Exposure Science and the Exposome
We can’t (easily) change our genes, but if we are serious about the prevention of diseases, we need to know the modifiable part – that is, the environmental factors.
Our environmental exposures affect our health over a lifetime. The exposome is a new science to understand which chemicals, occupational and social exposures, or combination of bacteria in our gut, are beneficial or detrimental to our health, and how we can prevent them. Researchers in Utrecht are starting to systematically sequence the environmental factors influencing our health – mapping out the outside world as well as the miniature worlds existing, for instance, in our intestinal tracts.
Air View Car
The AIr View Car maps the air quality in a city at street level. Utrecht University has fitted two cars with special measurement equipment: sensors that measure nitrogen dioxide, particulates, ultra-fine particulates and soot. The data will be shared with residents, so that everyone can see where the air is the cleanest and where the pollution is the worst.
Duration: 2017 - ongoing
Contact: Jules Kerckhoffs
GERoNiMO - Generalized EMF Research using Novel Methods
The GERoNiMO project aims to close gaps of knowledge on health effects of lectromagnetic fields (EMF) and reduce exposure. To achieve this, it will use an integrated approach, bringing together researchers from different disciplines (biology, engineering and physics, epidemiology and public health, radiation protection and risk assessment and communication), 19 different research institutions (see below) and 13 countries to address key questions related to EMF.
The Xuanwei Lung Cancer Project
Smoky coal is a late Permian bituminous coal and its constitutional make up and relationship to lung cancer forms the backbone of the Xuanwei Lung Cancer Project. Through this project we will be able to inform not only local communities about their lung cancer risk, but also the wider coal and solid fuel using communities about hazardous fuel constituents and potential hazard mitigation strategies.
Contact: George Downward
COSMOS - Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health
COSMOS is a large prospective cohort study of mobile telephone users (ongoing recruitment of 250,000 men and women aged 18+ years in five European countries - Denmark, Finland, Sweden, The Netherlands, UK) who will be followed up for 25+ years. Information on mobile telephone use is collected prospectively through questionnaires and objective traffic data from network operators. Associations with disease risks will be studied.
Contact: Roel Vermeulen
The PIAMA birth cohort study
The PIAMA-study is a large ongoing population-based birth cohort study with prenatal inclusion and follow-up until the current age of 23/24 years. The study was designed to investigate the influence of lifestyle and environment on the development of asthma, allergy and lung function.
Duration: 1995 - ongoing
Contact: Ulrike Gehring
LIFEWORK - Investigating the health risks of multiple environmental and occupational exposures
The prospective LIFEWORK cohort was established to collect a large amount of high quality data on occupational and environmental exposures using a harmonized core questionnaire. The study focuses on the impact of physical, biological and chemical exposures in our daily living environment: at home and at work.
Duration: 2011 - ongoing
Contact: Roel Vermeulen