dr. H. (Heike) Schmitt
H.Schmitt@uu.nl
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-21 12:16:49


Profile

Heike Schmitt is investigating the role of the environment for the transmission of resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes. Here, she is interested in

  • the role of the aquatic environment, including human exposure to ESBL producing E. coli in surface water
  • the role of the farm environment, including human exposure through airborne bacteria
  • the role of manure fertilization for the occurrence of resistant bacteria in soils

She is also working on

  • Microbial diversity of agricultural systems, and its variability
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Curriculum vitae


Professional experience

2016-today    RIVM, Centre for Centre for Infectious Disease Control

2011-today   UD (assistant professor) position

2005-2011    Junior UD (assistant professor) position

2001-2005    PhD position at IRAS, in collaboration with the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, RIVM

Honors and awards

  • NWO VENI scholarship “Microbial functioning of soil – does diversity matter?”
  • Young scientist award (Nachwuchs-Förderpreis) of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry SETAC -  German Language Branch for the best PhD thesis in the German language area, 2005
  • Grant of the “Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes“

Education

  • University teaching qualification (BKO)
  • European registered toxicologist (Eurotox)
  • Recognized Toxicologist (Netherlands Society of Toxicology)
  • Specialist chemist in toxicology, University of Leipzig, Germany.
  • Chemistry diploma, University of Bremen

 

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All publications
  Articles - 2017
Dohmen, W, VAN Gompel, L, Schmitt, H, Liakopoulos, A, Heres, L, Urlings, B A, Mevius, D, Bonten, M J M & Heederik, D J J (2017). ESBL carriage in pig slaughterhouse workers is associated with occupational exposure. Epidemiology and Infection, (pp. 1-8) (8 p.).
  Articles - 2015
Pacholewicz, E., Liakopoulos, Apostolos, Swart, Arno, Gortemaker, B.G.M., Dierikx, Cindy, Havelaar, A.H. & Schmitt, H. (2015). Reduction of extended-spectrum- beta -lactamase-and AmpC-beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli through processing in two broiler chicken slaughterhouses. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 215.
Pacholewicz, Ewa, Liakopoulos, Apostolos, Swart, Arno, Gortemaker, Betty, Dierikx, Cindy, Havelaar, Arie & Schmitt, Heike (18.08.2015). Reduction of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase- and AmpC-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli through processing in two broiler chicken slaughterhouses. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 215, (pp. 57-63) (7 p.).
Kyselková, Martina, Jirout, Jiří, Vrchotová, Naděžda, Schmitt, Heike & Elhottová, Dana (2015). Spread of tetracycline resistance genes at a conventional dairy farm. Frontiers in Microbiology, 6 (14 p.).
Kyselkova, Martina, Kotrbova, Lucie, Bhumibhamon, Gamonsiri, Chronakova, Alica, Jirout, Jiri, Vrchotova, Nadezda, Schmitt, Heike & Elhottova, Dana (2015). Tetracycline resistance genes persist in soil amended with cattle feces independently from chlortetracycline selection pressure. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81, (pp. 259-265) (7 p.).
  Articles - 2014
Semenov, Alexander V., Pereira E Silva, Michele C., Salles, Joana Falcão, Schmitt, Heike & Van Elsas, Jan Dirk (2014). Quantitative assessment of soil functioning across a representative range of Dutch soils. Ecological Indicators, 39, (pp. 88-93) (6 p.).
  Articles - 2013
Kyselková, M., Jirout, J., Chroňáková, A., Vrchotová, N., Bradley, R., Schmitt, H. & Elhottová, D. (2013). Cow excrements enhance the occurrence of tetracycline resistance genes in soil regardless of their oxytetracycline content. Chemosphere, 93 (10), (pp. 2413-2418) (6 p.).
Pereira e Silva, M.C., Semenov, A.V., Schmitt, H., van Elsas, J.D. & Salles, J.F. (2013). Microbe-mediated processes as indicators to establish the normal operating range of soil functioning. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57, (pp. 995-1002) (8 p.).
Keuskamp, J.A., Schmitt, H., Laanbroek, H.J., Verhoeven, J.T.A. & Hefting, M.M. (2013). Nutrient amendment does not increase mineralisation of sequestered carbon during incubation of a nitrogen limited mnagrove soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry
  Articles - 2012
Semenov, A.V., Pereira e Silva, M.C., Szturc, A.E., Schmitt, H., Salles, J.F. & van Elsas, J.D. (2012). Impact of incorporated fresh C-13 potato tissues on the bacterial and fungal community composition of soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 49, (pp. 88-95) (8 p.).
Keuskamp, J.A., Schmitt, H., Laanbroek, H.J., Verhoeven, J.T.A. & Hefting, M.M. (2012). Nutrient amendment does not increase mineralisation of sequestered carbon during incubation of a nitrogen limited mangrove soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57, (pp. 822-829) (8 p.).
  Articles - 2011
Heuer, H., Schmitt, H. & Smalla, K. (2011). Antibiotic resistance gene spread due to manure application on agricultural fields. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 14 (3), (pp. 236-243) (8 p.).
Singer, A.C., Colizza, V., Schmitt, H., Andrews, J., Balcan, D., Huang, W.H., Keller, V.D.J., Vespignani, A. & Williams, R.J. (2011). Assessing the ecotoxicologic hazards of a pandemic influenza medical response. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119 (8), (pp. 1084-1090) (7 p.).
  Articles - 2010
Schmitt, H., Boucard, T., Garric, J., Jensen, J., Parrott, J., Pery, A., Rombke, J., Straub, J.O., Hutchinson, T.H., Sanchez-Arguello, P., Wennmalm, A. & Duis, K. (2010). Recommendations on the environmental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals: Effect characterization. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 6 (Suppl 1), (pp. 588-602) (5 p.).
  Articles - 2009
Schauss, K., Focks, A., Heuer, H., Kotzerke, A., Schmitt, H., Thiele-Bruhn, S., Smalla, K., Wilke, B.M. & Matthies, M. (2009). Analysis, fate and effects of the antibiotic sulfadiazine in soil. TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 28 (5), (pp. 612-618) (7 p.).
Jonker, M.T.O., Suijkerbuijk, M.P., Schmitt, H. & Sinnige, T.L. (2009). Ecotoxicological effects of activated carbon addition to sediments. Environmental Science & Technology, 43 (15), (pp. 5959-5966) (8 p.).
Demoling, L.A., Baath, E., Greve, G.D., Wouterse, M. & Schmitt, H. (2009). Effects of sulfamethoxazole on soil microbial communities after adding substrate. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41 (4), (pp. 840-848) (9 p.).
  Articles - 2008
van Heijnsbergen, E. & Schmitt, H. (2008). Risico's van cytostatica in het aquatisch milieu. H2O, 41, (pp. 47-49) (2 p.).
  Articles - 2006
Schmitt, H., Martinali, B., Stoob, K., Hamscher, G., van Beelen, P., Smit, E., van Leeuwen, C.J. & Seinen, W. (2006). Antibiotics as environmental pollutants: effects on soil microorganisms. Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung, 18 (2), (pp. 110-118) (9 p.).
Schmitt, H., Martinali, B., van Beelen, P. & Seinen, W. (2006). On the limits of toxicant-induced tolerance testing: cotolerance and response variation of antibiotic effects. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25 (7), (pp. 1961-1968) (8 p.).
Schmitt, H., Stoob, K., Hamscher, G., Smit, E. & Seinen, W. (2006). Tetracyclines and tetracycline resistance in agricultural soils: microcosm and field studies. Microbial Ecology, 51 (3), (pp. 267-76) (10 p.).
  Articles - 2005
Altenburger, R., Schmitt, H. & Schuurmann, G. (2005). Algal Toxicity of nitrobenzenes: combined effect analysis as a pharmacological probe for similar modes of interaction. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24 (2), (pp. 324-333) (10 p.).
Schmitt, H., Haapakangas, H. & van Beelen, P. (2005). Effects of antibiotics on soil microorganisms: time and nutrients influence pollution-induced community tolerance. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37, (pp. 1882-1892) (11 p.).
Knacker, T., Duis, K., Ternes, T., Fenner, K., Escher, B.I., Schmitt, H., Rombke, J., Garric, J., Hutchinson, T. & Boxall, A.B.A. (2005). The EU-project erapharm Incentives for the further development of guidance documents?. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 12 (2), (pp. 62-65) (4 p.).
  Articles - 2004
Schmitt, H., van Beelen, J., Tolls, J. & van Leeuwen, C.L. (2004). Pollution-induced community tolerance of soil microbial communities caused by the antibiotic sulfachloropyridazine. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, (pp. 1148-1153) (6 p.).
  Book parts / chapters - 2017
Dohmen, Wietske, Schmitt, Heike, Bonten, Marc & Heederik, Dick (01.05.2017). Air exposure as a possible route for ESBL in pig farmers. Environmental Research (pp. 359-364) (6 p.). Academic Press.
  Book parts / chapters - 2012
Singer, A.C. & Schmitt, H. (2012). Antibiotic Use during an Influenza Pandemic: Downstream Ecological Effects and Antibiotic Resistance. In P.L. Keen & M.H.M.M. Montforts (Eds.), Antibiotic resistance in the environment (pp. 503-538) (632 p.). Wiley.
  Book parts / chapters - 2008
Schmitt, H. & Römbke, J. (2008). The ecotoxicological effects of pharmaceuticals (antibiotics and antiparasiticides) in the terrestrial environment – a review. In K. Kümmerer (Eds.), Pharmaceuticals in the Environment (522 p.). Heidelberg: Springer.
  Book parts / chapters - 2007
Schmitt, H. (2007). Antibiotika als Umweltkontaminanten - Effekte auf Mikroorganismen. In Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt (Eds.), Tierarzneimittel in der Umwelt (pp. 177-186) (10 p.). München: Oldenbourg Industrieverlag.
  Reports - 2012
Römbke, J., Jänsch, S., Roß-Nickoll, M., Toschki, A., Höfer, H., Horak, F., Russell, D., Burkhardt, U. & Schmitt, H. (2012). Erfassung und Analyse des Bodenzustands im Hinblick auf die Umsetzung und Weiterentwicklung der Nationalen Biodiversitätsstrategie. (389 p.). Dessau-Roßlau: Umweltbundesamt, Deutschland.
  Awards - 0
H. Schmitt () Microbial functioning of soil - Does diversity matter?
  Lectures - 2011
H. Schmitt (27.04.2011) Antibiotic resistance in the environment: manure and waste water as sources for resistance genes in soil and water,
  Lectures - 2009
H. Schmitt (30.03.2009) Use of antibiotics in agriculture-Consequences for the environment
  Lectures - 2006
H. Schmitt (23.10.2006) Antibiotics as environmental contaminants
H. Schmitt (04.09.2006) Nachwuchspreisträgerpräsentation: The effects of veterinary antibiotics on soil microbial communities
  Lectures - 0
H. Schmitt () antibiotica resistente bacterien in het waterige milieu
H. Schmitt () Mangrove soil sir: effects of nutrient loading and tannins on soil mineralisation
  Contribution to the work of national or international committees and working groups - 0
H. Schmitt () Bestuurslid NVT, sectie Milieutoxicologie
  Doctoral thesis 1 (Research UU / Graduation UU) - 2005
Schmitt, H. (27.05.2005). The effects of veterinary antibiotics on soil microbial communities. (187 p.).
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Research grants

  • EU FP7: Effort against antimicrobial resistance
  • German Environmental Protection Agency: Risk assessment of the role of antibiotics for the occurrence of resistance in the environment
  • SKB, NL: occurrence of antibiotic resistance in manured soils – a pilot study
  • German Environmental Protection Agency: Inventory of soil biodiversity monitoring techniques
  • NWO ERGO grant: Baseline of soil functioning
  • NWO VENI scholarship: Microbial functioning of soil – does diversity matter?
  • EU STREP Project ERAPharm: Impact of antibiotics on environmental microorganisms and development of antimicrobial resistance
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Teaching

  • Veterinary sciences: Veterinary public health and food safety
  • Summer school Toxico9logy and Environmental health
  • Summer school Biological agents in the Environment
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Full name
dr. H. Schmitt Contact details
Onbekend Gebouw

Onbekend 9999
Room 3.13
9999 AA  ONBEKEND
The Netherlands


Nieuw Gildestein

Bolognalaan 50
Room 3.57
3584 CJ  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 5372
Postal address
Postbus 80.175
3508 TD    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-21 12:16:49
Last updated 18.07.2016