dr. A.L.C. (Alexandre) Jousset
A.L.C.Jousset@uu.nl
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 11:05:30


Profile

I am a microbial ecologist interested in the factors affecting the growth and activity of plant beneficial bacteria.

Plants depend for their health and growth on naturally-occuring probiotic microbes that provide nutrients, growth hormones and antibiotics to the plant. Such probiotics can be used to replace pesticides and reduce the use of fertilizers, forming a corner stone of sustainable agricultural practices. In order to fully exploit this potential, we need to understand better the life of soil bacteria. I merge in my research community ecology, evolutionary biology and phytopathology to understand and master beneficial plant-microbe interactions.

Current priority research topics of my team include:

 -Development of multispecies probiotic consortia to enhance plant health (Simone Weidner, NWO-funded, and Tianjie Yang, CSC-funded,collaboration with Nanjing Agricultural University ): Mixing probiotic microbes may help combine the best out of the single isolates. In order to develop successfull consortia we combine comparative genomics and biodiversity - ecosystem functioning relationships to reveal the rules for the assembly of the perfect community,

-Assembly of the rhizosphere microbiome (Jie Hu &Wu Xiong, CSC-funded, collaboration with Nanjing Agricultural University) : Microbial communities associated with plant roots are very dynamics. We apply a metacommunity framework to track the changes in community composition and determine which configurations best support plant health. We test for instance self-assembly processes and the importance of metacommunity structure on microbiome structure and function.

-Development of multispecies microbial consortia to remove pollutants (funded by State Key Laboratory for Pollutant Removal and Resource Reuse, Collaboration with Nanjing University): We develop species consortia best able to remove organic pollutants from soils, supporting recovery of contaminated soils

-Protozoa and plant growth (Zhilei Gao, CSC-funded, Ida Karlsson, Swedish Research Counsil -funded): Protozoa are ubiquitous microorganisms and the main predators of bacteria in soil. As such, they have a strong impact on community structure and function.We investigate whether protozoa favor beneficial microbes in soil and if they can be used to enhance plant health in a sustainable way.

-Modulation of plant stress by root-associated microbes (Mohammad Ravanbakhsh, Iranian ministry of Education-funded, collaboration with the Ecophysiology group of the Utrecht University): Plant live in a complex environment and must adapt to different stressors. We investigate root-associated bacteria that reduce ethylen levels, an important hormone involved in stress response. We test the effect of these microbes on the ability of the plant to cope with common environmental stressors such as heavy metals and flood.

 

 

 

 

Strategic themes / Focus areas
Involved in the following study programme(s)
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 11:05:31
Curriculum vitae

 

 

Dr. Alexandre Jousset

Assistant professor

Utrecht University

Ecology and Biodiversity group

Institute for Environmental Biology

Padualaan 8, 3584 CH  UTRECHT

The Netherlands

E-mail (work): a.l.c.jousset@uu.nl

 

Phone (prof.): +3130-2536877

 

 

Languages

French:             Mother Tongue

English:             Fluent (written and spoken)

German:          Fluent (written and spoken)

Spanish:           Fluent (written and spoken)

Dutch:              Good

Swiss-German:                               Good

Chinese:          Basic knowledge

Research interests

I investigate the ecology and evolution of plant-associated microbial communities their impact on plant health. I use bacteria as model system to understand how biodiversity and global change effects interactively affect community performance and evolutionary dynamics. I have developed an interdisciplinary approach combining theoretical models and genomic data with laboratory and field experiments to predict microbial community function and feedbacks on plant performance.

I strive to make my results available to society and am actively using my discoveries to develop sustainable biological control strategies in dialogue with public and private stakeholders.

 

Keywords: Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning, predator-prey interactions, microbial ecology, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, sustainable agriculture.

Teaching philosophy

My teaching is centred on the early integration of students in practical work. I actively support students in the process of setting up independent, self-determined research. I apply these goals in seminars and practical classes. In the context of supervision of bachelor- and master theses, and take a special care to assist and motivate students to publish their original work in peer reviewed journals (See Weidner et al 2015, Latz et al. 2012, Becker et al. 2012).

Professional Experience      

2013-present    Assistant professor, Utrecht University, Ecology and Biodiversity.

2014-present    Visiting professor, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

 

2009-2013          Lecturer („Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter“), Georg-August University Göttingen, Animal Ecology (head: Stefan Scheu).

 

2006-2009          PhD, Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany: “Importance of biotic interactions for the fitness and activity of rhizosphere biocontrol pseudomonads”. (Daily supervisor: Michael Bonkowski, thesis carried out in collaboration with Christoph Keel, University of Lausanne, Switzerland)

 

2005-2006          Research stay, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina (14 months, supervisor: Claudio Valverde): Interactions between biocontrol bacteria Pseudomonas protegens CHA0and protozoan predators.

                          

2004                   Research stay, Umweltforschungszentrum (UFZ), Leipzig, Germany (3 months): Investigation of the effect of pesticides on soil protozoa.

 

Education

2003-2004          Msc in Biology, University of Lausanne & Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland.

 

Leadership and supervision

Current research group

Post-docs:

2016-17              Ida Karlsson. Effect of protozoa on soil suppressiveness.Main advisor

2017-2019          Multispecies communities to control Ralstonia wilt (open position)

 

PhD candidates :

Ongoing

2016-present     Violeta Fernandez. Development of multispecies inocula to enhance microbiome functioning. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

2016-present     Jie Hu. Assembly of the rhizosphere microbiome. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

2016-present     Mohammad Ravanbahksh. Plant-microbe interactions and plant stress resistance. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

2015-present     Zhilei Gao. Protozoa and soil suppressiveness. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

2014-present     Erqin Li. In situ Evolution of probiotic microbes (“Co-promotor”)

2014-present     Simone Weidner. Microbial Biodiversity and microbiome function. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

2013-present     Tianjie Yang. Biological control of Ralstonia solanacearum by cogeneric species. Main supervisor (“Co-promotor”)

 

Past members

2011-2015:          Ellen Latz. Effect of plant biodiversity on soil suppressiveness.Main supervisor

 

Undergraduate students: Twenty bachelor theses, Fifteen diploma/master Theses.

My goal is to make the master thesis a kick-start event in the career of talented students. I therefore actively support the students in the process of writing and publishing their thesis in leading scientific journals (see publication list for details), as shown in following examples: 

Dudenhöffer et al. 2016 (J Ecol), Weidner et al. 2015 (Func Ecol), Becker et al. 2012 (Ecol Lett), Latz et al. 2012 (J Ecol), Müller et al. 2011 (Plos One),  Neidig et al. 2011 (Microb Ecol), Neidig et al. 2010 (Func Ecol).

 

Publications

International (refereed) journals

45 publications (16 as first author, 17 as senior author).

H Index: 18 (Google Scholar, October 2016).

Median Impact Factor: 4.9 [vs median IF of 1.8 (Ecology) and 1.4 (Plant sciences)]

 

  1. Yang, T., Wei, Z., Friman, V.P., Xu, Y., Shen, Q., Kowalchuk, G.A., Jousset, A., 2017. “Resource availability modulates biodiversity-invasion relationships by altering competitive interactions”. Environmental Microbiology (accepted).
  2. Xiong, W., Li, R., Ren, Y., Liu, C., Zhao, Q., Wu, H., Jousset, A., Shen, Q. (2017). "Distinct roles for soil fungal and bacterial communities associated with the suppression of vanilla Fusarium wilt disease." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 107: 198-207.
  3. Wei, Z.; Huang, J., Yang, T.; Jousset, A., Friman, V., Xu, Y., Shen, Q. “Seasonal variation in the biocontrol efficiency of bacterial wilt is driven by temperature-mediated changes in bacterial competitive interactions”. Journal of Applied Ecology (accepted)
  4. Gu, Y., Hou, Y., Huang, D., Hao, Z., Wang, X., Wei, Z., Jousset, A., Tan S., Xu D., Shen Q., Xu Y., Friman, V. “Application of biochar reduces Ralstonia solanacearum infection via effects on pathogen chemotaxis, swarming motility, and root exudate adsorption”. Plant and Soil (accepted)
  5. 5.                                              Ravanbakhsh, M.; Sasidharan, R.; Voesenek, L.; Kowalchuk, G.; Jousset, A. “ACC deaminase-producing rhizosphere bacteria modulate plant responses to flooding”. Journal of Ecology (accepted)
  6. 6.                                              Jousset, A., Bienhold, C., Chatzinotas, A., Gallien, L., Gobet, A., Kurm, V., Kuesel, K. Rillig, M., Rivett, D., Salles, J., van der Heijden, M., Youssef, N., Zhang, X., Wei, Z., Hol, G., "Where less may be more: How the rare biosphere pulls ecosystems strings". ISME Journal (accepted)
  7. Hu, J., Wei, Z., Friman, V., Gu, S., Wang, X., Eisenhauer, N., Yang, T., Ma, J., Shen, Q., Xu, Y., Jousset, A. “Probiotic diversity enhances rhizosphere microbiome function and plant disease suppression”, mBio 7(6):e01790-16
  8. Wang, X., Wei, Z., Li, M., Wang, X., Shan, A., Mei, X., Jousset, A., Shen, Q., Xu, Y., Friman, V. „Parasites and competitors suppress bacterial pathogen synergistically due to evolutionary trade-offs”. Evolution (accepted)
  9. Gonzales-Macé, G., Steinauer, K., Jousset, A., Eisenhauer, N., Scheu, S. “Flood-induced changes in soil microbial functions as modified by plant diversity”. PLoS ONE, accepted
  10. Weidner, S., Latz, E., Agaras, B., Valverde, C., Jousset, A. „Protozoa stimulate the plant beneficial activity of rhizospheric pseudomonads”. Plant and Soil (in press)
  11. Gu, Y,. Wei, Z., Wang. X., Friman, V., Huang, J., Wang, X., Mei, X., Xu, Y., Shen, Q. and Jousset, A. “Pathogen invasion indirectly changes the composition of soil microbiome via shifts in root exudation profile”. Biology and Fertility of Soils 52:997-1005
  12. Jousset, A., Eisenhauer, N., Merker, M., Mouquet, N., & Scheu, S. (2016). „High functional diversity stimulates diversification in experimental microbial communities”. Science Advances, 2(6)
  13. Dudenhöffer, J.-H., Scheu, S. and Jousset, A. (2016). „Systemic enrichment of antifungal traits in the rhizosphere microbiome after pathogen attack”. Journal of Ecology, in press
  14. Ravanbakhsh, M., A.-M. Ronaghi, S. M. Taghavi, and Jousset, A. 2016. “Screening for the next generation heavy metal hyperaccumulators for dryland decontamination”. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4:2350-2355.
  15. Latz, E., Eisenhauer, N., Rall, B.C., Scheu, S. and Jousset,A. (2016). „Unravelling Linkages between Plant Community Composition and the Pathogen-Suppressive Potential of Soil”. Scientific Reports 6:23584
  16. Bass, D., Silberman, J. D., Brown, M. W., Tice, A. K., Jousset, A., Geisen, S. and Hartikainen, H. (2016). “Coprophilic amoebae and flagellates, including Guttulinopsis, Rosculus and Helkesimastix, characterise a divergent and diverse rhizarian radiation and contribute to a large diversity of faecal-associated protists”. Environmental Microbiology 18:1604-1619.
  17. Wei, Z., Yang, T., Friman, VP., Xu, Y., Shen, Q., Jousset, A. (2015). “Trophic network architecture of root-associated bacterial communities determines pathogen invasion and plant health”. Nature Communications 6:8413.
  18. Latz, E., Eisenhauer, N., Scheu, S. and Jousset,A. (2015). "Plant identity drives the expression of biocontrol factors in a rhizosphere bacterium across a plant diversity gradient." Functional Ecology 29: 1225–1234.
  19. Weidner, S., Koller, R., Latz, E., Kowalchuk, G.A., Bonkowski, M., Scheu, S and Jousset,A. (2015). "Bacterial diversity amplifies nutrient-based plant–soil feedbacks." Functional Ecology 29: 1341-1349.
  20. Jousset, A., Schuldes, J., Keel, C., Maurhofer, M., Daniel, R., Scheu, S., Thuermer, A. (2014). “Full-genome sequence of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas protegens CHA0”. Genome announcements.
  21. Keller-Costa, T., Jousset, A., van Overbeek, L., van Elsas, J.D. & Costa, R. "The freshwater sponge Ephydatia fluviatilis harbours diverse Pseudomonas species (Gammaproteobacteria, Pseudomonadales) with broad-Spectrum antimicrobial activity." PLoS ONE 9(2).
  22. Jousset, A., Becker, J., Chatterjee, S., Karlovsky, P., Scheu, S., Eisenhauer, N. (2014) “Biodiversity and species identity shape the antifungal activity of bacterial communities”. Ecology 95:1184-190.
  23. Fussmann, K., Rall, B., Schwarzmuller, F., Jousset, A., Brose, U. (2014) “Ecological stability in response to warming”. Nature Climate Change 4: 206-2010
  24. Friman, VP., Jousset, A., Buckling, A. (2013) “Rapid prey evolution can alter the structure of predator-prey communities”. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27: 374-380
  25. Jousset, A., Eisenhauer, N., Materne, E., Scheu, S. (2013): “Evolutionary history predicts the stability of cooperation in microbial communities”. Nature Communications 4:2573.
  26. Müller, MS., Scheu, S., Jousset, A. (2013): “Protozoa drive the dynamics of culturable biocontrol bacterial communities”. PLoS ONE 8: e66200
  27. Li, M., Huang, WE., Gibson, CM., Fowler, PW., Jousset, A. (2013): “Stable isotope probing and Raman spectroscopy for monitoring carbon flow in a food chain and revealing metabolic pathway”. Analytical Chemistry 85: 1642−1649
  28. 28.                                          Eisenhauer, N., Schulz, W., Scheu, S., Jousset, A. (2013): “Niche dimensionality links biodiversity and invasibility in microbial communities”. Functional Ecology 27:282-288 [IF 4.86](Editor’s choice)
  29. 29.                                          Becker, J., Eisenhauer, N., Scheu, S., and Jousset, A. (2012) “Increasing antagonistic interactions cause bacterial communities to collapse at high diversity”. Ecology Letters 15: 468-474 [IF 17.95](rated “2 stars” by Faculty of 1000)
  30. Eisenhauer, N., Scheu, S., and Jousset, A. (2012) “Bacterial diversity stabilizes community productivity”. PLoS ONE 7: e34517
  31. Jousset, A. (2012) “Ecological and evolutive implications of bacterial defences against predators”. Environmental Microbiology 14:1830-1843.(Invited review)
  32. Latz, E., Eisenhauer, N., Rall, B.C., Allan, E., Roscher, C., Scheu, S., and Jousset, A. (2012) “Plant diversity improves protection against soil-borne pathogens by fostering antagonistic bacterial communities”. Journal of Ecology 100: 597-604 (Notebook article in “The Scientist”)
  33. Henkes, G., Jousset, A., Bonkowski, M., Thorpe, M.R., Scheu, S., Schurr, U., and Röse, U.S.R. (2011) “Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 maintains carbon delivery to Fusarium graminearum infected roots and prevents reduction in biomass of barley shoots through systemic interactions”. Journal of Experimental Botany 62: 4337-4344
  34. Jousset, A., Rochat, L., Lanoue, A., Keel, C., Bonkowski, M., and Scheu, S. (2011) “Plants respond to pathogen infection by enhancing the antifungal activity of root-associated bacteria”. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 24: 352-358.
  35. Jousset, A., Schmid, B., Scheu, S., and Eisenhauer, N. (2011) “Genotypic richness and dissimilarity opposingly affect ecosystem performance”. Ecology Letters 14: 537-624 (cited in various German newspapers including die Welt, Göttinger Tagesblatt, Berliner Morgenpost)
  36. 36.                                          Jousset, A., Schulz, W., Scheu, S., and Eisenhauer, N. (2011) “Intraspecific genetic richness and relatedness predict the invasibility of bacterial communities”. ISME Journal 5: 1108-1114 (Research Highlight in Nature Reviews Microbiology 9:312-313)
  37. Neidig, N., Paul, R., Scheu, S., and Jousset, A. (2011) “Secondary metabolites of Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 drive complex non-trophic interactions with bacterivorous nematodes”. Microbial Ecology 61: 853-859
  38. Jousset, A., and Bonkowski, M. (2010) “The model predator Acanthamoeba castellanii induces the production of 2,4- DAPG by the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens Q2-87”. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 1647-1649
  39. 39.                                          Jousset, A., Rochat, L., Scheu, S., Bonkowski, M., and Keel, C. (2010) “Predator-prey chemical warfare determines the expression of antifungal genes by rhizosphere pseudomonads”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76: 5263-5268  (rated “9 ” by Faculty of 1000)
  40. Neidig, N., Jousset, A., Nunes, F., Bonkowski, M., Paul, R.J., and Scheu, S. (2010) “Interference between bacterial feeding nematodes and amoebae relies on innate and inducible mutual toxicity”. Functional Ecology 24: 1133-1138
  41. 41.                                          Jousset, A., Lara, E., Nikolausz, M., Harms, H., and Chatzinotas, A. (2009) “Application of the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique as an efficient diagnostic tool for ciliate communities in soil”. Sci Total Environ 408: 1221-1225
  42. 42.                                          Jousset, A., Rochat, L., Keel, C., Pechy-Tarr, M., Scheu, S., and Bonkowski, M. (2009) “Predators promote toxicity of rhizosphere bacterial communities by selective feeding on non-toxic cheaters”. ISME Journal 3: 666-674 (Research Highlight in Nature Reviews Microbiology 7:326-327)
  43. Schebb, N.H., Vielhaber, T., Jousset, A., and Karst, U. (2009) “Development of a liquid chromatography-based screening methodology for proteolytic enzyme activity”. Journal of Chromatography A 1216: 4407-4415.
  44. Jousset, A., Scheu, S., and Bonkowski, M. (2008) “Secondary metabolite production facilitates establishment of rhizobacteria by reducing both protozoan predation and the competitive effects of indigenous bacteria”. Functional Ecology 22: 714-719
  45. Jousset, A., Lara, E., Wall, L.G., and Valverde, C. (2006) “Secondary metabolites help biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0 to escape protozoan grazing”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 7083-7090
  46. Heijboer, A., Ruess, L., Traugott, M., Jousset A., de Ruiter, P.C. (2017) “Empirical methods of identifying and quantifying trophic interactions for constructing soil food web models”. In “Adaptive Food Webs”.
  47. Jousset, A.“Application of protists to improve plant growth in sustainable agriculture” in “Rhizotrophs: Plant growth promotion to Bioremediation”
    1. Yangchun Xu, Zhong Wei, Jie Hu, Alexandre Jousset. A novel bio-organic fertilizer fortified with Geobacillus sp. NJRC-14 for controlling bacterial wilt of tomato. Chinese patent. Application date: 2013-12-9, application number: 201310662410.8
    2. Yangchun Xu, Zhong Wei, Alexandre Jousset, Yian Gu. An efficient method for controlling bacterial wilt of tomato in a spatio-temporal way. Chinese patent. Application date: 2013-12-11, application number: 201310674982.8

Book chapters

Patent applications

 

Contribution to international conferences

21 oral presentations at international conferences

 

Invited /keynote presentations

2017                  Plant genomic and gene editing congress, Amsterdam, Netherlands. “Engineering the rhizosphere microbiome with multispecies probiotic consortia” (keynote presentation)

2016                  EcoSummit, Montpellier, France. “Protozoa drive the functionality of the soil microbiome”

                          Global Biomimicry conference, Utrecht, Netherlands: “Soil bacteria: a natural shield against plant diseases”

                          University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia: “Engineering microbiome function with multispecies probiotic consortia”

                          Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China: “Root-associated microbiota regulate heavy metal uptake”

                          Meeting of the Dutch Society for Ecology (Keynote presentation): “Rhizosphere ecology: a bird eye view from micro to global scale”

2015                  Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China: “Protozoa as master regulators of the soil microbiome”.

                          University of Groningen, Netherlands: “Protozoa and microbiome function”

                          Workshop Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Graz. “Application of protozoa in the agriculture”.

2014                  University of Kyoto, Japan. “A community-level approach to plant-microbe interactions”.

ISME Meeting, Seoul, Korea (Keynote presentation) “Rhizosphere ecology meets biodiversity research: a community-level approach to plant-microbe interactions”.

                                                    University of Zurich, Switzerland: “Biodiversity research meets evolutionary biology: new insights from model microbial communities”. Monthly seminar of the Institute of Plant Biology.

2013                  GEOMAR Kiel, Germany: “Evolutionary history predicts the stability of cooperation in microbial communities”. 

                          Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina: “Biodiversity and the function of rhizosphere bacteria”.

                                                    Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China: “Effect of biodiversity on the evolution of biocontrol bacterial communities”.

2012                  Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany: “Biodiversity accelerate adaptive radiation in microbial microcosms”. Ecological colloquium of the FSU Jena.

                                                    Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for Organic Solid Waste Utilization, Nanjing, China: “Effect of biodiversity on the performance of biocontrol bacterial communities”.

                                                    Nanjing University, school of the environment, Nanjing, China: “Including Biodiversity-Ecosystem functioning framework to improve the efficiency of PAH degrading microbial consortia“.

                                                    CNRS, Montpellier, France: “Biodiversity drives the evolutionary dynamics of microbial communities”.

                                                    University of Lüneburg, Lüneburg, Germany: “The bright side of soil life: positive soil feedbacks on plants”. 42nd Meeting of the ecological society of Germany, Switzerland and Austria (GfÖ), 10-14th september 2012.

                                                    Julius Kühn Institute, Braunschweig, Germany. “Harnessing the power of diversity. How species richness boosts the function of microbial communities”.

                                                    CNRS, Montpellier, France: “Diversity harms you and the competitors around you”. Seminar of the Evolutionary Community Ecology group (EEC).

2011                  University of Nanjing, school of the environment, Nanjing, China: “Roots, death and vengeance: Biodiversity and the functioning of rhizosphere bacterial communities” (8th Environmental Forum of State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse).

                                                    Chinese Academy of sciences, Institute of soil sciences, Nanjing, China: “Recruitment of beneficial bacteria by plants as defense strategy against soil borne pathogens”.

                          University of Minnesota, St-Paul, USA: “Allelopathy, biodiversity and complementarity: exploring the ecological ABC with model bacterial communities” (EEB / Forestry Resources/Plant Pathology joint Seminar).

                                                    University of Minnesota, St-Paul, USA: “Kin-dependant selection maintains cooperation in diverse microbial communities”.

2010                  University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany: “High throughput methods as basis for the quantitative modelling of soil ecosystems”. Workshop of the German Society for Ecology (GfÖ).

                                                    University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany: “Allelopathy and resource competition link diversity and ecosystem service in microbial communities”. Functions and Services of Biodiversity meeting, June 20-22 2010, Göttingen, Germany.

2008                  University of Groningen, Department of life sciences, Groningen, Netherlands: ” Love-hate relationship between biocontrol bacteria and their predators”.

                          Université Paris-Sud, Department of Systematics and Evolution, Paris, France: “Consequences of predator-prey interactions for the fitness of rhizosphere bacteria”.

2007                  National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA), Nancy, France: “Biotic interactions as a tool to improve the use of biocontrol bacteria in the agriculture”.

                          Université of Lausanne, Département de Microbiologie Fondamentale, Lausanne, Switzerland. “Interactions between biocontrol bacteria and their predators: Implication for survival and fitness in the rhizosphere”.

 

Teaching

2016                  Lecture and lab course on microbial ecology (Bachelor level, 30h). Utrecht University, The Netherlands

2015-2016         Lecture on evolutionary biology (Bachelor level, 30h). Utrecht University, The Netherlands

2014                  Experimental weeks, first year lab course on statistics (Bachelor level, 40h). Utrecht University, The Netherlands

2012                  Training and seminar “setup and analysis of diversity experiments” (Master level, 120 h/semester). University of Göttingen, Germany

2011                  Training and seminar “functional soil ecology” (Master level, 120 h). University of Göttingen, Germany

2010                  Training and seminar “functional soil ecology” (Master level, 120 h). University of Göttingen, Germany

2009                  Training and seminar “functional soil ecology” (Master level, 120 h). University of Göttingen, Germany

2008                  Training and seminar “soil ecology” (Master level, 40 hours). TU Darmstadt, Germany

Invited teaching in other institutions

2016                  Two-days’ master-level workshop “Building multispecies consortia for disease suppression”. University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia.

2015-16             Guest lecture in the Microbial Ecology Bachelor-level course at the University of Leiden, Netherlands.

2014                  Organisation of the workshop for Master and PhD students “Ecological and evolutionary theory at the service of agricultural applications” (30h), Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China.

2012                  Master-level training and seminar “Microbial biodiversity and degradation of organic pollutants” (40h). School of the environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

 

Funding

I have successfully collected funding from various governmental and private sources to a total of 1’100’000€ (900’000€ as PI, 200’000€ as co-PI). In addition, I have attracted foreign scientists to join my group on their own funding, helping them to successfully write their grant applications, which generated an additional funding of 650’000€ since 2014.

2017-2019         “Probiotic microbes to eradicate Ralstonia wilt in horticulture”. TKI top sector, 270’000 € (PI within consortium of Dutch research institutions, governmental agencies and farmer associations).

2016-2017         Cooperative project with The Nanjing Agricultural University. PI, KNAW, 40’000 €

2015-2019         “A biodiversity approach to develop multispecies microbial inoculants for sustainable crop protection”. PI, NWO. 360’000€.

2014-2016         Various direct research contracts for companies. PI, 120’000€.

2014-2017         BEFmate project, funded by the Low Saxony government (co-PI, 180’000 €, for one PhD student co-supervised with Prof. Rolf Daniel)

2013-2014         Collaboration project with the Nanjing University, China: “Microbial diversity and contaminant degradation” (DAAD-CSC),PI, 20’000€.

2013-2014         Visiting scholar program, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Nanjing, China: “Biodegradation of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by diverse microbial consortia”, PI, 12’000 €.

2013-2014         Collaboration project with the University of Quilmes, Argentina, funded by the German ministry for Science (BMBF). Topic: “Protozoa-bacteria Interactions and soil fertility”, PI, 20’000€.

2011-2014         DFG research grant: “The role of plant diversity for the promotion of bacterial communities responsible for soil suppressiveness against phytopathogens”, PI, 170’000€.

2011-2012         Collaboration project with the University of Nanjing, China, funded by the German ministry for Science. Topic: « Diversitätsansatz zur Verbesserung bestehender Bioremediationsstrategien für PAK kontaminierte Böden » (BMBF, CHN 11/031, ca 15‘000 €, co-PI with Dr. Butenschön).

2010-12             Different travel fellowships from the DAAD. PI, 4’000€.

2006-2009         PhD Fellowship, Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (PI, 40’000 €).

 

Further qualifications

2016                  Dutch higher education didactics certificate (Basiskwalificatie Onderwijs-BKOw)

2012                  German higher education didactics certificate (Hochschuldidaktik), 150 hours qualification program. Improvement of teaching, based on enhanced direct student participation, especially in a context of diversity.

2011                  Qualified to work with pathogenic microorganisms in Germany (§44 Infektionsschutzgesetz)

2010                  Supervision of the renovation and declaration of laboratories as security class S2 (opportunistic pathogens) for genetic studies. Management of the administrative work and compliance with existing legislation.

2008                  Certificate “Sicherheit in der Gentechnik” (University of Mainz, Germany): Overview of the security rules and legal aspects required to work with genetically modified organisms.

 

Workshop organisation

 

2017                  Main organizer of international workshop “Progress in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship research” (Utrecht)

2016                  Main organizer of international workshop “Microbiome management and plant health”(Utrecht)

                          Organisation of the session “rhizosphere ecology” at the NERN

2015                  Main organizer of international workshop “Assembly and evolution of the soil microbiome”(Utrecht)

2011-12             Initiation and organization of the 2011 and 2012 GoEvol meeting for evolutionary biology, Göttingen

2011                  Organization of the 2011 soil ecology workshop of the German Society for Ecology

 

External visibility

Fellowships (see Funding for more details)

2006:                 PhD fellowship from the German Foundation for the environment

2013:                 Visiting scholar fellowship from State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Nanjing, China

Consultancy For biotechnology companies and farmer organisations to improve rhizosphere microbiome functionality

Visiting scientist supervision 5 visiting scientists since 2011

Associate editor of Frontiers in Microbiology [IF 4.2]

Editorial board member of the ISME journal [IF 9.3]

 

Press coverage

2016:                 Interview in the Dutch radio sender BNR on Jousset et al 2016 in Science Advances

2015:                 “Bacteriën als bodyguards voor planten”, cover article in the Dutch journal NRC on January 9, 2016, over Wei et al 2015 in Nat. Comm.

                          Interview for the documentary Bodenmikroben helfen in der Landwirtschaft” by the radio sender Deutschlandfunk

2013:                 “Fighting microbes with microbes”, notebook article in the January issue of “The Scientist”

2012:                 “Down and dirty”, notebook article in the September issue of “The scientist” on the Latz et al. 2012 J. Ecol.

                          “Bodenbakterien schützen Pflanzen” („soil bacteria protect plants“), Göttinger Tageblatt on Becker et al 2012 Ecol. Lett.

2011                  “Artenvielfalt kann killerverhalten auslösen”(„Species richness can trigger killer behaviour”): Welt from April 5th on Jousset et et al 2011 Ecol. Lett.

                          “Kampf im Ökosystem: Gift für Konkurrrenten (“Fight in the ecosystem: Poison for competitors”): Göttinger Tageblatt on Jousset et al 2011 Ecol. Lett.

 

 

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Key publications

Fussmann, Katarina E., Schwarzmueller, Florian, Brose, Ulrich, Jousset, Alexandre & Rall, Bjoern C. (2014). Ecological stability in response to warming. Nature Climate Change, 4 (3), (pp. 206-210) (5 p.).

All publications
  2017 - Scholarly publications
Ravanbakhsh, Mohammadhossein, Sasidharan, Rashmi, Voesenek, Laurentius, Kowalchuk, George & Jousset, Alexandre (2017). ACC deaminase-producing rhizosphere bacteria modulate plant responses to flooding. Journal of Ecology, 105 (4), (pp. 979-986) (8 p.).
Weidner, Simone, Latz, Ellen, Agaras, Betina, Valverde, Claudio & Jousset, Alexandre (2017). Protozoa stimulate the plant beneficial activity of rhizospheric pseudomonads. Plant and Soil, (pp. 1-7) (7 p.).
  2016 - Scholarly publications
Bass, David, Silberman, Jeffrey D, Brown, Matthew W, Tice, Alexander K, Jousset, Alexandre, Geisen, Stefan & Hartikainen, Hanna (23.02.2016). Coprophilic amoebae and flagellates, including Guttulinopsis, Rosculus and Helkesimastix, characterise a divergent and diverse rhizarian radiation and contribute to a large diversity of faecal-associated protists. Environmental Microbiology © 2016 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd..
Latz, Ellen, Eisenhauer, Nico, Rall, Björn Christian, Scheu, Stefan & Jousset, Alexandre (2016). Unravelling Linkages between Plant Community Composition and the Pathogen-Suppressive Potential of Soils. Scientific Reports, 6.
  2015 - Scholarly publications
Weidner, Simone, Koller, Robert, Latz, Ellen, Kowalchuk, George, Bonkowski, Michael, Scheu, Stefan & Jousset, Alexandre (2015). Bacterial diversity amplifies nutrient-based plant-soil feedbacks. Functional Ecology
Jousset, A.L.C., Friman, V.P., Wei, Zhong, Shen, Qirong, Xu, Yangchun & Yang, T. (2015). Trophic network architecture of root-associated bacterial communities determines pathogen invasion and plant health. Nature Communications
  2014 - Scholarly publications
Jousset, Alexandre, Becker, Joachim, Chatterjee, Subhankar, Karlovsky, Petr, Scheu, Stefan & Eisenhauer, Nico (2014). Biodiversity and species identity shape the antifungal activity of bacterial communities. Ecology, 95 (5), (pp. 1184-90) (7 p.).
Fussmann, Katarina E., Schwarzmueller, Florian, Brose, Ulrich, Jousset, Alexandre & Rall, Bjoern C. (2014). Ecological stability in response to warming. Nature Climate Change, 4 (3), (pp. 206-210) (5 p.).
Jousset, Alexandre, Schuldes, Joerg, Keel, Christoph, Maurhofer, Monika, Daniel, Rolf, Scheu, Stefan & Thuermer, Andrea (2014). Full-Genome Sequence of the Plant Growth-Promoting Bacterium Pseudomonas protegens CHA0. Genome Announcements, 2 (2).
Friman, V. -P., Jousset, A. & Buckling, A. (2014). Rapid prey evolution can alter the structure of predator-prey communities. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27 (2), (pp. 374-380) (7 p.).
Keller-Costa, Tina, Jousset, Alexandre, van Overbeek, Leo, van Elsas, Jan Dirk & Costa, Rodrigo (2014). The freshwater sponge Ephydatia fluviatilis harbours diverse Pseudomonas species (Gammaproteobacteria, Pseudomonadales) with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. PLoS One, 9 (2) (15 p.).
  2013 - Scholarly publications
Jousset, Alexandre, Eisenhauer, Nico, Materne, Eva & Scheu, Stefan (2013). Evolutionary history predicts the stability of cooperation in microbial communities. Nature Communications, 4 (7 p.).
Eisenhauer, N., Schulz, W., Scheu, S. & Jousset, A.L.C. (2013). Niche dimensionality links biodiversity and invasibility in microbial communities. Functional Ecology, 27, (pp. 282-288) (7 p.).
Müller, M.S., Scheu, S. & Jousset, A.L.C. (2013). Protozoa drive the dynamics of culturable biocontrol bacterial communities. PLoS One
Li, M., Huang, W.E., Gibson, C.M., Fowler, P.W. & Jousset, A.L.C. (2013). Stable isotope probing and Raman spectroscopy for monitoring carbon flow chain and revealing metabolic pathway. Analytical Chemistry, 85, (pp. 1642-1649) (8 p.).
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Project:
UU BioCliVE
01.06.2017 to 12.12.2030
General project description 

Ecosystems of the future


Two of the most pressing issues facing our environment are climate change and biodiversity loss. Human activities are resulting in a sharp decline in biodiversity, while at the same time, climate change is impacting the world's ecosystems. It long been assumed that biodiversity can help ecosystems be more resistant to climate change, but if and how this occurs remains unknown. UU BioCliVE mimics ecosystems of the future, thereby allowing us to understand the mechanisms by which biodiversity helps to buffer ecosystems against potential harmful effects of climate change. Such knowledge will be critical as we develop management plans for the future that help to maintain biodiversity and preserve ecosystem functioning.


Role Researcher Funding
Utrecht University
Project members UU
External project members:
  • Open for collaborations
Project:
A biodiversity approach to develop multispecies microbial inoculants for sustainable crop protection
01.05.2015 to 31.05.2019
General project description 
Role Project Leader Funding
NWO grant
Project members UU

Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 11:05:31
Full name
dr. A.L.C. Jousset Contact details
Hugo R. Kruytgebouw

Padualaan 8
Room N311
3584 CH  UTRECHT
The Netherlands


Phone number (direct) +31 30 253 6877
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 11:05:31
Last updated 30.03.2017