Breakout session 3: 14.00 - 15.00

In the third session, the last five research groups will take the stage: IOS-Platform Liberal and illiberal democracy, IOS-Hub Gender and Diversity, IOS-Hub Future of Work, IOS-Stream Institutions and Behaviour, and the IOS-Platform on EU Politics and Policy.

The breakout sessions will be held at the Utrecht University Hall, in the rooms: Aula, Belle van Zuylenzaal, Westerdijkkamer, Zaal 1636, and Eijkmankamer. These rooms are all on the ground floor.

IOS-Platform on EU Politics and Policy [Aula]

'Brexit and the Future of Europe'

Over the past three years, the world has watched in anticipation as the Brexit drama unfolds. Brexit – the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union – poses a fundamental challenge to Europe, raising urgent questions about the future direction of the EU, its (in)ability to cope with crises, and its democratic legitimacy in the eyes of European citizens.
 
In this session we will dissect the Brexit drama by focusing on its historical, political and juridical components. Three brief pitches will be followed by discussion. This session will highlight the need for a multidisciplinary approach to understanding European politics.

Confirmed speakers: Gijs Jan Brandsma, Hanneke van Eijken, Liesbeth van de Grift

IOS-Hub Future of Work (FoW) [Belle van Zuylenzaal]

‘Labour market institutions for human capital management’

In modern labour markets the behaviour of employers and employees is not only guided by the principles and mechanisms described in economic theory. To a large extent institutions guide the behaviour of actors involved in labour demand and labour supply. In this session we will present two studies focusing on institutions dealing with human capital.

First, Marian Thunnissen (REBO) will present a study on macro talent management in the Netherlands. How has Dutch society organized the process of human capital accumulation? Which are the leading principles and who is responsible for what? What are the (dis)advantages of the institutional arrangements (compared with other European countries) and do some people or groups benefit more from the institutional framework than others?

Second, Jelle Lössbroek (FSW) will look at institutions at the organizational level relevant for the way organizations deal with older workers. Again, the questions to be answered are what are the effects of the institutional/policy arrangements, who benefits and who experiences disadvantages from the institutional framework? Is there room for improvement? In the discussion following the two 20 minute presentations we will try to address the issue of the relations between macro and micro institutions for human capital management.

Confirmed participants: Joop Schippers (REBO, chair), Marian Thunnissen (REBO), Jelle Lössbroek (FSW).

Read more about the IOS-Hub Future of Work (FoW) >>

IOS-Hub Gender and Diversity [Westerdijkkamer]

‘Closing the Gender Pay Gap by 2030’

The Gender and Diversity Hub session will focus on how to close the gender pay gap. While EU and national legislation on equal pay has been put into place ever since 1975, we still witness a serious gender pay gap in 2019. Closing this gap is high on the European political agenda and is of key importance in ensuring equality in the labour market, one of Europe's core values and aims. In this workshop we seek to explore causes of and challenges and possible solutions to finally closing the gender pay gap, by not only comparing various national approaches towards dealing with this problem, but also initiatives and practices various institutions have taken to effectively resolve the gender pay gap, such as recently by the Dutch APG. We will also take a look at the current situation in Dutch academia.

Participants: Linda Senden, Ruth van Veelen.

Read more about the IOS-Hub Gender and Diversity >>

IOS-Platform Liberal and illiberal democracy [Zaal 1636]

‘The Crisis of Liberal Democracy’ 

In 1990, the global hegemony of liberal democracy seemed all but assured. The fall of the Berlin Wall signaled the demise of its chief rival, soviet communism. But liberal democracy’s triumph was brief-lived. By the mid-2000s, the momentum toward an increasingly liberal world began to falter. As many commentators observed, a new and more “illiberal” form of democracy seemed on the rise. More recently, elections from Brazil to Poland have reignited concerns about liberal values and the rule of law.

In short, there is little doubt that today, liberal democracy is increasingly under threat. There is less consensus, however, about the nature and causes of this crisis. Should liberal democracy’s current predicament be seen as caused by growing citizen disengagement and individualism – or is it rather the result of polarization and hyper-partisanship? Is liberal democracy mainly threatened by growing authoritarianism and oligarchic tendencies – or can the attack on liberal democracy be more accurately described as “populist”? Should we think of the crisis of democracy as triggered by the growth of material inequality – or are identity politics to be blamed? These and similar questions will be addressed in the roundtable.

Confirmed participants: Antoine Buyse (Law), Annelien de Dijn (History) Ido de Haan (History), and Yara Al Salman (Philosophy).

Read more about the IOS-Platform Liberal and illiberal democracy >>

IOS-Stream Institutions and Behavior [Eijkmankamer]

‘Addressing macro-issues on the micro level’

Modern societies are confronted with numerous major challenges, such as social conflict, climate change, public health issues, inequality and unethical behaviors in the private and public sector. Modern societies are built on public institutions, designed to address these and related societal challenges. These public institutions operate on macro- and meso-levels yet aim to structure and influence human behaviors at the micro-level, while, conversely, the institutions themselves emanate from aggregated individual behaviors. Although most salient policies aim to address human behaviors – ranging from such diverse issues as donor registration, healthy eating, societal integration of refugees, white collar corruption or sustainable consumptive choices – behavioral knowledge has until very recently been neglected. Many of those macro-level concerns can be addressed at the micro-level of individual behavior.

In this workshop, we will demonstrate how the use of behavioral knowledge can help address important issues by building on two recent cases: the Utrecht ‘Weten wat werkt’ project in social security; and the multidisciplinary Welfare Improvement through Nudging Knowledge project on how psychology, public administration and ethics can inform each other in applying behavioral insights in public policy practice.

Participants: Thomas Schillemans, Ivo Giesen, Hans Hoeken, Floor Kroese, Stephanie Rosenkranz.

Read more about the IOS-Stream Institutions and Behavior >>