Mr. dr. Liesbeth Enneking
L.F.H.Enneking@uu.nl
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45


Profile

Between August 2006 and May 2017, Liesbeth Enneking worked in various capacities (PhD Candidate, postdoctoral researcher, assistant professor and associate professor) for the Molengraaff Institute for Private Law and the Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law of Utrecht University. In May 2012, she obtained her doctorate for a PhD on the role that Western society systems of tort law may play in promoting international corporate social responsibility and accountability. The focus of her research has been on the contemporary socio-legal trend towards ‘foreign direct liability claims’: transnational civil liability claims brought before Western society courts against multinational corporations for the detrimental impacts of their activities on people and planet in developing host countries. Over the past ten years, she has published a variety of articles in international and Dutch refereed journals as well as a number of books on this topical subject.

In her capacity as legal expert, Enneking has been actively involved in legal and socio-political debates on corporate social responsibility, fair trade, and business & human rights. She frequently gives presentations at conferences and research seminars in the Netherlands and abroad, and is regularly consulted on legal and policy issues within her field of expertise. In June 2012, she cooperated with a number of other Dutch legal experts in drafting and filing an amicus curiae brief with the US Supreme Court in the highly significant case of Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum. She has taken part in a variety of (multidisciplinary) research projects, the majority of which have been externally funded by organisations such as the European Commission, the Dutch Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Security & Justice, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the AXA Research Fund. During the 2015-2016 academic year, she held a rotating professorship position at the University of Leuven’s Department of Law, a position funded by the Belgian/Dutch Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (TPR).

Liesbeth Enneking currently holds a Special Chair on the Legal Aspects of International Corporate Social Responsibility at the Erasmus School of Law (Erasmus University, Rotterdam).

 

Involved in the following study programme(s)

Inaugural lecture TPR Rotating Chair KU Leuven, May 2016

Inaugural lecture TPR Rotating Chair KU Leuven, May 2016

Radio interview, October 2012

Public defense PhD thesis, with supervisors Prof. M.L. Lennarts and Prof. I. Giesen, Utrecht University, May 2012
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45
Key publications

Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). The future of foreign direct liability? Exploring the international relevance of the Dutch Shell Nigeria case. Utrecht Law Review, 10 (1), (pp. 44-54) (10 p.).

Enneking, L.F.H. (2010). Aansprakelijkheid via 'foreign direct liability claims' - Den Haag is weer even de 'Legal capital of the world'. Nederlands Juristenblad, 85 (7), (pp. 400-407) (8 p.).

Enneking, L.F.H. (2009). Crossing the Atlantic? The political and legal feasibility of European foreign direct liability cases. The George Washington International Law Review, 40 (4), (pp. 903-941) (38 p.).

Enneking, L.F.H. (2008). The common denominator of the Trafigura Case, Foreign Direct Liability Cases and the Rome II Regulation. European Review of Private Law, 16 (2), (pp. 283-312) (29 p.).

All publications
  2016
Enneking, L.F.H., Kristen, F.G.H., Pijl, K.C.I., Waterbolk, T.A., Emaus, J.M., Hiel, M.F.J., Giesen, I. & Schaap, A.L.M. (07.07.2016). Zorgplichten van Nederlandse ondernemingen inzake internationaal maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen - Een rechtsvergelijkend en empirisch onderzoek naar de stand van zaken van het Nederlandse recht in het licht van de UN Guiding Principles. (708 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
  2014
Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). Civiele aansprakelijkheid voor (dreigende) milieuschade in een internationale context - Over de rol van het civiele aansprakelijkheidsrecht bij het bevorderen van mondiale duurzaamheid. In N. Teesing (Eds.), Duurzame handel in juridisch perspectief (pp. 33-65) (32 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). Civielrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid voor (internationaal) maatschappelijk onverantwoord ondernemen - Verschuivende grenzen tussen publiek en privaat. In Ivo Giesen, Jessy Emaus & Liesbeth Enneking (Eds.), Verantwoordelijkheid, aansprakelijkheid en privatisering van publieke taken (pp. 201-223) (22 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
Giesen, Ivo, Emaus, Jessy & Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). Publiek wordt privaat: een tussenstand in zeven vragen. In Ivo Giesen, Jessy Emaus & Liesbeth Enneking (Eds.), Verantwoordelijkheid, aansprakelijkheid en privatisering van publieke taken (pp. 307-321). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
Enneking, Liesbeth & de Jong, Elbert (13.06.2014). Regulering van onzekere risico’s via public interest litigation?. Nederlands Juristenblad, 2014 (23), (pp. 1542-1551).
Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). The future of foreign direct liability? Exploring the international relevance of the Dutch Shell Nigeria case. Utrecht Law Review, 10 (1), (pp. 44-54) (10 p.).
Emaus, Jessy, Enneking, Liesbeth & Giesen, Ivo (2014). Verantwoordelijkheid en aansprakelijkheid bij privatisering van publieke taken: een aanzet tot debat. In Ivo Giesen, Jessy Emaus & Liesbeth Enneking (Eds.), Verantwoordelijkheid, aansprakelijkheid en privatisering van publieke taken (pp. 17-34) (18 p.). Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
Giesen, Ivo, Emaus, Jessy & Enneking, Liesbeth (2014). Verantwoordelijkheid, aansprakelijkheid en privatisering van publieke taken. (321 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
  2013
Rijnhout, R., Engelhard, E.F.D., Giesen, I., Enneking, L.F.H., Emaus, J.M., van der Heijden, M.J.C., de Jong, E.R., Keirse, A.L.M., van Kessel, L.C.W.M., de Kezel, E.N.F.M., Koning, I., Kruisinga, S.A., Kulk, S. & Paijmans, B.M. (2013). Beweging in het aansprakelijkheidsrecht. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Burgerlijk Recht, 5, (pp. 171-184) (14 p.).
Enneking, L.F.H., Giesen, I. & Rijnhout, R. (2013). Bewijswaardering en psychologische inzichten. In W.H. van Boom, I. Giesen & A.J. Verheij (Eds.), Capita Civilologie (pp. 1017-1085) (69 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
Enneking, Liesbeth (31.01.2013). Deur voor meer claims tegen multinationals 'op een kier'. NRC Handelsblad
Giesen, I., Rijnhout, R. & Enneking, L.F.H. (2013). Een ontmoeting tussen psychologie en aansprakelijkheidsrecht: het anchoring effect. Ars aequi, 12, (pp. 904-905) (2 p.).
Enneking, Liesbeth (31.01.2013). Multinationals, een beetje opletten nu. NRC NEXT
Giesen, I., Kristen, F.G.H., Enneking, L.F.H. & van Lent, L. (2013). Nawoord. Nederlands Juristenblad, 20, (pp. 1334) (1 p.).
Giesen, I., Kristen, F.G.H., Enneking, L.F.H. & van Lent, L. (2013). Op weg naar een nieuwe wrakingsprocedure: meer legitimiteit en minder oneigenlijk gebruik. Nederlands Juristenblad, 8, (pp. 466-476) (11 p.).
Enneking, L.F.H. (2013). Zorgplichten van multinationals in Nederland - 'Second best' zo slecht nog niet?. Nederlands Juristenblad, 12, (pp. 744-750) (7 p.).
  2012
Giesen, I., Kristen, F.G.H., Enneking, L.F.H., de Kezel, E.N.F.M., van Lent, L. & Willemsen, P.A. (2012). De wrakingsprocedure. Een rechtsvergelijkend onderzoek naar de mogelijkheden tot herziening van de Nederlandse wrakingsprocedure. (178 p.). Den Haag: SDU.
Enneking, L.F.H. (2012). Multinational corporations, human rights violations and a 1789 US statute. Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht, 3, (pp. 396-400) (5 p.).
L.F.H. Enneking (29.11.2012) Multinationals and transparency in foreign direct liability cases: The prospects of obtaining evidence under the Dutch civil procedural regime on document disclosure’
Enneking, L.F.H. (31.10.2012). Multinationals opereren in niemandsland. NRC Handelsblad
L.F.H. Enneking (01.11.2012) Multinationals opereren in niemandsland
Enneking, L.F.H. (11.10.2012). Nigerian farmers sue Shell in The Hague. Deutsche Welle
L.F.H. Enneking (27.03.2012) Private law enforcement of corporate responsibility for human rights violations
Enneking, L.F.H. (2012). Slachtoffers van Shell voeren een ongelijke strijd. Down to Earth Magazine, 3 (5), (pp. 8-9).
Enneking, L.F.H. (10.10.2012). Vervuiling Nigeria hier voor de rechter - Vier slachtoffers van de olievervuiling in Nigeria klagen Shell aan voor een Nederlandse rechter. Dat is voor het eerst.. NRC Handelsblad
  2011
L.F.H. Enneking (19.05.2011) Het Incident Probo Koala: Civiele Claims Ivorianen in Nederland Kansrijk?
Enneking, L.F.H. (27.01.2011). Nigeria: Dutch Lawmakers Grill Shell Over Operations in the Country. Daily Trust Abuja
  2010
Enneking, L.F.H. (2010). Aansprakelijkheid via 'foreign direct liability claims' - Den Haag is weer even de 'Legal capital of the world'. Nederlands Juristenblad, 85 (7), (pp. 400-407) (8 p.).
  2009
Enneking, L.F.H. (2009). Crossing the Atlantic? The political and legal feasibility of European foreign direct liability cases. The George Washington International Law Review, 40 (4), (pp. 903-941) (38 p.).
  2008
Enneking, L.F.H. (2008). The common denominator of the Trafigura Case, Foreign Direct Liability Cases and the Rome II Regulation. European Review of Private Law, 16 (2), (pp. 283-312) (29 p.).
  2007
Enneking, L.F.H. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: tot aan de grens en niet verder? Over de regulering vanuit Nederland van de activiteiten van Nederlandse multinationale concerns in gastlanden; foreign direct liability and beyond. (187 p.). Utrecht: Wetenschapswinkel Rechten, Universiteit Utrecht.
  0
L.F.H. Enneking () Internationaal ondernemen, maatschappelijke verantwoordelijkheden en aansprakelijkheid’
L.F.H. Enneking () Nederlandse rechtszaak tegen Shell van groot internationaal juridisch belang
L.F.H. Enneking () When oil is spilled and contaminates people’s lands and waters, who is to blame?
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Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45
Project:
Corporate rule of law responsibility
02.01.2017 to 01.07.2019
General project description 

The ‘Corporate Rule of Law Responsibility’ (CRLR) project is part of the ‘resilient societies’ research theme of the Faculty of Law Economics and Governance, funded by the 2016 Research Impulse Fund. Within this research theme, studies focus on the shifting roles of, and relations between, various actors in a changing and challenging society. This shift requires resilient rule of law mechanisms, to prevent and redress violations of fundamental rights such as human rights. The CRLR project looks at corporations which, through globalization and privatization, have taken in dominant positions in present-day society. Through these positions, corporations run the risk of having adverse impacts on human rights.


Awareness about the possibilities of corporations to become involved in human rights violations has resulted in various governance mechanisms proposed to address these risks. These include, for example, 'naming and shaming' activities by civil society organizations, voluntary codes, corporate social responsibility (CSR) efforts, reporting obligations as well as calls to extend the jurisdiction of the international criminal court to include legal persons. Yet little empirical data is available on whether such efforts would actually change corporate behavior and/or prevent corporate contributions to the violation of human rights. Our aim is to close this gap in knowledge by investigating the effectiveness of governance mechanisms on corporate multinational activity.  


With an initial duration of 2,5 years, the CRLR project will conduct research on the empirical effects of legal and non-legal regulation of large multinational businesses. Taking an empirical approach, the project draws on legal, economic and governance theories and is explicitly interdisciplinary. The first stage of the project consists of a study into reputational damage as a regulatory mechanism for corporate (involvement in) human rights violations. In terms of impact, the aim is to develop high-quality research and add to (inter)national policy debates on how existing legal and non-legal mechanisms can be made (more) effective, making adequate use of existing forces & incentives within corporations. 


 

Role Researcher Funding
Utrecht University: The project in financed by the faculty of Law, Economics and Governance
Project members UU

Completed projects

Project:
Corporate accountability and transnational litigation: new risks, new strategies? 01.01.2015 to 01.07.2017
General project description

Ucall-researcher Liesbeth Enneking has been awarded a post-doctoral fellowship grant by the AXA Research Fund for a research project on the increased risk for internationally operating business enterprises of being held accountable for harm caused to people and planet in the course of their worldwide activities.


In this project, which will run until July 2017, Enneking will consider the contemporary trend towards foreign direct liability cases (transnational civil liability procedures against multinational corporations before courts in Western societies for violations of environmental and human rights norms perpetrated abroad), which has been her main subject of study over the past few years, from a novel angle.


By combining a comparative law approach with an empirical approach to the subject and by putting the focus on the corporate perspective, she aims to provide through this project a better insight into the consequences of this trend for the business actors involved and thus also for the investment climate of the countries in which they are located.

 
Role Project Leader & Researcher Funding
External funding
Project members UU
Project:
Business & Human Rights challenges for cross-border litigation in the European Union 01.09.2014 to 31.12.2016
General project description

Ucall researcher Liesbeth Enneking is taking part in a research project on access to remedies in the EU Member States for individuals and communities who have suffered harm as a result of the activities of EU-based corporations outside the EU, which is funded by the European Commission (DG Justice). The project is set against the background of two current developments:


1. A growing tendency in Western societies around the world towards civil liability suits against internationally operating business enterprises in response to harm caused to people and planet in host countries as a result of their corporate activities there;


2. The growing political, societal and legal momentum created by the UN ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ policy framework on Business & Human Rights and the accompanying Guiding Principles.


In this project, titled “Business & Human Rights challenges for cross-border litigation in the European Union”, Enneking joins forces with an international team of experts in this field from Spain, the UK, Austria, the Czech Republic and the Netherlands. Within the project, which will run until the end of 2016, she is in charge of coordinating the workstream on applicable law.


For more information, see the project website.

 
Role Researcher Funding
EU grant
Project members UU
Project:
Duties of care of Dutch business enterprises with respect to international corporate social responsibility 01.12.2014 to 18.12.2015
General project description

Sneakers, fuel, coffee, smartphones. Many of (the commodities for) our daily products are being produced abroad. Sometimes this takes place under conditions, which in the Netherlands we would consider unacceptable. This raises ethical, political and legal questions. What is the scope of the social responsibility of the Western society-based internationally operating business enterprises that have these products manufactured in less developed countries, often at low cost, and put them on the
market here? Are they under an obligation to prevent their own activities, or those of their local subsidiaries or suppliers, to cause damage to people and the planet in the host States involved? And if such damage does arise, under what circumstances can these internationally operating business enterprises be held liable for this before courts in their Western society home States?


This report explores in what way and to what extent a duty of care of Dutch business enterprises with regard to international corporate social responsibility has been laid down or applied in Dutch legislation and/or case law, and to what extent the present state of affairs relates to both the UN Guiding Principles and the state of affairs in our neighbouring countries. This study was carried out by researchers of the Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL), commissioned by the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), at the request of the Directorate for Legislation and Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Security & Justice and the Directorate Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Pursuant to the commission, the study describes the legal status quo and does not contain any recommendations.

 
Role Project Leader
Individual project description

Sneakers, fuel, coffee, smartphones. Many of (the commodities for) our daily products are being produced abroad. Sometimes this takes place under conditions, which in the Netherlands we would consider unacceptable. This raises ethical, political and legal questions. What is the scope of the social responsibility of the Western society-based internationally operating business enterprises that have these products manufactured in less developed countries, often at low cost, and put them on the
market here? Are they under an obligation to prevent their own activities, or those of their local subsidiaries or suppliers, to cause damage to people and the planet in the host States involved? And if such damage does arise, under what circumstances can these internationally operating business enterprises be held liable for this before courts in their Western society home States?


This report explores in what way and to what extent a duty of care of Dutch business enterprises with regard to international corporate social responsibility has been laid down or applied in Dutch legislation and/or case law, and to what extent the present state of affairs relates to both the UN Guiding Principles and the state of affairs in our neighbouring countries. This study was carried out by researchers of the Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL), commissioned by the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), at the request of the Directorate for Legislation and Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Security & Justice and the Directorate Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Pursuant to the commission, the study describes the legal status quo and does not contain any recommendations.

Funding
External funding: This study was commissioned by the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), at the request of the Dutch Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Security & Justice
Project members UU
External project members:
  • Kinanya Pijl
  • Marjosse Hiel
Project:
Citizenship 3.0 – Towards a new understanding of the role of citizens in our 21st century society 01.01.2013 to 01.07.2015
General project description

The vitality and sustainability of institutions are under constant pressure in a globalizing world. This does not only call for changes within these institutions themselves, but also for new roles for citizens. In a series of seminars, Utrecht University’s interdisciplinary research group ‘Institutions: Understanding the Dynamics of Open Societies’ aims to critically address the new functions, roles and challenges for citizens in the 21st century in terms of responding to some of the many problems they are facing (e.g. poverty, unemployment, housing problems, welfare decline and socio-economic problems, financial crisis, global environmental crisis) and the development of political, social and economic democracy. The seminars are organized in cooperation with and under the aegis of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) in Amsterdam.


Each seminar is designed as a multidisciplinary event and will focus on a different dimension of Citizenship 3.0, viz. Cooperation, Participation, and Governance. The focus of the first dimension, Cooperation, was on the growing prevalence of informal, horizontal forms of cooperation by active, self-organizing citizens who seek to promote the collective interests of the participants in the absence of any government intervention. The Participation dimension focused on the new and increasingly direct ways in which groups of citizens are participating in democratic processes with a view to influencing governmental policies so as to further their interests. In the Governance dimension, the focus will be on the growing role for citizens, whether individually or collectively, when it comes to protecting or promoting public interests in a more institutionalized manner.


The final conference of the Citizen 3.0-project will take place on March 13, 2015. For more information, see: http://www.uu.nl/en/events/citizenship-30

 
Role Project Leader & Researcher Funding
External funding
Project members UU
Project:
Grant proposal 'Burgerschap 3.0 – Naar een integrale visie op de rol van de burger in de 21e eeuw' 01.08.2012 to 30.09.2012
General project description

Grant proposal for the 'Open Grenzen' subsidy scheme of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

 
Role Researcher Funding
Other grant (government funding): Kenniscentrum Instituties van de Open Samenleving (UU)
Project members UU
Project:
Multinationals en Transparantie 01.02.2012 to 31.07.2012
General project description

Een analyse van enige juridische en niet-juridische instrumenten voor het verkrijgen van meer transparantie ten aanzien van multinationals en (de schadelijke effecten van) hun grensoverschrijdende activiteiten

 
Role Researcher Funding
External funding: Amnesty International, Stichting Onderzoek Multinationale Ondernemingen
Project members UU
Project:
De wrakingsprocedure 01.01.2012 to 30.06.2012
General project description

Comparative legal research into the possibilities for review of the Dutch procedure on disqualification of judges


http://www.rechtspraak.nl/Organisatie/Publicaties-En-Brochures/Researchmemoranda/Documents/RM-2012-5.pdf

 
Role Researcher Funding
External funding: Dutch Council for the Judiciary
Project members UU
Project:
Ondernemingen en mensenrechtenschendingen 01.12.2011 to 29.02.2012
General project description

Mogelijkheden en obstakels naar Nederlands recht bij het aansprakelijk stellen van multinationale bedrijven voor extraterritoriale mensenrechten- en milieuschendingen

 
Role Researcher Funding
External funding: Amnesty International, Stichting Onderzoek Multinationale Ondernemingen
Project members UU
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45
  • Guest lectures on legal aspects of corporate social responsibility and accountability in an international context
  • Co-promotor PhD research project 'Extraterritorial jurisdiction in Business & Human Rights litigation'
  • Supervision of Master's theses and Legal Research Master projects 
  • Course coordinator and lecturer Private International Law (period 4 academic year 2013-2014)
  • Course coordinator and lecturer Private International Law (period 4 academic year 2012-2013)
  • Lecturer Property Law (period 4 academic year 2011-2012) 
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45
Full name
Mr. dr. L.F.H. Enneking Contact details
Janskerkhof

Janskerkhof 12
Room V.102
3512 BL  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 7196
Phone number (department) +31 30 253 7153
Fax +31 30 253 7203
Postal address
Janskerkhof 12
3512 BL    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-19 16:42:45
Last updated 18.09.2017