Urban areas in particular face increasing flood risks. It is therefore argued, both in literature and in practice that flood risks can no longer be dealt with by focusing solely on flood defenses.
Actors at various levels wish for and make efforts at a diversification of Flood Risk Management Strategies, in which multiple strategies are applied simultaneously and linked together. These strategies include pro-active spatial planning, flood mitigation in various ways (e.g. urban green infrastructures, adaptive buildings), flood preparation and flood recovery.