dr. Andrea Morrison
Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:57



View Articles published in Research Policy

Call for Papers - Special Issue: Citizens of Nowhere? Migration, Research, and Innovation





Cover image European Economic Review

The Made-In Effect and Leapfrogging: a Model of Leadership Change for Products with Country-of-Origin Bias Article reference

Change in industrial leadership is often explained in terms of technological and costs advantages. However firms in emerging economies not only have to produce high quality, cost-competitive goods, but also win the resistance of consumers in the world market, who are often adverse to purchasing products from countries that yet have to build a reputation. We argue that this country-of-origin bias significantly influences the chances of leadership change. A model that aims at capturing the endogenous dynamics of demand building and leapfrogging is proposed. We show that in sectors with high monopoly power acquiring a superior technology is not sufficient for a latecomer country to become leader, unless a significant share of consumers is aware of the quality of its products. An extension of the model to multiple sectors shows that a latecomer country remains specialized into low-value undifferentiated goods, even after overtaking the technology of the leading country.

Cover image Research Policy

Climbing the ladder of technological development

Despite being the main thriving force behind economic growth and industrial development, technological innovation remains highly concentrated on a handful of countries. It is therefore of a great interest to know how countries accumulate and develop their innovative capabilities, what kind of obstacles they need to overcome, and whether it is possible to identify opportunities to develop new areas of technological specialization. In this paper we analyze countries’ patterns of technological diversification and specialization along the development process. We provide evidence regarding the importance of existing technological capabilities and the relationship among technologies in shaping possible paths of technological development. We show that the likelihood of diversification is higher for those technologies that are related to countries’ existing profile of competences. Moreover, we show this effect to be stronger at earlier stages of development. Additionally, we show that countries tend to follow clear patterns of specialization along the development path, by moving towards more complex and valuable technologies.

 Cover image Research Policy

 Gradual catch up and enduring leadership in the global wine industry

The wine industry is an extremely interesting sector from a catch -up point of view because the latecomers in the international market have changed how wine is produced, sold and consumed and, in doing so, they have challenged the positions of incumbents. Until the end of the 1980s, the European countries, and particularly France and Italy, dominated the international market for wine. Subsequently, significant changes in the market, namely decreases in consumption by traditional consuming countries, the entry of new inexperienced consumers, and the increasing importance of large distribution have threatened this supremacy. Initially, the USA and Australia and later emerging countries such as Chile and South Africa, gained increasing market shares in both exported volumes and value, at the expense of incumbents. However, some of these newcomers (e.g. Australia) have shown slower growth, opening opportunities for newer entrants such as Argentina and New Zealand. At the same time, some of the incumbents (especially Italy) have innovated, challenging the leadership of France in key markets such as the USA. In this article we investigate the different catch-up cycles in the global wine sector that occurred between the 1960s and 2010, through a detailed analysis of export volumes, values and unit prices. We address issues related to the increasing share in the global market of latecomer countries and the relative decline of the incumbents, as well as possible changes in the market leadership within these two groups.


Risultati immagini per economic geography wiley

The Dynamics of Technical and Business Networks in Industrial Clusters: Embeddedness, status or proximity?
Although informal knowledge networks have often been regarded as a key ingredient behind the success of industrial clusters, the forces that shape their structure and dynamics remain largely unknown. Drawing on recent network dynamic models, we analyze the evolution of business and technical informal networks within a toy cluster in Spain. Empirical results suggest that the dynamics of the two networks differ to a large extent. We find that status drives the formation of business networks, proximity is more crucial for technical networks, while embeddedness plays an equally important role in the dynamics of business and technical networks.


Cover image Research Policy

Another cluster premium: Innovation subsidies and R&D collaboration networks
This paper investigates the allocation of R&D subsidies with a focus on the granting success of firms located in clusters. On this basis it is evaluated whether firms in these clusters are differently embedded into networks of subsidized R&D collaboration than firms located elsewhere. The theoretical arguments are empirically tested using the example of the German biotechnology firms’ participation in the 6th EU-Framework Programmes and national R&D subsidization schemes in the early 2000s. We show that clusters grant firms another premium to their location, as they are more likely to receive funds from the EU-Framework Programmes and hold more favorable positions in national knowledge networks based on subsidies for joint R&D.


Cambridge Journal of Economics

Spin-off and clustering: a return to the Marshallian district

 The origin and growth of industry clusters have attracted the attention of scholars and policy makers since the early era of industrialisation. This is the case of Italian industrial districts, which have emerged as a territorial model of industrial agglomeration, decentralised production and flexible specialisation. Recently, the traditional explananda of the emergence of clusters have been reconsidered. Klepper shows that more successful firms have higher spin-off rates and their spin-offs tend to outperform competitors.  The present paper investigates the emergence and evolution of an Italian industrial district, the Sassuolo tile district, one of the largest and most successful ceramic districts in the world and a paradigmatic example of an Italian Marshallian district. Overall, our findings confirm that organisational reproduction and heredity represent primary mechanisms of clustering. However our results also show that spin-offs do not perform better than non-spin-offs. It appears that, in dense industrial environments and social networks, competitive advantages can also be acquired or built through other channels.


Innovation and Technological Catch-Up

Innovation and Technological Catch up
Since the beginning of the 1990s, the supremacy of ‘Old World’ countries (France and Italy) in the international wine market has been challenged by new players, such as Australia, Argentina, Chile and South Africa, which are recording stunning performances in terms both of export volume and value. This book demonstrates that such a spectacular example of catch-up goes beyond simply copying new technologies; it entails creative adaptation and innovation, and introduces a new growth trajectory in which consistent investments in research and science play a key role.


Strategic themes / Focus areas
Scientific expertise
evolutionary economic geography
economic development
technological change
Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:57
Curriculum vitae

2016 - present

Head of the research programme Economic Urban Transitions

2016 - present

Associate Editor

Industry and Innovation

2012 - present

Associate Professor

Economic Urban Transitions research programme
Deptartment of Human Geography and Urban and Regional Planning
Faculty of Geosciences
Utrecht University, Utrecht,  the Netherlands

2010- present

Adjunct Professor

Department of Management and Technology
Bocconi University, Milano, Italy

1998 - present

Research affiliate

ICRIOS (Invernizzi Center for Research on Innovation Organisation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship),
Bocconi University, Milano, Italy


Previous appointments  (after PhD):

Assistant Professor

Section of Economic Geography
Deptartment of Human Geography and Urban and Regional Planning
Faculty of Geosciences
Utrecht University, Utrecht,  the Netherlands

Post-Doctoral researcher

Faculty of Economics and Quantitative Methods
University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy


2004, Phd in Development Economics, Universitá degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

1998, MA in Development Economics, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK

1997, "Laurea" in Economics (4 years bachelor), Universitá L.Bocconi, Milano, Italy


Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:57
All publications
  2018 - Scholarly publications
Diodato, Dario, Malerba, Franco & Morrison, Andrea (01.01.2018). The made-in effect and leapfrogging - A model of leadership change for products with country-of-origin bias. European Economic Review, 101, (pp. 297-329) (33 p.).
Morrison, A. (01.03.2018). On the evolution of the Castel Goffredo hosiery cluster: A life cycle perspective. European Planning Studies
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Morrison, A. (14.11.2017) Visiting researcher Sciences Po visiting professor
Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, Roberta (2017). Gradual catch up and enduring leadership in the global wine industry. Research Policy, 46 (2), (pp. 417–430).
Petralia, Sergio, Balland, Pierre Alexandre & Morrison, Andrea (01.06.2017). Climbing the ladder of technological development. Research Policy, 46 (5), (pp. 956-969) (14 p.).
Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Gonzalo, Morrison, A. & Troncoso, R.A. (2017). On the emergence and evolution of clusters - the role of agency and external factors in the Galician turbot industry. In Fiorenza Belussi & Jose Luis Hervás-Oliver (Eds.), Unfolding Cluster Evolution (pp. 176-189) (14 p.). New York: Routhledge.
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Balland, Pierre-Alexandre, Belso-Martinez, Jose-Antonio & Morrison, Andrea (2016). The Dynamics of Technical and Business Knowledge Networks in Industrial Clusters: Embeddedness, status or proximity?. Economic Geography, 92 (1), (pp. 35-60).
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Broekel, Tom, Fornahl, Dirk & Morrison, Andrea (01.10.2015). Another cluster premium: Innovation subsidies and R&D collaboration networks. Research Policy, 44 (8), (pp. 1431-1444).
Cassi, Lorenzo, Morrison, Andrea & Rabellotti, Roberta (01.01.2015). Proximity and scientific collaboration - Evidence from the global wine industry. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 106 (2), (pp. 205-219) (15 p.).
Cusmano, L., Morrison, A. & Pandolfo, E. (2015). Spinoff and Clustering - a return to the Marshallian district. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39, (pp. 49-66).
Morrison, Andrea & Cusmano, Lucia (01.01.2015). Introduction to the special issue - Globalisation, knowledge and institutional change: Towards an evolutionary perspective to economic development. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 106 (2), (pp. 133-139) (7 p.).
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Capasso, M. & Morrison, A. (2013). The determinants of innovation in industrial districts - a firm level analysis of the Castel Goffredo hosiery district. Management Decision, 51 (6), (pp. 1225-1249) (25 p.).
Capasso, M., Cusmano, L. & Morrison, A. (2013). The determinants of outsourcing and off-shoring strategies in industrial districts: evidence from Italy. Regional Studies, 47 (4), (pp. 465-479) (15 p.).
Morrison, A., Rabellotti, R. & Zirulia, L. (2013). When do global pipelines enhance the diffusion of knowledge in clusters?. Economic Geography, 89 (1), (pp. 77-96) (20 p.).
  2012 - Scholarly publications
Cassi, L., Morrison, A. & ter Wal, A. (2012). The evolution of trade and scientific collaboration networks in the global wine sector; A longitudinal study using network analysis. Economic Geography, 88, (pp. 311-334) (24 p.).
Corrocher, N., Cusmano, L. & Morrison, A. (2012). Competitive strategies in knowledge intensive business services. Evidence from Lombardy. In E. Di Maria, R. Grandinetti & B. Di Bernardo (Eds.), Exploring knowledge intensive business services. Knowledge management strategies (pp. 231-252) (22 p.). Palgrave Macmillan.
  2011 - Scholarly publications
Cassi, L., Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2011). The changing geography of science in wine: evidence from emerging countries. In E. Giuliani, A. Morrison & R. Rabellotti (Eds.), Innovation and Technological Catch Up: The Changing Geography of Wine Production. (pp. 43-69) (27 p.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Cusmano, L., Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2011). Catching up trajectories in the wine sector. In E. Gulliani, A. Morrison & R. Rabellotti (Eds.), Innovation and Technological Catch Up: The Changing Geography of Wine Production. (pp. 17-42) (26 p.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Giuliani, E., Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2011). Innovation and Technological Catch Up: The Changing Geography of Wine Production. (232 p.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Morrison, A. (2011). Innovation and external knowledge sources in the furniture industry: Evidence from an Italian industrial district. In P.L. Robertson & D. Jacobson (Eds.), Knowledge Transfer and Technology Diffusion (pp. 162-185) (24 p.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  2010 - Scholarly publications
Cusmano, L., Mancusi, M.L. & Morrison, A. (2010). Globalisation of production and innovation: how outsourcing is reshaping an advanced manufacturing area. Regional Studies, 44 (3), (pp. 235-252) (18 p.).
Cusmano, L., Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2010). Catching-up trajectories in the wine sector: a comparative study of Chile, Italy and South Africa. World Development, 38 (11), (pp. 1588-1602) (15 p.).
Giuliani, E., Morrison, A., Pietrobelli, C. & Rabellotti, R. (2010). Who are the researchers that are collaborating with industry? An analysis of the wine sectors in Chile, South Africa and Italy. Research Policy, 39, (pp. 748-761) (14 p.).
Morrison, A., Rabellotti, R. & Zirulia, L. (2010). Reti sociali e diffusione della conoscenza nei cluster: un modello di simulazione. In S. Lorenzini & R. Rabellotti (Eds.), Federalismo e Crescita Milano: Franco Angeli.
  2009 - Scholarly publications
Capello, R. & Morrison, A. (2009). Science parks and local knowledge creation: A conceptual approach and an empirical analysis in two Italian realities. In M.M. Fischer, G.J.D. Hewings, P. Nijkamp & F. Snickars (Eds.), New Directions in Regional Economic Development (pp. 221-246) (26 p.). Springer.
Corrocher, N., Cusmano, L. & Morrison, A. (2009). Modes of innovation in knowledge-intensive business services. Evidence from Lombardy. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 19, (pp. 173-196) (24 p.).
Cusmano, L., Mancusi, M.L. & Morrison, A. (2009). Innovation and the geographical and functional dimensions of outsourcing: An empirical investigation based on Italian firm level data. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 20 (3), (pp. 183-195) (13 p.).
Cusmano, L., Mancusi, M.L. & Morrison, A. (2009). La riorganizzazione del sistema industriale italiano tra outsourcing locale e delocalizzazione internazionale: il caso di un'area industriale matura. In L. Rondi & F. Silva (Eds.), Produttività e cambiamento nell'industria italiana Bologna: il Mulino.
Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2009). Knowledge and information networks in an Italian wine cluster. European Planning Studies, 17 (7), (pp. 983-1006) (24 p.).
  2008 - Scholarly publications
Morrison, A. (2008). Gatekeepers of knowledge within industrial districts: who they are, how they interact. Regional Studies (42), (pp. 817-835) (19 p.).
Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2008). Lo scambio di informazione e conoscenza nel settote vitivinicolo: un'analisi delle reti sociali. Economia del Vino (pp. 38-64) (27 p.). Franco Angeli.
Morrison, A., Pietrobelli, C. & Rabellotti, R. (2008). Global value chains and technological capabilities: a framework to study learning and innovation in developing countries. Dynamics capabilities (pp. 157-180) (24 p.). London / New York: Routledge.
Morrison, A., Pietrobelli, C. & Rabellotti, R. (2008). Global value chains and technological capabilities: a framework to study learning and innovation in developing countries. Oxford Development Studies (36), (pp. 39-58) (20 p.).
  2007 - Scholarly publications
Morrison, A. & Rabellotti, R. (2007). The role of research in wine: The emergence of regional research area in an Italian wine production system. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 3 (2-3), (pp. 155-178) (24 p.).
  2006 - Scholarly publications
Morrison, A. (2006). Le determinanti della performance innovativa delle imprese distrettuali: capitale relazionale vs absorptive capacity. Scienze Regionali, 6 (1), (pp. 59-84) (26 p.).
  2005 - Scholarly publications
Capello, R. & Morrison, A. (2005). Il ruolo dei parchi scientifici nei processi di socializzazione della conoscenza - una concettualizzazione e una verifica empirica. In A. Bruzzo & S. Occelli (Eds.), Le relazioni tra conoscenza ed innovazione nello sviluppo dei territori Milano: Franco Angeli.
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Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:58

RSA-Membership Grant 2017

The short and long-term impact of migration on regional innovation and technological diversification: An analysis of US cities during the ages of mass migration (1870-1930)

for more information visit: www.regionalstudies.org/funding/report/andrea-morrison


Cluster Development Med (ClusDev Med) - Horizon 2020 (2015-2019)

Cluster Development Med (ClusDev Med) is new Horizon 2020 - Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE) project. Priority topics are: food security, Energy, Water.

The project lies within priority research & innovation topics in EU-Mediterranean cooperation, as highlighted within the MOCO - Monitoring Committee for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation in RTD.

ClusDevMed aims to foster the EU-MPC public-private-partnership (PPP), and to uptake research results by developing  and promoting  a more efficient use of Research Development and Innovation frameworks and resources such as information, innovation and business support, standards, products, tests and analysis. In terms of promoting clusters excellence for sustainable knowledge transfer, the project aimed to deals with the improvement of the synergy and intersection between Knowledge-Triangle (Research, Education and Innovation) in water-energy-food nexus (WEF-Nexus) between EU and Mediterranean countries.

Core research areas is: Green Tech in the field of Clustering Activities.









Project leader (The Netherlands): Andrea Morrison


ClusDev Med

ClusDev Cordis



Completed projects

Grouping without Borders: Transnational Creative Knowledge Migrants in Digital Urban Space 20.04.2016 to 01.09.2017
General project description

The project focuses on transnational knowledge migrants (i.e. urban designers at the intersection with technology, culture and sustainability) in the creative industries and their role in shaping the urban as digital space. Creative knowledge migrants constitute an ideal case since they are "transversal enablers" that are able to connect local urban spaces to global ones. An analysis of their use of social media in cities allows for an understanding of the ways physical and digital spaces intersect and the role of these migrants in shaping the local through communicative practice and grouping processes. We carry out a pilot that will allow us to test the methodology based on language technology and social network analysis.

Role Researcher Funding
Utrecht University: UU Seed Funding Institutions
Project members UU
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Master Urban and Economic Geography

Andrea Morrison, Director

Why Utrecht


What in Utrecht






Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:58
Full name
dr. A. Morrison Contact details
Vening Meineszgebouw A

Princetonlaan 8a
Room 6.44
The Netherlands

Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 1368
Gegenereerd op 2018-06-25 21:27:58
Last updated 11.01.2018