Joost Zwarts is affiliated as assistant professor to the Department of Languages, Literature and Communication. He teaches in the bachelor and research master Linguistics in the area of semantics and pragmatics. His research also lies in that domain.


Involved in the following study programme(s)
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-26 08:54:36
All publications
Le Bruyn, B.S.W., de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2017). Bare nominals. In Mark Aronoff (Eds.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Zwarts, J. (2016). Formele semantiek. Een inleiding in de formele analyse van betekenis. Tijdschrift Voor Nederlandse Taal-en Letterkunde, 132 (1). Bijdrage aan Platform Boekbeoordelingen.
Le Bruyn, Bert, de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, Joost (2016). From HAVE to HAVE verbs - relations and incorporation. Lingua, 182, (pp. 49-68).
Goldschmidt, A. & Zwarts, J. (2016). Hitting the nail on the head: Force vectors in verb semantics. In Mary Moroney, Carol-Rose Little, Jacob Collard & Dan Burgdorf (Eds.), Proceedings of SALT 26 - Proceedings of the 26th Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference, held at the University of Texas at Austin May 12-15, 2016 (pp. 433-450). Linguistic Society of America.
Zwarts, J. & Gärdenfors, Peter (2016). Locative and Directional Prepositions in Conceptual Spaces: The Role of Polar Convexity. Journal of Logic, Language and Information, 25 (1), (pp. 109-138).
Zwarts, J. (2016). Ways of going 'back': a case study in spatial direction. In Matthew Faytak, Matthew Goss, Nicholas Baier, John Merrill, Kelsey Neely, Erin Donnelly & Jevon Heath (Eds.), Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society - Space and Directionality in Language (pp. 425-443). Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Zwarts, J. (17.04.2015). Conceptual spaces, features, and word meanings - The case of Dutch shirts. In Frank Zenker & Peter Gärdenfors (Eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces - The Case for Geometric Knowledge Representation (pp. 57-78). Dordrecht: Springer.
Zwarts, J. (01.10.2015). Out of Phase: Form-Meaning Mismatches in the Prepositional Phrase. In Ida Toivonen, Piroska Csúri & Emile van der Zee (Eds.), Structures in the Mind: Essays on Language, Music, and Cognition in Honor of Ray Jackendoff (pp. 63-78). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Zwarts, Joost, Aguilar Guevara, Ana & Le Bruyn, Bert (2014). Advances in weak referentiality. In A. Aguilar Guevara, B. Le Bruyn & J. Zwarts (Eds.), Weak Referentiality (pp. 1-16). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Linguistics Today series.
Zwarts, Joost (2014). Directionele PP's als predicaten (of niet). Nederlandse taalkunde, 19 (2), (pp. 255-275).
Zwarts, Joost (2014). Functional frames in the interpretation of weak nominals. In Ana Aguilar-Guevara, Bert Le Bruyn & Joost Zwarts (Eds.), Weak Referentiality (pp. 265-286). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Zwarts, Joost, Aguilar Guevara, Ana & Le Bruyn, Bert (2014). Weak Referentiality. (390 p.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Linguistics Today series.
Boogaart, R.J.U. & Zwarts, J. (2013). Discussie constructie-morfologie: Inleiding. Nederlandse taalkunde, 17 (2), (pp. 250-252) (3 p.).
Zwarts, J. (2013). From N to N: The anatomy of a construction. Linguistics and Philosophy, 36 (1), (pp. 65-90) (26 p.).
Le Bruyn, B.S.W., de Swart, H. & Zwarts, J. (03.05.2013). 'Have', 'with' and 'without'. In T Snider (Eds.), Proceedings of SALT 23 (pp. 535-548) (14 p.). Ithaca, NY: eLanguage, SALT 23.
Zwarts, J. (2013). Lidwoord weg: kale nomina in een absolute constructie. Nederlandse taalkunde, 18 (2), (pp. 222-227) (6 p.).
Le Bruyn, B.S.W., de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2013). Quantificational prepositions. In T. Graf, D. Paperno, A. Szabolcsi & J. Tellings (Eds.), Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan (pp. 187-196) (10 p.). Los Angeles: UCLA Working Papers in Linguistics.
Aguilar Guevara, A. & Zwarts, J. (2013). Weak definites refer to kinds. Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes, 42, (pp. 33-60) (28 p.).
Winter, Y.S. & Zwarts, J. (2011). Event semantics and abstract categorial grammar. In M. Kanazawa & M. Kracht (Eds.), The Mathematics of Language 12 (pp. 174-191) (18 p.). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer, 12th Biennial Meeting on Mathematics in Language.
Blom, C., de Groote, P., Winter, Y.S. & Zwarts, J. (19.12.2011). Implicit Arguments: Event Modification or Option Type Categories?. In M. Aloni, V. Kimmelman, F. Roelofsen, G.W. Sassoon, K. Schulz & M. Westera (Eds.), Logic, Language and Meaning: 18th Amsterdam Colloquium (pp. 240-250) (11 p.). Berlin: Springer, 18th Amsterdam Colloquium.
Lestrade, S., Schepper, K. & Zwarts, J. (2011). The distribution of labor between adpositions and case within complex spatial PPs. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung - STUF, 64 (3), (pp. 256-274) (19 p.).
Aguilar Guevara, A. & Zwarts, J. (2011). Weak definites and reference to kinds. In D. Lutz & N. Li (Eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory XX Cornell: CLC Publications.
Zwarts, J. (2010). A hierarchy of locations. Linguistics, 48 (5), (pp. 983-1009) (27 p.).
Zwarts, J. (2010). Author's Reply - Getting to the Points of a Semantic Map. Linguistic Discovery, 8 (1), (pp. 398-399) (2 p.).
Zwarts, J. (2010). Commentary on de Haan - Can Semantic Maps Be Built Purely Bottom-up?. Linguistic Discovery, 8 (1), (pp. 123-124) (2 p.).
Hendriks, P., de Hoop, H., Kraemer, I., de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2010). Conflicts in Interpretation. (192 p.). Londen: Equinox Publishing.
Zwarts, J. (2010). Forceful prepositions. In V. Evans & P. Chilton (Eds.), Language, Cognition and Space: The State of the Art and New Directions (pp. 193-214) (22 p.). London: Equinox Publishing.
Claessen, C.M. & Zwarts, J. (2010). On the Dutch directional particle heen. In N.J. van Kampen & R.W.F. Nouwen (Eds.), Linguistics in the Netherlands 2010 (pp. 31-43) (13 p.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Zwarts, J. (2010). Semantic map geometry: Two approaches. Linguistic Discovery, 8 (1), (pp. 377-395) (19 p.).
de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2009). Less form - more meaning: why bare singular nouns are special. Lingua, 119, (pp. 280-295) (16 p.).
Schepper, K. & Zwarts, J. (2009). Modal geometry: Remarks on the structure of a modal map. In L. Hogeweg & H. de Hoop (Eds.), Cross-linguistic Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality (pp. 245-269) (25 p.). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2009). Optimization principles in the typology of number and articles. In B. Heine & H. Narrog (Eds.), Handbook of linguistic analysis (pp. 555-581) (27 p.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zwarts, J., Hogeweg, L., Lestrade, S. & Malchukov, A. (2009). Semantic markedness in gender opposition, blocking and fossilization. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung - STUF, 62 (4), (pp. 325-343) (19 p.).
de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2008). Article use across languages: an OT typology. In Atle gronn (Eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 12 (pp. 628-644) (17 p.). Oslo: Department of Literature, Area Studies and European Languages, University of Oslo..
Zwarts, J. (2008). Aspects of a typology of direction. In S. Rothstein (Eds.), Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics of Aspect (pp. 79-106) (28 p.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Zwarts, J. & de Hoop, H. (2008). Case in formal semantics. In A. Malchukov & A. Spencer (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Case (pp. 170-181) (12 p.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zwarts, J. (2008). Commentary on Croft and Poole, Inferring universals from grammatical variation: Multidimensional scaling for typological analysis. Theoretical Linguistics, 34 (1), (pp. 67-73) (7 p.).
Asbury, A.R., Gehrke, B., van Riemsdijk, H. & Zwarts, J. (2008). Introduction: Syntax and semantics of spatial P. In A. Asbury, J. Dotlacil, B. Gehrke & R. Nouwen (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics of Spatial P (pp. 1-32) (32 p.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Zwarts, J. (2008). Priorities in the production of prepositions. In A. Asbury & J. Dotlacil (Eds.), Syntax and semantics of spatial P (pp. 85-102) (18 p.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
de Swart, H.E., Winter, Y. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Bare nominals and reference to capacities. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 25 (1), (pp. 195-222) (28 p.).
Zwarts, J., Bouma, G. & Kraemer, I. (2007). Cognitive foundations of interpretation. Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen.
Bouma, G., Hendriks, P., de Hoop, H., Kramer, I.M., de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Conflicts in interpretation. In G. Bouma, I. Kraemer & J. Zwarts (Eds.), Cognitive foundations of interpretation (pp. 39-68) (30 p.). Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen.
Bouma, G., Kraemer, I. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Introduction: Interactions in interpretation. In G. Bouma & I. Kraemer (Eds.), Cognitive foundations of interpretation (pp. 1-4) (4 p.). Amsterdam: Koninklijke Nederlandse Academie van Wetenschappen.
Corver, N.F.M., Doetjes, J.S. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Lingua 117.5. Special issue 'Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions'. (30 p.). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Corver, N.F.M., Doetjes, J. & Zwarts, J. (2007). Linguistic perspectives on numerical expressions: Introduction. Lingua, 117 (5), (pp. 751-758) (8 p.).
Zwarts, J. (2007). Semantic maps voor vogelnamen in Brabantse dialecten. Taal en tongval. Themanummer, 20, (pp. 63-82) (20 p.).
Zwarts, J. & de Swart, H.E. (2006). Interpretation as conflict resolution. Ilha do desterro, 47, (pp. 97-128) (32 p.).
Zwarts, J. (2006). Om en rond: een semantische vergelijking. Nederlandse taalkunde, 11 (2), (pp. 101-123) (23 p.).
Corver, N.F.M. & Zwarts, J. (2006). Prepositional numerals. Lingua, 116 (6), (pp. 811-835) (25 p.).
de Swart, H.E., Winter, Y.S. & Zwarts, J. (2005). Bare predicate nominals in Dutch. In E. Maier & C. Bary (Eds.), Proceedings of SuB9 (pp. 446-460) (15 p.). Nijmegen: NCS.
Zwarts, J. (2005). Comparative paths to an optimal interpretation. In E. Maier & C. Bary (Eds.), Proceedings of SuB9 (pp. 553-563) (11 p.). Nijmegen: NCS.
Zwarts, J. & van Eijck, J. (2005). Formal Concept Analysis and Prototypes. In W. Kuhn & M. Raubal (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on the Potential of Cognitive Semantics for Formal Ontologies (FOIS 2004) Muenster: University of Muenster.
Zwarts, J. (2005). Prepositional Aspect and the Algebra of Paths. Linguistics and Philosophy, 28 (6), (pp. 739-779) (41 p.).
de Swart, H.E., Winter, Y.S. & Zwarts, J. (2005). Properties, sets, and the interpretation of predicate nominals. In E. Maier & C. Bary (Eds.), Proceedings of Sinn & Bedeutung 9 (pp. 446-460) (15 p.). Nijmegen: NCS.
Zwarts, J. (2004). Competition between word meanings: the polysemy of (a)round. In C. Meier & M. Weisgerber (Eds.), Proceedings of sub8-Sinn und Bedeutung (pp. 349-360) (12 p.). Konstanz: University of Konstanz Linguistics Working Papers.
de Swart, H.E. & Zwarts, J. (2004). Interpretation as conflict resolution. Artificial intelligence preprint series, 45.
Zwarts, J. (2004). The Phonology of Endo: A Southern Nilotic Language of Kenya. Munchen: LINCOM GmbH.
Zwarts, J. (2004) Visiting researcher University of Konstanz
Zwarts, J. (2003). Paths round a prototype. In P Saint-Dizier (Eds.), The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions (pp. 228-238) (11 p.). Toulouse: IRIT.
Zwarts, J. (2003). Vectors across spatial domains: from place to size, orientation, shape and parts. In E van der Zee (Eds.), Representing Direction in Language and Space (pp. 39-68) (30 p.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Winter, Y.S. & Zwarts, J. (1998). A semantic characterization of locative PPs. In A. Lawson (Eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 7 (pp. 294-311) (18 p.). Ithaca: CLC Publications.
^ top
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-26 08:54:36

Completed projects

Weak Referentiality: Bare nominals at the interface of lexicon, syntax and semantics 01.09.2008 to 01.09.2012
General project description

Articles and bare nominals are often in complementary distribution. English tolerates bare plurals and bare mass nouns (buy apples, drink milk), but not generally bare count singulars (*buy book), except in special configurations like at school, in bed, without anchor), in which the bare nominal is not so much to refer to a concrete individual, but rather to describe properties, types, conventional situations, etc. The use of articles in such weakly referential constructions is often variable within one language (be chair of the committee vs. be a professor), as well as across languages (be a professor - être professeur). The project works out three complementary questions in relation to the distribution and meaning of weakly referential expressions:

(i) weakly referential nominals: lexicon and constructions. Research on classes of nouns and weakly referential configurations.

(ii) Weakly referential nominals: meaning and comprehension. Online/offline experimental investigation on the way in which weakly referential nominals are understood.

(iii) Cross-linguistic distribution of weakly referential nominals. Corpus research on different languages and parallel corpora (English, Romance, Germanic) provides the data for projects (i) and (ii), as well as the generalizations that support information extraction, computer aided translation and natural language processing.


Role Researcher Funding
Other grant (government funding)
Project members UU
Conflicts in Interpretation 30.07.2002 to 31.12.2006
General project description

This project was a collaboration between the universities of Groningen (Petra Hendriks), Nijmegen (Helen de Hoop) and Utrecht (Henriette de Swart). It aimed at the further development of semantic research in Optimality Theory, as initiated by Hendriks & de Hoop (2001) and de Hoop & de Swart (2000). It ultimately developed into a broad range of applications of bidirectional Optimality Theory from lexicon to discourse, with implications for the syntax-semantics interface, typology, language acquisition and a new perspective on language in higher cogntion in Hendriks, Kramer, de Hoop, de Swart & Zwarts (2010).

Role Researcher Funding
Other grant (government funding)
Project members UU
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-26 08:54:37
Currently dr. Joost Zwarts teaches the following course(s):
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-26 08:54:37
Full name
dr. J. Zwarts Contact details

Trans 10
Room 2.14
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6057
Phone number (department) +31 30 253 8132
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-26 08:54:37
Last updated 06.09.2018