Philosophy, Religion, Tolerance and Inclusion

Photo: Paul Ziche

What is the relation between theology and philosophy, and how have theological questions informed metaphysics and epistemology? How have philosophers defended demands for religious tolerance, and how have they understood the relation between religious experience and the secular?

We study the intercrossings between theological claims and motifs and philosophy, as in the case of the philosophical traditions in the Islamicate world. This aspect is also found and studied in other periods and cultures, e.g. “realism” around 1800, which is strongly related to religious concerns and the idea that necessary incomprehensibility is a hallmark of being ultimately real. This field includes not just theology and the transcendent but tolerance, the inclusion of religious difference, and the philosophy of secular life, as in in 20th and 21st century continental (esp. French) thought.