With an increasing global population and the industrialisation of the Global South we will need more and more energy to sustain the global economy. According to Professor Gert Jan Kramer, we will continue to rely on hydrocarbons, which currently come overwhelmingly from fossil fuels such as oil. So which technological pathways will allow us to use and produce hydrocarbons sustainably in the future?
Gert Jan Kramer is Professor of Sustainable Energy Supply Systems and head of the Energy & Resources group at the Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development at Utrecht University. He is also the leader of the research hub Deep Decarbonisation: Towards Industries with Negative Emissions, part of the university-wide strategic research theme Pathways to Sustainability. His interests focus on energy transition as a technical and a socio-technical phenomenon.