The BEUCITIZEN project focuses on the barriers that still exist to realise and exercise citizenship rights of EU citizens. Guilds and local citizenship have suffered bad press over the last two centuries, as monopolists (or monopsonists) tried to capture rents on protected markets for raw materials, labour and consumer products. This paradigm is now under scrutiny and being revised, not least because there is enough evidence to suggest that the strict rules were not necessarily stringently applied. The parallels with modern practice come to mind. Historical studies can help us to unravel the underlying mechanisms of such behaviour and weigh the costs and benefits of systems of protected interests, which are an important dimension of citizenship. A systematic and comparative study of who gained access, first to apprenticeship and subsequently to membership of guilds, can build on much important research that has been undertaken over the past 25 years in various European countries.
- Project members UU: Prof. Wieger Bakker, Prof. Trudie Knijn, Prof. Frans Pennings, Prof. Maarten Prak, Ruben Schalk MA, Prof. Sybe de Vries, Prof. Frans van Waarden
- Duration: 2013-2017
- Funding: European Commission / Seventh Framework Programme