Joske Graat LLM
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Joske Graat started as a PhD Candidate at Utrecht University in January 2015. Her research focuses on the protection of citizens against arbitrary interferences with their legal position in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. She is attached to the Utrecht Centre for Regulation and Enforcement in Europe (RENFORCE).

Prior to starting her PhD research, Joske worked as a lecturer in criminal law for the University of Utrecht. Furthermore, as a junior researcher she spent six months conducting comparative research on International- and European regulations concerning whistleblower protection as well as on the national whistleblower legislation of Luxembourg, the USA, the UK, Slovenia and Romania.

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Curriculum vitae

Joske completed her European Law School Bachelor at Maastricht University in 2011. In 2013, she graduated (cum laude) from the Criminal Law Master at Utrecht University. In her final thesis she pleads for a review of the Dutch system of suspension of pretrial detention in the light of article 5 ECHR and the European Framework Decision on alternatives for pretrial detention.

During her studies Joske was a member of several associations among which the European Law Student Association Maastricht of which she was a board member for half a year. As a member of the association Utrecht University Model United Nations she participated in the Model United Nations Conferences of Cambridge and Harvard. Furthermore, she did an internship at the European Chamber of Criminal Law of the Court of Amsterdam, the Ministry of Security and Justice and the Law Office Franken, Zuur, van Kampen en Croes (FZKC).

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All publications
  2017 - Books
Luchtman, M.J.J.P., Vervaele, J.A.E., Graat, J.J.M., Scholten, M., Simonato, Michele, Alldridge, Peter, Ligeti, Katalin, Allegrezza, Silvia, Tricot, Juliette, Robinson, Gavin, Błachucki, Mateusz, Böse, Martin, Schneider, Anne & Nowak, Celina (02.05.2017). Investigatory powers and procedural safeguards - Improving OLAF’s legislative framework through a comparison with other EU law enforcement authorities (ECN/ESMA/ECB). (360 p.). Utrecht: Utrecht University.
  2017 - Book parts / chapters
Oude Breuil, B.C.M., van Uhm, D.P., Graat, J.J.M., Hendrikse, M.L. & Hendrikse, Tineke (2017). Dutch Report, The Netherlands. In Tony Marguery (Eds.), Mutual Trust Under Pressure, Transferring of Prisoners in the EU - Transfer of Judgements of Conviction in the European Union and the Respect for Individual's Fundamental Rights (pp. 177-248) (51 p.). Oisterwijk: Wolf Legal Publishers, Part IV.
  2016 - Articles
Graat, J.J.M. (2016). Bescherming van EU-burgers tegen niet voorzienbare strafrechtelijke vervolgingen in de Ruimte van Vrijheid, Veiligheid en Recht. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Europees recht, 2016 (4), (pp. 141-147).
  2016 - Websites / portals
  2015 - Book parts / chapters
Graat, J.J.M. & van Duursen, M.W.V. (2015). The Tolerance of Intolerance - An evaluation of the scope of Articles 137c and 137d of the Dutch Criminal Code. In F. de Jong, J.A.E. Vervaele, M.M. Boone, C. Kelk, F.A.M.M. Koenraadt, F.G.H. Kristen, D. Rozenblit & E. Sikkema (Eds.), Overarching Views of Crime and Deviancy - Rethinking the Legacy of the Utrecht School (pp. 253 -270). The Hague: Eleven international publishing.
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Besides her PhD research on EU citizenship in the European criminal justice area, Joske is also interested in the influence of the ECHR and the EU on national criminal law and national criminal procedural law.

Citizenship in the EU criminal justice area: Defining the legal position of citizens under mutual recognition instruments
15.01.2015 to 15.05.2019
General project description 

The project addresses the relation between  citizenship and the principle of mutual recognition in criminal matters. It seeks to explore if and how  citizens are currently protected against arbitrary and discriminatory interferences of their rights and duties in the transnational Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. This project will analyze and map the state of the art of  citizenship under mutual recognition instruments and, from thereon, aims to deliver a contribution to the concept and scope of  citizenship in the area of criminal justice. In order to achieve this, it takes a comparative approach.

Role Researcher Funding
Utrecht University
Project members UU

Completed projects

Investigatory powers and procedural safeguards: Improving OLAF’s legislative framework through a comparison with other EU law enforcement authorities 08.03.2016 to 31.03.2017
General project description

This project aims to analyse and improve OLAF’s legislative framework for the gathering of information and evidence (investigative stage). It makes a comparison with other EU bodies with comparable tasks (European Competition Network/ECN, the European Central Bank/ECB, and the European Securities and Markets Authority/ESMA). By analysing and comparing the interaction between EU law and national law in six Member States (the Netherlands, Germany, France, UK, Italy, Poland), it will answer the question of whether there is a need to recalibrate the OLAF legislative framework, including the incorporation of procedural safeguards. 

Role Researcher Funding
EU grant: European Commission/OLAF
Project members UU
External project members:
  • prof. Martin Böse - University of Bonn
  • dr. Anne Schneider - University of Bonn
  • prof. Peter Alldridge - Queen Mary - University of London
  • prof. Juliette Tricot - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - Paris
  • prof. Silvia Allegrezza - University of Luxembourg
  • dr. Celina Nowak - Kozminski University - Warsaw
  • Prof. Katalin Ligeti - University of Luxembourg
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Additional functions and activities

Joske is a member of the research school Ius Commune. She is also a Solicitation Editor for the Utrecht Journal of International and European Law.

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Full name
J.J.M. Graat LLM Contact details

Newtonlaan 201
Room 3A.40/42
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 5923
Postal address
Newtonlaan 201
3584 BH    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
Gegenereerd op 2018-09-24 00:20:32
Last updated 06.02.2018