Argyro (Iro) Karagianni LLM
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Argyro (Iro) Karagianni works as a PhD Researcher at Utrecht University since September 2016. She is affiliated to the Utrecht Centre for Regulation and Enforcement in Europe (RENFORCE) . Her research focuses on EU financial supervision and the protection of funamental rights in a transnational law enforcement area.

Prior to starting her PhD research, Argyro worked as a legal trainee at the European Central Bank and as a judicial trainee at the Athens Court of Appeals. She also worked in private practice and is a qualified barrister in Greece. She holds an LL.M in Law and Economics from Utrecht University.



Scientific expertise
Enforcement of EU law
Financial supervision
fundamental rights
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T. Duijkersloot, A. Karagianni, R. Kraaijeveld, Political and judicial accountability in the EU shared system of banking supervision and enforcement,  in M. Scholten and M. Luchtman (eds), Law Enforcement by EU Authorities. Implications for Political and Judicial Accountability (Edward Elgar).

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Exchange of information with EU and national enforcement authorities: Improving OLAF's legislative framework through a comparison with other EU authorities
02.01.2017 to 28.02.2018
General project description 

The project aims to analyse the OLAF’s legislative framework for the exchange of information in the pre-investigative and investigative phase; to identify legal obstacles to realise OLAF’s mandate; and to elaborate possible solutions. It makes a comparison with other EU bodies with comparable tasks (European Competition Network/ECN, the European Central Bank/ECB, and the European Securities and Markets Authority/ESMA). By analysing and comparing the interaction between EU law and national law for these authorities in six Member States (the Netherlands, Germany, UK, Italy, Hungary, and Luxembourg), it will answer the question of whether there is a need to recalibrate the OLAF legislative framework, and it will define various models for that purpose.

Role Researcher Funding
EU grant
Project members UU
External project members:
  • prof. Martin Böse - University of Bonn
  • dr. Anne Schneider - University of Bonn
  • prof. Peter Alldridge - Queen Mary - University of London
  • prof. Silvia Allegrezza - University of Luxembourg
  • Prof. Katalin Ligeti - University of Luxembourg
  • Dr Valentina Covolo - University of Luxembourg
  • Dr Andras Csuri - University of Vienna
The rise of EU law enforcement authorities - Protecting fundamental rights and liberties in a transnational law enforcement area
20.11.2015 to 20.11.2021
General project description 

EU authorities are increasingly performing law enforcement tasks. The European Central Bank and the European Securities and Markets Authority can for instance impose administrative fines on companies (banks; credit rating agencies) or refer cases to national authorities for prosecution. OLAF and Eurojust have coordinating and investigative tasks in the area of the investigation and prosecution of fraud against the financial interests of the EU.

The powers of these authorities are still largely defined by the national laws of individual EU member States. The legal frameworks for the authorities are decentralized and integrated into the national legal orders. As differences between national regimes exist, conflicts of law, deliberate circumvention of safeguards (forum shopping) or races to the bottom may lead to arbitrary interferences with fundamental rights of individuals. This is precisely what fundamental rights aim to prevent within the nation-state. Yet in a transnational context, the content and scope of these rights are ill-defined. While the existing legal frameworks substantially increase the degree of discretion for State or EU authorities, they simultaneously decrease legal certainty as to the applicable fundamental rights in criminal proceedings.

Michiel Luchtman and two PhD students perform a legal comparative analysis of how fundamental rights are integrated into the legal frameworks for ECB/ESMA, respectively OLAF/Eurojust. The team will determine how these authorities deal with the discretion that these frameworks leave them. The project is funded by NWO under the Innovational Research Incentives Scheme.

Role Researcher Funding
NWO grant
Project members UU

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Additional functions and activities

Member of the Athens Bar Association

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Full name
A.M. Karagianni LLM Contact details
Postal address
Boothstraat 6
3512 BW    UTRECHT
The Netherlands
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Last updated 18.09.2017