8 November 2018

Beatrice de Graaf on NRC.nl

Violence of the Great War did not end in 1918

Bron: Wikimedia/John Warwick Brooke
Bron: Wikimedia/John Warwick Brooke

On November 2nd, a new column by Professor Beatrice de Graaf (History of International Relations) was published on NRC.nl. De Graaf highlights the continuation of large scale violence on the edges of Europe after 1918 and the fact that we often cease to take this in consideration.

Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf. Foto: Milette Raats
Professor Beatrice de Graaf. Photo: Milette Raats

Next year will mark the 80th anniversary of the start of the Second World War. This anniversary will be widely commemorated, similar to the end of the First World War. But did the violence really end after 1918? 

Western-European countries

“The commemorations mostly focus on peace in Western-European countries. But war and persecution continued at great pace at the edges of Europe,” De Graaf writes on NRC.nl. “When we apply a global perspective […] and shine our historic light on Smyrna (Izmir), Flume (Rijeka), or Riga, shocking images of sieges and mass murder appear.” De Graaf pleads for a more complete and inclusive commemoration, in which we take the persistent violence on the edges of Europe into consideration as well.