Profiel

 

Dr. R. Strootman is docent-onderzoeker bij het Departement Geschiedenis & Kunstgeschiedenis van de Universiteit Utrecht. Hij houdt zich bezig met de geschiedenis van het Midden-Oosten en Centraal-Azië. Zijn huidige onderzoek richt zich op imperialisme en globaliseringsprocessen in de Oudheid. Daarnaast gaat zijn belangstelling uit naar culturele interactie in de periode na Alexander de Grote, (veronderstelde) oost-west tegenstellingen in heden en verleden, en Europese identiteit.

Rolf Strootman studeerde geschiedenis en archeologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, en cultureel erfgoed en museologie aan de Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten (Reinwardt Academie). In 2007 promoveerde hij in Utrecht op The Hellenistic Royal Courts, een onderzoek naar elites en monarchaal ritueel in de Hellenistische imperia in vergelijkend perspectief. Zijn meest recente boeken zijn After the Achaemenids: Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires (2014) en The Birdcage of the Muses: Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305-222 BCE (2016). De focus van zijn huidige onderzoek is het Nabije Oosten en Iran ten tijde van de Perzische en Macedonische rijken, ca. 530-150 v.Chr. Hij is momentaal werkzaam in Los Angeles als Getty Scholar.  

 

Interessegebieden

Geschiedenis van het Midden-Oosten en Centraal Azië

Wereldrijken in vergelijkend perspectief

Alexander de Grote en de Seleuciden

Hellenistische geschiedenis en cultuur

De Maccabaeën en het boek Daniël

Het Europese beeld van de Oriënt

De geschiedenis en topografie van Istanbul

Betrokken bij de opleiding(en)
Wetenschappelijke expertises
Het Perzische Rijk
Hellenisme in het Oosten
Het Seleucidenrijk
Istanbul
imperialisme
hofcultuur
Alexander de Grote
Cleopatra
De Zijderoute
Oriëntalisme
Salomé
Mythologie
Het Ottomaanse Rijk
Constantinopel
Palmyra, Hatra, Petra

Courts and Elites
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Curriculum vitae

 

2002-heden  Universitair docent, Universiteit Utrecht

2011-2011       Gastdocent, Universiteit van California, Los Angeles

2001-2002     Universitair docent, Universiteit Leiden

1997-2001      Promotie-onderzoeker, Universiteit Leiden

1994-1996      Management-assistent, Voorzieningsfonds voor Kunstenaars, Den Haag

 

Opleiding

1990-1993    Geschiedenis en archeologie, Universiteit Leiden

1989-1990    Cultuurmanagement, Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten

1986-1989    Museologie (erfgoedstudies), Reinwardt Academie, Leiden

 

Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 06:04:57
Sleutelpublicaties

Strootman, R. (2017). The Birdcage of the Muses - Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305–222 BCE. (179 p.). Leuven: Peeters.

Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). Persianism in Antiquity. (557 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Strootman, R. (2014). Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires: The Near East After the Achaemenids, 330-30 BCE. (344 p.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Strootman, R. (2014). Hellenistic imperialism and the ideal of world unity. In H. Drake & C. Rapp (Eds.), The City in the Classical and Post-Classical World - Changing Contexts of Power and Identity (pp. 38-61) (24 p.). Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Strootman, R. (2011). Kings and cities in the Hellenistic Age. In R. Alston, O. M. van Nijf & C. Williamson (Eds.), Political Culture in the Greek City After the Classical Age (pp. 141-153) (13 p.). Leuven: Peeters.

Alle publicaties
  2017 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). From Culture to Concept: The Reception and Appropriation of Persia in Antiquity. In M. J. Versluys & R. Strootman (Eds.), Persianism in Antiquity (pp. 7-30) (24 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (2017). Imperial Persianism - Seleukids, Arsakids and Fratarakā. In R. Strootman & M. J. Versluys (Eds.), Persianism in Antiquity (pp. 169-192) (24 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. & Versluys, M. J. (2017). Persianism in Antiquity. (557 p.). Frankfurt: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (2017). The Birdcage of the Muses - Patronage of the Arts and Sciences at the Ptolemaic Imperial Court, 305–222 BCE. (179 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2016 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2016). "The Heroic Company of my Forebears" - The Ancestor Galleries of Antiochos I of Kommagene at Nemrut Dağı and the Role of Royal Women in the Transmission of Hellenistic Kingship. In A. Coşkun & A. McAuley (Eds.), Seleukid Royal Women - Creation, Representation and Distortion of Hellenistic Queenship in the Seleukid Empire (pp. 209-229) (20 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
  2016 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (03-06-2016). Review of P. V. Wheatley and E. Baynham eds., East and West in the World Empire of Alexander (OUP 2015). Bryn Mawr Classical Review, June 2016 (3).
  2015 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R., Drijvers, J. W. & Mols, S. T. (2015). Oudheid en Politiek. (110 p.). Hilversum: Uitgeverij Verloren.
Strootman, Rolf (25-03-2015). Seleucid Era. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica (Online) Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16-04-2015). Seleucus I Nicator. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16-04-2015). Seleucus II Callinicus. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16-04-2015). Seleucus III Soter. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16-04-2015). Seleucus IV Philopator. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Eisenbrauns.
Strootman, Rolf (16-04-2015). The Seleucid Empire. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica Online Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
  2014 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2014). “Men to whose rapacity neither sea nor mountain sets a limit” - The aims of the Diadochs. In H Hauben & A. Meeus (Eds.), The Age of the Successors and the Creation of the Hellenistic Kingdoms (323–276 B.C) (pp. 307-322) (16 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
Strootman, R. (2014). Courts and Elites in the Hellenistic Empires: The Near East After the Achaemenids, 330-30 BCE. (344 p.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Strootman, R. (2014). Hellenistic imperialism and the ideal of world unity. In H. Drake & C. Rapp (Eds.), The City in the Classical and Post-Classical World - Changing Contexts of Power and Identity (pp. 38-61) (24 p.). Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Strootman, R. (2014). The dawning of a Golden Age: Images of peace and abundance in Alexandrian court poetry in the context of Ptolemaic imperial ideology. In G. Wakker, M.A. Harder & R. Regtuit (Eds.), Hellenistic Poetry in Context. Tenth International Workshop on Hellenistic Poetry, Groningen 25th-27th August 2010 (pp. 325-341) (17 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
Strootman, Rolf (2014). The Serpent Column - The persistent meanings of a pagan relic in Christian and Islamic Constantinople. Material Religion, 10 (4), (pp. 432-451) (19 p.).
Strootman, R. (2014). Van de Hellespont tot India: Cleopatra VII en de “Donaties van Alexandrië”. Lampas, 47 (2), (pp. 120-137) (28 p.).
Strootman, R. (2014). Wedloop tussen oost en west - Bespreking van Ian Morris, Why the West Rules - For Now (2012). Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 127, (pp. 319-321) (3 p.).
  2013 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2013). Alexander de Grote en het oosterse koningschap. In D. Burgersdijk, W. F. M. Henkelman & W. Waal (Eds.), Alexander en Darius. De Macedoniër in de spiegel van het Nabije Oosten (pp. 101-114) (14 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). Babylonian, Macedonian, King of the World: The Antiochos Cylinder from Borsippa and Seleukid imperial integration. In E. Stavrianopoulou (Eds.), Shifting Social Imaginaries in the Hellenistic Period: Narrations, Practices, and Images (pp. 67-97) (31 p.). Leiden and Boston: Brill.
Strootman, R. (2013). Bookreview The Ephemeral and the Eternal: The Pavilion of Ptolemy Philadelphos in the Court of Alexandria. BABESCH (Bulletin Antieke Beschaving), 88, (pp. 282-283) (2 p.).
Strootman, R. & Campopiano, M. (2013). De klassieke oudheid in de islamitische wereld. (80 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). Dynastic courts of the Hellenistic Empires. In H. Beck (Eds.), A Companion to Ancient Greek Government (pp. 38-53) (16 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2013). Literature and the kings. In J. Clauss & M. Cuypers (Eds.), A Companion to Hellenistic Literature (2nd edn) (pp. 30-45) (16 p.). Malden and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2013). Mehmet Caesar - De doorwerking van Grieks-Romeinse heerserideologie in het Osmaanse Rijk. In R. Strootman & M. Campopiano (Eds.), De klassieke oudheid in de islamitische wereld (pp. 317-331) (15 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. & van den Eijnde, F. (2013). Odysseus variaties: Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now en de klassieke mythologie. Lampas, 46 (4), (pp. 366-381) (16 p.).
Strootman, R. (2013). Polyphemus in Anatolië - Klassieke en islamitische cultuur in de middeleeuwen. In R. Strootman & M. Campopiano (Eds.), De klassieke oudheid in de Islamitische Wereld (pp. 244-255) (12 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2013). The Seleukid Empire between Orientalism and Hellenocentrism: Writing the history of Iran in the Third and Second Centuries BCE. Iranian Studies, 11 (1-2), (pp. 17-35) (19 p.).
  2013 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2013). De klassieke wereld in Afrika en Afghanistan. Hermeneus, 85 (1), (pp. 56-61) (6 p.).
  2012 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2012). Alexander's Thessalian cavalry. Talanta, 42/43, (pp. 51-67) (17 p.).
Strootman, R. (2012). Bookreview Ancient Empires: from Mesopotamia to the Rise of Islam. Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 55.
  2012 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2012). Achaios. In R. Bagnall, A. Erskine, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 41-42) (2 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Antiochos I Soter. In R. Bagnall, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion, K. Brodersen & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 473-475) (3 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Antiochos III Megas. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 476-479) (4 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Court, Hellenistic. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 1818-1820) (3 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. & Strubbe, J. H. M. (2012). De geschiedenis van Klein-Azië. Een overzicht. Hermeneus, 84 (2), (pp. 57-66) (10 p.).
Strootman, R. (2012). Heliodoros. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 3106-3107) (2 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Laodike, mother of Seleukos III. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, A. Erskine, C.B. Champion & S.R. Huebner (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 3904) (1 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2012). Seleucids. In R. Bagnall, K. Brodersen, C.B. Champion, A. Erskine & S.B. Huebner (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ancient History (pp. 6119-6125) (7 p.). Malden & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
  2011 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R., van der Berg, B. & de Jonge, Casper (2011). Alexandrië. Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2011). Alexandrië: een wereldstad. In C. de Jonge, B. van den Berg & R. Strootman (Eds.), Alexandrië (pp. 292-310) (19 p.). Hilversum: Verloren.
Strootman, R. (2011). Hellenistic court society: The Seleukid imperial court under Antiochos the Great, 223-187 BCE. In J. Duindam, M, Kunt & T. Artan (Eds.), Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires: A Global Perspective (pp. 63-89) (27 p.). Leiden: Brill.
Strootman, R. (2011). Hippodroom wordt Paardenplein - De wederopstanding van Constantinopel na 1453. In D. Burgersdijk & W. Waal (Eds.), Constantinopel - Een mozaïek van de Byzantijnse metropool (pp. 183-198) (16 p.). Leuven: Peeters, Constantinopel: Mozaïek van kunst en cultuur.
Strootman, R. (2011). Kings and cities in the Hellenistic Age. In R. Alston, O. M. van Nijf & C. Williamson (Eds.), Political Culture in the Greek City After the Classical Age (pp. 141-153) (13 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2011 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2011). Alexandrië: een wereldstad. Lampas, 44 (4), (pp. 293-310) (18 p.).
  2010 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2010). Het verlangen van Alexander de Grote: pothos of propaganda. Groniek, 186, (pp. 5-20) (15 p.).
Strootman, R. (2010). Literature and the Kings. In J.J. Clauss & M. Cuypers (Eds.), A Companion to Hellenistic Literature (pp. 30-45) (15 p.). Oxford & Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.
Strootman, R. (2010). Queen of Kings - Cleopatra VII and the Donations of Alexandria. In M. Facella & T. Kaizer (Eds.), Kingdoms and Principalities in the Roman Near East (pp. 140-157) (18 p.). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
Strootman, R. (25-08-2010). The Golden Age: Images of peace and abundance in Alexandrian court poetry in the context of Ptolemaic imperial ideology. In M. A. Harder, G. C. Wakker & R. F. Regtuit (Eds.), Hellenistic Poetry in Context (17 p.). Leuven: Peeters.
  2010 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2010). De Zijderoute: het ontstaan van een trans-aziatische verbinding in de Oudheid. Kleio, 2 (Ontdekkingsreizen), (pp. 34-39) (6 p.).
  2010 - Populariserende publicaties
Strootman, R. (2010). De val van Constantinopel (1453): een keerpunt in de geschiedenis?. Kleio, 51 (5), (pp. 8-11) (4 p.).
  2009 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2009). Bookreview The Court and Court Society in Ancient Monarchies. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2009). De ondergang van het Seleukidenrijk. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 122, (pp. 249-251) (3 p.).
  2009 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2009). Koninkrijk Azië: het Seleukidenrijk (312-64 v.Chr.) verdient meer aandacht. Kleio (6), (pp. 4-8) (5 p.).
Strootman, R. (2009). The Hellenistic royal court. Mnemosyne (62), (pp. 168-169) (2 p.).
  2008 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2008). Peter Franz Mittag, Antiochos IV. Epiphanes. Eine politische Biographie. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
  2008 - Populariserende publicaties
Strootman, R. (2008). De gouden kooi: mecenaat van kunst en wetenschappen aan het Ptolemaeïsche hof. Groniek (177), (pp. 23-38) (16 p.).
  2007 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2007). The Hellenistic Royal Courts: Court Culture, Ceremonial and Ideology in Greece, Egypt and the Near East, 336-30 BCE. Utrecht: PhD diss. Universty of Utrecht.
  2006 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2006). The Seleukid Royal Economy. The Finances and Financial Administration of the Seleukid. Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 06.
Strootman, R. (2006). Van wetsgetrouwen en afvalligen. Religieus geweld en culturele verandering in de tijd der Makkabaeen. In B. Becking & G. Rouwhorst (Eds.), Religies in interactie. Jodendom en Christendom in de Oudheid (pp. 79-97) (19 p.). Zoetermeer en Utrecht: Meinema.
  2006 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2006). Kleopatra's kapsel. Tijdschrift Voor Geschiedenis, 119, (pp. 404-405) (2 p.).
  2005 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2005). De vrienden van de vorst: Het koninklijk hof in de Hellenistische rijken. Lampas, 38 (3), (pp. 184-197) (14 p.).
Strootman, R. (2005). Hellenistische geschiedenis. Lampas, 38 (3), (pp. 280-285) (6 p.).
Strootman, R. (2005). Kings against Celts: Deliverance from barbarians as a theme in Hellenistic royal propaganda. In K.A.E. Enenkel & I.L. Pfeijffer (Eds.), The Manipulative Mode. Political Propaganda in Antiquity (pp. 101-141) (41 p.). Leiden: Brill.
  2005 - Vakpublicaties
Strootman, R. (2005). Alexander de Grote: held of hufter?. Aanzet, 21 (2), (pp. 38-42) (5 p.).
  2005 - Populariserende publicaties
Strootman, R. (2005). Gekroonde goden. Hellenistische vorsten van Alexander tot Kleopatra. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  2004 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2004). Alexander de Grote. Lampas, 37 (5), (pp. 385-391) (7 p.).
Strootman, R. (2004). Bookreview Massnahmen der Herrschaftssicherung bei Alexander dem Grossen. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2004). Bookreview The Roman War of Antiochos the Great. Bryn Mawr Classical Review
Strootman, R. (2004). Mithridates Eupator. Mnemosyne, 47, (pp. 203-507) (305 p.).
  2002 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2002). De vrouwelijke koning. Machtige vrouwen in de hellenistische vorstendommen, 323-31 v.Chr. Groniek, 36 (158/159), (pp. 45-62) (18 p.).
  2001 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Strootman, R. (2001). Mecenaat aan de hellenistische hoven. Lampas, 34 (3), (pp. 187-203) (17 p.).
 
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Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 06:04:57
Project:
Iranians in the Hellenistic World (Fourth to Second Century BCE)
25-09-2017 tot 29-06-2018
Algemene projectbeschrijving 

This research project focuses on Iranian elites during the Hellenistic period. It aims to reassess the place of Iranians within the fabric of Macedonian imperial hegemony, from the rise of Argead Macedon in the 4th century to the collapse of the Seleukid Empire as a military superpower after 150 BCE


The basic idea is this: after Alexander the Great defeated the Achaemenids in 330, Iran and the Near East were ruled by Macedonian emperors for almost two centuries. But in the later Hellenistic period, local Iranian dynasties reestablished themselves. These dynasties however—the Arsakids of Parthia, Frataraka of Parsa (Persis), Mithradatids of Pontos, Orontids of Kommagene, and others—used an idiom of monarchical representation that was profoundly different from that used previously by the Persian Achaemenids. So what happened during the period in between? This question follows from the reconsideration, in this researcher’s earlier work, of the Seleukid Empire as a negotiated enterprise and a dynamic network of personal relations converging at the (mobile) imperial court. By moving away from the conventional conceptualization of the empire as a bounded, territorial state, a more dynamic model is feasible to explain cultural change in the Hellenistic World—a model in which imperial-local interactions are neither top-down nor bottom-up, but entangled.


Working from this new perspective on empire as a web of relations, which is part of a broader ‘Imperial Turn’ in the study of world history, the research considers the place of Iranians within the Macedonian empires of the Argeads and the Seleukids. Alexander the Great famously co-opted Persian nobles and initiated a policy of intermarriage between the Macedonian nobility and leading Iranian families. Alexander’s ‘Iranian policy’ is considered a failure in conventional scholarship. But the Seleukids successfully continued this policy. It is now becoming more accepted that Iranians were pivotal to Macedonian rule and military power in the East, while new studies on the Hellenistic ‘East’ have shown that Iran and Central Asia were much longer and more effectively integrated into the Seleukid fabric of empire than previously thought. Like Alexander, the Seleukids too used huge numbers of Iranian cavalry for their campaigns. The military significance of Iranian troops, as well as ongoing intermarriage with Iranian dynasties, suggest a strong presence of Iranian nobles at the Seleukid court. The growing importance of Iranians in the Seleukid Empire eventually led to what may be termed ‘the Persianization of Hellenistic Iran’, that is: the emergence of Iranicate royal idiom among local rulers in the context of the gradual ‘vassalization’ of the Seleukid Empire.


In studying the evolution of Middle Iranian dynastic identities, special attention will be given to the imperial court: the mobile contact zone where local elites met and interacted. That the Seleukid court had such agency is evident from the ‘globalized’ nature of the Iranian ‘revival’, and the local dynasties’ preference for monarchical idiom derived from the fourth-century Aegean kings and satraps, viz., the cultural context in which ‘Hellenistic’ kingship originally developed. A more difficult question, yet to be addressed in both Hellenistic and Iranian scholarship, is how the imperial dynasty itself was affected by intermarriage with Iranians and generations-long dealings with Iranian troops in their armies. Did the Seleukids eventually become ‘Iranian’ or did they choose to remain ‘Greek’, an if so, why? And can it be really assumed that the imagery used in Seleukid monarchical representation was also thought of by contemporaries as ‘Greek’, and foreign, as we are now wont to do? Or have modern categories of national identity been projected retrospectively on past visual styles? 

Rol: Uitvoerder Financiering
2e geldstroom - overig: J. Paul Getty Foundation
Projectleden
Project:
The Achaemenid Aegean and the evolution of Hellenistic kingship (5th–4th Century BCE)
25-09-2017 tot 30-03-2018
Algemene projectbeschrijving 

This research is part of a bigger project entitled ‘Iranians in the Hellenistic world’. It aims to investigate the impact of western Achaemenid elites upon the development of Hellenistic imperial culture and royal style. Specifically it endeavors to place the rise of Argead Macedon in the context of the late Achaemenid Aegean.


The entangled world of satraps and local rulers in fourth-century Asia Minor, with its many cross-cultural interactions, has been rightly described as a West Achaemenid koine. As a former Achaemenid satellite state, the Argead dynasty too participated in this world of interconnected elites and courts even after its breakaway from direct Achaemenid control. It has often been noted that the closest model for early Hellenistic kingship, apart from Macedonian customs and traditions, was the world of the western satrap-kings, in particular the rulers of the Hekatomnid dynasty, and among them most of all the ‘philhellene’ empire-builder Mausollos. But this has never been the subject of a focused historical study.


The research project will now examine these dynastic entanglements (1) by charting the networks connecting the Argead court with the households of the other Aegean dynasties on the basis of narrative sources, and (2) by studying the development of royal and religious iconography on the coinage, material culture and inscriptions of the Aegean kings and satraps from a comparative perspective. With the aid of globalization theory, and working from the Imperial Turn in current historical studies, the research moves beyond the traditional understanding of the Achaemenid Empire as a bounded, centralized nation state avant la lettre and instead considers the empire as a dynamic, ever-shifting network of interactions between various individuals and interest groups.


The final aim is not simply to write a history of cultural developments as such, let alone to describe the so-called ‘influence’ of one ‘culture’ upon the other. Abandoning modern ideas about ‘East’ and ‘West’ and the concomitant conceptualization of ‘Greece’ and the ‘Near East’ as distinct cultural zones (as in the ever-popular notions of a ‘Near Eastern influence on Classical Greece’ or the ‘Hellenization of the Near East’), the aim is to learn how cultural exchanges worked in the Achaemenid Aegean and why they took place, without the restrictions imposed by preconceived cultural and national categories. 

Rol: Uitvoerder Financiering
2e geldstroom - overig: J. Paul Getty Foundation
Projectleden
Project:
Royal Roads: The First World Empires and the Origin of the Silk Road, c. 550–150 BCE
01-09-2016 tot 29-06-2019
Algemene projectbeschrijving 

How were big, ‘supranational’ empires held together? Premodern empires—extensive composite systems of control and exploitation, created through conquest and characterized by political and cultural diversity—compared to modern nation states seem delicate political systems that are under constant pressure from centrifugal forces and always in danger of becoming overextended. Yet seen from the perspective of world history, empires, together with cities, arguably were the most enduring, most successful state forms in history before the rise of the West (if indeed ‘states’ they were).


The ‘Global Turn’ in present-day historical research compels the ancient historian to understand political and cultural developments from a broader, Afro-Eurasian perspective. This challenge has been taken up more enthusiastically by Roman historians—who have begun to reinterpret the relationship between Roman imperialism and Mediterranean cultural exchanges in the light of globalization theory—than by historians of the Achaemenid Empire and Hellenistic World. But the Central-Eurasian interconnectedness that emerged in the Persian and subsequent Hellenistic periods arguably surpassed Roman ‘globalization’ both in terms of geographical scope and long-term impact. In addition, the ‘Imperial Turn’ in current historical studies has opened up new perspectives on the Persian and Macedonian empires: no longer to be seen as bounded, centralized nation states avant la lettre, these universalistic empires too are now open for reconsideration as negotiated enterprises and ever-shifting networks of various local and imperial interest groups.


Until the western European maritime powers rose to global dominance after c. 1750 CE, the main routes of interaction that connected the civilizational cores of Asia, Europe and Africa followed an east-west direction via land (in addition to the Indian Ocean system of maritime connectivity). Although peoples, goods and ideas had always moved around most parts of Afro-Eurasia, it was specifically in the second half of the First Millennium BCE that the intricate web of connected cities, known today as the ‘Silk Road’, emerged as an enduring network of long-distance interaction from China to the Mediterranean.


Working from the premise that in premodern Eurasia ‘supranational’ empire and inter-regional connectivity are mutually reinforcing, it is my contention that the institutionalization of a trans-Eurasian system of exchange and its accompanying, more or less standardized, modes of intercultural communication originated with the 500-year long political, and to a significant degree also cultural, integration of the urbanized core regions of Central Eurasia in a single hegemonic system overseen by Persian and later Macedonian dynasties, linking the Mediterranean directly to Central Asia and India from c. 550 to 150 BCE. The last centuries of the period under scrutiny moreover saw the emergence of the first Chinese empire (under the Qin and then Han dynasties) as well as the first imperial unification of the northeastern steppe belt by the nomadic confederacy of the Xiongnu (Hsiung-nu). In short, in understanding premodern Eurasian ‘globalization’, empire is key. But how exactly did the first world empires succeed in integrating disparate communities and elites into a single political system over such vast geographical distances? 

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Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 06:04:57
Op dit moment verzorgt dr. Rolf Strootman de volgende cursus(sen):
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GKRMV16011 Ges-The Hellenistic World V M 5,0
GE2V16007 Ges-Het Osmaanse Rijk V 2 7,5
GE2V14012 Ges-Mythologie V 2 7,5
Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 06:04:57
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Gegenereerd op 2017-10-18 06:04:57
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