Xandra Kramer is professor Private International Law at Utrecht University (0,2fte) and combines this with a professorship Private Law (with a focus on international and European civil procedure) at Erasmus University Rotterdam (0,8fte). In addition, she is a Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam. She studied law at Leiden University (cum laude). Her first (student) article was awarded with the Ars Aequi prize (1996). She was assistant professor at Leiden University and obtained her Ph.D. on provisional measures and private international law in 2001. She worked as an assistant and associate professor at Erasmus School of Law and was appointed full professor on 1 February 2011 (chair European Civil Procedure, as of 1 September 2017 Private Law). On 1 November 2016, she was appointed professor at Utrecht University.

In 2019, she was elected member to the Dutch Royal Society of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and currently chairs the Law section. She is an elected member of the Institute de Droit International (IDI) (2019). Currently she serves on the Council of the European Law Institute (ELI).

Xandra conducts research and lectures in the area of private international law, (European) civil procedure and comparative law. She published numerous articles and books in these areas. She is particularly fascinated by the cross-roads between economic efficiency and procedural fairness, the actual functioning of civil justice systems and its impact on litigants, transnational complex litigation and the harmonisation of EU private international law and civil procedure. Current key areas of research include collective actions, international contracting, costs and funding regulation, digitisation of civil justice, ADR and ODR. Her research combines doctrinal legal research, comparative law, policy-oriented and (qualitative) empirical research.

She was awarded a research fellowship for a project on the harmonisation of civil procedure in the EU by the Board of Erasmus University (2004). In 2010, she was awarded a prestigious VIDI-grant by the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) for a research on Securing Quality in Cross-Border Enforcement in the EU (2011-2016). In 2016, she obtained an ERC consolidator grant for her project Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations bridging access to justice (2017-2022). In 2020, she obtained a Vici grant for her project on Affordable access to justice: towards sustainable cost and funding mechanisms for civil litigation in Europe (see press release). She has been a project leader and has participated in numerous studies for the Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security, the European Parliament, and the European Commission. Recent work includes a project for the Ministry of Justice on collective actions (2023, see WODC Report), and for European institutions, projects on Third Party Litigation Funding (2024),  SLAPPs (2022-2024), ADR and ODR (2022), international contracts (Rome II) (2021-2023), and digitisation of justice (2020).

Key (edited) books on Private International Law:

Key (edited) books on Civil Procedure:

Most papers in English are accessible on SSRN and project-related publications and activities on www.euciviljustice.eu

Internationaal Privaatrecht