ICT Standards Bodies And International Trade: What Role For The WTO?
by Olia Kanevskaia (Utrecht University School of Law Research Paper Series, Reprinted from the Journal of World Trade, Volume 56 issue 3 – May 2022)
Standardization of information and communication technologies (ICT) has become essential for the global economic activity. Because ICT standards are generally produced by the private sector, their trade-restrictive effects have so far largely managed to escape the purview of the WTO. However, due to their growing normative consequences, the status quo of ICT standards and ICT standards bodies in multilateral trade cannot be maintained any longer. This Article argues that the WTO has powerful tools to address trade-restrictive effects of ICT standards.
01/21: Philip Bennett and Hans van Meerten ‘Bauer and beyond: The changing interpretation of Article 8 of Directive 2008/94/EC (Protection of employees’ pension rights on employer insolvency) and its impact on Member State pension protection arrangements on employer insolvency. Read and or download this working paper (pdf)