 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Antiochos I Soter. In R. Bagnall, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion, K. Brodersen & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 473-475) (3 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Antiochos III Megas. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 476-479) (4 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Court, Hellenistic. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 1818-1820) (3 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. & Strubbe, J. H. M. (2012). De geschiedenis van Klein-Azië. Een overzicht. Hermeneus, 84 (2), (pp. 57-66) (10 p.).
Strootman, R. (2012). Heliodoros. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 3106-3107) (2 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Laodike, mother of Seleukos III. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 3904) (1 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Seleucids. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.B. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 6119-6125) (7 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  2011 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R., van der Berg, B. & de Jonge, Casper (2011). Alexandrië. Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2011). Alexandrië: een wereldstad. In C. de Jonge, B. van den Berg & R. Strootman (Eds.), Alexandrië (pp. 292-310) (19 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2011). Hellenistic court society: The Seleukid imperial court under Antiochos the Great, 223-187 BCE. In J. Duindam, M, Kunt & T. Artan (Eds.), Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires: A Global Perspective (pp. 63-89) (27 p.). Leiden: Brill.
Strootman, R. (2011). Hippodroom wordt Paardenplein - De wederopstanding van Constantinopel na 1453. In D. Burgersdijk & W. Waal (Eds.), Constantinopel - Een mozaïek van de Byzantijnse metropool (pp. 183-198) (16 p.). Leuven: Peeters, Constantinopel: Mozaïek van kunst en cultuur.
Strootman, R. (2011). Kings and cities in the Hellenistic Age. In R. Alston, O. M. van Nijf & C. Williamson (Eds.), Political Culture in the Greek City After the Classical Age (pp. 141-153) (13 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2011 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2011). Alexandrië: een wereldstad. Lampas, 44 (4), (pp. 293-310) (18 p.).
  2010 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2010). Het verlangen van Alexander de Grote: pothos of propaganda. Groniek, 186, (pp. 5-20) (15 p.).
Strootman, R. (2010). Literature and the Kings. In J.J. Clauss & M. Cuypers (Eds.), A Companion to Hellenistic Literature (pp. 30-45) (15 p.). Oxford & Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2010). Queen of Kings - Cleopatra VII and the Donations of Alexandria. In M. Facella & T. Kaizer (Eds.), Kingdoms and Principalities in the Roman Near East (pp. 140-157) (18 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (25.08.2010). The Golden Age: Images of peace and abundance in Alexandrian court poetry in the context of Ptolemaic imperial ideology. In M. A. Harder, G. C. Wakker & R. F. Regtuit (Eds.), Hellenistic Poetry in Context (17 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2010 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2010). De Zijderoute: het ontstaan van een trans-aziatische verbinding in de Oudheid. Kleio, 2 (Ontdekkingsreizen), (pp. 34-39) (6 p.).
  2010 - Popularising publications
Strootman, R. (2010). De val van Constantinopel (1453): een keerpunt in de geschiedenis?. Kleio, 51 (5), (pp. 8-11) (4 p.).
  2009 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2009). Bookreview The Court and Court Society in Ancient Monarchies. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2009). De ondergang van het Seleukidenrijk. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 122, (pp. 249-251) (3 p.).
  2009 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2009). Koninkrijk Azië: het Seleukidenrijk (312-64 v.Chr.) verdient meer aandacht. Kleio (6), (pp. 4-8) (5 p.).
Strootman, R. (2009). The Hellenistic royal court. Mnemosyne (62), (pp. 168-169) (2 p.).
  2008 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2008). Peter Franz Mittag, Antiochos IV. Epiphanes. Eine politische Biographie. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
  2008 - Popularising publications
Strootman, R. (2008). De gouden kooi: mecenaat van kunst en wetenschappen aan het Ptolemaeïsche hof. Groniek (177), (pp. 23-38) (16 p.).
  2007 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2007). The Hellenistic Royal Courts: Court Culture, Ceremonial and Ideology in Greece, Egypt and the Near East, 336-30 BCE. Utrecht: PhD diss. Universty of Utrecht.
  2006 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2006). The Seleukid Royal Economy. The Finances and Financial Administration of the Seleukid. Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 06.
Strootman, R. (2006). Van wetsgetrouwen en afvalligen. Religieus geweld en culturele verandering in de tijd der Makkabaeen. In B. Becking & G. Rouwhorst (Eds.), Religies in interactie. Jodendom en Christendom in de Oudheid (pp. 79-97) (19 p.). Zoetermeer en Utrecht: Meinema.
  2006 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2006). Kleopatra's kapsel. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 119, (pp. 404-405) (2 p.).
  2005 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2005). De vrienden van de vorst: Het koninklijk hof in de Hellenistische rijken. Lampas, 38 (3), (pp. 184-197) (14 p.).
Strootman, R. (2005). Hellenistische geschiedenis. Lampas, 38 (3), (pp. 280-285) (6 p.).
Strootman, R. (2005). Kings against Celts: Deliverance from barbarians as a theme in Hellenistic royal propaganda. In K.A.E. Enenkel & I.L. Pfeijffer (Eds.), The Manipulative Mode. Political Propaganda in Antiquity (pp. 101-141) (41 p.). Leiden: Brill.
  2005 - Professional publications
Strootman, R. (2005). Alexander de Grote: held of hufter?. Aanzet, 21 (2), (pp. 38-42) (5 p.).
  2005 - Popularising publications
Strootman, R. (2005). Gekroonde goden. Hellenistische vorsten van Alexander tot Kleopatra. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  2004 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2004). Alexander de Grote. Lampas, 37 (5), (pp. 385-391) (7 p.).
Strootman, R. (2004). Bookreview Massnahmen der Herrschaftssicherung bei Alexander dem Grossen. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2004). Bookreview The Roman War of Antiochos the Great. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2004). Mithridates Eupator. Mnemosyne, 47, (pp. 203-507) (305 p.).
  2002 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2002). De vrouwelijke koning. Machtige vrouwen in de hellenistische vorstendommen, 323-31 v.Chr. Groniek, 36 (158/159), (pp. 45-62) (18 p.).
  2001 - Scholarly publications
Strootman, R. (2001). Mecenaat aan de hellenistische hoven. Lampas, 34 (3), (pp. 187-203) (17 p.).
 
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Gegenereerd op 2017-09-21 21:37:36
Project:
Royal Roads: The First World Empires and the Origin of the Silk Road, c. 550–150 BCE
01.09.2016 to 29.06.2019
General project description 

How were big, ‘supranational’ empires held together? Premodern empires—extensive composite systems of control and exploitation, created through conquest and characterized by political and cultural diversity—compared to modern nation states seem delicate political systems that are under constant pressure from centrifugal forces and always in danger of becoming overextended. Yet seen from the perspective of world history, empires, together with cities, arguably were the most enduring, most successful state forms in history before the rise of the West (if indeed ‘states’ they were).


The ‘Global Turn’ in present-day historical research compels the ancient historian to understand political and cultural developments from a broader, Afro-Eurasian perspective. This challenge has been taken up more enthusiastically by Roman historians—who have begun to reinterpret the relationship between Roman imperialism and Mediterranean cultural exchanges in the light of globalization theory—than by historians of the Achaemenid Empire and Hellenistic World. But the Central-Eurasian interconnectedness that emerged in the Persian and subsequent Hellenistic periods arguably surpassed Roman ‘globalization’ both in terms of geographical scope and long-term impact. In addition, the ‘Imperial Turn’ in current historical studies has opened up new perspectives on the Persian and Macedonian empires: no longer to be seen as bounded, centralized nation states avant la lettre, these universalistic empires too are now open for reconsideration as negotiated enterprises and ever-shifting networks of various local and imperial interest groups.


Until the western European maritime powers rose to global dominance after c. 1750 CE, the main routes of interaction that connected the civilizational cores of Asia, Europe and Africa followed an east-west direction via land (in addition to the Indian Ocean system of maritime connectivity). Although peoples, goods and ideas had always moved around most parts of Afro-Eurasia, it was specifically in the second half of the First Millennium BCE that the intricate web of connected cities, known today as the ‘Silk Road’, emerged as an enduring network of long-distance interaction from China to the Mediterranean.


Working from the premise that in premodern Eurasia ‘supranational’ empire and inter-regional connectivity are mutually reinforcing, it is my contention that the institutionalization of a trans-Eurasian system of exchange and its accompanying, more or less standardized, modes of intercultural communication originated with the 500-year long political, and to a significant degree also cultural, integration of the urbanized core regions of Central Eurasia in a single hegemonic system overseen by Persian and later Macedonian dynasties, linking the Mediterranean directly to Central Asia and India from c. 550 to 150 BCE. The last centuries of the period under scrutiny moreover saw the emergence of the first Chinese empire (under the Qin and then Han dynasties) as well as the first imperial unification of the northeastern steppe belt by the nomadic confederacy of the Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu). In short, in understanding premodern Eurasian ‘globalization’, empire is key. But how exactly did the first world empires succeed in integrating disparate communities and elites into a single political system over such vast geographical distances? 

Role Researcher Funding
Utrecht University
Project members UU

Gegenereerd op 2017-09-21 21:37:36
Currently dr. Rolf Strootman teaches the following course(s):
CodeDescriptionF/PLevelECTS
GKRMV16011 Ges-The Hellenistic World V M 5.0
GE2V16007 Ges-Het Osmaanse Rijk V 2 7.5
GE2V14012 Ges-Mythologie V 2 7.5
Gegenereerd op 2017-09-21 21:37:36
Full name
dr. R. Strootman Contact details
Drift 10

Drift 10
Room 2.15
3512 BS  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Drift 6

Drift 6
Room 2.15
3512 BS  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6480
Gegenereerd op 2017-09-21 21:37:36
Last updated 20.09.2017