Scientific experts are working together with industry partners and stakeholders to support the radical transformation of industry needed for society to meet the Paris climate ambitions. The key question is: how will new technologies and societal choices shape the future of industry?
Towards Industry with Negative Emissions
Impact-oriented research hub
Within Utrecht University’s strategic theme Pathways to Sustainability an interdisciplinary team of researchers has developed the impact-oriented research hub ‘Deep Decarbonisation: Towards Industry with Negative Emissions’. In this hub, a group of researchers from a wide range of academic disciplines works together with an equally broad group from industry, government and civil society. The aim is to generate new concepts to support the radical transformation of industry needed for our society to meet the ambitions of the Paris Climate Agreement.
Supporting the energy transition
In the hub, we aim to collaboratively develop a shared understanding of industrial transformation that actively supports the energy transition in industry. The hub develops and explores pathways to sustainability and engages with industries in the Netherlands.
Challenges of industrial energy transitions
The industry sector plays an important role in the proposed Dutch Climate Agreement drafted to reach the global Paris Climate Agreement. For 2050 the Dutch proposal envisages a "thriving, circular and globally leading industry in the Netherlands, where greenhouse gas emissions are almost zero, where biomass, CO2, waste streams and waste gases are used to create feedstocks for the chemical and other sectors, or fuel for aviation or shipping.” Regarding Carbon Capture and Store (CCS) it states that “CCS is required as a temporary solution to achieve the targets for 2030.”
However, there is a gap between this ambition and the actual governance structures, legal frameworks, financial instruments, availability of infrastructures and technologies, and coherent implementation pathways, among others.
The research questions that the hub takes on relate to the technical and non-technical challenges of industry decarbonisation. They focus on the question how the transformation that is needed to reach the above-mentioned ambitions of the industry sector can be achieved. The key research question is: How can industry transform, and how can companies, government and other stakeholders act on their shared responsibility so that the Netherlands meets the Paris Climate Agreement?
To answer this overarching question, the hub pursues three research lines that each have their own specific research questions:
A. What are the current and future prospects for second-generation biofuel and negative emission technologies in the Netherlands? What are the corresponding scientific, technological and economic challenges? How will future technologies improve and maximize the sustainable use of biomass compared to current biofuels production, distribution, and consumption?
B. What are plausible and sustainable future visions for the introduction, regulation and governance of second-generation biofuels in the Netherlands that may also require biomass in combination with carbon capture and storage for negative emissions (BECCS)?
C. What strategies can be implemented for responsible and sustainable innovation in this domain as part of a broad strategy of biomass use in the Netherlands to achieve the sustainable visions in line with the Dutch commitment to the Paris Agreement?
A. What are the current and future capabilities of subsurface carbon trapping, energy storage and subsurface catalytic/chemical processing in the Netherlands, what are the corresponding economic, legal, and governance drivers, and how sustainable are current practices?
B. What are plausible and sustainable future visions for such subsurface activities and their corresponding economic, legal, and governance drivers in the Netherlands (in line with the Paris Climate Agreement)?
C. What strategies can be implemented for responsible and sustainable innovation, i.e., for transformative use of the subsurface for carbon trapping, energy storage and industrial processing to help achieve the Dutch commitment to the Paris Agreement?
A. What is the current state of industry in the Netherlands regarding energy use and greenhouse gas emissions as well as economic, legal, and governance drivers?
B. What are plausible and sustainable visions that set the Dutch industry on a pathway to radically reduced and ultimately negative emissions based on implementation of existing and technologies, including those explored under research lines 1 and 2?
C. What are the corresponding economic, legal, and governance drivers?
D. What are strategies to transition the Dutch industry to achieve the sustainable visions in line with the Dutch commitment to the Paris Agreement?
The hub brings together a broad spectrum of disciplinary expertise with system-analytical and transformational knowledge of researchers at Utrecht University. The researchers work together closely with stakeholders from industry, government and civil society in a transdisciplinary research process. Researchers’ academic disciplines span renewable energy systems, physics, chemistry, geology, climate policy, innovation studies, governance, economics and law.
The hub explores novel ways to share, validate, and co-create knowledge using transdisciplinary approaches. It intends to look across sectoral and often ‘siloed’ energy technologies within specific industrial settings in the Netherlands. The results will also be relevant for industry transitions globally.
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The newsletter of the hub 'Deep Decarbonisation: Towards Industry with Negative Emissions' will update you on the hub, its work and upcoming events.
The newsletter will be sent about twice a year.