Despite only 10 years remaining to achieve the 2030 Agenda, no country is on track to meet all 17 SDGs. Countries are also far behind in achieving the transition towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient society as envisioned in the Paris Agreement. Importantly, growing evidence demonstrates that climate action necessitates a transition addressing all dimensions of sustainability. Our research in the planning grant phase confirmed that distributional consequences of both climate action and climate change clearly point to the potential goal conflicts and/or untapped synergies between SDG 13 “C limate action” and SDG 10 “Reduced inequalities”, but comparative evidence is limited on these linkages. The aim of this project is to analyse the conditions for, and politics of, coherent policies for climate change, reducing inequality and other SDGs when implemented nationally, and to provide tools to identify synergies and make transparent trade-offs in different socio-economic and political contexts. Six country cases (Germany, Kenya, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sweden), at the national and sub-national level, will be compared based on an analytical framework (3 I’s: institutions, ideas, interests), supplemented by a global cross-country quantitative analysis, a regional study of the EU, and tool development. Overall, we aim to make policy recommendations both on novel and coherent policy packages and on process design to enable cross-country policy learning.
Conducting the case study work on Philippines, Germany and South Africa from the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut fur Entwicklungspolitik in Bonn.