We all make millions of decisions every day. Some of these have little impact, while others greatly affect our lives or society at large. The greater the impact, the more relevant our understanding of complex – and interplaying – information becomes. As a result, experts are regularly called upon to solve complex decision problems in their every-day problem-solving practice. Examples include the medical field, where specialists have to establish diagnoses and decide upon appropriate treatment-alternatives, or the financial field, where companies want to forecast demand, and decide upon investments.
In many of these fields, the question rapidly become increasingly complex, and highly tailored support from computer-based systems for decision making is called for. The aim of the Decision-Support Systems research programme is to design a new generation of decision-support systems that are capable of handling the increasing complexity of the problems in their domains of application.