Scholarly Publications

Booker N, Mutsvairo B, Dame T, Balliah D, Tallert L, Holt K and Mujati J. (2024). Putting forward Sustainability as a model for Journalism Education and Training. Journalism Practice.


Nguyen D, Wang B and Mutsvairo B. (2024) (Pragmatic) collaboration for progress or threat to autonomy? African news discourses about Chinese technology in Nigeria and Ghana. Global Media and China



Professional Publications 

Mutsvairo B, Bruls L, de Bruijn M and Skare Orgeret K (2023). "Factforward:" Foretelling the Future of Africa's Information Disorder.  In Elaine S Schnabel. What comes After Disinformation? The Bulletin of Technology & Public Life, Center for Information, Technology, and Public Life at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1-8


Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo B and Skare Orgeret K. (2023). Protecting the Pandemic Press: Exploring Press Freedom in Africa During the Covid-19 Era. In John Steel and Julian Petley. Routledge Companion on Freedom of Expression. 119-127. Invited.


Mutsvairo B, Ragnedda M and Mabvundwi K. (2023). ‘Our old pastor thinks the mobile phone is a source of evil.’ Capturing Contested and Conflicting Insights on Digital Wellbeing and Digital Detoxing in an age of rapid mobile connectivity. Media International Australia. 189 (1) 89–103


Osei-Appiah S, Mutsvairo B and Skare-Orgeret K. (2023). Women and digital political communication in non-Western societies. Information, Communication & Society 26 (13) 2507-2517


Schroeder D.T., de Bruijn M, Bruls L, Alemayehu Moges M, Badji S.D, Fritz N, Modibo  C,  Langguth J, Mutsvairo B and Skare Orgeret K. (2023). Social media in the Global South: A Network Dataset of the Malian Twittersphere. Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities 1-12.


Mutsvairo B, Bebawi S and Borges-Rey E. (2023). Regionalizing Journalism. In Mutsvairo B, Bebawi S and Borges-Rey E. Routledge Companion to Journalism in the Global South. New York: Routledge 1-22


Mutsvairo B, Ortiz dos Santos F and Chitanana T. (2023). De-Westernizing Digital Politics. A Global South viewpoint. In Lone Sorensen and Stephen Coleman. Handbook of Digital Politics. 2nd Edition. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. 15-28. Invited


Mutsvairo B, Rodny-Gumede Y and Chasi C. (2023). IAMCR and Africa: Harmonizing Discourses of History, Hegemony, and Hope. In Jörg Becker and Robin Mansell. Reflections on the International Association for Media and Communication Research. London: Palgrave 395-411. Invited.


Mpofu S, Mutsvairo B & Matsilele T. (2023). Uncovering the Power of Whistleblowing as a New Form of Citizen Journalism in Non-democratic Countries. In Bebawi, S and Onilov, O. (eds) Different Global Journalisms. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan 85-106. Invited.


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Big Data and the Global South: A Case for Dialogue. In Karin van Es, Nanna Verhoeff (eds) Situating Data Inquiries in Algorithmic Culture. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. 273-278. Invited


Popularizing Activities 

Mutsvairo B. (2023) Invited Keynote. What Platforms mean for the Southern news industry: Global Perspectives on Platforms: Emerging Perspectives on Platforms and the News Industry. University of Amsterdam (18 July)


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Invited Keynote.  What awaits the news ecosystem in sub-Saharan Africa?  Big Tech and Journalism - Building a Sustainable Future in the Global South. University of Pretoria, South Africa (July 13)


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Invited Keynote. Inclusivity and SGDs. Unlocking opportunities for international student mobility. "Teacher in Europe" International Students Conference. Zwolle, Netherlands (April 24)


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Invited Keynote. Tackling Disinformation to preserve journalism's future. Sustainable Journalism Conference. Aga Khan University Graduate School of Media and Communication, Nairobi, Kenya (25 March)


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Invited Panelist. Decoding Digital Participation through the Promotion of Equitable Social Practices. Social Media Networks and Ideological Polarization: Power Relations and Socio-Cultural Impact. Al Jazeera Centre for Studies, Doha, Qatar (March 1)


Mutsvairo B. (2023). Invited Panelist. Digital Ethnography: Ethical Dilemmas of Doing Research in Authoritarian Contexts. School of Communication & Information, Rutgers University New Jersey (Via Zoom) (3 February)



Scholarly publications

Mutsvairo B and Salgado S. (2022). Intercultural New Media. In Patricia Moy. Oxford Bibliographies in Communication. New York: Oxford University Press


Mutsvairo B and Bebawi S. (2022) Journalism and the Global South: Shaping Journalistic Practices and Identity Post “Arab Spring”. Digital Journalism 10 (7) 1141-1155


Mutsvairo B and Skare Orgeret K. (2022). Theorizing Journalism and the Global South. In Stuart Allan. Routledge. Routledge Companion to News and Journalism. 2nd Edition 460-468. Invited Chapter.


Mutsvairo B and Moyo, L. (2022). Going Beyond the Digital Divide Debate: Critical Reflections on the African Media-Economy Matrix. In Terry Flew, Jennifer Holt and Julian Thomas. Sage Handbook of Digital Media Economy. Sage. 325-341 Invited Chapter.


Matsilele T and Mutsvairo B. (2022). Understanding the Dynamics of Social Media Governance. In Sarah Ganter and Hanan Badr. Media Governance: A Cosmopolitan Critique. Palgrave. 231-260. Invited Chapter.


Popularizing Publications

Skare Orgeret K and Mutsvairo B. (2022). Media polarisation risks press freedom and peace in conflict-hit Mali and Ethiopia (The Guardian 10 May)


Skare Orgeret K and Mutsvairo B. (2022). Ukraine coverage shows gender roles are changing on the battlefield and in the newsroom (The Conversation, 23 March)


Mutsvairo B, de Bruijn M and Skare-Orgeret K. (2022). While the focus is on Ukraine, Russia’s presence in the Sahel is steadily growing. (The Guardian, 3 February)


Popularizing Activities 

Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote.  Policing in the age of "Fake News." Pearls in Policing Conference. Nederlandse politie, The Hague (December 9)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Decades of Dialogues. Black Expert Symposium. ISS, Erasmus University, The Hague. (October 28) 


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Envisioning, embracing  and emboldening inclusive education: Why it matters and why now. EDI/CAT Lustrum, Utrecht University, Netherlands  (13 October)


Mutsvairo B. (2022).  Invited Keynote.  Repositioning a graduate in an era marked by disruptions. Commencement Address. Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Sciences, Velp, Netherlands. (27 September) 


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Toward an Architectonic Explication of Technology: A South-South Perspective. South African Communications Association (SACOMM). 'Unravelling Big Tech: Power and the Global South.’ University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (14 September)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited panel member along with Frances Haugen, Maria Ressa, Alexandra Geese. Freedom of Expression Conference Nobel Peace Center, Oslo Norway (2 September)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Decoding Decolonial Dialogogues. Future Food Hub Conference on Decolonizing Communication on Food Production and Transition thinking. Utrecht University, Netherlands (June 9)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Platforms of doom - News from The Sahel and The Horn of Africa. ICA Pre-Conference: From International News Flows to Platformization of Journalism: Global News Diversity in Perspective. Université Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris (26 May via Zoom)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. It can only get worse: Platformizing disinformation across regions of conflict. ICA Pre-Conference: What Comes After Disinformation Studies? Science Po, Paris, (25 May via Zoom)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Mapping the African Twittersphere in the age of rampant digital disinformation campaigns. African Connections Symposium: Social Media Pathways and Power? California State University, Northridge, United States (19 April via Zoom)


Mutsvairo B. (2022). Invited Keynote. Social Media as an agent of Political Change. Opportunities and Limitations for Press Freedom. 10th Anniversary Symposium of Information Law Students Association, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands (11 April).


Mutsvairo B (2022). Invited Keynote. Prospects for social media as a protest tool. Africa Speaks Conference (Via Zoom). McGill African Students Society. McGill University, Canada (19 February via Zoom).



Scholarly Publications

Brunner B and Mutsvairo B. (2021). Disputed Delivery: Demythifying Remote and Online Teaching in Times of Crisis and Emergency. Journalism and Mass Communication Educator.  76 (4) 363-366


Mutsvairo B and Ekeanyanwu N. (2021). Media and Communication in Nigeria: Conceptual Connections, Crossroads and Constraints. Eds. New York: Routledge.


Karam B and Mutsvairo B. (2021). Decolonizing African Political Communication: Reframing Ontologies. (Eds).  Eds. New York: Routledge


Mutsvairo, B, Borges-Rey E, Bebawi S, Marquez Ramirez M, Mellado C, Mabweazara HM, Demeter M, Glowacki M, Badr H and Thussu D. (2021). Different But the Same: How the Global South is Challenging the Hegemonic Epistemologies and Ontologies of Western-centric Journalism Studies. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly.  98 (4) 993–995


Mutsvairo, B. Ragnedda M and Skare-Orgeret K. (2021). Demystifying Digital Dilemmas in Africa. Information, Communication and Society. 24 (3) 295-308


Mutsvairo B and Salgado S. (2021). Populism in Africa: Personalistic Leaders and the Illusion of Representation. In Howard Tumber and Silvio Waisbord. Routledge Companion of Media and Misinformation. London: Routledge. 101-120. Invited


Mutsvairo, B and Bukenya R.K. (2021). Making a case for Decolonizing Journalism and Media Studies. In Zubeida Jaffer, Mvuzo Ponono, Ylva Rodny-Gumede and Colin Chasi. Decolonizing Journalism in South Africa: Critical Perspectives. University of South Africa Press. 32-42. Invited


Karam, B and Mutsvairo, B. (2021). Reframing African Ontologies in the era of decolonization. In Karam, B and Mutsvairo, B. Decolonizing Political Communication in Africa.  New York: Routledge 1-8


Matsilele T and Mutsvairo B. (2021). Social Media as a sphere of political disruption. In Karam, B and Mutsvairo, B. Decolonizing Political Communication in Africa. New York: Routledge 179-190.


Cooper G. and Mutsvairo B. (2021). Citizen Journalism: Is Belingcat Revolutionizing Conflict Journalism? In Kristin Skare Orgeret. Peace and Conflict Reporting. London: Routledge. 23-34.


Mutsvairo B and Ekeanyanwu N. (2021). Rethinking Communication Studies in Nigeria: A methodological and theoretical critique. In Bruce Mutsvairo and Nnamdi Ekeanyanwu. Media and Communication in Nigeria: Conceptual Connections, Crossroads and Constraints. Eds. New York: Routledge. New York: Routledge. 1-19.


Professional Publications 

Mutsvairo B. (2021). New Wine Into Old Wineskins ? Appraising Access to Information in Zimbabwe. Harare: Zimbabwe. Media Alliance of Zimbabwe. 


Bebawi S, Borges-Rey E, Mutsvairo, B, Nwosu and Onilov O. (2021). Nothing about Us. Without Us. London: New Humanitarian. 


Other Results

Mutsvairo B and de Bruijn M. (2021). Obituary. Marie-Soleil Frère. African Journalism Studies. 40 (1) 130-131. /


Popularizing Activities 

Mutsvairo. B. (2021). Invited Keynote.  Deconstructing Failure. Commencement address. Graduating Class of 2021 (Spring), University College Utrecht. (18 December)


Mutsvairo B. (2021). Invited Keynote. Decolonizing Communication Studies? Virtual Conference of the International Association of Media and Communication Research (IAMCR), Nairobi, Kenya (11 July via Zoom)



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo, B and Salgado S. (2020). Is Citizen Journalism Dead? An Examination of Recent Developments in the Field. Journalism.  21 (12) 1-18.


Mutsvairo B, Bebawi S and Borges-Rey, E. (2020). Data Journalism in the Global South. (Eds). London: Palgrave Macmillan.


Middleweek B, Mutsvairo B and Attard M. (2020). Toward a Theorization of Student Journalism Collaboration in International Curricula. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator. 75 (5) 407–418.


Mutsvairo, B and Ronning H. (2020). The Janus Face of Social Media and Democracy? Reflections on Africa. Media, Culture & Society 42 (3) 317–328.


Mutsvairo B. (2020). In a Pandemic, Journalism Research is more than Essential. In Hebe Maria Goncalves de Oliveira and Sergio Gadini (Eds) Journalism in the Era of the New Coronavirus Pandemic. Lisbon: Ria Press 13-17. Invited.


Mutsvairo B. (2020). A New Dawn for the ‘Developing’ World? Probing the Emerging Nature of Data Journalism in non-Western Societies. In Mutsvairo B, Bebawi S and Borges E. Data Journalism in the Global South. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 1-17.


Mutsvairo B. (2020). Digital Democracy Reevaluated. In Ragnedda M & Gladkova A. Digital Inequalities in the Global South? New York: Palgrave. 1-10. Invited.


Professional Publications

Mutsvairo B. (2020). Disenchanting or Demoralizing? Zimbabwean  Women Share Their Social Media Experiences. The Hague: Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


Gaffney O and Mutsvairo B. (2020). Industrializing Disinformation. Future of Earth Report.


Popularizing Activities

Mutsvairo. (2020). Rethinking Digital Futures. Palgrave Virtual Humanities Festival London, UK (17 November via Zoom).


Mutsvairo B (2020). Conducting Research at International Level: Lessons for Scholars in the Global South. Research Workshop for Early Career Researchers. Department of Media and Society Studies, Midlands State University, Zimbabwe (12 March).


Professional Publications

Mutsvairo B. (2020). Social Media Alone Can’t Save Democracy in Zimbabwe. (Mail and Guardian, 17 August).



Scholarly Publications

Chitanana T and Mutsvairo B. (2019). The Deferred ‘Democracy Dividend’ of Citizen Journalism and Social Media: Perils, Promises and Prospects from the Zimbabwean experience. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture 14 (1) 1-15.


Mutsvairo B and Ragnedda M. (2019). Mapping the Digital Divide in Africa: A Mediated Analysis. Eds. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.


Mutsvairo, B and Muneri C. (2019). Journalism, Democracy and Human Rights in Zimbabwe. Langham, Maryland, US: Lexington Books


Mutsvairo B. (2019). Challenges Facing the Development of Data Journalism in non-Western Societies. Digital Journalism 7 (8) 1-6.


Mutsvairo B. and Bebawi S. (2019). Journalism Educators, Regulatory Realities and Pedagogical Predicaments of the “Fake News” Era. A Comparative Perspective on the Middle East and Africa. Journalism and Mass Communication Educator. 74 (2) 1-15.


Mutsvairo B and Wright K. (2019). Mapping Future Research Trajectories in the African Digital Spheres. In Maggie Dwyer and Thomas Molony. Social Media and Politics in Africa: Democracy, Security and Surveillance. London: Zed Books. p.267-300 Invited.


Alves P and Mutsvairo B. (2019). Together and Separate? An Exploratory Study of Political Polarization on Social Media During the 2016 Brazilian Political Crisis. In Ibrahim Shaw and Selvarajah, Senthan. Reporting Human Rights, Conflicts, and Peace-building: Critical and Global Perspectives. London: Palgrave. p. 243-263. Invited.


Mutsvairo B. (2019). Rwanda. In Debra Merskin. The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society. Los Angeles: Sage. p. 1109 -1111. Invited.


Mutsvairo B. and Ragnedda M. (2019). Comprehending Digital Disparities. In Mutsvairo B. and Ragnedda M. Mapping Digital Divide in Africa. A mediated Analysis. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. p. 13-26.


Mutsvairo B. (2019). International Perspectives on Data Journalism. In Ornebring H and Wasserman H (Eds.) Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of Journalism Studies. Oxford University Press 1-16. Invited.


Popularizing Activities

Mutsvairo B. (2019). Invited Keynote Theorizing Digital Engagement in Africa? Digital Media, Civic Engagement and Global Platforms. International Conference of the African Council for Communication Education (ACCE). (National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria (24 October).


Mutsvairo B. (2019). Invited Keynote. Journalism in the Age of Digital Transformations. East Africa Communication Association (EACA) Conference. Aga Khan University, Nairobi Kenya (28 August).



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo B. (2018). If I were a Carpenter: Reframing debates in Media and Communication Research in Africa. Palgrave Handbook for Media and Communication Research in Africa. (ed) London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 1-26.


Mutsvairo, B. (2018). Palgrave Handbook of Media and Communication Research in Africa. (Ed). London: Palgrave Macmillan.


Ragnedda M and Mutsvairo B. (2018). The Digital Inclusion. An International Comparative Analysis.  (Eds). Lanham, Maryland, US: Lexington Books


Mutsvairo, B and Karam B. (2018). Perspectives on Political Communication in Africa. (Eds). London: Palgrave Macmillan. 


Moyo, L and Mutsvairo B. (2018). Can the Subaltern think? The Decolonial Turn in Media Research in Africa. In Bruce Mutsvairo. Palgrave Handbook for Media and Communication Research in Africa. (ed) London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 26-40.


Mutsvairo. B and Karam B. (2018). Key Developments in Political Communication in Africa. In B Mutsvairo and B Karam. Perspectives on Political Communication in Africa. London Palgrave. p. 1-24.


Mutsvairo B. (2018). Social Media Trajectories in Zimbabwe. In Graham Miekle. Routledge Companion to Media and Activism. London. Routledge. 233-256.


Ragnedda M and Mutsvairo B. (2018). Digital Inclusion: Empowering People through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). In Ragnedda M and Mutsvairo B. The Digital Inclusion: An International Comparative Analysis (eds). Lanham, Maryland, US: Lexington Books. p.1-17.


Popularizing Activities 

Mutsvairo B. (2018). Invited Keynote. Threat or Opportunity? Appraising the Role of Social Media in “Transforming” Societies in Africa? International Conference on Social Media (University of Zimbabwe, 11-13 July).


Mutsvairo B.  (2018). Invited Keynote. Researching Democracy, Journalism and Media Studies in Africa: New Approaches. Researching Media in Africa Conference. (Olso Metropolitan University, Norway 22 February, 2018).



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo B & Ragnedda M. (2017). Emerging Political Narratives on Malawian digital spaces. Communicatio: South African Journal for Communication Theory and Research 43 (2) 147-167.


Bosch T & Mutsvairo B.  (2017). Pictures, Protests and Politics: Mapping Twitter Images during South Africa’s Fees Must Fall campaign. African Journalism Studies 38 (2) 71-89.


Mutsvairo B. (2017). Zimbabwe. In Laura Steckman and Marilyn Andrews. Online around the World: A Geographic Encyclopaedia of the Internet, Social Media, and Mobile Apps Eds. ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California p. 351-355. Invited.


Populariserende publicaties

Mutsvairo B. (2017). With Robert Mugabe gone, Zimbabwe has another chance to achieve greatness (Sydney Morning Herald, 22 November)


Other Results

Mutsvairo B. (2017). Review of Jane Duncan: A Protest Nation: The Right to Protest in South Africa. African Journalism Studies  38 (3) 1-3.



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo, B.  (2016). Digital Activism in the Social Media Era: Critical Reflections on Emerging Trends in sub-Saharan Africa. (Ed) London: Palgrave Macmillan.


Mutsvairo, B. (2016). Perspectives on Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa: A Connected Continent. (Ed) London: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Ragnedda M and Mutsvairo B. (2016). Demystifying Digital Divide and Digital Leisure. In McGillivray D, McPherson G, Carnicelli S. (eds). Digital Leisure Cultures: Critical Perspectives, London. Routledge. p. 107-119.


Mutsvairo B. and Harris S. (2016). Rethinking Mobile Media Tactics in Protests: A comparative case study of Hong Kong and Malawi. In Wan Rei: (ed) Mobile Media, Civic Engagement and Civic Activism in Asia. Private Chat to Public Communication. Springer. p. 215-231.


Mutsvairo B. (2016). Dovetailing Desires for Democracy with New ICTS’ Potentiality as Potent Platform for Online Activism. In Mutsvairo B. Digital Activism in the Social Media Era: Critical Reflections on Emerging Trends in sub-Saharan Africa (ed) London: Palgrave Macmillan p. 1-20.


Mutsvairo B. (2016). Recapturing Citizen Journalism: Processes and Patterns. In Mutsvairo B. (ed). Perspectives on Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa: A Connected Continent. London. Palgrave Macmillan.  p. 1-18.


Mutsvairo B. (2016). Politics and the pursuit of propaganda in Zimbabwe: A case of The Herald online. In Mutsvairo B. (ed). Perspectives on Participatory Politics and Citizen Journalism in a Networked Africa: A Connected Continent. London.  Palgrave Macmillan.  p. 159-172.


Popularizing Publications

Mutsvairo B. (2016). Why journalistic ‘balance’ is failing the public, (The Conversation, 25 November).


Mutsvairo, B. (2016). Can Robert Mugabe be Tweeted Out of Power? (The Guardian, 26 July).


Mutsvairo B. (2016). Laat burgerjournalistiek dictaturen wankelen?, Vice Versa, Amsterdam, 1 May).


Mutsvairo B. (2016). What is News? (The Conversation, Cambridge, 7 March).


Mutsvairo B. (2016). Komt Mugabe’s bewind in Zimbabwe ten einde?  (Vice Versa, Amsterdam, 7 March).



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo B & Sirks L. (2015). Examining the contribution of social media in advancing political participation in Zimbabwe. Journal of African Media Studies 7 (3) p. 329-344.


Alinejad D. & Mutsvairo B. (2015). Dispatches from the dispersed: Comparatively analyzing the role of Internet-based diasporic journalism within Zimbabwean and Iranian contexts. In Ola Ogunyemi (ed) Journalism, Audiences and Diaspora. London, Palgrave Macmillan.  p. 171-186.


Mutsvairo B. (2015). Appraising Zimbabwe’s AIPPA: Aiding information access or ambushing media freedom? In Felle Tom & Mair John (eds) Freedom of Information Act at 10: Freedom fighting or lazy journalism? Abramis Bury St Edmunds:  UK, p. 279-286.


Other Results

Mutsvairo B. (2015). Review of Herman Wasserman: Press Freedom in Africa: Comparative perspectives. African Journalism Studies 36 (3) 138-141.



Scholarly  Publications

Mutsvairo B., Columbus S & Leijendekker I.  (2014). Reconnoitering the Role of (Citizen) Journalism Ethics in the Emerging Networked Public Sphere. African Journalism Studies 35 (3) 3-22. 


Leijendekker I & Mutsvairo B. (2014). On Digitally Networked Technologies (DNTs), Hegemony and Regime Durability in Authoritarian Regimes: A Zimbabwean Case-Study. Information, Communication and Society 17 (8) 1-14.



Scholarly Publications

Mutsvairo B, Columbus S. (2012) Emerging patterns and trends in Citizen Journalism in Africa: A case of Zimbabwe.” Central European Journal of Communication (8) 23-37.


Other Results

Mutsvairo, B. (2012). Wilbert Sadomba, War Veterans in Zimbabwe's Revolution. Journal of Modern African Studies 50 (1) 170-171.


Mutsvairo B. (2012). Review of Marie-Soleil Frere, Elections and the media in post-conflict Africa: Votes and Voices for Peace. Journal of Applied Journalism and Media Studies 1 (2) 255-258


Popularizing Publications

Mutsvairo B. Ja, blijf Mugabe flink pesten, dat heeft echt zin. (NRC Handelsblad, 21 February).