Our current energy system is not sustainable. A transformation to a sustainable energy system that is affordable, safe, environmentally sustainable and socially acceptable is needed. This transformation is one of the greatest challenges of our society due to the sheer size and complexity of the energy system and due to the profound impact of the energy system on almost all processes in society. We take a multidisciplinary perspective on the energy transition by studying optimal technological pathways but also the role of social forces that drive or block the energy transition. 

Selected Publications

Wieczorek, A.J., Hekkert, M.P., Coenen, L., Harmsen, R. Broadening the national focus in technological innovation system analysis: The case of offshore wind (2015) Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 14, pp. 128-148.

Wesseling, J.H., Farla, J.C.M., Sperling, D., Hekkert, M.P. Car manufacturers' changing political strategies on the ZEV mandate (2014) Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 33, pp. 196-209.

E. Hertwich, T. Gibon, E. Bouman, A. Arvesen, S. Suh, G. Heath, J. Bergesen, A. Ramirez, M. Vega, and  L. Shif. Integrated life-cycle assessment of electricity-supply scenarios confirms global environmental benefit of low-carbon technologies. PNAS

B. Elsinga, W. van Sark, Spatial Power Fluctuation Correlations in Urban Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems, Progress in Photovoltaics (in press) (doi:10.1002/pip.2539)

Brouwer, A.S., Van Den Broek, M., Seebregts, A., Faaij, A. Impacts of large-scale Intermittent Renewable Energy Sources on electricity systems, and how these can be modeled. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 33: 443-466 (2014).

Hoefnagels, R., Resch, G., Junginger, M., Faaij, A. International and domestic uses of solid biofuels under different renewable energy support scenarios in the European Union. Applied Energy 131: 139-157 (2014).

J.H. Wesseling, J. Faber, M.P. Hekkert. How competitive forces sustain electric vehicle development. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 81: 154-164 (2014)

S.O. Negro, F. Alkemade, and M.P. Hekkert. Why does renewable energy diffuse so slowly? A review of innovation system problems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16:  3836-3846 (2012).