Our research themes serve as multiple points-of-entry for investigating the transformative capacity of cities. To enhance the imaginative and transformative capacity of cities we seek to illuminate techniques of futuring in use, as well as explore new ones. This is combined with an assessment of the new horizontal governance networks, both within and between cities, through which these imaginaries are mobilized and transformative change may occur. Understandings of these mechanisms are then evaluated in relation to specific themes and challenges, such as the relation between decentralised sustainable energy systems and new forms of democracy.