Profiel

Binnen het NWO (Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek)-gefinancierde VIDI-project Mind over Matter. Debates about relics as sacred objects, ca. 350-1100 schrijft Jelle Visser momenteel een dissertatie over de verering van Willibrord (658-739) en zijn relieken, met een sterke focus op de abdij Echternach, waar Willibrord begraven is, en op de schrijvers van de twee (overgebleven) heiligenlevens van Willibrord, Alcuin van York (ca. 730 - 804) en Thiofrid van Echternach (ca. 1050 - 1110).

Daarnaast is Jelle Visser geïnteresseerd in diverse thema's in de geschiedenis van de periode tussen grofweg 300 en 1100, variërend van de autoriteit van het woord (literatuur, wetten, maar ook het woord van God) in de cultuur van deze periode, en de ontwikkeling van machtsstructuren en instellingen in de genoemde periode.

Gegenereerd op 2017-03-24 03:16:33
Alle publicaties
  2016 - Overige resultaten
J.W. Visser (04-07-2016). Miracle Stories and Their Meaning in Alcuin's Saints' Lives. International Medieval Congress.
  2015 - Overige resultaten
J.W. Visser (22-09-2015). Alcuin's 'relic discourse' and the problem of identifying relics in text. 'Questions about (researching) relics'.
J.W. Visser (21-03-2015). Seeing God in the writings of Alcuin of York. International conference: The aesthetics of crossing: Experiencing the beyond in Abrahamic traditions.
  2014 - Wetenschappelijke publicaties
Visser, Jelle (2014). Sidonius Apollinaris Ep. II.2 - The Man and his Villa. Journal of Late Antique Religion and Culture, 8, (pp. 26-45) (20 p.).
  2011 - Vakpublicaties
Visser, Jelle (2011). Op kamers in Zwolle in de vijftiende eeuw - Extranei, onderwijs en boekproductie onder invloed van het Zwolse fraterhuis en de Moderne Devotie (ca. 1400-1523). Overijsselse historische bijdragen, 126, (pp. 1-22) (23 p.).
^ naar boven
Gegenereerd op 2017-03-24 03:16:33
Project:
Mind over matter. Debates about relics as sacred objects, c. 350-c. 1150
01-06-2014 tot 31-05-2018
Algemene projectbeschrijving 

With the cult of relics, Christians explored the use of the material world to reach their god and achieve salvation. Contrary to what is often maintained, however, the role of relics in Christian religious life was not self-evident and unchallenged. From their earliest history on, the boundaries of interaction between the material and the divine provoked debate and dissent. Could the remains of saints embody the divine or were they references to the divine? Should they be venerated or was this idolatry?


This project is the first attempt to systematically map out these discussions and disagreements in the West from Late Antiquity until c. 1150. It investigates the learned debates on the role of matter in Christian devotion (project 1) and analyses their relation to the practices of the saints’ cults themselves (projects 2 and 3). Instead of focusing solely on normative texts and text editions, as is usually done, this project foregrounds neglected material: inscriptions engraved at cult sites and marginal annotations in manuscripts that expressed new ideas and controversial thoughts. Additionally, the project explores the material objects themselves: relics, the reliquaries in which they were kept and the physical setting of the cult.


Within the broader context of recent interest in the relationship of materiality to religion, this project advances scholarship by increasing our understanding of the role matter played in Christian devotion in the medieval West, the discussions it raised and their historical developments. By combining the study of material culture and traditional historical and philological methods, this project will bring into focus dissent and diversity rather than orthodoxy and unity.

Rol: Promovendus
Individuele projectbeschrijving

The focus of the PhD project is on the cult of Willibrord, an Anglo-Saxon monk now famous as ‘the apostle of the Frisians’. The wealth of sources, both textual and material, and the reputation of their creators make his cult an interesting case study to investigate the role of matter in Christian devotion and the debates it caused. Alcuin (c. 800), one of the leading scholars at the court of Charlemagne, wrote a vita of Willibrord, both in prose and verse. Alcuin was involved in some fierce controversies regarding Adoptionism and iconoclasm. This raises the question if and how questions about the nature of Christ and the intermediary role of images had repercussions on Alcuin’s ideas about saints’ cults and the uses of relics to mediate the divine.


The PhD-student will compare Alcuin’s texts with the work of Thiofrid of Echternach (1081-1110), who wrote several saint’s lives, among which a prose and verse life of Willibrord, sermons, the text inscribed on what supposedly had once been Willibrord’s abbot’s staff, and, last but not least, the Flowers Scattered over the Graves of the Saints.1 Of particular interest is the latter text, according to some scholars the only medieval treatise that tries to define the nature of relics (Ferrari 2005), making use of
Aristotelian logic. This raises the question why Thiofrid wrote this text. Did he respond to contemporary anxieties regarding relic piety? What was the impact of his scholarly method, and how does his work relate to contemporary discussions on the Eucharist, another hotly debated theme concerning sacred matter?

Financiering
2e geldstroom - NWO
Projectleden

Gegenereerd op 2017-03-24 03:16:33
Nevenfuncties

Geen.

Gegenereerd op 2017-03-24 03:16:33
Volledige naam
J.W. Visser MA Contactgegevens
Drift 6

Drift 6
Kamer -
3512 BS  UTRECHT

Gegenereerd op 2017-03-24 03:16:33
Laatst bijgewerkt op 13-12-2016