Publications Tectonophysics











  • De La Vara, Alba & Meijer, Paul, Response of Mediterranean circulation to Miocene shoaling and closure of the Indian Gateway - A model study.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 442, (pp. 96-109).
  • Govers, R., Fichtner, A., 2016. Signature of slab fragmentation beneath Anatolia from full-waveform tomography. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 450, 10–19. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.06.014
  • Polonia A., Torelli L., Artoni A., Faccenna C., Ferranti L., Gasperini L., Govers R., Klaeschen D., Monaco C., Neri G., Nijholt N., Orecchio B., Wortel R., The Ionian and Alfeo-Etna fault zones: new segments of an evolving plate boundary in the central Mediterranean Sea?, Tectonophysics, 675, 69-90, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2016.03.016, 2016
  • Roda, M., M. Kleinhans, T.E. Zegers, and R. Govers, Origin of circular collapsed landforms in the Chryse region of Mars, Icarus, 265, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.10.020, 2016


  • Broerse, T., R. Riva, W. Simons, R. Govers, and B. Vermeersen, Postseismic GRACE and GPS observations indicate a rheology contrast above and below the Sumatra slab, Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 120(7), 5343-5361, doi: 10.1002/2015JB011951, 2015.
  • Nijholt, N., and R. Govers, On the evolution of Subduction-Transform Edge Propagators (STEPs), JGR-Solid Earth, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012202, 2015.
  • Marketos, G., R. Govers, and C. Spiers, Ground motions induced by a producing hydrocarbon reservoir that is overlain by a viscoelastic rocksalt layer: A numerical model, Geophysical Journal International, 203(1), 198-212, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv294, 2015.
  • Simon, Dirk & Meijer, Paul. Dimensions of the Atlantic-Mediterranean connection that caused the Messinian Salinity Crisis.  Marine Geology, 364, (pp. 53-64).
  • Topper, R. P M & Meijer, P. Th. The precessional phase lag of Messinian gypsum deposition in Mediterranean marginal basins.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 417, (pp. 6-16)


  • Bartol, J. and R. Govers, A single cause for uplift of the Central and Eastern Anatolian plateau? Tectonophysics, 637, 116-136, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.10.002, 2014.
  • Topper, R.P.M., S. Lugli, V. Manzi, M. Roveri, and P.Th. Meijer, Precessional control of Sr ratios in marginal basins during the Messinian Salinity Crisis?, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 15, doi:10.1002/2013GC005192, 2014.
  • Roda, M., M.G. Kleinhans, T.E. Zegers, J.H.P. Oosthoek, Aram Chaos: evidence for catastrophic ice lake collapse on Mars, Icarus236, 104–121, 2014.
  • Roveri, M., R. Flecker, W. Krijgsman, J. Lofi, S. Lugli, V. Manzi, F. J. Sierro, A. Bertini, A. Camerlenghi, G. de Lange, R. Govers, F. J. Hilgen, C. Hübscher, P. Th. Meijer, M. Stoica, The Messinian Salinity Crisis: past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences, Marine Geology, 352, 25-58, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2014.02.002, 2014.
  • van Benthem, S., R. Govers, and R. Wortel, What drives microplate motion and deformation in the northeastern Caribbean plate boundary region?, Tectonics, 33, doi:10.1002/ 2013TC003402, 2014.


  • Topper, R.P.M., A model analysis of atypical marine sedimentation in mediterranean basins (PhD thesis), Utrecht Studies in Earth Sciences, 46, 2013.
  • Vissers, R.L.M., D.J.J. van Hinsbergen, P.Th. Meijer, and G. Piccardo, Kinematics of Jurassic ultra-slow spreading in the Piemonte Ligurian ocean,  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 380, 138-150, 2013.
  • de la Vara, A., P.Th. Meijer, and M.J.R. Wortel,  Model study of the circulation of the Miocene Mediterranean Sea and Paratethys: closure of the Indian Gateway, Clim. Past Disc., 9, 4385–4424, 2013.
  • Austmann, W., and R. Govers, The effect of elastic compressibility for a sinking cylinder in a bounded medium, submitted to J. Fluid Mech., March 2013. 
  • Özbak?r, A.D., C. ?engör, R. Wortel, R. Govers, The Pliny - Strabo trench region: a large shear zone resulting from slab tearing, 375, 188-195, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.025, 2013.
  • Plattner, C., F. Amelung , S. Baker , R. Govers , M. Poland, The role of viscous magma mush spreading for volcanic flank motion at K?lauea Volcano, Hawai'i, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118(5), 2474-2487,  doi:10.1002/jgrb.50194, 2013.
  • Topper, R.P.M., P.Th. Meijer, A modeling perspective on spatial and temporal variations in Messinian evaporite deposits, Mar. Geol.336, 44-60, 2013.
  • van Benthem, S., R. Govers, W. Spakman, M.J.R. Wortel, Tectonic evolution and mantle structure of the Caribbean, J. Geophys. Res. B: Solid Earth, 118(6), 3019-3036, doi: 10.1002/jgrb.50235, 2013.
  • van Benthem, S.A.C., Valenzuela, R.W., and Ponce, G.J., Measurements of upper mantle shear wave anisotropy from a permanent network in southern Mexico, Geofísica Internacional52(4), 385-402, 2013.
  • van Benthem, S.A.C., Plate dynamics, mantle structure and tectonic evolution of the Caribbean region; Utrecht Studies in Earth Sciences (Ph.D. thesis Utrecht University), 44, 128 pp. , ISBN: 978-90-6266-340-8, 2013 (full text).
  • Warners-Ruckstuhl, K., R. Govers, and R. Wortel, Tethyan collision forces and the stress field of the Eurasian plate, Geophysical Journal International, 195(1), 1-15, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt219, 2013. 


  • Bartol, J., L. Matenco, D. Garcia-Castellanos, K. Leever, Modelling depositional shifts between sedimentary basins: Sediment pathways in Paratethys basins during the Messinian Salinity Crisis, Tectonophysics536–537, 110–121, 2012.
  • Govers, R., De L’Aquila aardbeving: wetenschap versus samenleving? Kennislink column, 27 november 2012.
  • Meijer, P.Th., Hydraulic theory of sea straits applied to the onset of the Messinian Salinity Crisis, Mar. Geol., 326-328, 131-139, 2012.
  • Ruckstuhl, K.N., Dynamics and stress field of the Eurasian plate: a combined lithosphere-mantle approach; Utrecht Studies in Earth Sciences (Ph.D. thesis Utrecht University), 11, 116 pp., 2012 (full text).
  • Vissers, R.L.M., Meijer, P.Th., Mesozoic rotation of Iberia: Subduction in the Pyrenees? Earth Science Reviews, 110, 93-110, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2011.11.001, 2012.
  • Vissers, R.L.M., and P.Th. Meijer, Iberian plate kinematics and Alpine collision in the Pyrenees, Earth Science Reviews, 114, 61-83, 2012.
  • Warners-Ruckstuhl, K.N., R. Govers, and M.J.R. Wortel, Lithosphere-mantle coupling and the dynamics of the Eurasian plate, Geophys. J. Int., 189(3), 1253-1276, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05427.x, 2012.PDF


  • Agard, P., Omrani, J., Jolivet, L., Whitechurch, H., Vrielynck, B., Spakman, W., Monie, P., Meyer, B., Wortel, R., Zagros orogeny: a subduction-dominated process, Geological Magazine, 148(5-6), 692-725, doi:10.1017/S001675681100046X, 2011.
  • Baes, M., R. Govers and M.J.R. Wortel, Subduction initiation along the inherited weakness zone at the edge of a slab: Insights from numerical models, Geophys. J. Int., 184(3), 991-1008, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04896.x, 2011. PDF
  • Baes, M., R. Govers and M.J.R. Wortel, Switching between alternative responses of the lithosphere to continental collision, Geophys. J. Int., 187, 1151–1174, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05236.x, 2011. PDF
  • Baes, M., Reorganization of convergent plate boundaries, Geologica Ultraiectina (Ph.D. thesis Utrecht University), 340, 108 pp., 2011 (full text).
  • Karami, M.P., A. de Leeuw, W. Krijgsman, P. Th. Meijer and M. J. R. Wortel, The role of gateways in the evolution of temperature and salinity of semi-enclosed basins: An oceanic box model for the Miocene Mediterranean Sea and Paratethys, Global and Planetary Change, 79(1-2), 73-88, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.07.011, 2011.
  • Karami Arokhloo, M.P., Palaeoceanography of the Miocene Mediterranean Sea and Paratethys: Regional ocean modelling of the response to closure of the Tethys Seaway, Geologica Ultraiectina, 338, 127 pp., 2011 (full text).
  • Topper, R. P. M., Trabucho Alexandre, J., Tuenter, E., and Meijer, P. Th.: A regional ocean circulation model for the mid-Cretaceous North Atlantic Basin: implications for black shale formation, Clim. Past, 7, 277-297, doi:10.5194/cp-7-277-2011, 2011.PDF
  • Topper, R.P.M., P.Th. Meijer, R. Flecker, M.J.R. Wortel, A box model of the Late Miocene Mediterranean Sea: implications from combined 87Sr/86Sr and salinity data, Paleoceanography, 26, PA3223, doi: 10.1029/2010PA002063, 2011.PDF
  • Wouters, B., R.E.M. Riva, D. A. Lavallée, and J.L. Bamber, Seasonal variations in sea level induced by continental water mass: first results from GRACE, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2010GL046128, 38(3), L03303, 2011.


  • Alhammoud, B., P.Th. Meijer, and H.A. Dijkstra, Sensitivity of Mediterranean thermohaline circulation to gateway depth: A model investigation, Paleoceanography, 25, PA2220, doi: 10.1029/2009PA001823, 2010. PDF
  • Forte, A.M., Quéré, S., Moucha, R., Simmons, N.A., Grand, S.P., and Mit, J.X., Joint seismic–geodynamic-mineral physical modelling of African geodynamics: A reconciliation of deep-mantle convection with surface geophysical constraints, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 295(3-4), 329-341, 2010.
  • Plattner, C., R. Malservisi, K.P Furlong, and R. Govers, Development of the Eastern California Shear Zone - Walker Lane belt: the effects of microplate motion and pre-existing weakness in the Basin and Range, Tectonophysics, 485(1-4), 78-84, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.11.021, 2010 (full text)
  • Riva, R.E.M., J. L. Bamber, D. A. Lavallée, and B. Wouters, The sea-level fingerprint of continental water and ice mass change from GRACE, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2010GL044770, 37, L19605, 2010.
  • Van Benthem, S., en R. Govers, De tijdbom onder Haïti, Geografie, 7-8, 2010 PDF
  • Van Benthem, S., and R. Govers, The Caribbean plate; pulled, pushed or dragged? Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 115, B10409, doi: 10.1029/2009JB006950, 2010. PDF
  • Warners-Ruckstuhl, K.N., P.Th. Meijer, R. Govers, and M.J.R. Wortel, A lithosphere-dynamics constraint on mantle flow: analysis of the Eurasian plate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L18308, doi:10.1029/2010GL044431, 2010. PDF
  • Wortel, R., and R. Govers, Driving Earth's surface motions, Nature "News and Views", 465, 559, 2010.


  • Bartol, J. and R. Govers, Flexure due to the Messinian-Pontian sea level drop in the Black Sea, in press, doi:10.1029/2009GC002672, G3, 2009 PDF.
  • Govers, R., Choking the Mediterranean to dehydration: the Messinian salinity crisis, Geology, 37(2), 167-170, 2009 PDF.
  • Govers, R., Meijer, P.Th., and Krijgsman, W., Regional isostatic response to Messinian salinity crisis events, Tectonophysics, 463(1-4), doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.09.026, 2009 PDF.
  • Karami, M.P., P.Th. Meijer, H.A. Dijkstra, and M.J.R. Wortel (2009), An oceanic box model of the Miocene Mediterranean Sea with emphasis on the effects of closure of the eastern gateway, Paleoceanography, 24, PA4203, doi:10.1029/2008PA001679, 2009.
  • LaFemina, P. , T. Dixon, R. Govers, E. Norabuena, H. Turner, A. Saballos, G. Mattiolli, M. Protti, and W. Strauch, Forearc motion and Cocos Ridge collision in Central America, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 10, Q05S14, doi:10.1029/2008GC002181, 2009 (full text).
  • Meijer, P.Th., and H.A. Dijkstra, The response of Mediterranean thermohaline circulation to climate change; A minimal model, Climate of the Past, 5, 713-720, 2009. PDF
  • Plattner, C., R. Malservisi, and R. Govers, On the plate boundary forces that drive and resist Baja California motion, Geology, 37(4), 359-362, 2009 PDF.
  • Tirel C., Gautier P., Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., M. J. R. Wortel, Sequential development of interfering metamorphic core complexes: numerical experiments and comparison with the Cyclades, Greece, in: Van Hinsbergen, D.J., Edwards, M.A., and Govers, R. (Eds.), Collision and collapse at the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia subduction zone, pp. 257-292, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 311, 2009.
  • Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Edwards, M.A., and Govers, R. (Eds.), Collision and collapse at the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia subduction zone, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 311, 2009. 
  • Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Edwards, M.A., and Govers, R., Geodynamics of collision and collapse at the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia subduction zone - an introduction, in: Van Hinsbergen, D.J., Edwards, M.A., and Govers, R. (Eds.), Collision and collapse at the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia subduction zone, pp. 1-7, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 311, 2009. 
  • Wortel, R., R. Govers, and W. Spakman, Continental collision and the STEP-wise evolution of convergent plate boundaries: From structure to dynamics, in:S. Lallemand and F. Funiciello (Eds.), Subduction Zone Geodynamics, pp. 47-59, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-87974-9, 2009.


  • Álvarez-Gómez, J.A., P.T.. Meijer, J.J. Martínez-Díaz, R. Capote, Constraints from finite element modeling on the active tectonics of northern Central America and the Middle America Trench, Tectonics,  27, TC1008, doi:10.1029/2007TC002162, 2008.
  • De Franco, R., Govers, R., and Wortel, R., Nature of the plate contact and subduction zone diversity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 271 (1-4), 245-253, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.019, 2008. PDF
  • De Franco, R., Govers, R., and Wortel, R., Dynamics of continental collision: influence of the plate contact, Geophysical Journal International, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03857.x, 2008. PDF
  • De Franco, R., Dynamics of subduction and continental collision: influence of the nature of the plate contact, Ph.D. thesis Utrecht University, Geologica Ultraiectina, 284, 129 pp., 2008.
  • Krijgsman, W., and P. Th. Meijer, Depositional environments of the Mediterranean "Lower Evaporites" of the Messinian salinity crisis: Constraints from quantitative analyses, Marine Geology, doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2008.04.010, 253, 73-81, 2008.
  • Postma, G., M.G. Kleinhans, P.Th. Meijer, and J.T. Eggenhuisen, Sediment transport in analogue flume models compared with real world sedimentary systems: A new look at scaling sedimentary systems evolution in a flume, Sedimentology, 55, 1541-1557, 2008.    
  • Riva, R., and Govers, R., Relating viscosities from post-seismic relaxation to a realistic viscosity structure for the lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.04004.x, 2008 PDF.
  • ?engör, A.M.C., Özeren, S., Keskin, M., Sak?nç, M., Özbakir, A.D., and Kayan, I, Eastern Turkish high plateau as a small Turkic-type orogen: Implications for post-collisional crust-forming processes in Turkic-type orogens, Earth Science Reviews, 90(1-2), 1-48, 2008 (full text).
  • Tirel C., J.-P. Brun, E. Burov, Dynamics and structural development of metamorphic core complexes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B04403, doi:10.1029/2005JB003694, 2008.
  • Van Benthem, S.A.C., Valenzuela, R.W., Obrebski, M., and Castro, R.R., Measurements of upper mantle shear wave anisotropy from stations around the Gulf of California, Geofisica Internacional, 47, 127-144, 2008.  


  • S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, P.A. Ziegler, P.J.F. Bogaard, P.A.M. Andriessen, I.M. Artemieva, G. Bada, R.T. van Balen, F. Beekman, Z. Ben-Avraham, J.-P. Brun, H.P. Bunge, E.B. Burov, R. Carbonell, C. Facenna, A. Friedrich, J. Gallart, A.G. Green, O. Heidbach, A.G. Jones, L. Matenco, J. Mosar, O. Oncken, C. Pascal, G. Peters, S. Sliaupa, A. Soesoo, W. Spakman, R.A. Stephenson, H. Thybo, T. Torsvik, G. de Vicente, F. Wenzel, and M.J.R. Wortel, TOPO-EUROPE: The geoscience of coupled deep Earth-surface processes, Global and Planetary Change, 58 (1-4), 1-118, 2007.
  • De Franco, R., Govers, R., and R. Wortel, Numerical comparison of different convergent plate contacts: subduction channel and subduction fault, Geophysical Journal International, 171(1), 435-450, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03498.x, 2007 PDF.
  • Meijer, P.Th., and E. Tuenter, The effect of precession-induced changes in the Mediterranean freshwater budget on circulation at shallow and intermediate depth, J. Mar. Sys., 68, 349-365, 2007.
  • Motagh, M., Hoffmann, J., Kampes, B., Baes, M., and Zschau, J., Strain accumulation across the Gazikoy-Saros segment of the North Anatolian fault inferrred from Persistent Scatterer interferometry and GPS measurements, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 255, 432-444, 2007.


  • Hafkenscheid, E., M.J.R. Wortel and W. Spakman, Subduction history of the Tethyan region derived from seismic tomography and tectonic reconstructions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B08401, doi:10.1029/2005JB003791, 2006 PDF.
  • Meijer, Paul Th., A box model of the blocked-outflow scenario for the Messinian Salinity Crisis, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 248, 471-479, 2006.
  • Obrebski, M., R.R. Castro, R.W. Valenzuela, S. van Benthem, and C.J. Rebollar, Shear-wave splitting observations at the regions of northern Baja California and southern Basin and Range in Mexico, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L05302, 2006.
  • Schmalzle, Gina, Timothy Dixon, Rocco Malservisi, and Rob Govers, Strain Accumulation across the Carrizo Segment of the San Andreas Fault, California: Impact of Laterally Varying Crustal Properties, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B05403, doi:10.1029/2005JB003843, 2006 (full text).
  • Tirel, C., J.-P. Brun, and D. Sokoutis, Extension of thickened and hot lithospheres; inferences from laboratory modeling,  Tectonics, 25(1), 2006.


  • Govers, R., and M.J.R. Wortel, Lithosphere tearing at STEP faults: response to edges of subduction zones, Earth and Planetary Science Letters,236/1-2, 505-523, 2005 PDF.
  • Hilgen, F., H. Abdul Aziz, H. Abels, J. Becker, K. Kuiper, L. Lourens, P. Meijer, J. Steenbrink, E. Tuenter, and N. Weber, Mediterranean Neogene cyclostratigraphy and astrochronology: Recent progress and new developments, in Paleoclimate and the Earth Climate System, edited by A. Berger, M. Ercegovac, and F. Mesinger, Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Belgrade, pp. 89-100, 2005.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J., E. Hafkenscheid, W. Spakman, J.E. Meulenkamp, R. Wortel, Nappe stacking resulting from subduction of oceanic and continental lithosphere below Greece, Geology, 33(4), 325-328, 2005.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J..J., W.J. Zachariasse, M.J.R. Wortel, J.E. Meulenkamp, Underthrusting and exhumation: a comparison between the External Hellenides and the "hot" Cycladic and "cold" South Aegean core complexes ( Greece ), Tectonics, 24, TC2011, doi:10.1029/2004TC001692, 2005.
  • Meijer, P.Th. and W. Krijgsman, A quantitative analysis of the desiccation and re-filling of the Mediterranean during the Messinian Salinity Crisis, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 240(2), 510-520, 2005 PDF.


  • Brouwer, F.M., D.M.A. van de Zedde, M.J.R. Wortel and R.L.M. Vissers, Late-orogenic heating during exhumation: Alpine PTt trajectories and thermomechanical models, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 220, 185-199, 2004.
  • Hafkenscheid, E., Subduction of the Tethys Oceans reconstructed from plate kinematics and mantle tomography, Ph.D. Thesis, Geologica Ultraiectina, 241, 200 pp., 2004.
  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., Burov, E., Matenco, L., Toussaint, G., Bertotti, G., Andriessen, P.A.M., Wortel, M.J.R. and  Spakman, W.  Thermo-mechanical controls on the mode of continental collision in the SE Carpathians (Romania), Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 218 (1-2), 57-76, 2004.
  • Meijer, P. Th., Slingerland, R. and  Wortel, M. J. R.  Tectonic control on past circulation of the Mediterranean Sea: A model study of the late Miocene,. Paleoceanography, 19 (1), Art. no. PA1026, 2004.PDF
  • Meijer, P. Th., Slingerland, R. and  Wortel, M. J. R.  Tectonic control on past circulation of the Mediterranean Sea: A model study of the late Miocene,. Paleoceanography, 19 (2), Art. no.PA2015, 2004.
  • Riva, R.E.M., Crustal rheology and postseismic deformation: modeling and application to the Apennines , Ph.D. Thesis, Delft University Press, 117 pp., 2004 PDF.
  • Spakman, W., and R. Wortel, A tomographic view on Western Mediterranean Geodynamics, in: The TRANSMED Atlas, The Mediterranean Region from Crust to Mantle, Edited by: Cavazza W, Roure F, Spakman W, Stampfli GM, Ziegler P., p. 31-52, 2004 PDF.
  • van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., E. Snel, S.A. Garstman, M. Marunteanu, C.G. Langereis, M.J.R. Wortel and J.E. Meulenkamp,  Vertical motions in the Aegean volcanic arc: evidence for rapid subsidence preceding in situ volcanism, Marine Geology, 209, 329-345, 2004.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and Govers, R., Van continental drift tot plaattektoniek. In: E. Berkens et al., De Aarde verdeeld en verbeeld, berekend en getekend. Walburg Pers, Zutphen, The Netherlands, pp. 42-45, 2004.


  • Cloetingh, S., Horvath, F, Dinu, C., Stephenson, R.A., Bertotti, G., Bada G., Matenco L., Garcia-Castellanos D., Andriessen, P., Wortel, R., Spakman, W., Mocanu, V., Langereis, C., Krijgsman, W., Fokkema, J., Drykoningen, G., Ambrosius, B., Neubauer, F., Fodor, L., Dunai, T., Willingshofer, E., Nador, A., Leever, K., Tarapoanca, M., Panea I., Vasiliev, I., Paicu, G., van der Hoeven, A., Knapp, J., Diaconescu, C.C., Freimueller, S., Probing tectonic topography in the aftermath of continental convergence in Central Europe, Eos Transactions  American Geophysical Union, 84(10), Pages 89, 93, 2003.
  • Fernandes, R.M.S., B.A.C. Ambrosius, R. Noomen, L. Bastos, M. J. R. Wortel, W. Spakman, and R. Govers, The relative motion between Africa and Eurasia as derived from ITRF2000 and GPS data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, (16), 1828-, 2003.


  • Buiter, S., R. Govers, and M.J.R. Wortel, Two-dimensional simulations of surface deformation caused by slab detachment, Tectonophysics,354 (3-4),195-210, 2002 PDF.
  • Sabadini R, Marotta AM, De Franco R, Vermeersen LLA, Style of density stratification in the mantle and true polar wander induced by ice loading, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (B10), 2002.


  • Buiter, S., R. Govers, and M.J.R. Wortel, A modelling study of vertical surface displacements at convergent plate margins, Geophys. J. Int., 147 (2), 415-427, 2001 PDF.
  • Govers, R., and P.Th.Meijer, On the dynamics of the Juan de Fuca plate, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 189, 115-131, 2001 PDF.
  • Hafkenscheid, E., S.J.H. Buiter, M.J.R. Wortel, W. Spakman, and H. Bijwaard, Modelling the seismic velocity structure beneath Indonesia : a comparison with tomography, Tectonophysics, 333, 35-46, 2001.
  • Spakman, W., and H. Bijwaard, Optimization of cell parameterization for tomographic  inverse problems, Pure and Applied Geophysics,158, 1401-1423,  2001.
  • van Wijk, J.W., R. Govers, and K.P. Furlong, Three-dimensional thermal modeling of the California upper mantle; a slab window vs. stalled slab, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 186, 175-186, 2001 PDF.
  • Villaseñor, A., M.H. Ritzwoller, A.L. Levshin, M.P. Barmin, E.R. Engdahl, W. Spakman, and J. Trampert, Shear velocity structure of central Eurasia from inversion of surface wave velocities, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 123, 169-184, 2001.
  • van de Zedde, D.M.A., and M.J.R. Wortel,  Shallow slab detachment as a transient source of heat at mid-lithospheric depths, Tectonics, 20, 868-882,2001 PDF.


  • Buiter, S.J.H., Surface deformation resulting from subduction and slab detachment, Ph.D. thesis, Geologica Ultraeiectina, 191, 134 pp., 2000 PDF.
  • Bijwaard, H., and W. Spakman , Nonlinear global P-wave tomography by iterated linearised inversion, Geophys. J. Int., 141, 71-82, 2000.
  • Duermeijer, C.E., M. Nyst,P.Th. Meijer, C.G. Langereis, and W. Spakman,Neogene evolution of the Aegean arc: paleomagnetic and geodetic evidence for a rapid and young rotation phase, Earth and Planetary Science Letters,176, 509-525, 2000.
  • Goes, S., R. Govers, and P. Vacher, Shallow mantle temperatures under Europe from P and S wave tomography, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 11 153-11 169, 2000 PDF.
  • Goes, S., J.P. Loohuis, M.J.R. Wortel, and R. Govers, The effect of plate stresses and shallow mantle temperatures on tectonics of northwestern Europe, Global and Planetary Change, 27, 23-38, 2000 PDF.
  • Goes, S., W. Spakman, and H. Bijwaard, Imaging mantle upwellings with seismic waves (invited paper), Science Progress, 83, 261-275, 2000.
  • Gutscher, M.-A. Spakman, W., Bijwaard. H., Engdahl, E.R., Geodynamics of flat subduction: Seismicity and tomographic constraints from the Andean margins, Tectonics, 19, 814-833, 2000.
  • Kreemer, C., W.E. Holt, S. Goes, and R. Govers, Active deformation in Eastern Indonesia and the Philippines from GPS and seismicity data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 663-680, 2000 PDF.
  • Meulen, M.J. van der,  S.J.H. Buiter, J.E.  Meulenkamp, and M.J.R. Wortel,  An Early Pliocene uplift of the central Apenninic foredeep, and its geodynamic significance, Tectonics,19,300-313, 2000.
  • Roehm, A., H. Bijwaard, W. Spakman, and J. Trampert, Effects of arrival time errors on travel time tomography, Geophys. J. Int., 142, 270-276, 2000.
  • Spakman, W., and H. Bijwaard, Optimization of cell parameterizations for tomographic inverse problems, Pure Appl. Geophys., in press, 2000.
  • Taboada, A., Rivera, LA.,Fuenzalida, A., Cisternas, A., Philip, H., Bijwaard, H.,Olaya, Jose, R.C, Geodynamics of the northern Andes: Subductions and intracontinental deformation (Colombia), Tectonics, 19, 787-, 2000.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and W. Spakman, Subduction and slab detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian region, Science, 290, 1910-1917, 2000. [abstract] [full text]
  • Wortel, M.J.R., and Spakman, W., Subduction and slab detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian region (vol 290, pg 1910, 2000). Science, 291 (5503), 437-437, 2001.


  • Bijwaard, H., Seismic travel-time tomography for detailed global mantle structure, Ph.D. thesis, Geologica Ultraeiectina, 181, 1999.
  • Bijwaard, H., and W. Spakman,Tomographic evidence for a narrow whole mantle plume below Iceland, Earth Planet. Sci.Lett., 166, 121-126, 1999.
  • Bijwaard, H., and W. Spakman,Fast kinematic ray tracing of first and later arriving global seismic phases, Geophys. J. Int., 139, 359-369, 1999.
  • Furlong, K.P. and R. Govers, Ephemeral crustal thickening at a triple junction: The Mendocino crustal conveyor, Geology,27, 127-130, 1999 PDF.
  • Goes, S., Spakman, W. and H. Bijwaard, A lower mantle source for central European volcanism, Science, 286, 1928-1931, 1999.
  • Goes, S., and M.J.R. Wortel, Bewegingen van de aardkorst in noordwest Europa, Aarde en Mens, 4, 3-6, 1999.
  • Govers, R., and M.J.R. Wortel, Some remarks on the relation between vertical motions of the lithosphere during extension and the necking depth parameter inferred from kinematic modeling studies, Journal of Geophysical Research,  104, 23,245-23,254,1999, doi: 10.1029/1999JB900201 PDF.
  • Meijer, P.Th., and M.J.R. Wortel Cenozoic dynamics of the African plate with emphasis on the Africa-Eurasia convergence, Journal of Geophysical Research,  104,  7405-7418, 1999.
  • Meijer, P.Th., Recente Aardbevingen in Turkije en Griekenland, 1999.
  • Meijer, P.Th., Buigen of Barsten: Aardbevingen in Turkije en Griekenland, Natuur en Techniek, 67, 58-61, 1999.
  • Meulen, M.J. van der,  T.J. Kouwenhoven, G.J. van der Zwaan, J.E. Meulenkamp  and M.J.R. Wortel,  Late Miocene rebound in the Romagnan Apennines  and detachment of subducted lithosphere,  Tectonophysics,315,319-335,1999.
  • Rangin, C., W. Spakman,Pubellier, M. and H. Bijwaard,Tomographic and geological constraints on subduction along the eastern sundaland continental margin (south-east Asia),Bull. Geol. Soc. France, 170, 6, 775-788, 1999.
  • Vacher, P., W. Spakman, and M.J.R. Wortel, Numerical tests on the seismic visibility of metastable minerals in subduction zones, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170, 335-349, 1999.
  • Van der Voo, R., W. Spakman, and H. Bijwaard, Mesozoic subducted slabs under Siberia, Nature,397, 246-249, 1999.
  • Van der Voo, R., W. Spakman, and H. Bijwaard,Tethyan subducted slabs under India, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.,171, 7-20, 1999.


  • Bijwaard, H., W. Spakman, and E.R. Engdahl, Closing the gap between regional and global travel time tomography, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 30,055-30,078, 1998.
  • Boorder, H. de, W. Spakman, S.H. White, and M.J.R. Wortel, Late Cenozoic mineralization, orogenic collapse and slab detachment in the European Alpine Belt, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 164, 569-575, 1998.
  • Buiter, S.J.H., M.J.R. Wortel, and R. Govers, The role of subduction in the evolution of the Apennines foreland basin, Tectonophysics, 296, 249-268, 1998 PDF.
  • Carminati, E., M.J.R. Wortel, P.Th.Meijer, and R. Sabadini, The two-stage opening of the western-central Mediterranean basins: a forward modeling test to a new evolutionary model, Earth and Planetary Science Letters,160, 667-679, 1998.
  • Carminati, E., M.J.R. Wortel, S. Spakman, and R. Sabadini, The role of slab detachment processes in the opening of the western-central Mediterranean basins: some geological and geophysical evidence, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 160, 651-665, 1998.
  • Kreemer, C., R. Govers, K.P. Furlong, and W.E. Holt, Plate boundary deformation between the Pacific and North America plates in the Explorer region, Tectonophysics,293, 225-238, 1998 PDF.
  • Meulen, M.J. van der, J.E. Meulenkamp, and M.J.R. Wortel, Lateral shifts of Appennine foredeep depcentres reflecting detachement of subducted lithosphere, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 154, 203-219, 1998.
  • Plag, H.-P., B. Ambrosius, T.F. Baker, G. Beutler, G. Bianco, G. Blewitt, C. Boucher, J. Davis, J.J. Degnan, J.M. Johansson, H.-G. Kahle, I. Kumkova, I. Marson, S. Mueller, E.C. Pavlis, B. Richter, W. Spakman, S.K. Tatevian, P. Tomasi, P. Wilson, and S. Zerbini, Scientific objectives of current and future WEGENER activities, Tectonophysics,294, 177-223, 1998.
  • Veen, J.H. ten and P.Th.Meijer, Late Miocene to Recent tectonic evolution of Crete (Greece): geological observations and model analysis, Tectonophysics,298, 191-208, 1998.


  • Goes, S., R. Govers, S. Schwartz, and K. Furlong, Three-dimensional modeling for the Mendocino Triple Junction area, Earth Planet. Sci. lett.,148, 45-57, 1997 PDF.
  • Goes, S., L.J. Ruff, and N. Winslow, The complex rupture process of the 1996 deep Flores, Indonesia earthquake (Mw=7.9) from teleseismic P-waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1295-1298, 1997.
  • Meijer, P.Th., R. Govers, and M.J.R. Wortel, Forces controlling the present-day state of stress in the Andes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 148, 157-170, 1997 PDF.
  • Meijer, P.Th. and M.J.R. Wortel, Present-day dynamics of the Aegean region: a model analysis of the horizontal pattern of stress and deformation, Tectonics,6, 879-895, 1997.
  • Olbertz, D., The long-term evolution of subduction zones: a modelling study, PhD thesis, Geologica Ultrajectina, 149, 152 pp., 1997.
  • Olbertz, D., M.J.R. Wortel, and U. Hansen, Trench migration and subduction zone geometry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 221-224, 1997.
  • Prims, J., K.P. Furlong, K.M.M. Rohr, and R. Govers, Lithospheric structure along the Queen Charlotte margin in western Canada:constraints from flexural modeling, Geo-Marine Letters, 17, 94-99, 1997.
  • Snieder, R. and T. van Eck, Earthquake prediction: a political problem?, Geologische Rundschau, pp. 446-463, 1997.
  • Wong A Ton, S.Y.M. and M.J.R. Wortel, Slab detachment in continental collision zones: an analysis of controlling parameters, Geophys. Res. Lett.,24, 2095-2098, 1997.


  • Eck, T. van and B. Dost, De aangeslagen aarde: aardbevingen in de diepte., Natuur en Techniek,64 (2), 22-31, 1996.
  • van Eck, T., and T. Stoyanov,Seismotectonics and seismic hazard modelling for southern Bulgaria, Tectonophysics, 262, 77-100, 1996.
  • Kissling, E. and W. Spakman, Interpretation of tomographic images of uppermost mantle structure: examples from the Western en Central Alps., Journal of Geodynamics, 21, 97-111, 1996.
  • Meijer, P.Th. and M.J.R. Wortel, Temporal variation in the stress field of the Aegean region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 439-442, 1996.
  • Rohr, K.M.M., R. Govers, and K.P. Furlong, A new plate boundary model for the Pacific-North America-Juan de Fuca triple junction, Lithoprobe Report 50, 213-214, 1996.


  • Furlong, K.P, W. Spakman, and M.J.R. Wortel, Thermal structure of the continental lithosphere: constraints from seismic tomography, Tectonophysics,244, 107-117, 1995.
  • Govers, R. and M.J.R. Wortel, Extension of stable continental lithosphere and the initiation of lithosphere scale faults, Tectonics, 14, 1041-1055, 1995 PDF.
  • Govers, R., Numerical modelling: Mixing fluids and solids, Nature, 376, 645, 1995.
  • Jonge, M.R. de, Geodynamic evolution and mantle structure, PhD Thesis, Geologica Ultraiectina, , 127 pp., 1995.
  • Kempen, M. van, K. Roy-Chowdhury, and W. Spakman, Applicability of shallow cross-well tomography in ground water investigations, in Proceedings of the first meeting of the European section of the EEGS, Torino, pp. 106-109, EEGS, 1995.
  • Meijer, P.Th., Dynamics of active continental margins: the Andes and the Aegean region, PhD Thesis, Geologica Ultraiectina, 130, 218 pp., 1995.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., De dynamica van de lithosfeer in het Middellandse-Zeegebied, Natuuurkundige Voordrachten, 73, 105-110, 1995.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., De geodynamische ontwikkeling van het Middellandse-Zeegebied, in Verslag Afd. Natuurkunde KNAW, pp. 12-16, 1995.
  • Yoshioka, S. and M.J.R. Wortel, Three-dimensional numerical modeling of detachment of subducted lithosphere, J.Geophys. Res., 100, 20223-20244, 1995 PDF.


  • Blanco, M.J. and W. Spakman, Delay-time tomography of the Iberian Peninsula, in Iberian Lithosphere and Heterogeneity and Anisotropy, edited by J. Mezcua and E. Carreno, pp. 321-329, Monografia No 10, Instituto Geografico Nacional, Madrid, 1994.
  • Camelbeeck, T. and T. van Eck, The Roer Valley Graben earthquake of April 13, 1992 and its seismotectonic setting, Terra Nova,, 6, 291-300, 1994.
  • Camelbeeck, T., T. van Eck, R. Pelzing, L. Ahorner, J. Loohuis, H.W. Haak, P. Hoang-Trong, and D. Hollnack, The 1992 Roermond earthquake, The Netherlands, and its aftershocks, Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 181-197, 1994.
  • Eck, T. van and C.A. Davenport, Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in the Roer Valley Graben: An overview, Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 95-98, 1994.
  • Eck, T. van and C.A. Davenport, Seismotectonics and seismic hazard in the Roer Valley Graben; with emphasis on the Roermond earthquake of April 13, 1992, Geol. Mijnbouw, 73, 91-92, 1994.
  • Jonge, M.R. de, M.J.R. Wortel, and W. Spakman, Regional scale tectonic evolution and the seismic velocity structure of the lithosphere and upper mantle: the Mediterranean region, J. Geoph. Res., 99, 12091-12108, 1994.


  • Blanco, M.J. and W. Spakman, The P-velocity structure of the mantle below the Iberian Peninsula: evidence for subducted lithosphere below southern Spain, Tectonophysics,221, 13-34, 1993.
  • Eck, T. van, L. Ahorner, and H. Paulssen, The earthquake of the century in northwestern Europe. The Roermond, The Netherlands, earthquake of April 13, 1992., Earthquakes & Volcanoes, 24, 15-26, 1993.
  • Govers, R. and M.J.R. Wortel, Initiation of asymmetric extention in continental lithosphere, Tectonophysics,223, 75-96, 1993 PDF.
  • Govers, R.M.A., Dynamics of lithospheric extension: A modeling study, PhD Thesis, Geologica Ultraiectina, 105, 240 pp., 1993 PDF.
  • Hilst, R.D. van der, E.R. Engdahl, and W. Spakman, Tomographic inversion of P and pP data for aspherical mantle structure below the northwest Pacific region, Geophys. J. Int.,114, 264-302, 1993.
  • Jonge, M.R. de, M.J.R. Wortel, and W. Spakman, From tectonic reconstruction to upper mantle model: an application to the Alpine-Mediterranean region, Tectonophysics,223, 53-65, 1993 PDF.
  • Spakman, W., Iterative strategies for nonlinear travel-time tomography using global earthquake data, in Seismic tomography: theory and applications, edited by H.M. Iyer and K. Hirahara, pp. 190-226, Prentice-Hall, London, 1993.
  • Spakman, W., S. Van der Lee, and R.D. Van der Hilst, Travel-time tomography of the European-Mediterranean mantle down to 1400km, in Recent advances in Geosciences, pp. 3-74, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1993.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., U. Hansen, and R. Sabadini, Relationships between mantle processes and geologic processes at or near the Earth's surface: Preface, Tectonophysics,223, 1-2, 1993.
  • Yoshioka, S., T. Yabuki, T. Sagiya, T. Tada, and M. Matsu'ura, Interplate coupling and relative plate motion in the Tokai district, central Japan, deduced from geodetic data inversion using ABIC, Geophys. J. Int.,113, 607-621, 1993.


  • Govers, R., M.J.R. Wortel, S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, and C.A. Stein, Stress magnitude estimates from earthquakes in oceanic plate interiors, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 11749-11759, 1992. PDF
  • Loo, H.Y., X.L. Gao, J.X. Sun, T. Mikumo, K. Hirahara, and S. Yoshioka, Three-dimensional numerical modelling of earthquake migration along a northwestern Pacific subduction slab, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 313-316, 1992.
  • Meijer, P.Th. and M.J.R. Wortel, The dynamics of motion of the South American plate, J.Geophys. Res., 97, 11915-11931, 1992.
  • Olbertz, D. and U. Hansen, Dynamically supported topography at the Earth's surface and at the Core-Mantle-Boundary: Influences of a depth dependent thermal expansivity and a chemical boundary layer, in Flow and creep in the Solar system: observations, modeling and theory, edited by David B. Stone and S.K. Runcorn, pp. 197-206, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992.
  • Van den Beukel, J., Some thermomechanical aspects of the subduction of continental lithosphere, Tectonics,11, 316-329, 1992.
  • Van den Beukel, J. and R. Wortel, Ridge-trench interaction: a possible mechanism for ophiolite emplacement, Ofioliti, 17, 141-154, 1992.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and W. Spakman, Structure and dynamics of subducted lithosphere in the Mediterranean region, Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. v. Wetensch.,95, 325-347, 1992 PDF.
  • Yoshioka, S., H.Y. Loo, T. Mikumo, and K. Hirahara, A model of post-seismic recovery induced by a deep-focus earthquake, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 72, 83-98, 1992.


  • Spakman, W., Delay time tomography of the upper mantle below Europe, the Mediterranean, and Asia Minor, Geoph. J. Int., 107, 309-332, 1991.
  • Van der Hilst, R.D., E.R. Engdahl, W. Spakman, and G. Nolet,Tomographic imaging of subducted lithosphere below northwest Pacific island arcs, Nature,353, 37-43, 1991.
  • Wortel, M.J.R, M.J.N. Remkes, R. Govers, S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, and P.Th. Meijer, Dynamics of the lithosphere and the intraplate stress field, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A,337, 111-126, 1991 PDF.


  • de Jonge, M.R. and M.J.R. Wortel, The thermal structure of the Mediterranean upper mantle: a forward modelling approach, Terra Nova, 2, 609-616, 1990.
  • Spakman, W., The structure of the lithosphere and mantle beneath the Alps as mapped by delay time tomography, in EuropeanGeotraverse (EGT) Project: integrative studies, edited by R. Freeman, P. Giese, and S. Mueller, pp. 213-220, European Science Foundation, Strassbourg, 1990.
  • Spakman, W., Images of the upper mantle of central Europe and the Mediterranean, Terra Nova,2, 542-553, 1990.
  • Stein, C.A., S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, and M.J.R. Wortel, Kinematics and mechanics of the Indian Ocean diffuse plate boundary zone, in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Leg 116, pp. 261-277, 1990.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., S.D.B. Goes, and W. Spakman, Structure and seismicity of the Aegean subduction zone, Terra Nova, 2, 554-562, 1990.


  • Cloetingh, S., R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, On the initiation of subduction zones, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 129, 7-25, 1989.
  • Nolet, G. and M.J.R. Wortel, Structure of the Upper Mantle, in Encyclopedia of Geophysics, edited by D.E. James, pp. 775-788, Van Nostrand Reinhold Publ., New York, 1989.
  • Spakman, W., Tomographic mapping of the Upper Mantle structure beneath the Alpine collision belt, in Crust/Mantle Recycling at Convergence Zones, edited by S.R. Hart and L. Gulen, pp. 163-172, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1989.
  • Spakman, W., S. Stein, R.D. Van der Hilst, and R. Wortel, Resolution experiments for NW Pacific Subduction Zone Tomography, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 1097-1100, 1989.
  • Stein, S., S. Cloetingh, N.H. Sleep, and R. Wortel, Passive margin earthquakes, stresses and rheology, in Earthquakes at North-Atlantic Passive Margins: Neotectonics and Postglacial rebound (NATO ASI Series), edited by S. Gregersen and P.W. Basham, pp. 231-259, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1989.
  • Stein, C.A., S. Cloetingh, and R. Wortel, SEASAT-derived gravity constraints on stress and deformation in the northeastern Indian Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 16, 823-826, 1989.
  • Van der Hilst, R.D. and W. Spakman, Importance of the reference model in linearized tomography and images of subduction below the Caribbean plate, Geophys. Res. Lett.,16, 1093-1096, 1989.
  • Zielhuis, A., W. Spakman, and G. Nolet, Reference model for tomographic imaging of the Upper Mantle, in Digital Seismology and Fine Modelling of the Lithosphere, edited by R. Cassinis, G. Nolet, and G.F. Panza, pp. 333-340, Ettore Majorana International Science Series, Erice, Italy, 1989.


  • Meulenkamp, J.E., M.J.R. Wortel, W.A. van Wamel, W. Spakman, and E. Hoogerduyn Strating, On the Hellenic subduction zone and the geodynamic evolution of Crete since the late Middle Miocene, Tectonophysics, 146, 203-215, 1988.
  • Spakman, W., Upper Mantle delay time tomography, PhD thesis, 200 pp., Geologica Ultraiectina, 1988.
  • Spakman, W. and G. Nolet, Imaging algorithms, accuracy and resolution in delay time tomography, in Mathematical Geophysics: a survey of recent developments in seismology and geodynamics, edited by N.J. Vlaar, G. Nolet, M.J.R. Wortel, and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, pp. 155-188, Reidel,Dordrecht, 1988.
  • Spakman, W., M.J.R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, The Hellenic subduction zone: a tomographic image and its geodynamic implications, Geophysical Research Letters,15, 60-63, 1988.
  • van den Beukel, J. and R. Wortel, Thermo-mechanical modelling of arc-trench regions, Tectonophysics,154, 177-193, 1988.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and N.J. Vlaar, Subduction zone seismicity and the thermo-mechanical evolution of downgoing lithosphere, Pure and applied Geophysics, 128, 625-659, 1988 PDF.
  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L. and M.J.R. Wortel, On the mechanics of plate boundary formation, in Mathematical Geophysics, a survey of recent developments in seismology and geodynamics, edited by N.J. Vlaar, G. Nolet, M.J.R. Wortel, and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, pp. 363-388, Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, 1988.


  • Shudofsky, G., S. Cloetingh, S. Stein, and R. Wortel, Unusually deep earthquakes in East Africa: constraints on the thermo-mechanical structure of a continental rift system, Geophysical Research Letters, 14, 741-744, 1987.
  • Stein, S., S. Cloetingh, D.A. Wiens, and R. Wortel, Why does near-ridge extensional seismicity occur primarily in the Indian Ocean?, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 82, 107-113, 1987.
  • van den Beukel, J. and R. Wortel, Temperatures and shear stresses in the upper part of a subduction zone, Geophysical Research Letters, 14, 1057-1060, 1987.


  • Cloetingh, S. and R. Wortel, Stress in the Indo-Australian plate, in Intraplate deformation - characteristics, processes, and causes, edited by B. Johnson and A.W. Bally, pp. 49-67, Tectonophysics, 132, 1986.
  • Spakman, W., The upper mantle structure in the Central European-Mediterranean region, in European Geotraverse (EGT) Project, the central segment, edited by R. Freeman, S. Mueller, and P. Giese, pp. 215-222, European Science Foundation, Strassbourg, 1986.
  • Spakman, W., Subduction beneath Eurasia in connection with the Mesozoic Tethys, Geologie en Mijnbouw, 65, 145-153, 1986.
  • van den Beukel, J. and R. Wortel, Thermal modelling of arc-trench regions, Geologie en Mijnbouw,65, 133-143, 1986.
  • Wortel, R., Deep earthquakes and the thermal assimilation of subducting lithosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 13, 34-37, 1986.
  • Wortel, R., Dynamical aspects of active continental margins, Geologie en Mijnbouw,65, 119-132, 1986.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, De spanningstoestand in de lithosfeer, Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde A, 52, 42-49, 1986.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, On the dynamics of convergent plate boundaries and stress in the lithosphere, in The Originis of Arcs: Invited papers presented at the International Conference, Urbino, Italy, 22-25 September 1986, edited by F.-C. Wezel, Developments in Geotectonics, pp. 115-139, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1986.


  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., M.J.R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, Comment on short-lived 1.9 Ga continental margin and its destruction, Wopmay orogen, Northwest Canada, Geology,13, 82-83, 1985.
  • Cloetingh, S. and R. Wortel, Regional stress field of the Indian plate, Geophysical Research Letters, 12, 77-80, 1985 PDF.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, Accretion and lateral variations in tectonic structure along the Peru-Chile Trench, in Structures and Processes in Subduction zones, edited by K. Kobayashi and I.S. Sacks, pp. 443-462, Tectonophysics, 112, 1985 PDF.


  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., M.J.R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, Passive margin evolution, initiation of subduction and the Wilson cycle, in Appalachian and Hercynian Fold belts, edited by H.J. Zwart, H.-J. Behr, and J.E. Oliver, pp. 147-163, Tectonophysics, 109, 1984.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., Spatial and temporal variations in the Andean subduction zone, J. Geol. Soc. London, 141, 783-791, 1984.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, Numerical modelling of continental accretion at trenches, Terra Cognita,4, 258-259, 1984.


  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., M.J.R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, State of stress at passive margins and initiation of subduction zones, in Studies in Continental Margin Geology, edited by J.S. Watkins and C.L. Drake, pp. 717-723, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 34, 1983.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and S.A.P.L. Cloetingh, A mechanism for fragmentation of oceanic plates, in Studies in Continental Margin Geology, edited by J.S. Watkins and C.L. Drake, pp. 793-801, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 34, 1983.


  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., M.J.R. Wortel, and N.J. Vlaar, Evolution of passive continental margins and initiation of subduction zones, Nature, 297, 139-142, 1982.
  • Wortel, R., Seismicity and rheology of subducted slabs, Nature, 296, 553-556, 1982.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., Thermische evolutie van oceanische lithosfeer,Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Natuurkunde A,48, 40-44, 1982.


  • Wortel, R. and S. Cloetingh, On the origin of the Cocos-Nazca spreading center, Geology,9, 425-430, 1981.


  • Cloetingh, S., G. Nolet, and R. Wortel, Crustal structure of the Eastern Mediterranean inferred from Rayleigh wave group velocities, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 51, 336-342, 1980.
  • Cloetingh, S.A.P.L., G. Nolet, and M.J.R. Wortel, Crustal studies of the Eastern Mediterranean inferred from Rayleigh wave dispersion: preliminary results, in Proc. Evolution and tectonics of the Western Mediterranean and surrounding areas, edited by A. Udias and J. Channell, Inst. Geogr. Madrid Spec. Paper, 201, 259-269, 1980.
  • Cloetingh, S., G. Nolet, and R. Wortel, Standard graphs and tables for the interpretation of Rayleigh wave group velocities in crustal studies, Proceedings Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, Series B, 83, 101-118, 1980.
  • England , P. and R. Wortel, Some consequences of the subduction of young slabs, Earth Planetary Science Letters, 47, 403-415, 1980.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., Age-dependent subduction of oceanic lithosphere, PhD thesis, 147 pp., Utrecht University , 1980.
  • Wortel, M.J.R., Comments on "Lengths of intermediate and deep seismic zones and temperatures in downgoing slabs of lithospher", by P. Molnar, D. Freedman and J.S.F. Shih, Geophys. J. R. astr. Soc., 60, 307-313, 1980.


  • Cloetingh, S., G. Nolet, and R. Wortel, On the use of Rayleigh wave group velocities for the analysis of continental margins, in Crustal properties across passive margins, pp. 335-346, Tectonophysics, 59, 1979.


  • Nolet, G., G.F. Panza, and R. Wortel, An averaged model for the Adriatic subplate, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 116, 1284-1298, 1978.
  • Vlaar , N.J. and M.J.R. Wortel, Gravity and the earthquake mechanism, Physics Earth Planetary Interiors, 16, 240-246, 1978.
  • Wortel, M.J.R. and N.J. Vlaar, Age-dependent subduction of oceanic lithosphere beneath western South America , Physics Earth Planetary Interiors,17, 201-208, 1978.




  • Vlaar, N.J. and M.J.R. Wortel, Lithospheric aging, instability and subduction, Tectonophysics, 32, 331-351, 1976.