Publicaties

2020

Antusch, S., Aarts, H., Marien, H., & Custers, R. (2020). Intentionality and temporal binding: Do causality beliefs increase the perceived temporal attraction between events? Consciousness and Cognition, 77, 102835. Download article (pdf).

Blom, Stephanie S.A.H., Aarts, Henk, Kunst, Henricus P.M., Wever, Capi C. & Semin, Gün R. (2020). Lateralization of facial emotion processing and facial paresis in Vestibular Schwannoma patients. Brain and Behavior, 10 (7). Download article (pdf).

Blom, Stephanie S.A.H., Aarts, Henk & Semin, Gün R. (2020). Lateralization of facial emotion processing and facial mimicry. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 25 (3), (pp. 259-274 ). https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1080/1357650X.2019.1657127. Download article (pdf).

Blom, Stephanie S A H, Aarts, Henk, Wever, Capi C, Kunst, Henricus P M & Semin, Gün R (2020). Quality of life, social function, emotion, and facial paresis in Dutch vestibular schwannoma patients. Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology, 5 (3), (pp. 477-484) (8 p.). © 2020 The Authors. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Triological Society. Download article (pdf).

Damen, T. G., van Baaren, R. B., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2020). Time for action: Verbal action cues influence temporal binding. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 160. Download article (pdf).

de Groot, J. H., Beetsma, D. J., van Aerts, T. J., le Berre, E., Gallagher, D., Shaw, E., Aarts, H. & Smeets, M. A. (2020). From sterile labs to rich VR: Immersive multisensory context critical for odors to induce motivated cleaning behavior. Behavior Research Methods, 1-14. Download article (pdf).

Harris, C.A., Fiedler, Klaus, Marien, H. & Custers, R. (2020). Biased Preferences Through Exploitation: How Initial Biases Are Consolidated in Reward-Rich Environments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 10 (149), (pp. 1855–1877). https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000754. Download article (pdf).

Karsh, N., Hemed, E., Nafcha, O., Elkayam, S. B., Custers, R., & Eitam, B. (2020). The Differential Impact of a Response’s Effectiveness and its Monetary Value on Response-Selection. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-12. Download article (pdf).

Keesman, M., Aarts, H., Häfner, M., & Papies, E. K. (2020). The decentering component of mindfulness reduces reactions to mental imagery. Motivation Science, 6(1), 34–42. https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1037/mot0000137.

Müller, B. C., Gao, X., Nijssen, S. R., & Damen, T. G. (2020). I, Robot: How Human Appearance and Mind Attribution Relate to the Perceived Danger of Robots. International Journal of Social Robotics, 1-11. Download article (pdf).

Pilditch, T. D., Madsen, J. K., & Custers, R. (2020). False prophets and Cassandra’s curse: The role of credibility in belief updating. Acta Psychologica, 202, 102956. Download article (pdf).

Sankaran, S., Zhang, C., Funk, M., Aarts, H., & Markopoulos, P. (2020, July). Do I have a say? Using conversational agents to re-imagine human-machine autonomy. In Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Conversational User Interfaces (pp. 1-3). Download article (pdf).

Sankaran, S., Zhang, C., Gutierrez Lopez, M., & Väänänen, K. (2020). Respecting Human Autonomy through Human-Centered AI. In Proceedings of the 11th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Shaping Experiences, Shaping Society (pp. 1-3). https://doi.org/10.1145/3419249.3420098. Download article (pdf).

Schmidt, J. R., Liefooghe, B., & De Houwer, J. (2020). Erasing the Homunculus as an Ongoing Mission: A Reply to the Commentaries. Journal of Cognition, 3, 28. Download article (pdf).

Schmidt, J. R., Liefooghe, B., & De Houwer, J. (2020). An episodic model of task switching effects: Erasing the homunculus from memory. Journal of Cognition, 3, 22. Download article (pdf).

Sun. D, Custers, R., Marien, H. & Aarts, H. (2020). Ideomotor Action: Evidence for Automaticity in Learning, but not Execution, Frontiers in Psychology. Download article (pdf).
 

2019

Aarts, H. (2019). Goal Setting Theory and The Mystery of Setting Goals. Motivation Science, 5, 106-107.

Antusch, S., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2019). The role of intentional strength in shaping the sense of agency. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1124. Download article (pdf).

Blom, S. S. A. H., Aarts, H., & Semin, G. R. (2019). Lateralization of facial emotion processing and facial mimicry. Laterality. Download article (pdf).

Brinkman, L., Dotsch, R., Zondergeld, J., Koevoets, M. G. J. C., Aarts, H., & van Haren, N. E. M. (2019). Visualizing mental representations in schizophrenia patients: A reverse correlation approach. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition, 17. 100138. Download article (pdf).

Brinkman, L., Goffin, S., van de Schoot, R., van Haren, N. E. M., Dotsch, R., & Aarts, H. (2019). Quantifying the informational value of classification images. Behavior Research Methods, 51(5), 2059–2073. Download article (pdf).

Damen, T. G. E. (2019). Sense of Agency as a predictor of risk-taking. Acta Psychologica, 197, 10–15. Download article (pdf).

Dogge, M., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2019). Moving Forward: On the Limits of Motor-Based Forward Models. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23(9), 743–753. Download article (pdf).

Dogge, M., Custers, R., Gayet, S., Hoijtink, H., & Aarts, H. (2019). Perception of action-outcomes is shaped by life-long and contextual expectations. Scientific Reports, 9, 5225. Download article (pdf).

Dogge, M., Hofman, D., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2019). Exploring the role of motor and non-motor predictive mechanisms in sensory attenuation: Perceptual and neurophysiological findings. Neuropsychologia, 124, 216–225. Download article (pdf).

Marien, H., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2019). Studying Human Habits in Societal Context: Examining Support for a Basic Stimulus–Response Mechanism. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 28, 614-618. Download article (pdf).

Oliveira, M., Garcia-Marques, T., Dotsch, R., & Garcia-Marques, L. (2019). Dominance and competence face to face: Dissociations obtained with a reverse correlation approach. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49(5), 888–902. Download article (pdf).

Oliveira, M., Garcia-Marques, T., Garcia-Marques, L., & Dotsch, R. (2019). Good to Bad or Bad to Bad? What is the relationship between valence and the trait content of the Big Two? European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 463-483. Download article (pdf).

Oliveira, M., Garcia-Marques, T., & Dotsch, R. (2019). Combining Traits Into a Face: A Reverse Correlation Approach. Social Cognition, 37(5), 516-545. Download article (pdf).

Prikken, M., van der Weiden, A., Baalbergen, H., Hillegers, M. H. J., Kahn, R. S., Aarts, H., & van Haren, N. E. M. (2019). Multisensory integration underlying body-ownership experiences in schizophrenia and offspring of patients: A study using the rubber hand illusion paradigm. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 44(3), 177–184. Download article (pdf).
 

2018

Damen, T. G. E., Strick, M., Taris, T. W., & Aarts, H. (2018). When conflict influences liking: The case of the Stroop task. Plos One, 13, e0199700. Download article (pdf).

Dogge, M., Gayet, S., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2018). The influence of action-effect anticipation on bistable perception: differences between onset rivalry and ambiguous motion. Neuroscience of consciousness, 2018(1), niy004. https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1093/nc/niy004. Download article (pdf).

Engeser, S., Hagemeyer, B., & Aarts, H. (2018). The nonconscious cessation of affiliative motivation: A replication and extension study. PLoS ONE, 13, 1–10. Download article (pdf).

Keesman, M., Aarts, H., Ostafin, B. D., Verwei, S., Häfner, M., & Papies, E. K. (2018). Alcohol representations are socially situated: An investigation of beverage representations by using a property generation task. Appetite, 120, 654–665. Download article (pdf).

Klaassen, F., Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Hoijtink, H. (2018). All for one or some for all? Evaluating informative hypotheses using multiple N = 1 studies. Behavior Research Methods, 50(6), 2276–2291. Download article (pdf).

Marien H., Custers R., Aarts H. (2018) Understanding the Formation of Human Habits: An Analysis of Mechanisms of Habitual Behaviour. In: Verplanken B. (eds) The Psychology of Habit. Springer, Cham. https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1007/978-3-319-97529-0_4.

Pilditch, T. D., & Custers, R. (2018). Communicated beliefs about action-outcomes: The role of initial confirmation in the adoption and maintenance of unsupported beliefs. Acta Psychologica, 184, 46–63. Download article (pdf).

Prikken, M., van der Weiden, A., Kahn, R. S., Aarts, H., & van Haren, N. E. M. (2018). Impaired self-agency inferences in schizophrenia: The role of cognitive capacity and causal reasoning style. European Psychiatry, 47, 27–34.

Renes, R. A., & Aarts, H. (2018). The sense of agency in health and well-being: Understanding the role of the minimal self in action-control. In D. de Ridder, M. Adriaanse, & K. Fujita (Eds.), Routledge international handbooks. The Routledge international handbook of self-control in health and well-being (p. 193–205). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Stoeckart, P. F., Strick, M., Bijleveld, E., & Aarts, H. (2018). The implicit power motive predicts decisions in line with perceived instrumentality. Motivation and Emotion, 42, 309–320. Download article (pdf).

Wang, Y., Damen, T. G. E., & Aarts, H. (2018). An examination of the sequential trial effect on experiences of agency in the Simon task. Consciousness and Cognition, 66, 17–25. Download article (pdf).
 

2017

Brinkman, L., Todorov, A., & Dotsch, R. (2017). Visualising mental representations: A primer on noise-based reverse correlation in social psychology. European Review of Social Psychology, 28(1), 333–361. Download article (pdf).

Klaassen, F., Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Hoijtink, H. (2017). All for one or some for all ? Evaluating informative hypotheses using multiple N = 1 studies.

Prikken, M., van der Weiden, A., Renes, R. A., Koevoets, M. G. J. C., Heering, H. D., Kahn, R. S., … van Haren, N. E. M. (2017). Abnormal agency experiences in schizophrenia patients: Examining the role of psychotic symptoms and familial risk. Psychiatry Research, 250, 270–276. Download article (pdf).

Stoeckart, P. F., Strick, M., Bijleveld, E., & Aarts, H. (2017). The implicit power motive predicts action selection. Psychological Research, 81, 560–570. Download article (pdf).

Wang, Y., Damen, T. G. E., & Aarts, H. (2017). Uncovering effects of self-control and stimulus-driven action selection on the sense of agency. Consciousness and Cognition, 55, 245–253. Download article (pdf).


2016

Keesman, M., Aarts, H., Vermeent, S., Häfner, M., & Papies, E. K. (2016). Consumption simulations induce salivation to food cues. PLoS ONE, 11, 1–16.

Marien, H., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2016). How goals control behavior: The role of action-outcome and reward information. In Braver, T. S., Motivation and Cognitive Control (pp.145-163). New York, NY and Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Papies, E. K., & Aarts, H. (2016). Automatic self-regulation: From habit to goal pursuit: Handbook of self regulation: Research, theory, and applications. Download article (pdf).

Renes, R. A., Vink, M., van der Weiden, A., Prikken, M., Koevoets, M. G. J. C., Kahn, R. S., … van Haren, N. E. M. (2016). Impaired frontal processing during agency inferences in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 248, 134–141.

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., Prikken, M., & van Haren, N. E. M. (2016). Individual differences in action co-representation: not personal distress or subclinical psychotic experiences but sex composition modulates joint action performance. Experimental Brain Research, 234, 499–510.


2015

Chaillou, A. C., Giersch, A., Bonnefond, A., Custers, R., & Capa, R. L. (2015). Influence of positive subliminal and supraliminal affective cues on goal pursuit in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 161, 291–298. Download article (pdf).

Damen, T. G. E., Van Baaren, R. B., Brass, M., Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2015). Put your plan into action: The influence of action plans on agency and responsibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 850–866. Download article (pdf).

Damen, T. G. E., Müller, B. C. N., Baaren, R. B. Van, & Dijksterhuis, A. (2015). Re-Examining the Agentic Shift : The Sense of Agency Influences the Effectiveness of ( Self ) Persuasion. 1–9. Download article (pdf).

Dogge, M., & Aarts, H. (2015). Inference Processes Underlying the Human Experience of Agency over Operant Actions. In P. Haggard & B. Eitam (Authors), The sense of agency. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marien, H., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2015). The interactive role of action-outcome learning and positive affective information in motivating human goal-directed behavior. Motivation Science, 1(3), 165–183. https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1037/mot0000021.

Renes, R. A., van der Weiden, A., Prikken, M., Kahn, R. S., Aarts, H., & van Haren, N. E. M. (2015). Abnormalities in the experience of self-agency in schizophrenia: A replication study. Schizophrenia Research, 164, 210–213.

Renes, R. A., Van Haren, N. E. M., & Aarts, H. (2015). Attentional control and inferences of agency: Working memory load differentially modulates goal-based and prime-based agency experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 38, 38–49. Download article (pdf).

Renes, R. A., Van Haren, N. E. M., Aarts, H., & Vink, M. (2015). An exploratory fMRI study into inferences of self-agency. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 708–712. Download article (pdf).


2014

Aarts, H., & Bijleveld, E. (2014). The psychological science of money.

Bijleveld, E., & Aarts, H. (2014). A psychological perspective on money. In The psychological science of money (pp. 3-19). Springer, New York, NY.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., Van der Stigchel, S., Aarts, H., Pas, P., & Vink, M. (2014). Distinct neural responses to conscious versus unconscious monetary reward cues. Human brain mapping, 35(11), 5578-5586.  https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1002/hbm.22571. Download article (pdf).

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2014). Conscious and Unconscious Goal Pursuit: Similar Functions, Different Processes? In J. W. Sherman, B. Gawronski, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual-process theories of the social mind, The Guilford Press.

Dogge, M., Hofman, D., Boersma, M., Dijkerman, H. C., & Aarts, H. (2014). Cortical information flow during inferences of agency. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 609. Download article (pdf).

Lynn, M. T., Muhle-Karbe, P. S., Aarts, H., & Brass, M. (2014). Priming determinist beliefs diminishes implicit (but not explicit) components of self-agency. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1–8. Download article (pdf).

Marchiori, D. & Papies, E.K. (2014). A brief mindfulness intervention reduces unhealthy eating when hungry, but not the portion size effect. Appetite, 75, 40–45. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2013.12.009. Download article (pdf).

Marien, H., Aarts, H. & Custers, R. Reward-driven modulation of adaptive control: How prospective monetary gains interact with unpredictable control demands. Motiv Emot 38, 771–778 (2014). https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1007/s11031-014-9439-9. Download article (pdf).

Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Veling, H., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2014). Comparing two psychological interventions in reducing impulsive processes of eating behaviour: Effects on self-selected portion size. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19, 767–782.

Veling, H., van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Aarts, H., & Stroebe, W. (2014). Targeting impulsive processes of eating behavior via the internet. Effects on body weight. Appetite, 78, 102–109. Download article (pdf).

Zedelius, C.M., Veling, H., Custers, R. et al. A new perspective on human reward research: How consciously and unconsciously perceived reward information influences performance. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 14, 493–508 (2014). https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.3758/s13415-013-0241-z. Download article


2013

Marien, H., Aarts, H., and Custers, R. (2013) Adaptive control of human action: The role of outcome representations and reward signals. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 602.doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00602 Download article (pdf).

Papies, E. K. (2013). Tempting food words activate eating simulations. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 838. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00838 Download article.

Papies, E. K., & Veling, H. (2013). Healthy dining: Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters. Appetite, 61(0), 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.10.025 Download article.

Stroebe, W., Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Papies, E. K., & Aarts, H. (2013). Why most dieters fail but some succeed: A goal conflict model of eating behavior. Psychological Review, 120(1), 110–138. Download article.

Van Dillen, L. F., Papies, E. K., & Hofmann, W. (in press). Turning a blind eye to temptation: How task load can facilitate self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(3), 427–443. Download article.

van der Weiden, A., Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2013). A Matter of Matching: How Goals and Primes Affect Self-Agency Experiences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142, 954-966. Download article .

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2013). On the Nature of Experiencing Self-Agency: The Role of Goals and Primes in Inferring Oneself as the Cause of Behavior. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 888-904. Download article.


2012

Aarts, H., Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., Dogge, M., Deelder, M., Schutter, D., & van Haren, N.E.M. (2012). Positive priming and intentional binding: Eye-blink rate predicts reward information effects on the sense of agency. Social Neuroscience, 7, 105-112. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2012). Human reward pursuit: From rudimentary to higher-level functions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 194-190. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Scheepers, D., & Ellemers, N. (2012). The cortisol response to anticipated intergroup interactions predicts self-reported prejudice. PLoS ONE, 7, e33681. Link to manuscript

Dogge, M., Schaap, M., Custers, R., Wegner, D. M., & Aarts, H. (2012). When moving without volition: Implied self-causation enhances binding strength between involuntary actions and effects. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 501-5-6. Download article.

Marien, H., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2012). Being flexible or rigid in goal-directed behavior: When positive affect implicitly motivates the pursuit of goals or means. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 227-283. Download article.

Marien, H., Custers, R., Hassin, R. R., & Aarts, H. (2012). Unconscious goal activation and the hijacking of the executive function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0028955 Download article.

Meule, A., Papies, E. K., & Kübler, A. (2012). Differentiating between successful and unsuccessful dieters: Validity and reliability of the Perceived Self-Regulatory Success in Dieting Scale. Appetite, 58, 822–826. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2012.01.028 Download article.

Papies, E. K. (2012). Goal priming in dieters: Recent insights and applications. Current Obesity Reports, 1, 99-105.Download article.

Papies, E. K., Barsalou, L. W., & Custers, R. (2012). Mindful Attention Prevents Mindless Impulses. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 291–299. doi:10.1177/1948550611419031 Download article.

Papies, E. K., & Nicolaije, K. A. H. (2012). Inspiration or deflation? Feeling similar or dissimilar to slim and plus-size models affects self-evaluation of restrained eaters. Body Image, 9(0), 76-85. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2011.08.004 Download article.

Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2012). I did not mean to hurt you! Unconscious origins of experienced self-agency over other’s emotional expressions, Emotion, 12, 132-141. Download article.

Ruys, K. I., Aarts, H., Papies, E. K., Oikawa, M., & Oikawa, H. (2012). Perceiving an exclusive cause of affect prevents misattribution. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1109-1015. Download article.

Van Dijk, W.W., Ouwerkerk, J.W., Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., & Wesseling, Y.M. (2012). “So you wanna be a pop star?” Schadenfreude following another’s misfortune on TV. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34, 168-174. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2012.656006

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2012). Mere exposure to palatable food cues reduces restrained eaters’ physical effort to obtain healthy food. Appetite, 58, 593-596. Download article.

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2012). Routinized learning of behavior. In N. M. Seel (Ed.) Encyclopedia of the sciences of learning (Part 18, pp. 2905-2907). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_532

Veling H., Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2012). Anger as a hidden motivator: Associating attainable products with anger turns them into rewards. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 438-445. Download article.

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2012). When unconscious rewards boost cognitive task performance inefficiently: The role of consciousness in integrating value and attainability information. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Research, 6. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00219. Download article.

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., Bijleveld, E., & Aarts, H (2012). Promising high monetary rewards for future task performance increases intermediate task performance. PLoS ONE, 7, e42547. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042547 Download article.


2011

Aarts, H., & Van Den Bos, K. (2011). On the foundations of beliefs in free will: Intentional binding and unconscious priming in self-agency. Psychological Science, 22, 532-537. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Once the money is in sight: Distinctive effects of conscious and unconscious rewards on task performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 865-869. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). When favourites fail: Tournament trophies as reward cues in tennis finals. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29, 1463-1470. Download article.

Boksem, M. A. S., & Ruys, K. I., & Aarts, H. (2011). In the face of disapproval. Performance monitoring in a social context, Social Neuroscience, First published on: 10 March 2011 (iFirst). Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Learning of predictive relations between events depends on attention, not on awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 368-378. Download article.

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., Papies, E. K., & de Vries, N. K. (2011). Paving the path for habit change: Cognitive shielding of intentions against habit intrusion. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16(1), 189-200. doi:10.1348/2044-8287.002005 Download article.

De Vries, P, Aarts, H., Midden C. (2011). Changing simple energy-related consumer behavior: How good intentions may be thwarted by acting and non-acting habits. Environment and Behavior, 43, 612-633. Download article.

Oikawa, M., Aarts, H., & Oikawa, H. (2011). There is a Fire Burning in My Heart: The Role of Causal Attribution in Affect Transfer. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 156-163. Download article.

Terburg, D., Hooiveld, N., Aarts, H., Kenemans, L., & Van Honk, J. (2011). Eye-Tracking Unconscious Face-to-Face Confrontations: Dominance Motives Prolong Gaze to Masked Angry Faces. Psychological Science, 22, 314-319. Download article.

Van Dijk, W.W., Ouwerkerk, J.W., Wesseling, Y.M., & Van Koningsbruggen, G.M. (2011). Towards understanding pleasure at the misfortunes of others: The impact of self-evaluation threat on schadenfreude. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 360-368. Download article.

Van Dijk, W.W., Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Ouwerkerk, J.W., & Wesseling, Y.M. (2011). Self-esteem, self-affirmation, and schadenfreude. Emotion, 11, 1445-1449. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., & Stroebe, W. (2011). Lasting effects of alcohol: Subliminal alcohol cues, impairment expectancies, and math performance. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 807-811. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2011). Through the eyes of dieters: Biased size perception of food following tempting food primes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 47, 293-299. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., Papies, E.K., & Aarts, H. (2011). Implementation intentions as goal primes: Boosting self-control in tempting environments. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 551-557. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.799 Download article.

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Changing impulsive determinants of unhealthy behaviours towards rewarding objects. Health Psychology Review, 5, 150-153.

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Unintentional preparation of motor impulses after incidental perception of need-rewarding objects. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 1131-1138. Download article.

Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Papies, E. K. (2011). Using stop signals to inhibit chronic dieters’ responses toward palatable foods. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(11), 771–780. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2011.08.005 Download article.

Veling, H., Aarts, H., & Stroebe, W. (2011). Fear signals inhibit impulsive behavior toward rewarding food objects. Appetite, 56, 643-648. Download article.

Veltkamp, M., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2011). Motivating consumer behavior by subliminal conditioning in the absence of basic needs: Striking even while the iron is cold. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21, 49-56. Download article.

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2011). Prime and probability: Causal knowledge affects inferential and predictive effects on self-agency experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1865-1871. Download article.

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Beware the reward - How conscious processing of rewards impairs active maintenance performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 366-367. Download article.

Zedelius, C. M., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2011). Boosting or choking - How Conscious and unconscious reward processing modulate the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 355-362. Download article.


2010

Aarts, H., Ruys, K. I., Veling, H., Renes, R.A., J. H. B. de Groot, A. M. van Nunen, & Geertjes S. (2010). The art of anger: Reward context turns avoidance responses to anger-related objects into approach. Psychological Science, 21, 1406-1410. Download article.

Aarts, H., Oikawa, M., & Oikawa, H. (2010). Cultural and Universal Routes to Authorship Ascription: Effects of Outcome Priming on Experienced Self-Agency in The Netherlands and Japan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 41, 87-98. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2010). Unconscious reward cues increase invested effort, but do not change speed-accuracy tradeoffs. Cognition, 115, 330. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2010). The unconscious will: How the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awareness. Science, 329, 47-50. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., & Aarts, H. (2010). Goals, attention, and (Un)Consciousness. Annual Review of Psychology, 16, 467-490. Download article.

Friedman, R., Deci, E.L., Elliot, A., Moller, A., & Aarts, H. (2010). Motivation synchronicity: Priming motivational orientations with observations of others' behavior. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 34-38. Download article.

Hofmann, W., Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., Stroebe, W., Ramanathan, S., & Aarts, H. (2010). As pleasure unfolds: Hedonic responses to tempting food. Psychological Science, 21, 1863-1870. Download article.

Lakens, D., & Ruys, K. I. (2010). The dynamic interaction of conceptual and embodied knowledge. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 449-450. Download article.

Ouwehand, C., & Papies, E. K. (2010). Eat it or beat it: The differential effect of food temptations on overweight and normal-weight restrained eaters. Appetite 55, 56-60. Download article.

Papies, E. K. & Aarts, H. (2010). Nonconscious self-regulation or the automatic pilot of human behavior. In K. D. Vohs, R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed; pp. 125-142) New York: Guilford Press.

Papies, E. K. & Hamstra, P. (2010). Goal priming and eating behavior: Enhancing self-regulation by environmental cues. Health Psychology, 29, 384-388. Download article.

Ruys, K. I. & Aarts, H. (2010). When competition merges people’s behavior: Interdependency activates shared action representations, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1130-1133. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2010). Successful dieting in tempting environments: Mission impossible? In-Mind Magazine, 11. Download article.

Veling, H. & Aarts, H. (2010). Cueing task goals and earning money: Relatively high monetary rewards reduce failures to act on goals in a Stroop task. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 184-190. Download article.

van der Weiden, A., Aarts, H., & Ruys, K. I. (2010). Reflecting on the action or its outcome: Behavior representation level modulates high level outcome priming effects on self-agency experiences. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 21-32. Download article.

van der Weiden, A., Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2010). When observing gaze shifts of others enhances object desirability. Emotion, 10, 939-943. Download article.


2009

Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2009), Habit, Action, and Consciousness. In: W. P. Banks, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness (volume 1, pp. 315-328). Oxford: Elsevier. Download article.

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Marien, H. (2009). Priming and authorship ascription: When nonconscious goals turn into conscious experiences of self-agency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 967-979. Download article.

Aarts, H. & van Honk, J. (2009). Testosterone and unconscious positive priming increase human motivation separately. NeuroReport, 20, 1300-1303. Download article.

Aarts, H., & Veling, H. (2009). Do resonance mechanisms in language and action depend on intentional processes?. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1188-1190. Download article.

Bijleveld, E., Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2009). The unconscious eye opener: Pupil dilation reveals strategic recruitment of resources upon presentation of subliminal reward cues. Psychological Science, 20, 1313-1315. Download article.

Custers, R. (2009). How does our unconscious know what we want? The role of affect in goal representations. In G. B. Moskowitz & H. Grant (Eds.) The psychology of goals (pp. 179-202). New York: Guilford Press. Download article.

Custers, R., Aarts, H., Oikawa, M., & Elliot, A. (2009). The nonconscious road to perceptions of performance: Achievement priming augments outcome expectancies and experienced self-agency. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1200-1208. Download article.

Custers, R., & Veling, H. (2009). Memory: Procedural memory, skill, perceptual-motor learning and awareness. In: W. P. Banks, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness (volume 1, pp. 13-18). Oxford: Elsevier. Download article.

Hassin, R.R. & Aarts, H., Custers, R., Eitam, B., & Kleiman, T. (2009). Non-conscious goal pursuit, working memory, and the effortful control of behavior. In E. Morsella, J.A. Bargh, & P.M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action (549-566). New York: Oxford University Press. Download article.

Papies, E. K., Aarts, H., de Vries, N. K. (2009). Planning is for doing: Implementation intentions go beyond the mere creation of goal-directed associations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Download article.

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2009). Who likes it more? Restrained eaters' implicit attitudes toward food. Appetite. Download article.

Ruys, K. I., & Stapel, D. A. (2009). Learning to like or dislike by association: No need for contingency awareness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Download article .

Stroebe, W., Papies, E.K., & Aarts, H. (2009). The psychology of dieting and overweight: Testing a goal conflict model of the self-regulation of eating. In p. French (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Congress of Psychology. Brighton: Psychology Press. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G. M., & Das, E. (2009). Don’t derogate this message! Self-affirmation promotes online type 2 diabetes risk test taking. Psychology and Health, 24, 635-649. Download article.

Van Koningsbruggen, G.M., Das, E., & Roskos-Ewoldsen, D.R. (2009). How self-affirmation reduces defensive processing of threatening health information: Evidence at the implicit level. Health Psychology, 28, 563-568. Download article.

Van Leeuwen, M. L., Veling, H., van Baaren, R. B., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2009). The influence of facial attractiveness on imitation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1295-1298. Download article.

Veling, H., & Aarts, H. (2009). Putting behavior on hold decreases reward value of need-instrumental objects outside of awareness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1020–1023. Download article.

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2009). Unravelling the Motivational Yarn: A Framework for Understanding the Instigation of Implicitly Motivated Behaviour Resulting from Deprivation and Positive Affect. European Review of Social Psychology, 20, 345-381. Download article.


2008

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Marien, H. (2008). Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science, 319, 1639. Download article.

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Veltkamp, M. (2008). Goal priming and the affective-motivational route to nonconscious goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 26, 555-577. Download article.

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., Dik, G. (2008). Goal contagion: Infering goals from others' actions - and what it leads to. In J. Y. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of motivation science (pp. 265-280). New York: Guilford. Download article.

Custers, R., Maas, M., Wildenbeest, M., & Aarts, H. (2008). Nonconscious goal pursuit and the surmounting of physical and social obstacles. European Journal of Social Psychology, 1013–1022. Download article.

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., & de Vries, N. K. (2008). Habit and intention in the prediction of behaviors: The role of frequency, stability and accessibility of past behavior. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 245-265. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J., Wegner, D. M., & Aarts, H. (2008). Effects of subliminal priming of self and god on self-attribution of authorship for events. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 2-9. Download article.

Dik, G., & Aarts, H. (2008). I wanna know what you want: How effort perception facilitates the motivation to infer another’s goal. Social Cognition, 6, 737-754. Download article.

Henderson, M. D., Y. de Liver, et al. (2008). "The Effects of an Implemental Mind-Set on Attitude Strength." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94(3): 396-411. Download article.

Honk van, J., Aarts, H., Josephs, R.A., & Schutter, D.J.L.G. (2008). Sex Differences in Social and Mathematical Cognition: An endocrine Perspective. The Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 64, 177-183. Download article.

Loersch, C., Aarts, H., Payne, B. K. & Jefferis, V.E. (2008) The influence of social groups on goal contagion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1555–1558. Download article.

McCulloch, K.C., Aarts, H., Fujita, J., & Bargh, J.A. (2008). Inhibition in Goal Systems: A Retrieval-Induced Forgetting Account. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 857-865. Download article.

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). Healthy cognition: Processes of self-regulatory success in restrained eating. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1290-1300. Download article.

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). The allure of forbidden food: On the role of attention in self-regulation.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1283-1292. Download article.

Papies, E. K., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2008). Understanding dieting: A social cognitive analysis of hedonic processes in self-regulation. European Review of Social Psychology, 19, 339-383. Download article.

Stroebe, W., Mensink, W., Aarts, H., Schut, H., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2008). Why dieters fail: Testing the goal conflict model of eating. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 26-36. Download article.

Stroebe, W., Papies, E. K., & Aarts, H. (2008). From homeostatic to hedonic theories of eating: Self-regulatory failure in food-rich environments. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 172-193. Download article.

Veling, H., Holland, R. W., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). When approach motivation and behavioral inhibition collide: Behavior regulation through stimulus devaluation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1013-1019. Download article.

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2008). Intention formation induces episodic inhibition of distracting stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 128, 45-55. Download article.

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2008). On the emergence of deprivation-reducing behaviors: subliminal priming of behavior representations turns deprivation into motivation. Journal of Experimental Social psychology, 44, 866-873. Download article.

Veltkamp, M., Aarts, H., & Custers, R. (2008). Perception in the service of goal pursuit: Motivation to attain goals enhances the perceived size of goal-instrumental objects. Social Cognition, 26, 720-736. Download article.


2007

Aarts, H. (2007). On the emergence of human goal pursuit: The nonconscious regulation and motivation of goals.Social Psychology and Personality Compass, 183–201. Download article.

Aarts, H. (2007). Health behavior and the implicit motivation and regulation of goals. Health Psychology Review, 1, 53-82. Download article.

Aarts, H. (2007). Unconscious authorship ascription: The effects of success and effect-specific information priming on experienced authorship. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 119-126. Download article.

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Holland, R. W. (2007). The nonconscious cessation of goal pursuit: When goals and negative affect are coactivated. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 165-178. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2007). In search of the nonconscious sources of goal pursuit: Accessibility and positive affective valence of the goal state. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 312-318. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2007). Goal-discrepant situations prime goal-directed actions if goals are temporarily or chronically accessible. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 623-633. Download article.

Danner, U. N., Aarts, H., & de Vries, N. K. (2007). Habit formation and multiple means to goal attainment: Repeated retrieval of target means causes inhibited access to competitors. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1367-1379. Download article.

de Liver, Y., van der Pligt, J., & Wigboldus, D. (2007). Positive and negative associations underlying ambivalent attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 319-326. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., Chartrand, T. L., & Aarts, H. (2007). Effects of priming and perception on social behavior and goal pursuit. In J. A. Bargh (Ed.), Social psychology and the unconscious: The automaticity of higher mental processes (pp. 51-131). New York: Psychology Press.

Dik, G., & Aarts, H. (2007). Behavioral cues to others' motivation and goal pursuits: The perception of effort facilitates goal inference and contagion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 727-737. Download article.

Karremans, J. C., & Aarts, H. (2007). The role of automaticity in determining the inclination to forgive close others.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 902-917. Download article.

Papies, E., Stroebe, W., & Aarts, H. (2007). Pleasure in the mind: Restrained eating and spontaneous hedonic thoughts about food. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 810-817. Download article.

Veling, H., Holland, R. W., & van Knippenberg, A. (2007). Devaluation of distracting stimuli. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 442-448. Download article.


2006

Aarts, H., Wegner, D. M., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2006). On the feeling of doing: Dysphoria and the implicit modulation of authorship ascription. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1621-1627. Download article.

Holland, R. W., Aarts, H., & Langendam, D. (2006). Breaking and creating habits on the working floor: A field-experiment on the power of implementation intentions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 776-783. Download article.

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2006). Shielding intentions from distraction: Forming an intention induces inhibition of distracting stimuli. Social Cognition, 24, 409-425. Download article.


2005

Aarts, H., Chartrand, T. L., Custers, R., Danner, U., Dik, G., Jefferis, V. E., et al. (2005). Social stereotypes and automatic goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 23, 465-490. Download article.

Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Wegner, D. M. (2005). On the inference of personal authorship: Enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 14, 439-458. Download article.

Aarts, H., & Hassin, R. R. (2005). Automatic goal inference and contagion: On pursuing goals one perceives in other people's behavior. In S. M. Latham, J. P. Forgas & K. D. Williams (Eds.), Social motivation: Conscious and unconscious processes. (pp. 153-167). New York: Cambridge University Press. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2005). Positive affect as implicit motivator: On the nonconscious operation of behavioral goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 129-142. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2005). Beyond priming effects: The role of positive affect and discrepancies in implicit processes of motivation and goal pursuit. European Review of Social Psychology, 16, 257-300. Download article.

de Liver, Y., van der Pligt, J., & Wigboldus, D. (2005). Unpacking atitudes towards genetically modified food.Appetite, 45, 242-249. Download article

Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., & Smith, P. K. (2005). The power of the subliminal: On subliminal persuasion and other potential applications. In J. A. Bargh, R. R. Hassin & J. S. Uleman (Eds.), The new unconscious (pp. 77-106). New York: Oxford University Press. Download article.

Hassin, R. R., Aarts, H., & Ferguson, M. J. (2005). Automatic goal inferences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 129-140. Download article.

Holland, R. W., Hendriks, M., & Aarts, H. (2005). Smells like clean spirit: Nonconscious effects of scent on cognition and behavior. Psychological Science, 16, 689-693. Download article.

Sheeran, P., Aarts, H., Custers, R., Rivis, A., Webb, T. L., & Cooke, R. (2005). The goal-dependent automaticity of drinking habits. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 47-63. Download article.


2004

Aarts, H., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Hassin, R. R. (2004). Goal contagion: Perceiving is for pursuing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 23-37. Download article.

van den Berg, S. M., Aarts, H., Midden, C., & Verplanken, B. (2004). The role of executive processes in prospective memory tasks. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 16, 511-533. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., Corneille, O., Aarts, H., Vermeulen, N., & Luminet, O. (2004). Yes, there is a preferential detection of negative stimuli: A response to labiouse. Psychological Science, 15, 571-572. Download article.

Veling, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (2004). Remembering can cause inhibition: Retrieval-induced inhibition as cue independent process. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30, 315-318. Download article.


2003

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2003). The silence of the library: Environment, situational norm, and social behavior.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 18-28. Download article.

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Custers, R. (2003). Automatic normative behavior in environments:The moderating role of conformity in activating situational norms. Social Cognition, 21, 447-464. Download article.

Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2003). On the role of processing goals in evaluative judgments of environments: Effects on memory-judgment relations. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 289-299. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., & Aarts, H. (2003). On wildebeests and humans: The preferential detection of negative stimuli.Psychological Science, 14, 14-18. Download article.


2002

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2002). Category activation effects in judgment and behaviour: The moderating role of perceived comparability. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 123-138. Download article.

Hertel, G., Aarts, H., & Zeelenberg, M. (2002). What do you think is 'fair'? Effects of ingroup norms and outcome control on fairness judgments. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 327-341. Download article.


2001

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & De Vries, P. (2001). On the psychology of drinking: Being thirsty and perceptually ready.British Journal of Psychology, 92. Download article.

Slangen de Kort, Y. A. W., Midden, C. J. H., Aarts, H., & Van Wagenberg, F. (2001). Determinants of adaptive behavior among older persons: Self-efficacy, importance, and personal dispositions as directive mechanisms.International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 53, 253-274. Download article.


2000

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). The automatic activation of goal-directed behaviour: The case of travel habit.Journal of Environmental Psychology, 20, 75-82. Download article.

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2000). Habits as knowledge structures: Automaticity in goal-directed behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 53-63. Download article.

Dijksterhuis, A., Aarts, H., Bargh, J. A., & van Knippenberg, A. (2000). On the relation between associative strength and automatic behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 531-544. Download article.

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., & van den Berg, S. (2000). Habit: On the cognitive processes underlying the effects of past behavior on future behavior. International Journal of Psychology, 35, 125.


1999

Aarts, H., & Dijksterhuis, A. (1999). How often did I do it? Experienced ease of retrieval and frequency estimates of past behavior. Acta Psychologica, 103, 77-89. Download article.

Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A. P., & Midden, C. (1999). To plan or not to plan? Goal achievement of interrupting the performance of mundane behaviors. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 971-979. Download article.


1998

Aarts, H., Verplanken, B., & van Knippenberg, A. (1998). Predicting behavior from actions in the past: Repeated decision making or a matter of habit? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28, 1355-1374. Download article.

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., van Knippenberg, A., & Moonen, A. (1998). Habit versus planned behavior: A field experiment. British Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 111-128.


1997

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., & Schaalma, H. (1997). Physical exercise habit: On the conceptualization and formation of habitual health behaviours. Health Education Research, 12, 363-374. Download article.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on the promotion of physical activity among the youth.Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on stress prevention among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on multi-component health promotion programmes among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Paulussen, T., Willemse, G., Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., & de Nooijer, J. (1997). Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: A review of international research on the prevention of smoking among the youth. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Aarts, H., Verplanken, B., & van Knippenberg, A. (1997). Habit and information use in travel mode choices. Acta Psychologica, 96, 1-14. Download article.

Meykamp, R., & Aarts, H. (1997). Breaking through habits: Is car sharing an instrument to reduce car use? Research paper published in Book of proceedings 25th European Transport Forum, Brunel University, Uxbridge. London: P.T.R.C.

Schaalma, H., Bolman, C., de Nooijer, J., de Vries, H., Paulussen, T., Aarts, H., & Willemse, G. (1997).Prevention of cardio-vascular diseases: An analysis of young people’s lifestyle and related determinants. Den Haag: Netherlands Heart Foundation.

Verplanken, B., Aarts, H., & van Knippenberg, A. (1997). Habit, information acquisition, and the process of making travel mode choices. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 539-560.