My PhD project examines the Dutch associative order development using a long-term historical approach, focusing on possible shifts between dominant social orders throughout the late 19th and 20th centuries. Using the theoretical framework proposed by Streeck and Schmitter (1985), this project examines three social order types: the state, the market, and the associative order. The project aims to study the associative order in specific, which is a social system in which cooperation between organized groups and associational organizations dominates economic resource allocation and coordination. However, the contribution of interest associations as a social and economic system in the Netherlands is often overlooked, as well as the possible effect of associations' changing role on Dutch citizens' well-being. My PhD project aims to study associational organizations' potential long-term effects on social, economic, and political realms. The objective is to create a dataset in which attention is given to the internal cooperative dynamics and diversity of the associative order at the meso-level of society, and how these dynamics affect the macro-level of society as a whole. In this way, this research hopes to add to the literature a deeper understanding of associational organisations' role in economic development, policy formulation, and well-being in the Netherlands.

This project is part of the research programme SCOOP (Sustainable Cooperation): Roadmaps to Resilient Societies, a joint initiative by the University of Groningen and Utrecht University.