Prof. mr. Janneke Gerards
j.h.gerards@uu.nl
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:57


Chair
Fundamental rights law
Date of appointment 01.04.2016
Profile

The research conducted by Janneke Gerards focuses on fundamental rights, equal treatment law, judicial review and constitutional law. The interrelation of the European Convention on Human Rights, EU law and national law plays a central role in her research. She has published extensively on topics such as the argumentative strategies of supranational courts, the future effectiveness of the European Court of Human Rights, the development of fundamental rights by the Court of Justice of the European Union, and general notions and principles of fundamental rights law. Janneke Gerards is also Dean of the Legal Research Master of Utrecht University.

Janneke Gerards has worked previously at the universities of Maastricht, Leiden and Nijmegen. Since 2015 she is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her activities outside the university include being a deputy Judge in the Appeals Court of The Hague, a membership of the Human Rights Commission of the Dutch Advisory Council on International Affairs and a membership of the Socio-Econonomic Council.

Together with Antoine Buyse and Pauline de Morree, Janneke Gerards has developed a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on human rights in open societies; see www.coursera.org/learn/humanrights.

 

 

 

 

Strategic themes / Focus areas
Involved in the following study programme(s)
Legal Research Onderzoeksmaster
Scientific expertise
Fundamental Rights. ECHR. EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Judicial review.
Constitutional law
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:57
Curriculum vitae

Janneke Gerards (1976) graduated from Maastricht University, the Netherlands, in 1998, with a specialisation in constitutional and administrative law. After graduation, she worked at the Department of Public Law of Maastricht University as a junior researcher and assistant professor. In 2002, she stayed at the University of Michigan (United States) as a visiting researcher. From 2003 until 2011, Janneke Gerards was affiliated to the Public Law Institute of Leiden University, the Netherlands, first as associate professor and as from 2005 as full professor of constitutional and administrative law. From 2011 until 2016, she worked at the Radboud University Nijmegen, first as research professor of fundamental rights law and then as professor of European Law and head of the department of International and European Law.

 

Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:57

English language publications Janneke Gerards

Books and edited volumes

S. Greer, J.H. Gerards and R. Slowe, Human rights in the Council of Europe and the European Union: Achievements, Trends and Challenges (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)

J.H. Gerards and E. Brems, Procedural review in European fundamental rights cases (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017)

E. Brems & J.H. Gerards (eds.), Shaping Rights in the ECHR: The Role of the European Court of Human Rights in Determining the Scope of Human Rights (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2014), 378 pp.

J.H. Gerards & J.W.A. Fleuren (eds.), Implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights and of the judgments of the ECtHR in national case law. A comparative analysis (Antwerp: Intersentia 2014), 385 pp.

J.H. Gerards, A.W. Heringa & H.L. Janssen, Genetic discrimination and genetic privacy in comparative perspective (Antwerp/Oxford/New York: Intersentia 2005), 241 pp.

J.H. Gerards, Judicial Review in Equal Treatment Cases, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers2005 (English translation of dissertation), 774 pp.

Journal articles and book chapters

The Paradox of the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Court of Human Rights’ Transformative Power’, 4 Kutafin University Law Review 2017 (2) pp 315-334

‘The European Court of Human Rights’, in A. Jákab, A. Dyevre and G. Itzcovich (eds.), Comparative Constitutional Reasoning (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017) pp. 237-276

(with Lize Glas), ‘Access to justice in the European Convention on Human Rights system’, 35 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 2017 (1) pp. 11-30

‘Procedural review by the ECtHR – a typology’, in J.H. Gerards and E. Brems, Procedural review in European fundamental rights cases (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press) pp. 127-160

The Irrelevance of the Netherlands Constitution, and the Impossibility of Changing It’, 77 Revue Interdisciplinaire d’Études Juridiques (2016)(2) pp. 207-233

‘The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine, the Very Weighty Reasons Test and Grounds of Discrimination’, in: M. Balboni (ed.), The principle of discrimination and the European Convention of Human Rights (Editoriale Scientifica, forthcoming)

‘The Netherlands’, in P. Popelier and S. Lambrechts (eds), Criticism of the European Court of Human Rights. Shifting the Convention System: Counter-dynamics at the National and EU Level (Antwerp, Intersentia, 2016) pp. 327-360

‘Who decides on fundamental rights issues in Europe? – Toward a mechanism to coordinate the roles of the national courts, the ECJ and the ECtHR’, in S. Weatherill and S. de Vries (eds), Five years legally binding EU Charter of Fundamental Rights - What is the state of play in the protection of fundamental Rights in the EU? (Oxford, Hart, 2015) pp. 47-74

‘Diverging Fundamental Rights Standards and the Role of the European Court of Human Rights’, in M. Claes & M. De Visser, Constructing European Constitutional Law (Oxford: Hart, forthcoming), http://ssrn.com/abstract=2344626

‘The ECtHR’s response to fundamental rights issues related to financial and economic difficulties – the problem of compartmentalisation’, 33 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 2015 (3) pp. 274-292

Advisory opinions, preliminary rulings and the new Protocol No. 16 to the European Convention of Human Rights - a comparative and critical appraisal’, 21 Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2014 (4) pp. 630-651

Inadmissibility decisions by the European Court of Human Rights – A critique of the lack of reasoning’, 14 Human Rights Law Review 2014 (1) pp. 148-158

The European Court of Human Rights and the national courts – giving shape to the notion of ‘shared responsibility’, in: J.H. Gerards & J.W.A. Fleuren (eds.), Implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights and of the judgments of the ECtHR in national case law. A comparative analysis (Antwerp: Intersentia 2014) pp. 13-94

(with J.W.A. Fleuren), ‘The Netherlands’, in: J.H. Gerards & J.W.A. Fleuren (eds.), Implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights and of the judgments of the ECtHR in national case law. A comparative analysis (Antwerp: Intersentia 2014) pp. 217-260

‘The scope of ECHR rights and institutional concerns – the relationship between proliferation of rights and the caseload of the ECtHR’, in: E. Brems & J.H. Gerards (eds.), Shaping Rights in the ECHR: The Role of the European Court of Human Rights in Determining the Scope of Human Rights (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2014) pp. 84-106

How to Improve the Necessity Test of the European Court of Human Rights?’, 11 International Journal of Constitutional Law 2013 (2) pp. 466-490

The discrimination grounds of Article 14 ECHR’, 13 Human Rights Law Review 2013 (1), pp. 99-124

‘Judicial minimalism and “dependency”: interpretation of the European Convention in a pluralist Europe’, in: M. van Roosmalen et al. (eds.), Fundamental rights and Principles (Antwerp: Intersentia 2013) pp. 73-92

The prism of fundamental rights’, 8 European Constitutional Law Review 2012 (2) pp. 173-202

Judicial argumentation in fundamental rights cases – the EU courts’ challenge’, in: U. Neergaard & R. Nielsen (eds.), European Legal Method – in a Multi-Level EU Legal Order (Copenhagen: DJØF Publishing 2012) pp. 27-69

‘The pilot judgment procedure before the European Court of Human Rights as an instrument for dialogue’, in: M. Claes et al. (eds.), Constitutional Conversations in Europe (Antwerp: Intersentia 2012) pp. 371-397, also via http://ssrn.com/abstract=1924806

(with M. Claes), ‘National report – The Netherlands’, in: J. Laffranque (ed.), The Protection of Fundamental Rights Post-Lisbon: The Interaction between the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Convention on Human Rights and National Constitutions, Reports of the XXV FIDE Congress Tallinn, Vol. 1 (Tartu: Tartu University Press 2012) pp. 613-677

Pluralism, Deference and the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine’, 17 European Law Journal 2011 (1) pp. 80-120

Judicial Deliberations in the European Court of Human Rights’, in: N. Huls, M. Adams and J. Bomhoff (eds.), The Legitimacy of Highest Courts’ Rulings. Judicial Deliberations and Beyond (The Hague: T.M.C Asser Press 2009) pp. 407-436

(with H.C.K. Senden), ‘The structure of fundamental rights and the European Court of Human Rights’, 7 International Journal of Constitutional Law 2009 (4) pp. 619-653

Fundamental rights and other interests – should it really make a difference?’, in: E. Brems (ed.), Conflicts between Fundamental Rights (Antwerp: Intersentia 2008) pp. 655-690

Grounds of Discrimination’, in: M. Bell and D. Schiek (eds.), Ius Commune Case Books for a Common Law of Europe – Non-Discrimination (Oxford: Hart 2007) pp. 33-184

‘‘Hard Cases’ in the Law’, in: A. in’t Groen et al. (eds.), Ferment of Knowledge. Dilemmas in Science, Scholarship and Society (Leiden: Leiden University Press 2007)

(with H.L. Janssen), ‘Regulation of genetic and other health information in a comparative perspective’, 13 European Journal of Health Law 2006, pp. 339-398

‘Implementation of the Article 13 Directives in Dutch Equal Treatment Legislation’, 13 Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 2006 (3) pp. 291-309

‘Protocol No. 12 – The Dutch Debate’, in: S. Lagoutte (ed.), Prohibition of Discrimination in the Nordic Countries: The Complicated Fate of Protocol No. 12 of the European Convention on Human RightsProceedings from the Nordic Round Table on ECHR Protocol No. 12 in the Nordic Countries, held in Copenhagen on the 13th and 14th of December 2004 (Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Human Rights 2005) pp. 37-57

 ‘Equality as Legal Argument’, in: A. Peczenik et al. (eds.), IVR Encyclopaedia of Jurisprudence, Legal Theory and Philosophy of Lawhttp://www.ivr-enc.info/en/article.php?id=21 (2005)

Intensity of Judicial Review in Equal Treatment Cases’Netherlands International Law Review 2004, pp. 135-183

The Application of Article 14 ECHR by the European Court of Human Rights’, in: Chopin, I. and Niessen, J. (eds.), The Development of Legal Instruments to Combat Racism in a Diverse Europe (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2004) pp. 3-60

Non-peer reviewed publications in English

‘Procedural review: a solution for the European Court of Human Rights’ problems?’, Montaigne Centre Blog 1 mei 2017

The transformative power of the European Court of Human Rights’, Treaties of Nijmegen Medal 2016 – the European Court of Human Rights (Nijmegen, November 2016)

J.H. Gerards, L.R. Glas and M.P. Beijer, European Fundamental Rights Cases (Nijmegen, Ars Aequi Publishers 2014)

J.H. Gerards and A.B. Terlouw, ‘Solutions for the European Court of Human Rights: The Amicus Curiae Project’ in: S. Flogaitis, T. Zwart & J. Fraser (eds.), The European Court of Human Rights and its Discontents: Turning Criticism into Strength (London: Edward Elgar UK 2013) pp. 158-182

‘Proportionality Review in European Law’, in: A. Peczenik and others (eds.), IVR Encyclopaedia of Jurisprudence, Legal Theory and Philosophy of Lawhttp://ivr-enc.info/index.php?title=Proportionality_review_in_European_law (2009)

 

 

Key publications

Gerards, J.H. (29.03.2017). Grondrechten onder spanning - Fundamentele rechten in een complexe samenleving. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrecht.

Gerards, Janneke & Brems, Eva (2017). Procedural review in European fundamental rights cases. (287 p.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerards, J.H. & Glas, L.R. (2017). Access to justice in the Convention on Rights system. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 35 (1), (pp. 11-30).

Gerards, J.H. (2016). The Irrelevance of the Netherlands Constitution, and the Impossibility of Changing It. Revue Interdisciplinaire d'Etudes Juridiques , 77 (2), (pp. 207-233).

Gerards, J.H. (2016). De rechtskracht van niet-bindende uitspraken van verdragscomités op het terrein van de grondrechten. In J.H. Gerards, M.W. Scheltema & A.R. Neerhof (Eds.), Hybride bestuursrecht - Preadviezen Vereniging voor Bestuursrecht (VAR) (pp. 11-85). Den Haag: Boom Juridisch.

Gerards, J.H. (2016). Artikel 1 Grondwet – Goede gronden voor wijziging?. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Mensenrechten, 41 (3), (pp. 304-318).

All publications
  2017 - Articles
Gerards, J.H. & Glas, L.R. (2017). Access to justice in the Convention on Rights system. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 35 (1), (pp. 11-30).
Gerards, J.H. (2017). De donkere kant van de doe-democratie. Binnenlands Bestuur, 2017 (22), (pp. 20-23).
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Impact Handvest Grondrechten EU groter dan voorzien. Advocatenblad, 2017 (4), (pp. 54-57).
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Noot bij HvJ EU 14 maart 2017, C-157/15, ECLI:EU:C:2017:203, Achbita t. G4S Solutions en bij HvJ EU 14 maart 2017, zaak C-188/15, ECLI:EU:C:2017:204, Bougnaoui t. Micropole. European Human Rights Cases, 2017 (6), (pp. 314-319).
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Protocol 16 EVRM: advisering door het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens. Tijdschrift voor Constitutioneel Recht, 8 (4), (pp. 307-322).
  2017 - Book parts / chapters
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Procedural review by the ECtHR – a typology. In Janneke Gerards & Eva Brems (Eds.), Procedural review in European fundamental rights cases (pp. 127-160). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gerards, J.H. (2017). The European Court of Human Rights. In Andras Jakab, Arthur Dyevre & Giulo Itzcovich (Eds.), Comparative Constitutional Reasoning (pp. 237-277). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2017 - Inaugural speech
Gerards, J.H. (29.03.2017). Grondrechten onder spanning - Fundamentele rechten in een complexe samenleving. Utrecht: Universiteit Utrecht.
  2017 - Book editorship
Gerards, Janneke & Brems, Eva (2017). Procedural review in European fundamental rights cases. (287 p.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2017 - Reports
  2017 - Annotations
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Annotatie bij EHRM 24 januari 2017, Khamtokhu en Aksenchik t. Rusland.
Gerards, J.H. (2017). Charles Gard t. het Verenigd Koninkrijk, EHRM 27 juni 2017 (ontv.).
  2017 - Websites / portals
  2016 - Articles
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Artikel 1 Grondwet – Goede gronden voor wijziging?. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Mensenrechten, 41 (3), (pp. 304-318).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). The Irrelevance of the Netherlands Constitution, and the Impossibility of Changing It. Revue Interdisciplinaire d'Etudes Juridiques , 77 (2), (pp. 207-233).
  2016 - Book parts / chapters
Gerards, J.H. (2016). De rechtskracht van niet-bindende uitspraken van verdragscomités op het terrein van de grondrechten. In J.H. Gerards, M.W. Scheltema & A.R. Neerhof (Eds.), Hybride bestuursrecht - Preadviezen Vereniging voor Bestuursrecht (VAR) (pp. 11-85). Den Haag: Boom Juridisch.
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Levensbericht Thijmen Koopmans. Levensberichten en herdenkingen 2016 (pp. 37-46). Amsterdam: KNAW.
Huijbers, L.M. & Gerards, J.H. (2016). Procedurele toetsing. In Rolf Ortlep, Frank Groothuijse, Jeroen Kiewiet & Remco Nehmelman (Eds.), De rechter onder vuur (pp. 191-212). Oisterwijk: Wolf Legal Publishers.
Gerards, J.H. (2016). The Netherlands: Political Dynamics, Institutional Robustness. In Patricia Popelier & Sarah Lambrechts (Eds.), Criticism of the European Court of Human Rights - Shifting the Convention System: Counter-dynamics at the National and EU Level (pp. 326-360). Antwerp: Intersentia.
  2016 - Book editorship
Gerards, J.H., Scheltema, M.W. & Neerhof, A.R. (2016). Hybride bestuursrecht - Preadviezen. (320 p.). Den Haag: Boom Juridische Uitgevers.
  2016 - Annotations
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij EHRM 16 februari 2016 (Ärtztekammer für Wien and Dorner t. Oostenrijk). (15 p.).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij EHRM 22 maart 2016 (Sousa Goucha t. Portugal). (12 p.).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij EHRM 23 februari 2016 (Garib t. Nederland). (18 p.).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij EHRM 3 december 2015 (Mytilinaios en Kostakis t. Griekenland). (10 p.).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij EHRM 6 oktober 2015 (Müdür Duman t. Turkije). (7 p.).
Gerards, J.H. (2016). Annotatie bij HvJ EU 18 februari 2016 (Bank Mellat). (21 p.).

 

^ top
Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:58
Project:
Interaction between courts and other institutions
01.09.2017 to 02.03.2020
General project description 

In moderne staatssystemen gaan we ervan uit dat er een soort ‘feedback loop’ bestaat tussen de staatsinstellingen. Zou de wetgever bijvoorbeeld een wet maken die niet verenigbaar is met een internationale verdragsbepaling, dan moet de rechter die wet herinterpreteren of zelfs buiten toepassing laten. Vervolgens is het aan de wetgever om daarop te reageren, bijvoorbeeld door de wet aan te passen of een nieuwe wet te introduceren. Die zou de rechter weer kunnen beoordelen op verenigbaarheid met verdragen, enzovoort. Het punt is alleen dat we niet weten of in de praktijk deze wisselwerking zo soepel verloopt als we veronderstellen. We weten vooral erg weinig van de terugkoppeling van de rechter naar andere staatsinstellingen. De rechter doet een uitspraak, maar wat gebeurt er dan?


Hoe raakt ‘de wetgever’ of ‘het bestuursorgaan’ daarvan op de hoogte? Wie zijn ‘de wetgever’ en ‘het bestuursorgaan’ eigenlijk? En hoe verloopt het proces als zij eenmaal kennis hebben gekregen? Welke factoren maken dat wel of niet wijzigingen worden doorgevoerd, en leren de staatsinstellingen van hun verbeterprocessen van de toekomst? Hoe kunnen tekortkomingen in de wisselwerking worden opgelost? Dit is het soort vragen dat het project wil beantwoorden. 

Role Researcher Funding
Other grant (government funding): Fund statesman Thorbecke, Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences
Project members UU

Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:58
Additional functions and activities

Present additional functions/activities

  • Deputy Judge in the Court of Appeals of The Hague (about 6 cases per year)
  • Member of the Board of the Study- and Documentation Center on Human Rights (SIM) [Stichting Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten (SIM)]
  • Member of the Human Rights Commission of the Advisory Council for International Affairs [Adviesraad internationale vraagstukken (AIV)]
  • Member of the Board of Editors of the Netherlands Journal for Human Rights [Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Mensenrechten / NJCM-Bulletin] (independent law journal)
  • Member of the Advisory Council for the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (SAGE)
  • Member of the Advisory Council for the European Yearbook of Constitutional Law (independent law journal, to be established)
  • Member of the Advisory Council of Rechtstreeks (independent law journal established by the Council for the Judiciary)
  • Editor-in-Chief of European Human Rights Cases (Sdu Publishers)
  • Correspondent on human rights for the Netherlands Law Journal [Nederlands Juristenblad]
  • Member of the Book Council of Ars Aequi Legal Publishers (Constitutional and Administrative Law)
  • Member of the Jury for the NJV-Prize (two-yearly prize for best Dutch-language article and case-note, Dutch Law Association)
  • Member of the Jury for the KNAW Education Prize (prize for the best high school research project; 2016)
  • Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences [Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW)]
  • Member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences [Koninklijke Hollandsche Maatschappij van Wetenschappen]
  • Member of various professional associations (Dutch Law Association; Association of the Comparative Study of The Netherlands and Belgium; Constitutional Law Circle; Netherlands Association for European Law; Association for Adminitrative Law)
  • Member Netherlands Law Committee for Human Rights

Previous additional functions/activities

  • Chair Ad-hoc advisory commission on language in higher education (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), upon the request of the secretary of state for Education)
  • Member of the Advisory Commission on the Future of Legal Aid in the Netherlands (established by the Ministry of Security and Justice on the request of the Senate; 2015)
  • Member of the Government Commission on the Dutch Constitution [Staatscommissie Grondwet] (established by the Dutch government to study and advise on various proposals relating to constitutional change in the Netherlands; 2009-2010)
  • Member of the Board of the Dutch Law Association [Nederlandse Juristenvereniging (NJV)] (2007-2011)
  • Editor-in-Chief Netherlands Journal for Constitutional Law [Tijdschrift voor Constitutioneel Recht]
  • Editor-in-Chief of the Netherlands Yearbook on Equal Treatment Law [Oordelenbundel] (2006-2009)
  • Secretary to the board of European Human Rights Cases (Sdu Publishers) (2000-2003)
  • Case reporter to Jurisprudentie Bestuursrecht (Sdu Publishers) (1999-2001)
  • Member of The Young Academy [De Jonge Akademie] (part of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW); 2005-2010; president from 2007-2009)
  • Member of the Advisory Committee for the external evaluation of the Dutch General Equal Treatment Act (2005-2006)
  • Member of the ad hoc advisory committee of the Advisory Commission on Immigration Affairs [Adviescommissie Vreemdelingenzaken] (2004-2005)
  • Member of the Constitutional Law working group of the Dutch section of the International Commission of Jurists (NJCM) (2004-2006)
  • Member of the Jury for the Grondwetstrijd (prize for best innovative proposal to amend the Dutch Constitution, issued by the Academy for Legislation and the Ministery of Internal Affairs (Academie voor Wetgeving; Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken; 2013-2014)
  • Member of the Jury for the Max van der Stoel Human Rights Dissertation Prize (issued by the Netherlands School for Human Rights Research – best dissertation and best master’s thesis in the field of human rights in the Netherlands and Flanders; 2011-2014)
  • Member of NWO selection committees (Vidi 2013-2014; Veni 2008-2009, 2009-2010, 2015-2016; Research Talent 2012-2013)

 

Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:58
Full name
Prof. mr. J.H. Gerards Contact details
Achter Sint Pieter

Achter Sint Pieter 200
3512 HT  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Gegenereerd op 2017-11-24 12:20:58
Last updated 20.11.2017