Accountability and liability of corporations for their activities abroad

Activities of multinationals span the globe, but the risk and harm coming along with their activities are often externalized to areas with low levels of regulation and governance. I.e., corporations cause harm to people, such as their workers and local communities, and to the environment outside their ‘home’ state. To what extent and how can these corporations, which are often construed as complicated networks, be held accountable for these harms? Where can they be sued, if this is impossible in the place where the harm occurred? And to what extent do corporations have responsibilities towards people and the environment at all?