This page presents a selection of larger projects. For individual projects and other current research activities, please visit the personal pages of our staff.
|The multilingual dynamics of literary culture in medieval Flanders|
This is the first major project that focuses on the multilingual character of the literary culture of medieval Flanders. For the period 1200-1500 AD, it will be investigated how Dutch, French and Latin monolingual and multilingual texts were produced and read alongside each other, and whether interactions between them arose.
|Citizenship Discourses in the Early Middle Ages, 400-1100|
The project studies the survival and transformation of citizenship discourse in early medieval Europe. In the period after the disintegration of the Roman Empire and preceding the rise of the cities in the high Middle Ages, citizenship terminology inherited from the classical and biblical past underwent radical semantic changes.
Terms denoting the citizen (civis) and its correlates (civitas; peregrinus, advena) acquired new meanings under the influence of Christianity as the new dominant religion. The project explores these shifts in meaning and their social implications through discourse analysis and a socio-philological approach to Latin sources of law, liturgy, historiography, hagiography and their audiences.
|Sound Memories: The Musical Past in Late-Medieval and Early-Modern Europe (SoundMe)|
An international consortium of music scholars will investigate the genesis and early development of the concept of ‘music of the past’ in 13th-century Paris, made possible by newly invented technologies of writing musical time.
They will also trace the deployment of such music in the service of various political and religious agendas across Europe in a series of case studies ranging chronologically from the 14th to the 16th century.
They are supported in their efforts by the singers of the Ascoli Ensemble (The Hague) who will be instrumental in disseminating the research to the general public.
|The Art of Reasoning: Techniques of Scientific Argumentation in the Medieval Latin West (400-1400)|
This project discusses the practices of argumentation and reasoning from the early Middle Ages up to the period of the medieval universities, by examining annotations, commentaries and diagrams in medieval manuscripts.
|Music And Late Medieval European Court Cultures|
This project will explore the role of music in late-medieval court cultures of the ‘long fourteenth century’ (1280-1450) on a European scale. The project will focus on music in relation to three central cultural dimensions:
|Uncovering Joyful Culture: Parodic Literature and Practices in and around the Low Countries (13th-17th centuries)|
This project will demonstrate the importance of 'joyful culture' as a major cultural phenomenon in late medieval and early modern society. Joyful culture can be defined as a shared system of sociability for groups and individuals organising playful performances and activities in a ritualised way, in which parody has a central role. Building on the example of the Low Countries, the project will offer a comparative, transnational approach, in order to show how joyful culture helped to bind together various social groups in pre-seventeenth-century society, and how parody was used to reinforce group identity and the sense of belonging to a community, whether at the scale of a regional political entity, a city, or a professional group.
Rather than insisting on the potential of carnivalesque festivities to express tensions and social conflicts, as historians have often claimed, this project will demonstrate that joyful culture also had an important role in securing social stability and cohesion, thanks to the use of an inclusive form of parody, developed in themes such as friendship, the praise of drunkenness, sexuality and obscenity. This project will thereby refresh the broader field of cultural studies, by re-evaluating concepts of the festive.
|Mind over matter. Debates about relics as sacred objects c. 350 - c. 1150|
With the cult of relics, Christians explored the use of the material world to reach their god and achieve salvation. Contrary to what is often maintained, however, the role of relics in Christian religious life was not self-evident and unchallenged. From their earliest history on, the boundaries of interaction between the material and the divine provoked debate and dissent. Could the remains of saints embody the divine or were they references to the divine? Should they be venerated or was this idolatry?
This project is the first attempt to systematically map out these discussions and disagreements in the West from Late Antiquity until c. 1150. Instead of focusing solely on normative texts and text editions, as is usually done, this project foregrounds neglected material: inscriptions engraved at cult sites and marginal annotations in manuscripts that expressed new ideas and controversial thoughts. Additionally, the project explores the material objects themselves: relics, the reliquaries in which they were kept and the physical setting of the cult.
|Medieval Literacy Platform|
The Medieval Literacy Platform is intended to provide a forum for research on the history of non-verbal, oral and written communication in the Middle Ages. The series Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy, published by Brepols Publishers (Turnhout, Belgium), has developed into a general forum for publications on the history of medieval communication.
See also an overview of previous projects of the UCMS.